WorldCat Identities

McIntosh, James F. 1923-

Works: 205 works in 205 publications in 1 language and 288 library holdings
Genres: Military history  Biography  Personal narratives‡vAmerican  History  Records and correspondence  Anecdotes 
Classifications: U52, B
Publication Timeline
Publications about  James F McIntosh Publications about James F McIntosh
Publications by  James F McIntosh Publications by James F McIntosh
Most widely held works about James F McIntosh
Most widely held works by James F McIntosh
Wisconsin at war ( Book )
1 edition published in 2002 in English and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Imnterviews with Wisconsin veterans about their experiences in warfare during the 20th century
Oral history interview with William C. Steaffens by William C Steaffens ( )
1 edition published in 2002 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
William Steaffens, a Berlin, Wisconsin native, discusses his Navy service as a radioman in World War II and as a communications technician during the Korean War
Oral history interview with Julius Kochinski by Julius Kochinski ( )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
The Willston, Wis. native talks about his World War II service with Company D, 15th Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division in France and Germany. He discusses being inducted into toe service and leaving behind his two children and pregnant wife. Kochinski touches upon training, joining the 3rd Division in France, assignment as an ammunition carrier for the machine gun, and transfer to a heavy weapons company in the middle of the night. He comments on entering combat, the equipment he carried while fighting, and health problems caused by service
Oral history interview with Kenneth Bender by Kenneth L Bender ( )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Kenneth L. Bender, a Polo, Illinois native, discusses his service with the Army during the Korean and Vietnam Wars and his Cold War service in Germany. Bender talks about enlisting in 1951, basic training at Schofield Barracks (Hawaii), and being flown as a replacement to Korea via Japan. Assigned to Company F of the 2nd Battalion, 9th Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division, he states he was sent into combat the day after his arrival. Bender talks about the Battle of Heartbreak Ridge where he fired a Browning automatic rifle (BAR). He comments on transferring to a mortar crew and using old rounds from World War II. He discusses the high causality rate, effectiveness of Chinese mortar fire, and the Army's use of Koreans to deliver food and water to the front line soldiers. Bender emphasizes the importance of airstrikes and recalls being impressed by the Marine pilots at Hill 1005. He describes the changes setting up a static line had and shifting to combat patrol tactics. He touches on use of artificial moonlight and having R&R in Kokura (Japan). After being shipped back to the States and a thirty-day leave at home, Bender touches on joining the 155th Regiment, 31st Division at Camp Atterbury (Indiana) and training troops as an acting first sergeant. He touches on duty with the 12th Infantry Regiment, 4th Infantry Division training troops in Gelnhausen (Germany) and transferring to F Company of the 14th Armored Cavalry at Bad Kissingen. Bender discusses patrol duty on the East/West German border and working with the Grenzpolizei (German police). After returning to the States in 1957, he mentions assignment to the 18th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division at Fort Riley (Kansas). Transferred to the 8th Infantry Regiment (which changed to the 17th Regiment, 7th Infantry Division), Bender tells of being shipped to Camp Kaiser (Korea). He comments, "all the guys had to do was sex and liquor." He talks about duty as a training NCO (non-commissioned officer) and his role in the color guard. Returned to the States again in 1961, he talks about assignment to the 10th Infantry Regiment, 5th Division at Fort Carson (Colorado). Bender comments on his work in military education as an instructor and rifle coach for ROTC Junior at St. John's Military Academy (Wisconsin). Transferred in 1967 to Company D, 1st Battalion, 12th Infantry Regiment, 4th Division, he talks about duty as an E-8 first sergeant in Vietnam. Based at Camp Enari, Bender talks about search and destroy missions in the Central Highlands and evaluates the North Vietnamese Army. He describes his participation in a combat patrol skirmish with an NVA battalion, the Battle of Dak To (Hill 875), and the '68 Tet Offensive. He talks about his men only having problems with marijuana off the front lines. Transferred to the 15th Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division at Wildflecken (Germany), Bender compares his tours in Germany, stating that the German people seemed more independent in 1968. He recalls being diagnosed with malaria and applying for a compassionate transfer leave to return to the United States. He tells of serving at the National Guard Advisory in Logansport (Indiana) with the 38th Division until his retirement in 1971. Bender touches on having a lifelong membership in the Veterans of Foreign Wars, using the GI Bill to buy a house and for school, and keeping in touch with other veterans
