WorldCat Identities

McIntosh, James F. 1923-

Overview
Works: 219 works in 223 publications in 1 language and 287 library holdings
Genres: Military history  Biography  Personal narratives‡vAmerican  History  Records and correspondence  Anecdotes 
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about James F McIntosh
 
Most widely held works by James F McIntosh
Wisconsin at war( Book )

1 edition published in 2002 in English and held by 55 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Imnterviews with Wisconsin veterans about their experiences in warfare during the 20th century
Oral history interview with Mark A. Nagan by Mark Nagan( )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Nagan, a Kaukauna, Wis. native, discusses his World War II service as a glider with the 325th Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division and his experiences in the European theater of operation
Oral history interview with David O'Dea by David O'Dea( )

2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Madison, Wis. native, discusses his World War II service with the 11th Regimental Combat Team, 5th Infantry Division serving in Europe. In basic training when Pearl Harbor was attacked, O'Dea served overseas for the whole of the war. He talks about training with the browning automatic rifle (BAR) at Fort Custer (Michigan), duty in Iceland to prevent German occupation of the island, friendly attitude of Icelanders toward the Germans, and the little amount soldiers interacted with the Icelanders. O'Dea tells of seeing the bodies of Merchant Marines who were killed by a German submarine, additional training in England and Northern Ireland, and orders to France in July of 1944. He describes moving to the front lines, passing the bodies of German troops, repulsing a German attack, carrying the radio alongside the company commander, and seeing American planes bomb St. Lo. He tells of being ambushed while driving through Angers (France), trying to reach the "Falaise Gap" to cut off the Germans, and advancing faster then the gas supply. At the Mosell River front, he touches upon heavy fire, learning to recognize the noise of a shell overhead, and the skill of German machine gunners. O'Dea describes being called for the Battle of the Bulge and taking civilian's white bedsheets to camouflage his uniform. He mentions brief occupation duty in Germany, using the GI Bill to buy a house, and joining the Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW)
Oral history interview with Robert E. Clampitt by Robert E Clampitt( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Robert E. Clampitt, a Cross Plains, Wisconsin resident, discusses his career with the Army spanning the Korean, Cold, and Vietnam Wars. Clampitt was born in Terre Haute, Indiana and graduated high school in Madison, Wisconsin in 1946. He states he tried to enlist in the Army when he turned 18, but the military made him wait until he finished high school. He declares that his intention to join the Army was to later qualify for the GI Bill and go to college. He reports that he was sent to Fort McClellan [Alabama] for basic training and then to Fort Riley [Kansas] for Intelligence School. Soon after he describes being deployed to Italy along the Isonzo River with the 88th Division, Company K, 350th Infantry. Clampitt recounts being sent there because of tensions along the border with Yugoslavs. He also describes some of the grim living conditions that Italian civilians faced after World War II. After a year in Italy, Clampitt reports being discharged and coming back to Madison where he joined the Army Reserve as part of the 84th Airborne Division. Before going off to jump school and getting his parachute wings at Fort Benning [Georgia], Clampitt mentions he got married. When the Korean War broke out, Clampitt speaks of his decision to volunteer to active duty with the regular Army. After being sent to Camp Atterbury [Indiana[, Clampitt talks about heading to Korea with the 24th Division where he served as Staff Sergeant and was assigned to guarding prisoners. After his enlistment in Korea was finished, Clampitt reveals that he re-enlisted for the 25th Division, "'cause they were goin' to Hawaii ... and that seemed like a better place than South Korea." Clampitt recalls many of his experiences at Schofield Barracks [Hawaii] from 1954 to 1956, including having his second child, training on the side of a volcano, and how his Division was used in the 1956 film "Between Heaven and Hell". Clampitt describes getting a job as an instructor through the non-commissioned officer academy until he went home. From this training, Clampitt states he was able to get a job as a ROTC instructor at the University of Illinois-Chicago. He reflects on how much he enjoyed teaching American military history and how much he felt like a faculty member. He touches upon the differences between that teaching assignment and a later experience at the University of Wisconsin. He briefly touches upon a three-month training through the Mountain Warfare School at Camp Hale [Colorado]. He provides some anecdotes of using mules to carry equipment up the mountain. Clampitt explains that he re-enlisted for six years in 1960 and was sent to Germany with the 24th Division. He describes his recon patrol along the Berlin Wall and recalls his impression of dealing with the East Germans. He recounts one