Most widely held works by Mary Tiemann
Arsenic in drinking water recent regulatory developments and issues by Mary Tiemann ( Book )
6 editions published between 2000 and 2006 in English and held by 40 libraries worldwide
This report reviews EPA's efforts to develop a new arsenic rule and summarizes key provisions and subsequent events.
MTBE in gasoline clean air and drinking water issues by James E McCarthy ( Book )
9 editions published between 2001 and 2005 in English and held by 39 libraries worldwide
Waste trade and the Basel Convention background and update by Mary Tiemann ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 37 libraries worldwide
Superfund reauthorization a summary of H.R. 1300, as reported by Mark E. Anthony Reisch ( Book )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 35 libraries worldwide
Safe drinking water act state revolving fund program by Mary Tiemann ( Book )
13 editions published between 2001 and 2004 in English and held by 35 libraries worldwide
Safe drinking water act implementation and issues by Mary Tiemann ( Book )
17 editions published between 2003 and 2006 in English and held by 33 libraries worldwide
Key drinking water issues on the agenda in the 109th Congress have included problems caused by specific contaminants, such as the gasoline additive methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), and perchlorate, as well as the related issue of the appropriate federal role in providing financial assistance for water infrastructure projects. Congress last reauthorized the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) in 1996, and although funding authority for most SDWA programs expired in FY2003, broad reauthorization efforts are not expected as EPA, states, and water systems remain busy implementing the 1996 amendments. Congress included provisions in the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-58, H.R. 6) to address existing MTBE contamination of water and to better prevent future problems. The Act authorizes funding from the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund for the cleanup of MTBE releases and adds leak prevention provisions to the federal underground storage tank regulatory program. The Energy Policy Act also prevents EPA from regulating the underground injection of fluids (other than diesel fuel) into drinking water sources for hydraulic fracturing purposes related to oil, gas and geothermal production. Concerns about perchlorate in drinking water also have returned to the congressional agenda, after the past Congress enacted several provisions on this issue. The House passed H.R. 18 and H.R. 186, both of which would establish groundwater remediation programs in California, where most perchlorate contamination has been identified. Concerns over the security of the nation₂s drinking water supplies were addressed by the 107th Congress through the Bioterrorism Preparedness Act (P.L. 107-188), which included requirements for community water systems to conduct vulnerability assessments and prepare emergency response plans. S. 1426 would require EPA to report to Congress on implementation of the water security research provisions of the Bioterrorism Act. An ongoing SDWA issue involves the growing cost and complexity of drinking water standards and the ability of water systems, especially small systems, to comply with standards. The issue of the cost of drinking water standards, particularly the new arsenic standard, has merged with the larger debate over the federal role in assisting communities with financing drinking water infrastructure ₇ an issue that has become more challenging in a time of tightened budgets. Congress authorized a drinking water state revolving fund (DWSRF) program in 1996 to help communities finance projects needed to meet standards. For FY2006, in P.L. 109-54, Congress has provided $850 million for the DWSRF program, as requested. However, studies show that a large funding gap exists and will grow as SDWA requirements increase and infrastructure ages. On July 20, the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee ordered reported S. 1400, the Water Infrastructure Financing Act, which would increase funding for the DWSRF program and a parallel wastewater program, and provide grant assistance for small and rural communities. H.R. 2417/S. 689 would direct EPA to establish a grant program to help eligible communities comply with drinking water standards and add compliance flexibility for such communities.