Oral history interview with Melvin H. Rickard by Melvin H Rickard ( )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Melvin Rickard, a Linden, Wisconsin native, discusses his World War II service with the glider unit of the 81st Anti Aircraft Battalion, 101st Airborne Division; he focuses his discussion on the D-Day landing, Operation Market Garden, and his experiences as a prisoner of war. Rickard talks about basic training at Fort Bragg (North Carolina), assignment to a glider unit, the differences between American and English gliders, and training in England in preparation for the invasion of Normandy. He describes the D-Day invasion including Utah Beach landing, taking cover from German aircraft fire, moving inland to take the town of Carentan (France), protecting a bridge under heavy artillery fire, and a close call when a friend was killed. After a furlough in Cornwall (England), Rickard details Operation Market Garden in Holland, including hearing German soldiers talking in the woods, guard duty at night, lack of food because supplies were intercepted by the Germans, hearing the German attack approach, and being unable to communicate with other American and British troops. He tells of surrendering with other American troops, staying with other prisoners of war at a Dutch farm, a visit by German propaganda broadcaster Axis Sally (Mildred Gillars), the packed boxcar ride to Stalag 2B, and interrogation. He touches upon his stay in a German prison including receiving Red Cross packages, exchanging cigarettes for bread and vegetables with the prison guards, having yellow jaundice and an ulcerated tooth, and marching through a blizzard with inadequate shoes as the Russian troops approached. Marching for two and a half months, Rickard recalls the cold, sleeping in barns, becoming familiar with some German civilians, stealing potatoes, and suffering from a bad back and frozen feet. He highlights the importance of Colonel Wallace, a fellow prisoner of war who kept him going. Rickard mentions arriving at Stalag 2A a week before the Russians arrived and the prisoners' decision to stay behind. After liberation, he talks about leaving the camp, scavenging for food and alcohol, and having two Russian soldiers rob him of his wristwatch. After delousing, he remembers being shipped to Camp Lucky Strike (France) and having lunch with General Eisenhower. Rickard mentions playing ping pong at an Army hospital in Macon (Georgia), waiting for enough points to be discharged, and joining the American Legion and Disabled American Veterans. He describes a couple coincidences from his service time, his career afterwards, and his efforts trying to get in touch with his POW friend
Oral history interview with Dennis Zoellner by Dennis Zoellner ( )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Dennis Zoellner, a Marinette, Wisconsin native, discusses his Vietnam War service with the Navy Seabees Mobile Construction Battalion 7 (MCB 7). Zoellner talks about enlisting with the Seabees, basic training and Seabee school at Davisville (Rhode Island), and training in heavy equipment and building. Landing in Da Nang (Vietnam) in 1966, he mentions three men being wounded by heavy fire on the airstrip. Zoellner describes building an addition to the hospital at Da Nang and the deterioration of equipment due to the hot climate. He touches on having excellent food and describes what he did to stay cool. Stationed alongside a Marine helicopter unit, Zoellner describes living under rocket fire, duty guarding the perimeter, and medical treatment for a hernia aboard the USS Repose. He describes arresting a Vietnamese interpreter who tried to get into the camp at night to spy on the perimeter, and he says this incident still bothers him. Zoellner touches upon readjustment problems of Vietnam veterans and claims the flight home provided no adjustment time between combat and life at home. He talks about establishing a road block to assist a Marine patrols, finding a sentry asleep at his post, and lack of military discipline in Vietnam. He says his unit did not have problems with drugs or drinking, even though beer was not limited. Zoellner expresses resentment of the poor homecoming Vietnam veterans received, lack of recognition, draft dodgers. He touches on his membership in the American Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars
Oral history interview with Russell Scheu by Russell L Scheu ( )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Russell L. Scheu, a Merrill, Wisconsin native, discusses his career in the Air Force working in cryptography maintenance, including service during the Cold War and the Vietnam War with the 11th Detachment, 619th Tactical Control Squadron. Scheu talks about crypto maintenance school at Lackland Air Force Base (Texas): training with classified equipment, being investigated through a background check, not being allowed to take notes or have homework, and seeing classmates arrested for spying or breaking security rules. He states training under high security was stressful and had a high washout rate. Scheu talks about the changes in coding machine capabilities and the increase in secure communications over time. Assigned to a radar unit in Antigo (Wisconsin), he addresses having his radar skills tested by B-52 bombers flying Strategic Air Command missions. He touches on the policy that allowed women on the base and pulling a prank on his chief of maintenance. While stationed in Antigo, Scheu met and married a local woman and, while on his honeymoon, he received orders to go overseas. He talks about having difficulty getting paid while his orders were being changed. Scheu recalls arriving at Tan Son Nhut Airbase (Vietnam) in full dress blues, having women enter the showers to do laundry, and spending several days trying to track down his