WorldCat Identities

National Research Council (U.S.). Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences

Overview
Works: 24 works in 58 publications in 1 language and 16,364 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Other, isb
Classifications: HV8078, 363.254
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about National Research Council (U.S.).
 
Most widely held works by National Research Council (U.S.).
The polygraph and lie detection by Committee to Review the Scientific Evidence on the Polygraph( Book )

3 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 403 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Annotation
Protecting participants and facilitating social and behavioral sciences research by Constance F Citro( Book )

4 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 272 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Technology for adaptive aging by Richard W Pew( Book )

3 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 179 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

PTSD compensation and military service( Book )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 166 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

PTSD Compensation and Military Service presents an assessment of how U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs evaluates veterans with possible post-traumatic stress disorder and determines the level of disability support to which they are entitled. The book gives a history of mental health disability compensation of military personnel and reviews current compensation and pension examination procedure and disability determination methodology. It recommends changes that would improve fairness, consistency, and scientific foundation of this program
NOAA's education program : review and critique by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 95 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"There is a national need to educate the public about the ocean, coastal resources, atmosphere and climate. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the agency responsible for understanding and predicting changes in the Earth's environment and conserving and managing coastal and marine resources to meet the nation's economic, social and environmental needs, has a broad mandate to engage and coordinate education initiatives on these topics. Since its creation in 1970, the NOAA has supported a variety of education projects that cover a range of topics related to the agency's scientific and stewardship mission. NOAA uses formal and informal learning environments to enhance understanding of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) and to advance environmental education. The work of this agency overlaps and compliments the missions of other federal agencies, institutions of higher education, private and nonprofit organizations. Coordination among these agencies and organizations has been challenging. Limited education resources and the inherently global nature of NOAA's mission make strategic partnerships critical in order for the agency to accomplish its goals. Additionally, clear education goals, planning, and strategic use of resources are critical aspects for effective partnerships. NOAA's Education Program: Review and Critique provides a summary of the national education context for NOAA's role in education which is twofold: first is to advance the environmental literacy of the nation, and second is to promote a diverse workforce in ocean, coastal, Great Lakes, atmospheric and climate sciences. The book also describes the strengths and weaknesses of the education strategic plan, the education evaluation approach of the agency and strategies for improving the evaluation process."--Publisher's description
Proposed revisions to the common rule : for the protection of human subjects in the behavioral and social sciences by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

4 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences examines how to update human subjects protections regulations so that they effectively respond to current research contexts and methods. With a specific focus on social and behavioral sciences, this consensus report aims to address the dramatic alterations in the research landscapes that institutional review boards (IRBs) have come to inhabit during the past 40 years. The report aims to balance respect for the individual persons whose consent to participate makes research possible and respect for the social benefits that productive research communities make possible."--Publisher's description
Proposed revisions to the common rule : perspectives of social and behavioral scientists by Workshop on Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule in Relation to the Behavioral and Social Sciences( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 53 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On July 26, 2011, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services issued an advance notice of proposed rule-making (ANPRM) with the purpose of soliciting comments on how current regulations for protecting research participants could be modernized and revised ... on how to better protect human subjects who are involved in research, while facilitating valuable research and reducing burden, delay, and ambiguity for investigators. The current regulations governing human subjects research were developed years ago when research was predominantly conducted at universities, colleges, and medical institutions, and each study generally took place at only a single site. Although the regulations have been amended over the years, they have not kept pace with the evolving human research enterprise, the proliferation of multi-site clinical trials and observational studies, the expansion of health services research, research in the social and behavioral sciences, and research involving databases, the Internet, and biological specimen repositories, and the use of advanced technologies, such as genomics ... [The summary] focuses on six broad topic areas: 1. Evidence on the functioning of the Common Rule and of institutional review boards (IRBs), to provide context for the proposed revisions. 2. The types and levels of risks and harms encountered in social and behavioral sciences, and issues related to the severity and probability of harm, because the ANPRM asks for input on calibration of levels of review to levels of risk. 3. The consent process and special populations, because new rules have been proposed to improve informed consent (e.g., standard consent form, consent for future uses of biospecimens, and re-consenting for further use of existing research data). 4. Issues related to the protection of research participants in studies that involve use of existing data and data sharing, because the ANPRM proposed applying standards for protecting the privacy of healthcare data to research data. 5. Multidisciplinary and multisite studies, because the ANPRM proposed a revision to the regulations that would allow multisite studies to be covered by a single IRB. 6. The purview and roles of IRBs, because the ANPRM included possible revisions to categories of research that could entail changes in IRB oversight. --
Threatening communications and behavior : perspectives on the pursuit of public figures by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