Safeguarding the nation's drinking water EPA and congressional actions by Mary Tiemann ( Book )
19 editions published between 2002 and 2008 in English and held by 30 libraries worldwide
The events of September 11, 2001, focused heightened attention on the security status of the nation's drinking water supplies and the vulnerability of this critical infrastructure sector to attack. Congress since has enacted security requirements for public water systems and has provided funding for vulnerability assessments, emergency planning, and drinking water research. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the lead federal agency for the water sector, has worked with water utilities, state and local governments, and federal agencies to improve the drinking water security. The Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-188) amended the Safe Drinking Water Act to require some 8,400 community water systems to assess vulnerabilities and prepare emergency response plans. It authorized funding for these activities and for emergency grants to states and utilities, and it directed EPA to review methods to prevent, detect, and respond to threats to water safety and infrastructure security. The act did not require water systems to make security upgrades to address potential vulnerabilities. Since FY2002, Congress has appropriated funds annually for EPA to work with states and the water sector to improve the security of drinking water supplies. In the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296), Congress created a Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and gave the DHS responsibility for assessing and protecting the nation's critical infrastructures. However, the act did not transfer EPA's water security functions, and the 2003 Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD-7) affirmed EPA's lead role in protecting the water infrastructure. Under this directive, EPA has responsibility for developing and providing tools and training on improving security to roughly 53,000 community water systems and 16,000 municipal wastewater treatment facilities. In the 109th Congress, several bills, including a reported bill, S. 2145, proposed to expand water security requirements for certain high-risk water systems. The Department of Homeland Security FY2007 appropriations act (P.L. 109-295) authorized the DHS to regulate for three years high-risk chemical facilities, but the law excluded from coverage drinking water and wastewater treatment facilities. Although EPA, states, localities, and water utilities have taken steps to address security concerns, the security of the nation's water supplies continues to attract congressional attention. Issues receiving attention have included the status of efforts by the water sector to improve security, whether to increase federal requirements, funding needs for water systems to make security improvements, the relative roles and responsibilities of EPA and DHS regarding the water sector, and the status of research and development of technologies to help water systems detect and address potential biological and chemical contaminants. This report reviews governmental and water utility efforts to improve drinking water security..
Perchlorate contamination of drinking water regulatory issues and legislative actions by Mary Tiemann ( Book )
14 editions published between 2004 and 2008 in English and held by 29 libraries worldwide
Perchlorate is the explosive component of solid rocket fuel, fireworks, road flares, and other products. Used heavily by the Department of Defense (DOD) and related industries, perchlorate also occurs naturally and is present in some organic fertilizer. This soluble, persistent compound has been detected in drinking water supplies, especially in California. It also has been found in milk and many foods. Because of this widespread occurrence, concern over the potential health risks of perchlorate exposure has increased, and some states, water utilities, and Members of Congress have urged the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to set a federal drinking water standard for this chemical. Regulatory issues involve the relative health benefits and costs of federal regulation, including environmental cleanup and water treatment costs, both of which are driven by federal and state standards. (California and Massachusetts have set standards.) EPA has spent years assessing perchlorate's health effects and occurrence (including its occurrence in food) to determine whether a national standard is warranted. Interagency disagreements over the risks of perchlorate exposure led several federal agencies to ask the National Research Council (NRC) to evaluate perchlorate's health effects and EPA''s risk analyses. In 2005, the NRC issued its report, and EPA adopted the NRC's recommended reference dose (i.e., the expected safe dose) for perchlorate exposure. Subsequent studies raised more concerns about potential effects of low-level exposures, particularly for infants in certain cases. On October 3, 2008, EPA made a preliminary determination not to regulate perchlorate; a final decision is expected in late 2008. This report reviews perchlorate contamination issues and related actions.
Leaking underground storage tanks program status and issues by Mary Tiemann ( Book )
7 editions published between 2003 and 2005 in English and held by 27 libraries worldwide
To address a nationwide pollution problem caused by leaking underground storage tanks (USTs), Congress created a leak prevention, detection, and cleanup program in 1984. In 1986, Congress established the Leaking Underground Storage Tank (LUST) Trust Fund to help the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and states pay the costs of cleaning up leaking petroleum USTs where owners fail to do so, and to oversee LUST cleanup activities. Much progress has been made in the program, but challenges remain. A major issue concerns the discovery of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) at thousands of LUST sites. This gasoline additive, used to reduce air pollution from auto emissions, is very water soluble, and leaks involving MTBE are more costly to remediate. Another issue is that state resources have not met the demands of overseeing the UST regulatory program. States have long sought larger appropriations from the trust fund to support the LUST program, and some have sought more flexibility in using LUST funds. The presence of MTBE in water supplies heightened congressional interest in authorizing fund appropriations to address MTBE leaks and enforce the leak prevention program. After years of congressional efforts, the 109th Congress agreed on legislation to address these issues. The Energy Policy Act of 2005, H.R. 6 (P.L. 109-58) adds new leak prevention provisions to the federal UST regulatory program and authorizes EPA and states to use appropriations from the LUST Trust Fund to clean up MTBE leaks and to enforce the UST program. The House version of H.R. 6 would have provided a products liability safe harbor for MTBE and renewable fuels manufacturers. The Senate bill would have granted a safe harbor for renewable fuels only. The final legislation does not include a fuels safe harbor provision. This report reviews LUST and MTBE issues and bills, and will be updated.