unit. Assigned to Det. 11, 619 Tac Control Squadron on Hon Tre Island, he discusses sharing facilities with the Army, lack of fresh food, water and sanitation facilities, and filling sandbags during his down time. Scheu describes his crypto maintenance duties maintaining cryptography and other communications, repairing smaller units' cryptography equipment, and using a telephone line to call in codes when the radar was down. He tells of coming under ground fire while on a transport plane. Scheu tells of being prepared to destroy code equipment if the base was under attack to prevent it falling into enemy hands, and he analyzes the policy that code workers were to be killed or kill themselves rather then being taken prisoner as well as and the bounty offered by the NVA for communications prisoners. He details a combat situation when he was on guard duty and his base was attacked by the North Vietnamese: taking cover behind sandbags, waiting for backup, and running low on ammunition. Scheu recalls an instance when the base was attacked and the Air Force personnel had the only weapons because the Army personnel had locked their ammunition up and didn't have the keys. He mentions that men who caught venereal diseases had to stay in Vietnam past their year-long commitment. He describes his relationship with "Mama-san," the unit's Vietnamese cleaning lady, stealing concertina wire and other equipment from the Army on the mainland, and the psychological effects of his living situation. Scheu talks about writing letters home, sharing food received in packages, and getting a Red Cross telegram saying that his wife had given birth. He touches on entertainment shows for the soldiers and sneaking supplies out to give to Mama-san. He talks about supplementing rations by stealing food from the Army, use of marijuana by soldiers, and waste of equipment so that the unit wouldn't get in trouble for having too much during inspections. Scheu mentions people mailing radios or weapons home and the difficulty of successfully mailing camera film. He analyzes why the airmen in his unit didn't form close friendships, why he did not go on R&R, and difficulty of returning home and readjusting. He reflects that combat "was worse after it was all over than when it was happening." Stationed in Kunsan (Korea) in the mid 1970s, Scheu touches on learning about Korean culture, problems on the base with alcohol, the friendliness of Korean civilians, and government-sanctioned brothels. He talks about military personnel who had "long-term" girls, preventative measures against venereal diseases, strip clubs near the base, and men getting in trouble with their families because they were spending all their money on alcohol and women. Scheu addresses how the Air Force handled servicemen who wanted to marry prostitutes. He speaks about a year at Eglin Air Force Base (Florida) securing communications for test programs, being Com Sec Officer at Greater Pittsburgh International Airport with units of the National Guard and Reserves, and accumulating leave time. Stationed in Turkey, he details bringing his family, wearing gas masks and charcoal suits during drills, and learning Turkish customs. Scheu refers to the poverty his family witnessed, barring his door during a coup, checking his car for bombs before driving, and wearing civilian clothes off base. He tells of his van getting hijacked by Turkish troops, emphasizes he was "nobody because you're in their country," and reflects on the way women were treated as property. Scheu tells of buying carpets in the country, sterilizing food and water, difficulty dealing with the heat while wearing modest clothing, forming close relationships with other American families on the base, and dealing with customs taxes. He reports Turkey was the first place he worked with women communications personnel. Assigned to Castle Air Force Base (California), he talks about working as a Record Com Superintendent and being responsible for all the classified documents and equipment on base. Scheu explains why he could not be promoted past master sergeant and feeling burned out by responsibilities in California. He mentions working in England. Scheu touches on using the GI Bill to attend school and settling into a civilian career as a veteran service officer
Oral history interview with Lawrence Danielson by Lawrence K Danielson ( )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Lawrence "Larry" Danielson, a La Crosse, Wisconsin native, discusses his Korean War service as a code specialist working with Chinese and Korean languages as part of the 501st Communication Recon Group, 326th Communications Reconnaissance Company. Danielson relates basic and infantry training in Kansas and code school at Fort Devens (Massachusetts). At code school, he touches on learning Morse code and states he had to listen to Morse code while he slept. He details the types of codes used by the Chinese and Koreans. Sent to Korea, Danielson talks about his equipment, monitoring radio traffic, attacks on his detachment, working behind enemy lines, and periodic rest leaves in Japan. He talks about the Korean and Chinese civilian translators working for him in the field and mentions he was not ever allowed to talk about them. He tells of losing a civilian friend because the civilian was driving a brakeless jeep that he hadn't been warned about. Danielson describes the food and mentions getting frostbitten toes. He comments on the secrecy and fear involved with his job. He touches on his work with the National Security Agency in Arlington (Virginia) where he was given tasks "so he would have something to do until I got out." He speaks of his use of the GI Bill, membership in the VFW and American Legion, and career in teaching