6 editions published in 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Today's world of rapid social, technological, and behavioral change provides new opportunities for communications with few limitations of time and space. Through these communications, people leave behind an ever-growing collection of traces of their daily activities, including digital footprints provided by text, voice, and other modes of communication. Meanwhile, new techniques for aggregating and evaluating diverse and multimodal information sources are available to security services that must reliably identify communications indicating a high likelihood of future violence. In the context of this changed and changing world of communications and behavior, the Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences of the National Research Council presents this volume of three papers as one portion of the vast subject of threatening communications and behavior. The papers review the behavioral and social sciences research on the likelihood that someone who engages in abnormal and/or threatening communications will actually then try to do harm. The focus is on how the scientific knowledge can inform and advance future research on threat assessments, in part by considering the approaches and techniques used to analyze communications and behavior in the dynamic context of today's world. The papers in the collection were written within the context of protecting high-profile public figures from potential attach or harm. The research, however, is broadly applicable to U.S. national security including potential applications for analysis of communications from leaders of hostile nations and public threats from terrorist groups. This work highlights the complex psychology of threatening communications and behavior, and it offers knowledge and perspectives from multiple domains that contribute to a deeper understanding of the value of communications in predicting and preventing violent behaviors
New directions in assessing performance potential of individuals and groups : workshop summary( Book )

4 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 35 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As an all-volunteer service accepting applications from nearly 400,000 potential recruits annually from across the U.S. population, the U.S. military must accurately and efficiently assess the individual capability of each recruit for the purposes of selection, job classification, and unit assignment. New Directions for Assessing Performance Potential of Individuals and Groups is the summary of a workshop held April 3-4, 2013 to examine the future of military entrance assessments. This workshop was a part of the first phase of a larger study that will investigate cutting-edge research into the measurement of both individual capabilities and group composition in order to identify future research directions that may lead to improved assessment and selection of enlisted personnel for the U.S. Army. The workshop brought together scientists from a variety of relevant areas to focus on cognitive and noncognitive attributes that can be used in the initial testing and assignment of enlisted personnel. This report discusses the evolving goals of candidate testing, emerging constructs and theory, and ethical implications of testing methods
Measuring serious emotional disturbance in children : workshop summary by Krisztina Marton( Book )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The workshop summarized in this report was organized as part of a study sponsored by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, with the goal of assisting SAMHSA in its responsibilities of expanding the collection of behavioral health data in several areas. The workshop brought together experts in child mental health, psychiatric epidemiology and survey methods to facilitate discussion of the most suitable measures and mechanisms for producing estimates of serious emotional disturbance in children, which are necessary to enable the distribution of block grants that support state-level mental health services for children. The report discusses existing measures and data on mental disorders and functional impairment, challenges associated with collecting these data in large-scale population-based studies, as well as study design and estimation options"--Publisher description
Enhancing the effectiveness of team science by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

3 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The past half-century has witnessed a dramatic increase in the scale and complexity of scientific research. The growing scale of science has been accompanied by a shift toward collaborative research, referred to as "team science." Scientific research is increasingly conducted by small teams and larger groups rather than individual investigators, but the challenges of collaboration can slow these teams' progress in achieving their scientific goals. How does a team-based approach work, and how can universities and research institutions support teams? "Enhancing the Effectiveness of Team Science" synthesizes and integrates the available research to provide guidance on assembling the science team; leadership, education and professional development for science teams and groups. It also examines institutional and organizational structures and policies to support science teams and identifies areas where further research is needed to help science teams and groups achieve their scientific and translational goals. This report offers major public policy recommendations for science research agencies and policymakers, as well as recommendations for individual scientists, disciplinary associations, and research universities."--Publisher's description
Human behavior in military contexts by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

4 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

"Human behavior forms the nucleus of military effectiveness. Humans operating in the complex military system must possess the knowledge, skills, abilities, aptitudes, and temperament to perform their roles effectively in a reliable and predictable manner, and effective military management requires understanding of how these qualities can be best provided and assessed. Scientific research in this area is critical to understanding leadership, training and other personnel issues, social interactions and organizational structures within the military. The U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (ARI) asked the National Research Council to provide an agenda for basic behavioral and social research focused on applications in both the short and long-term. The committee responded by recommending six areas of research on the basis of their relevance, potential impact, and timeliness for military needs: intercultural competence; teams in complex environments; technology-based training; nonverbal behavior; emotion; and behavioral neurophysiology. The committee suggests doubling the current budget for basic research for the behavioral and social sciences across U.S. military research agencies. The additional funds can support approximately 40 new projects per year across the committee's recommended research areas. Human Behavior in Military Contexts includes committee reports and papers that demonstrate areas of stimulating, ongoing research in the behavioral and social sciences that can enrich the military's ability to recruit, train, and enhance the performance of its personnel, both organizationally and in its many roles in other cultures."--Publisher's description
New treatments for addiction : behavioral, ethical, legal, and social questions by Tracy G Myers( Book )