Lead in drinking water Washington, D.C. issues and broader regulatory implications by Mary Tiemann ( Book )
2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 24 libraries worldwide
Arsenic in drinking water regulatory developments and issues by Mary Tiemann ( Book )
13 editions published between 2005 and 2008 in English and held by 18 libraries worldwide
In January 2001, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) promulgated a new regulation for arsenic in drinking water, as required by 1996 Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments. The rule set the legal limit for arsenic in tap water at 10 parts per billion (ppb), replacing a 50 ppb standard that was set in 1975, before arsenic was classified as a carcinogen. The arsenic rule was to enter into effect on March 23, 2001, and public water systems were given until January 23, 2006, to comply. When issuing the rule, EPA projected that compliance could be costly for some small systems, but many water utilities and communities expressed concern that EPA had underestimated the rule's costs. Subsequently, EPA postponed the rule's effective date to February 22, 2002, in order to review the science and cost and benefit analyses supporting the rule. In October 2001, EPA affirmed the 10 ppb standard. The compliance date remained unchanged, and the new standard became enforceable for water systems in January 2006. With the arsenic regulation in place, Congress and EPA have focused on how to help communities comply with the new requirements. In the 109th Congress, bills have been introduced to establish small system grant programs and to provide more compliance flexibility and technical assistance to small systems. This report reviews issues surrounding the arsenic rule and related congressional and EPA actions.
Leaking underground storage tanks prevention and cleanup by Mary Tiemann ( Book )
9 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in English and held by 15 libraries worldwide
NAFTA : related environmental issues and initiatives by Mary Tiemann ( Book )
4 editions published between 1997 and 2004 in English and held by 11 libraries worldwide
North American Free Trade Agreement : environmental issues by Mary Tiemann ( Book )
3 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 10 libraries worldwide
China selected environmental issues and policies ( Book )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 10 libraries worldwide
Water infrastructure needs and investment review and analysis of key issues by Claudia Copeland ( Book )
3 editions published between 2007 and 2010 in English and held by 6 libraries worldwide
Policymakers are giving increased attention to issues associated with financing and investing in the nation's drinking water and wastewater treatment systems, which take in water, treat it, and distribute it to households and other customers, and later collect, treat, and discharge water after use. The renewed attention is due to a combination of factors. These include financial impacts on communities of meeting existing and anticipated regulatory requirements, the need to repair and replace existing infrastructure, concerns about paying for security-related projects, and proposals to stimulate U.S. economic activity by building and rebuilding the nation's infrastructure. This report identifies a number of issues that continue to receive attention in connection with water infrastructure investment. It begins with a review of federal involvement; describes the debate about needs; and then examines key issues, including what is the nature of the problems to be solved, who will pay, and what is the federal role, and questions about mechanisms for delivering federal support.
Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act (P.L. 107-188) provisions and changes to preexisting law by C. Stephen Redhead ( Book )
2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
Last fall₂s anthrax attacks, though small in scale compared to the scenarios envisioned by bioterrorism experts, strained the public health system and raised concern that the nation is insufficiently prepared to respond to bioterrorist attacks. Improving public health preparedness and response capacity offers protection not only from bioterrorist attacks, but also from naturally occurring public health emergencies. On June 12, 2002, the President signed into law the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-188, H.R. 3448), which is intended to bolster the nation₂s ability to respond effectively to bioterrorist threats and other public health emergencies. The act builds on the programs and authorities established in Title III of the Public Health Service (PHS) Act by the Public Health Threats and Emergencies Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-505, Title I). P.L. 107-188 is a 5-year authorization bill, which calls for a total of $2.4 billion in funding in FY2002, $2.0 billion in FY2003, and such sums as may be necessary for the remaining years. The act authorizes the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to upgrade and renovate facilities at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), purchase smallpox vaccine, expand the national stockpile of drugs, vaccines, and other emergency medical supplies, and provide grants to state and local governments and hospitals to improve preparedness and planning. The Secretaries of HHS and Agriculture are required to register and regulate facilities that handle potentially dangerous biological agents. The anti-bioterrorism legislation also includes provisions to protect the nation₂s food and drug supply and enhance agricultural security, including new regulatory powers for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to block the importation of unsafe foods. To protect the drinking water supply, the act requires community water systems to conduct vulnerability assessments and develop emergency response plans. P.L. 107-188 also reauthorizes the Prescription Drug Use Fee Act through FY2007.
Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) selected regulatory and legislative issues by Mary Tiemann ( Book )
1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
Much progress has been made in assuring the quality of public water supplies since the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) was first enacted in 1974. Public water systems must meet extensive regulations, and water utility management has become a much more complex and professional endeavor. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has regulated some 91 drinking water contaminants, and more regulations are pending. In 2007, the number of community water systems reporting no violations of drinking water standards was 89.5%. Despite nationwide PROgress in providing safe drinking water, an array of issues and challenges remain.
Safe Drinking Water Act selected regulatory and legislative issues by Mary Tiemann ( Book )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
Much progress has been made in assuring the quality of public water supplies since the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) was first enacted in 1974. Public water systems must meet extensive regulations, and public water system management has become a much more complex and professional endeavor. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has regulated some 91 drinking water contaminants, and more regulations are pending. In 2005, EPA reported that the number of systems reporting no violations of drinking water standards reached a new high of 94% in 2003. Despite such progress, however, an array of issues and challenges remain.
Perchlorate Contamination of Drinking Water: Regulatory Issues and Legislative Actions ( Book )
4 editions published between 2005 and 2008 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Perchlorate is the explosive component of solid rocket fuel, fireworks, road flares, and other products. Used mainly by the Department of Defense (DOD) and related industries, perchlorate occurs naturally and is present in some organic fertilizer. This soluble, persistent compound has been detected in sources of drinking water for more than 11 million people. It also has been found in milk, fruits, and vegetables. Concern over the potential health risks of perchlorate exposure has increased, and some states and Members of Congress have urged the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to set a drinking water standard for perchlorate. The EPA has not determined whether to regulate perchlorate and has cited the need for more research on health effects, water treatment techniques, and occurrence. Related issues have involved environmental cleanup and water treatment costs, which will be driven by federal and state standards. Interagency disagreements over the risks of perchlorate exposure led several federal agencies to ask the National Research Council (NRC) to evaluate perchlorate s health effects and EPA s risk analyses. In 2005, the NRC issued its report, and the EPA adopted the NRC's recommended reference dose (i.e., the expected safe dose) for perchlorate exposure. However, new studies raise more concerns about potential health risks of low-level exposures, particularly for infants. Perchlorate bills in the 110th Congress include S. 150 and H.R. 1747, which direct the EPA to set a standard. This report reviews perchlorate water contamination issues and developments.
Air--Pollution Arsenic--Environmental aspects Arsenic--Toxicology Bioterrorism--Prevention Butyl methyl ether--Environmental aspects China Conference of the Parties to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal Disaster medicine--Law and legislation Drinking water--Arsenic content Drinking water--Contamination Drinking water--Law and legislation Drinking water--Lead content Drinking water--Purification Drinking water--Standards Ecology Economic development--Environmental aspects Emergency management--Law and legislation Environmental management Environmental policy Free trade Free trade--Environmental aspects Groundwater--Pollution Groundwater--Pollution--Law and legislation Hazardous waste management industry Hazardous wastes Hazardous wastes--Law and legislation Hazardous wastes--Transportation--Law and legislation Hazardous waste treatment facilities--Taxation--Law and legislation Infrastructure (Economics) Lead--Environmental aspects Lead--Toxicology Liability for hazardous substances pollution damages North America Oil pollution of soils--Law and legislation Perchlorates Perchlorates--Environmental aspects Petroleum products--Underground storage--Environmental aspects Petroleum--Taxation--Law and legislation Public health laws Refuse and refuse disposal Safe Drinking Water Act (United States) Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments of 1996 (United States) Underground storage--Environmental aspects United States United States.--Environmental Protection Agency Washington (D.C.) Water--Pollution Water quality management Water quality management--Finance Waterworks--Finance