Oral history interview with John W. Philipps by John W Philipps ( )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
John W. Philipps, a Lancaster, Wisconsin native, discusses his World War II service as an Air Force mechanic and gunner with the 453rd Bomb Group. Philipps mentions basic training at Jefferson Barracks (Missouri) and airplane mechanic school in Illinois. He talks about the kinds of airplanes he worked with at mechanic training at Hamilton Field (California), aerial gunnery school at Las Vegas (Nevada), and assignment to a B-24 crew at March Field (California). Philipps comments on his long flight to RAF Old Buckenham Airfield (England), problems caused by bad weather during missions into occupied France and Germany, opposition from antiaircraft and enemy fighter planes, and shrapnel damage. He addresses food, flight equipment, taking shelter from the Blitz while on leave in London, and going to Edinburgh on leave. Philipps tells of having an engine shot out during a mission to bomb an oil refinery in Politz (Germany). He touches upon working as a classroom instructor in Ireland, being shipped back to the United States in 1944, and getting married before transferring to Truax Field (Madison), where he worked in a supply room. After being discharged, Philipps mentions becoming a member of the VFW and the American Legion, and he talks about his civilian career
Oral history interview with James E. Rowsam by James E Rowsam ( )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
James E. Rowsam, a Plainfield, Wisconsin native, discusses his career in the Army, including service in the Korean War with the 64th Engineer Maintenance Company, the Vietnam War with the 826th Ordnance Company, and the Army Reserves. Rowsam tells of enlisting in the Army, basic training at Breckenridge (Kentucky), and struggling to be assigned to the Corps of Engineers. Sent as a replacement to the Headquarters & Service Company, 7th Infantry, 13th Combat Engineer Battalion in Sendai (Japan), he discusses heavy equipment mechanics school, repairing and operating heavy equipment, rebuilding a Japanese school, and assisting with English lessons. Rowsam comments on going through amphibious training and being attached to the Marine Corps. He details what he was doing when the war started, being sent back to his unit in Sapporo, and running across a woman from his hometown who was working for the Department of the Army. He mentions leaving Japan for Inchon (Korea), turning back from the landing to pick up ammunition for a firing battery, being hit in the head by a falling ceiling beam, and being treated at an aide station by a tired corpsman. After catching up with his unit near Seoul, Rowsam touches on working with bridge trucks, repairing roads, catching frostbite, and landing at Iwon. He tells of trying to heat up frozen food, finding an artillery tractor abandoned in a ditch, and constant stress. Rowsam describes fighting up to the Yalu River with A Company of the 17th Regiment, being wounded in the foot by shrapnel, and being evacuated from Hungnam by a British cargo ship. Returned to the Headquarters & Service Company, he refers to work in the "Iron Triangle" region including surviving a truck accident, losing new replacement troops to a mortar. He touches on his rotation home and suffering from malaria. After having his service date extended a year, Rowsam talks about serving as field first sergeant of the 62nd Engineer Maintenance Company at Fort Bragg (North Carolina), practicing heavy equipment airdrops, taking an advanced diesel engine rebuild course at Fort Belvoir (Virginia), and nearly getting court-martialed for teaching a trick of adding diesel to radiators when no antifreeze is available. He recalls an emotional meeting on the street with a soldier whom he'd saved from freezing to death in Korea. Rowsam speaks of getting discharged, marrying a nurse, having problems with the leg that had been frostbitten, and using the GI Bill to attend college and graduate school. He comments on joining the active Army Reserves and being assigned to the 826th Ammunition Ordnance Company in Madison (Wisconsin). Rowsam recalls hearing about his unit's activation in 1968 on the radio, supervising a convoy to Fort Knox (Kentucky), and having jungle training. He describes going overseas aboard the SS Louise Lykes as the equipment escort and, after fixing their hydraulic hatch cover, teaching hydraulics lessons to the sailors every morning. He details his duties with the 3rd Ordnance Company at Long Binh (Vietnam) doing maintenance and loading ammunition onto trucks and helicopter cargo nets. Rowsam reflects on living in tents, sneakily building a brick building for the unit during the night, switching paperwork during an impromptu inspection, nearly getting in trouble when his men were caught playing horseshoes instead of working, and controversy over a "stolen" grader. He highlights the competence and ingenuity of his unit. He speaks about visiting with the crew of the SS Louise Lykes and giving them a pallet of beer he'd discovered addressed to the Marines and camouflaged as soap. Rowsam tells of rocket attacks, a Viet Cong attempt to infiltrate the camp, and discovering a spider hole near the motor pool. He describes recurring problems with malaria. After his enlistment was up, Rowsam touches on having trouble finding all his paperwork, doing special projects at Fort McCoy, and recording the history of the 826th Ordnance Company