1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

New and improved therapies to treat and protect against drug dependence and abuse are urgently needed. In the United States alone about 50 million people regularly smoke tobacco and another 5 million are addicted to other drugs. In a given year, millions of these individuals attempt-with or without medical assistance-to quit using drugs, though relapse remains the norm. Furthermore, each year several million teenagers start smoking and nearly as many take illicit drugs for the first time. Research is advancing on promising new means of treating drug addiction using immunotherapies and sustained-release (depot) medications. The aim of this research is to develop medications that can block or significantly attenuate the psychoactive effects of such drugs as cocaine, nicotine, heroin, phencyclidine, and methamphetamine for weeks or months at a time. This represents a fundamentally new therapeutic approach that shows promise for treating drug addiction problems that were difficult to treat in the past. Despite their potential benefits, however, several characteristics of these new methods pose distinct behavioral, ethical, legal, and social challenges that require careful scrutiny. Such issues can be considered unique aspects of safety and efficacy that are fundamentally related to the distinct nature and properties of these new types of medications
Measuring specific mental illness diagnosis with functional impairment : workshop summary( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Field evaluation in the intelligence and counterintelligence context : workshop summary by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On September 22-23, 2009, the National Research Council held a workshop on the field evaluation of behavioral and cognitive sciences--based methods and tools for use in the areas of intelligence and counterintelligence. Broadly speaking, the purpose of the workshop was to discuss the best ways to take methods and tools from behavioral science and apply them to work in intelligence operations. More specifically, the workshop focused on the issue of field evaluation--the testing of these methods and tools in the context in which they will be used in order to determine if they are effective in real-world settings. This book is a summary and synthesis of the two days of presentations and discussions that took place during the workshop. The workshop participants included invited speakers and experts from a number of areas related to the behavioral sciences and the intelligence community. The discussions covered such ground as the obstacles to field evaluation of behavioral science tools and methods, the importance of field evaluation, and various lessons learned from experience with field evaluation in other areas."--Publisher's description
Behavioral modeling and simulation : from individuals to societies( )