Oral history interview with Kenneth C. Ossmann by Kenneth C Ossmann ( )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Kenneth Ossmann, a Janesville, Wisconsin native, discusses his World War II service with the Air Corps as a pilot with the 16th Bomb Group, 20th Air Force in the Pacific Theater
Oral history interview with Norman Alff by Norman A Alff ( )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Norman Alff, a Columbus, Wisconsin native, discusses his World War II service as a communications man in North Africa and Italy with Company K, 362nd Division, 91st Infantry, and his post-war involvement with the ROTC program at the University of Wisconsin. He talks about basic training at Camp White (Oregon) and his role stringing telephone wire and carrying communication equipment like the SCR-300 radio. Alff relates transportation to Africa, practice landing operations in North Africa, and training to fire a bazooka. Stationed at Arno (Italy), he comments on combat conditions including being under mortar and artillery fire, night patrols, and rest and relaxation in Tuscany. He relates the disappearance of a nearby squad, and later discovering they had been captured by Germans. Alff mentions crossing the Arno River, establishing outposts in the North Apennines Mountains, and being wounded by two "shoe mines" while trying to help a medic who had been wounded by a mine. Wounded in the legs and face, he discusses medical treatment in Rome and later receiving treatment for jaundice in Naples (Italy). He comments on occupation duty in Gorizia (Italy) and touchy relations there with Yugoslavian troops. Alff mentions seeing the Isle of Capri before coming home and discusses his role as the ROTC Regimental Executive Officer at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He talks about majoring in international relations, working at General Motors, keeping in touch with a few other veterans, and revisiting Italy with his wife
Oral history interview with Frederick C. Foerster by Frederick C Foerster ( )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Frederick C. Foerster, a Stevens Point, Wisconsin native, discusses his World War II service as a cook and machine gunner with the 225th Ordinance Company in France and Germany. Foerster talks about being drafted into the 32nd Infantry Division, being held back from assignment to Sicily due to wisdom teeth problems, and basic training at Fort Sheridan (Illinois). Stationed with the 255th Ordnance Company at Aberdeen Proving Grounds (Maryland), he comments on cook training, preparing food for those attending Officer Candidate School, creating menus, and loading bombs on airplanes. After a year and a half, Foerster states he was transferred to Canada for artillery testing with American, Canadian, Russian, Chinese, and Finnish ski troops. He describes training near Winnipeg (Manitoba) including living conditions, cooking four meals a day, seeing members of the Canadian Women's Army Corps (CWACs), and going on ski patrols. He speaks of spending a couple months cooking in Boston (Massachusetts) where his unit was cutting bayonets. Foerster comments on cooking on the troopship while shipping to Great Britain, training for a year at Gloucester (England), dating an Englishwoman, and being under buzz bomb attacks. He describes duty as a machine gunner while landing at Omaha Beach shortly after D-Day with the 1st Army, traveling with a "cook truck" equipped with stoves, and once having problems when someone sold the unit's gasoline on the black market and filled their gas cans with water. Foerster talks of being fired at with wooden bullets, clearing disabled German tanks from roads, and seeing a house get flattened after Germans were ambushing troops using a girl as bait. Periodically, he discusses visiting with his brother, who was in the 101st Airborne Division. Foerster tells of accidentally discharging his weapon in camp, moving through Europe following the breakout from St. Ló, making ice cream in Belgium, and preparing a turkey dinner to celebrate Christmas. He compares German Army food to American Army food and portrays pens of German prisoners of war. Foerster details doing twelve hour shifts cooking and then doing twelve hour guard shifts. He recalls that Christmas cards and packages were never delivered to him in central Europe. Foerster mentions performing two-tone whistling at camp shows and playing baseball. Shortly before the end of the war, he details having guard duty while occupying Leipzig concentration camp and portrays seeing Russian troops bury dead prisoners at Nordhausen concentration camp. He comments on female artillery spotters, being promoted to 1st cook, meeting Eisenhower and Patton, selling his cigarette rations, and winning a paid trip to Paris. Foerster tells of cooking aboard the Queen Elizabeth during the ride back to the States. He recalls hitchhiking home, traveling to California while wearing his uniform and discharge emblem, breaking off his engagement with his English girlfriend and marrying a Wisconsin woman, and joining the American Legion
Oral history interview with Robert L. Ayer by Robert L Ayer ( )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Robert Ayer, a St. Paul (Minnesota) native, describes conducting missions with the 465th Bomb Group of the 744th Bomb Squad and his prisoner of war experiences in World War II. Ayer recalls obtaining his parents' approval to enlist and basic training experiences. Ayer recounts crew camaraderie, being hit by flack during a mission, and subsequently having to manually pump the flaps in order to land. A nose gunner in a B-24, Ayer describes being shot down, parachuting into France, his initial attempts to avoid capture, and being captured by Germans. He recounts his initial conversations following capture, discussing the war with a German officer and being interrogated by Germans. Ayer describes in-processing at the POW (prisoner of war) camp Stalag Luft IV, how the prisoners organized themselves, trading with guards, and methods of smuggling contraband. He describes being escorted by the Germans away from the approaching Russian Army, the little food they received, and staying in farmers' barns. Ayer relates meeting a German mother of six soldiers and trading a pair of shoes for bread. Later during the several hundred kilometer march through the German countryside, Ayer traded the watch he received from his parents for his high school graduation for a couple loaves of bread. Ayer describes events leading up to and following Russians overrunning the German line at their location. He relates an incident of an American sergeant being hung by American prisoners and Russian soldiers raping German women. Following the end of the war, Ayer relates experiences trying to get transportation out of Europe, his frustration not being able to return home immediately, and having to remain in both Scotland and England waiting for transport. After the war, Ayer returned to Wisconsin and attended Madison Business College before working for Monroe Calculating. Ayer is a member of the Disabled American Veterans (DAV)
Oral history interview with Hans Sannes by Hans Sannes ( )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Hans Sannes, a Stoughton, Wisconsin native, discusses his experiences as a paratrooper in the 101st Airborne Division during World War II, as well as his time in the National Guard and the 32nd Infantry Division before the war. Sannes tells of being encouraged to join the National Guard by a friend despite being only seventeen, and he touches on training. Activated in 1940, he recalls spending a year at Camp Livingston (Louisiana) with the 32nd Infantry Division, doing drills, and practicing with weapons. He speaks of volunteering to be a paratrooper and the training at Fort Benning (Georgia): packing parachutes, physical training, running with gas masks on, and jump training. Sannes discusses the paratroopers' responsibility to check each others' parachutes in the airplane and the death of an acquaintance during a jump. He portrays the paratroop officers, many of whom were West Point graduates. Assigned to Company D, 2nd Battalion, 502nd Regiment, 101st Division, Sannes touches on advanced infantry training at Fort Bragg (North Carolina) and being promoted to sergeant. Shipped overseas on the HMS Strathnaver, he tells of getting separated from the convoy after an engine failure and spending a month isolated at St. John's (Newfoundland and Labrador) during repairs. After being put on a different ship, the SS John Ericsson, Sannes tells of training in Hungerford (England) and seeing V-2 rocket attacks while visiting London. He comments on hearing rumors, seeing Dwight Eisenhower shortly before D-Day, and being in a couple of photographs with Eisenhower. Sannes details jumping into Normandy the night before D-Day, seeing a few French civilians after he landed, meeting up with other men from his company, and getting delaying by a fire fight on their way to their objectives, which were some causeways at the beach. He talks about moving forward under fire, clearing out a German barracks, and guarding a marshy perimeter at Carentan. Sannes comments on starting to smoke cigarettes in England, the availability of alcohol, and food in the field. After a brief R&R in England, he describes jumping into Holland and being in combat for seventy-two days straight, including spending the first night in some woods, seeing a friend have a near miss from a bullet, and being saved by some British tanks. Sannes recalls getting orders to go to Bastogne (Belgium) by blackout trucks with only necessary equipment, not including first-aid kits. He addresses lacking enough blankets for the cold weather, rotating the company through a farmhouse to warm up their feet, and making arrangements with a local farmer for cows to supplement company rations. Sannes describes being given a ride by General Maxwell Taylor in England. During the Battle of the Bulge, Sannes details the day he was wounded: hearing about an imminent attack on the radio, running for cover, going to the aid station after being hit, and travelling by boxcar. He reflects on having his souvenir guns stolen. He talks about getting shipped back to the States on a hospital ship, attending 101st Airborne Association reunions, and using the GI Bill to attend the University of Wisconsin-Madison, which he recalls as being overly crowded. Sannes discusses getting disability payments for his damaged arm