4 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Today's military missions have shifted away from fighting nation states using conventional weapons toward combating insurgents and terrorist networks in a battlespace in which the attitudes and behaviors of civilian noncombatants may be the primary effects of military actions. To support these new missions, the military services are increasingly interested in using models of the behavior of humans, as individuals and in groups of various kinds and sizes."Behavioral Modeling and Simulation" reviews relevant individual, organizational, and societal (IOS) modeling research programs, evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of the programs and their methodologies, determines which have the greatest potential for military use, and provides guidance for the design of a research program to effectively foster the development of IOS models useful to the military. This book will be of interest to model developers, operational military users of the models and their managers, and government personnel making funding decisions regarding model development
Measuring human capabilities : an agenda for basic research on the assessment of individual and group performance potential for military accession by National Research Council (U.S.) Committee on Measuring Human Capabilities: Performance Potential of Individuals and Collectives( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Every year, the U.S. Army must select from an applicant pool in the hundreds of thousands to meet annual enlistment targets, currently numbering in the tens of thousands of new soldiers. A critical component of the selection process for enlisted service members is the formal assessments administered to applicants to determine their performance potential. Attrition for the U.S. military is hugely expensive. Every recruit that does not make it through basic training or beyond a first enlistment costs hundreds of thousands of dollars. Academic and other professional settings suffer similar losses when the wrong individuals are accepted into the wrong schools and programs or jobs and companies. Picking the right people from the start is becoming increasingly important in today's economy and in response to the growing numbers of applicants. Beyond cognitive tests of ability, what other attributes should selectors be considering to know whether an individual has the talent and the capability to perform as well as the mental and psychological drive to succeed? Measuring Human Capabilities: An Agenda for Basic Research on the Assessment of Individual and Group Performance Potential for Military Accession examines promising emerging theoretical, technological, and statistical advances that could provide scientifically valid new approaches and measurement capabilities to assess human capability. This report considers the basic research necessary to maximize the efficiency, accuracy, and effective use of human capability measures in the military's selection and initial occupational assignment process. The research recommendations of Measuring Human Capabilities will identify ways to supplement the Army's enlisted soldier accession system with additional predictors of individual and collective performance. Although the primary audience for this report is the U.S. military, this book will be of interest to researchers of psychometrics, personnel selection and testing, team dynamics, cognitive ability, and measurement methods and technologies. Professionals interested in of the foundational science behind academic testing, job selection, and human resources management will also find this report of interest." -- Publisher's description
How students learn history, mathematics, and science in the classroom by National Research Council (U( )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Created by the National Academies Press, this Web site is an electronic version of a 2005 book that builds on the discoveries detailed in the bestselling, How people learn. These findings are presented in a way that teachers can use immediately, to revitalize their work in the classroom. The book explores how the principles of learning can be applied in science at three levels and discusses how to build straightforward science experiments into true understanding of scientific principles
Human Performance Modification: Review of Worldwide Research with a View to the Future by Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The development of technologies to modify natural human physical and cognitive performance is one of increasing interest and concern, especially among military services that may be called on to defeat foreign powers with enhanced warfighter capabilities. Human performance modification (HPM) is a general term that can encompass actions ranging from the use of "natural" materials, such as caffeine or khat as a stimulant, to the application of nanotechnology as a drug delivery mechanism or in an invasive brain implant. Although the literature on HPM typically addresses methods that enhance performance, another possible focus is methods that degrade performance or negatively affect a military force's ability to fight. Advances in medicine, biology, electronics, and computation have enabled an increasingly sophisticated ability to modify the human body, and such innovations will undoubtedly be adopted by military forces, with potential consequences for both sides of the battle lines. Although some innovations may be developed for purely military applications, they are increasingly unlikely to remain exclusively in that sphere because of the globalization and internationalization of the commercial research base. Based on its review of the literature, the presentations it received and on its own expertise, the Committee on Assessing Foreign Technology Development in Human Performance Modification chose to focus on three general areas of HPM: human cognitive modification as a computational problem, human performance modification as a biological problem, and human performance modification as a function of the brain-computer interface. Human Performance Modification: Review of Worldwide Research with a View to the Future summarizes these findings."
New Directions in Assessing Performance of Individuals and Groups : Workshop Summary by Committee on Measuring Human Capabilities: Performance Potential of Individuals and Collectives( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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Associated Subjects
Armed Forces--Officers--Rating of Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Coastal zone management--Study and teaching Cognitive psychology Communication--Psychological aspects Confidential communications--Social surveys Cultural relations Earth sciences--Study and teaching Emotional problems of children Employees--Rating of Environmental sciences--Study and teaching Ethics committees Government aid to education Group work in research Human behavior--Simulation methods Human experimentation in medicine--Law and legislation Human experimentation in psychology Human experimentation in psychology--Law and legislation Human experimentation in psychology--Moral and ethical aspects Human rights Immunotherapy Labor productivity Lie detectors and detection--Evaluation Marine resources--Study and teaching Meteorology--Study and teaching Military intelligence Oceanography--Study and teaching Older people Older people--Health and hygiene Organizational behavior--Simulation methods Personnel management Post-traumatic stress disorder Psychology, Military Quality of work life Recruiting and enlistment Research--Moral and ethical aspects Research teams Science--Study and teaching (Secondary) Second language acquisition Social sciences--Moral and ethical aspects Social sciences--Research--Moral and ethical aspects Sociology, Military Soldiers--Training of Substance abuse--Treatment Teams in the workplace--Psychological aspects Threat (Psychology) United States United States.--Department of Veterans Affairs United States.--National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration United States.--National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.--Office of Education
The polygraph and lie detection
Alternative Names

controlled identityNational Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (U.S.). Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences

Board on Behavioral, Cognitive and Sensory Sciences

National Research Council Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences

National Research Council Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences

National Research Council (U.S.). Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences

National Research Council (U.S.). Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences

Languages
English (52)

Covers
Protecting participants and facilitating social and behavioral sciences researchTechnology for adaptive agingPTSD compensation and military serviceNOAA's education program : review and critiqueThreatening communications and behavior : perspectives on the pursuit of public figuresHuman behavior in military contextsNew treatments for addiction : behavioral, ethical, legal, and social questionsField evaluation in the intelligence and counterintelligence context : workshop summaryBehavioral modeling and simulation : from individuals to societies