Oral history interview with Robert L. Beilman by Robert L Beilman ( )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Robert Beilman, a New York City native, discusses his World War II Army experiences which include several anecdotal stories. Beilman recalls being at a New York Giants football game the day Pearl Harbor was bombed and an announcement being made for all present active military to immediately report to their bases. He enlisted in the ASTP (Army Specialized Training Program), studied engineering at Syracuse University (New York), and following radio communication school, was assigned to C Company, 1st Battalion of the 242nd Regiment, 42nd Division. Beilman talks about meeting his parents on pass prior to departing for Marseilles on the SS General William S. Black. While on duty in Marseilles, he describes the patrols and several air raids. As a communications sergeant, Beilman discusses his use of call-signs, radios, walkie-talkies, and stringing wire to outposts. Beilman describes preparing for patrols, dangers they encountered while on patrol, and dangers they faced. Beilman relates a story of capturing a German soldier in France. Beilman describes fighting the Germans in a typical French village. He talks about his battalion being surrounded at the battle of Hatton in the Northern part of Alsace to which Beilman credits the 79th Division for rescuing them. Beilman describes battling German tanks and their tactics. Participating in night patrols, Beilman recounts the need for excellent night vision and describes the numerous ways soldiers could be spotted by producing the smallest amount of light. Beilman describes the engagement he led resulting in him receiving the Bronze Star. He relates the story of General McOlive giving the order to drive up to Brenner Pass with lights on. Beilman attended Fordham and Columbia University upon his return to the United States using the GI Bill. After completing medical school, he chose to settle in Madison (Wisconsin)
Oral history interview with Roman J. Wehrle by Roman J Wehrle ( )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Roman "Bud" Wehrle, a Madison, Wisconsin native, discusses his World War II service with the 4th Battalion, 301st Ammunition Supply Company in North Africa and Europe. He details enlisting in the Army, training at Camp Sutton (North Carolina), learning safety measures for handling and transferring ordnance, and learning to set up ammunition depots. He describes how General Motors and Buick employees recruited people into ordnance. Wehrle describes the different types of ammunition his unit was responsible for and establishing ammunition depots at Bone and Oran (North Africa). He briefly discusses the 301st Ammunition Supply Company and the Arab and Italian workers it hired. He describes how the ammunition was shipped in color-coded, water-proof boxes or cans. Wehrle mentions a situation where some poison gas shells were accidentally sent to the front lines, but were not used. He discusses interacting with the local Arab population, and he mentions writing the letter home to the wife of a soldier who "shacked up" with a local woman who was a "little too much for him" and who died of a heart attack. Promoted to sergeant, he describes how his responsibilities and privileges changed. Transferred to Europe, Wehrle comments on establishing depots in Southern France using the labor of German and Italian prisoners of war. He claims, in Italy, mud was a problem and one tractor "tragically sunk out of sight." He details the food situation in Africa and France, saying the food the soldiers ate was practically the same food the POWs ate. Wehrle talks about local kids getting scars on their faces from licking the last bits of food out of C-ration cans, and describes trading gallons of butter for chickens. He emphasizes that prisoners of war could not be forced to work, but were enticed by promises of better food. Wehrle mentions that there were two types of Germans--the drafted soldiers who were good to work with, and the followers of Hitler who would not work. He touches on correspondence occurring between his wife and wives of English soldiers. He briefly talks about being commissioned into a segregated African-American unit in North Africa. Wehrle describes several Midwest soldiers who were caught in an ocean riptide and drowned, and not being able to do anything to help them. One soldier watched his friend get pulled out to sea and then committed suicide with a grenade. Wehrle relates his preparations for Japan, but then he was sent home on a liberty ship. He describes returning to the job he had before entering the service, paying VFW dues, and meeting his two-and-a-half-year-old daughter after being discharged
Oral history interview with Henry R. Zach by Henry R Zach ( )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Henry Zach, a Burnett County, Wis. native, discusses his World War II service with the 32nd Armored Regiment of the 3rd Armored Division and gives a vivid account of his experiences during the Malmedy Massacre at Baugnez (Belgium). He talks about armored training, fighting at St. Mere-Eglise and Caen, and his role as reconnaissance for his platoon. Zach comments on the organization and strategy of an armored reconnaissance unit including vehicle mobility, radio contact, and the problem of sniper fire. He touches upon encountering the "dragon's teeth" and rest and relaxation in Paris. Zach was taken prisoner at the Battle of the Bulge and vividly recalls being captured and searched for valuables by German soldiers, the march to Baugnez, and his discovery of the Germans' intent to kill them. Held in a field with a number of other American soldiers, Zach details being shot at by German soldiers, kicked to determine if he was still living, several instances of gun fire at Americans lying in the field, and being rescued by an American captain and two enlisted men. He returned to the United States and addresses medical care received, leg wound problems, and attempts to increase his disability pay
Oral history interview with Clayton Retzer by Clayton Retzer ( )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Clayton Retzer, a Superior, Wisconsin native, discusses his World War II service as a motor mechanic and warrant officer with the 4066th Truck Company. Retzer talks about attempting to avoid the draft by learning welding at a shipyard in Superior. He touches on getting drafted, basic training at Fort Custer (Michigan), and instructing in motor maintenance at Quartermaster Officer Candidate School at Fort Warren (Wyoming). Retzer comments on his trip overseas to Scotland and crossing the Rhine with the 5th Armored Division. He comments on capturing a German soldier who had been shooting around corners with a bent rifle and seeing a can of soup with a built-in heater. He touches on the differences between German and American motorcycles and tanks. While in England, Retzer speaks of assembling and hiding 6x6 cargo trucks and characterizes an Englishman who stole an American jeep. He explains the mechanical inferiority of American tanks, and he describes welding additional plating onto them that still failed to protect against artillery. Retzer emphasizes that the Allies' equipment was superior in quantity, not quality, and highlights the benefits of having standardized parts for the 6x6 trucks. He recalls having weekly inspections in the States and feeling bad about using gasoline to make perfectly straight rows of trucks when fuel rationing was affecting his family. He details how they waterproofed the vehicles for the Normandy Invasion. Landing in France shortly after D-Day, Retzer describes performing maintenance with the 5th Armored Division. He touches on helping liberate a concentration camp and struggling to understand how people as smart as the Germans could be so inhumane. Retzer mentions painting the vehicles white in Aachen (Germany) to match the snow and explains the capabilities of 6x6 trucks. He portrays solving a tricky problem with a truck's air filter and driving a chaplain out of danger after improvising a motor repair. Retzer tells of being stuck inside a tank overnight and being stationed at the Elbe River when the war in Europe ended. He touches on V-mail, USO shows, being shipped home to Superior, and his post-war work. Retzer mentions keeping in touch with a friend from the 4066th Truck Company and joining the American Legion
Oral history interview with Brian Murray by Brian Murray ( )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Brian "Doc" Murray, a Waupaca, Wisconsin native, discusses his Navy service as a corpsman with a Marine unit during the Vietnam War. Murray talks about enlisting in the Navy despite being classified 4F for having pins in his hip, boot camp and Corps School at Great Lakes (Illinois), and field medicine training at Camp Lejeune, where they arrived on November 10th without knowing about the Marine Corps' birthday. He discusses flying to Vietnam, assignment to the Fox Company, 2nd Battalion, 1st Marine Regiment, and going on daytime patrol in the Riviera area near DaNang. Murray speaks of setting up ambushes for gathering NVA troops and characterizes the "professional" method of combat between them. He portrays problems with unexploded friendly rounds in the sand and his platoon sergeant's "crazy" method of detonating them with grenades. Murray talks about the weapons his squadron carried and only carrying a handgun himself. He reflects on tending to wounded under fire as well as their daily health problems in camp, especially diarrhea and infected insect bites. He comments on lack of bathing facilities, the proximity of his small combat base to other medical facilities, and the medical supplies he carried. Murray contrasts the differences between medical operations in the Vietnam and Korean Wars. He illustrates the Marines' loyalty to their wounded with an anecdote about witnessing a helicopter medevac crew being held at gunpoint until all his squadron's casualties were securely loaded. Murray details treatment methods in the field, including using the Marines' belts as tourniquets and marking received treatment. After three months "in the bush," he speaks of having problems with his leg, getting the pins removed in Japan, and returning to Vietnam where he was assigned a rear position in the 1st Medical Battalion. Murray states the life expectancy for corpsmen in Vietnam was three months. He reflects on the adequacy of his training and, when under pressure, always praying to do a good job. In the 1st Med Battalion for three weeks, he talks about assignment to a post-crisis malarial ward and keeping an eye on his patients, who spent a lot of time at the bar. He comments on the use of chloroquine-primaquine to prevent malaria and treating diarrhea in the field with peanut butter. Murray talks about his platoon's recreational use of marijuana and making sure it did not impact their combat capability. He reports on the race relations between Blacks and Whites, saying "in the bush there is no color" but people in the rear occasionally stirred up trouble. Murray portrays the one case he medevaced due to combat fatigue and the current large numbers of veterans with symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. He discusses have a wonderful captain and a 2nd lieutenant who made too many mistakes. Murray talks about keeping in touch with some of the men from his unit, attending Battalion Association reunions, and being a member of veterans' organizations such as the Wisconsin Vietnam Veterans
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English (22)