particular experience of spotting a Russian soldier near the Brandenburg Gate. He briefly mentions traveling around Germany during his time there with his wife and family. By the time he left Germany, Clampitt states he had become Sergeant First Class. Clampitt mentions that he had tried several times to volunteer to go to Vietnam while still in Germany, and in 1965 he states he was given orders to attend Special Warfare School to prepare for Vietnam. He talks about the training at Fort Bragg [North Carolina] before heading to Vietnam as a ranger battalion in the 3rd Corps where he called in air strikes via radio. Next, he describes working at the 3rd Corps Tactical Operations Center as a Non-Commissioned Officer-In-Charge (NCOIO). He speaks of keeping track of the situation map along with American and Vietnamese officers. Clampitt talks about how his tour ended short because his wife was involved in a serious auto accident and touches on dealing with the recovery. He states that was re-assigned to the University of Wisconsin as an Operations Center Sergeant, where he states he was treated like a second-class citizen. Clampitt illustrates the atmosphere on campus during the Vietnam protests and riots, especially towards police officers and military personnel. After his wife was able to recover, Clampitt tells of his return to Vietnam in 1968. He states he served as an advisor to the Regional Forces Popular Forces (RFPF) and was sent to the Mekong Delta, which according to Clampitt was a particularly dangerous place. He laughs while remembering what he told his wife before he left: "If I write back and tell you I'm in the Delta, call the insurance man and tell him to start the paperwork and just wait for the date." Clampitt provides a sketch of the region in 1968 and illustrates some of the frustration and difficulties of working with the RFPF. "When they were good, they were very, very good, and when they were bad they were horrid" he says of the RFPF. Clampitt reveals one particularly scary incident of being out with the Popular Force one night and having the feeling that they would turn him and another officer over to the VC before the night was over. He describes how the incident started when one of the PF soldiers stole a captain's pistol. Before things got out of hand, Clampitt says he pretended to be on the radio to a ship that was close by that he describes as "spooky" to the PF soldiers, which prevented them from turning on them. He recounts what happened next: "We went to the colonel the next day ... and said 'We recommend that no more Americans go to this, to help with this platoon. And furthermore, we both refuse to go out.' He said 'What if I order you to go out?' I said 'We will both refuse.'" Clampitt goes on to give his opinion on the North Vietnamese Soldiers and recalls some of his observation missions. He points out an incident where he found a 500-pound bomb and describes how the cheap wrist watch to set it off did not work. Clampitt also recalls encounters with the actor Jimmy Stewart and General Abrams. He describes the food and weather in Vietnam. Clampitt finished his tour in 1969, and states he was sent back to Fort Riley [Kansas] and was promoted to 1st Sergeant. He tells that he stayed there for two years before deciding to retire, stating his reason being he did not want to go on for a third tour of Vietnam. He then recounts his life after retiring from the Army, how he came back to civilian life in Sun Prairie, getting a job as the Chief of Police in Cross Plains, and becoming involved in the American Legion
Oral history interview with Clayton Retzer by Clayton Retzer( )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Clayton Retzer, a Superior, Wisconsin native, discusses his World War II service as a motor mechanic and warrant officer with the 4066th Truck Company. Retzer talks about attempting to avoid the draft by learning welding at a shipyard in Superior. He touches on getting drafted, basic training at Fort Custer (Michigan), and instructing in motor maintenance at Quartermaster Officer Candidate School at Fort Warren (Wyoming). Retzer comments on his trip overseas to Scotland and crossing the Rhine with the 5th Armored Division. He comments on capturing a German soldier who had been shooting around corners with a bent rifle and seeing a can of soup with a built-in heater. He touches on the differences between German and American motorcycles and tanks. While in England, Retzer speaks of assembling and hiding 6x6 cargo trucks and characterizes an Englishman who stole an American jeep. He explains the mechanical inferiority of American tanks, and he describes welding additional plating onto them that still failed to protect against artillery. Retzer emphasizes that the Allies' equipment was superior in quantity, not quality, and highlights the benefits of having standardized parts for the 6x6 trucks. He recalls having weekly inspections in the States and feeling bad about using gasoline to make perfectly straight rows of trucks when fuel rationing was affecting his family. He details how they waterproofed the vehicles for the Normandy Invasion. Landing in France shortly after D-Day, Retzer describes performing maintenance with the 5th Armored Division. He touches on helping liberate a concentration camp and struggling to understand how people as smart as the Germans could be so inhumane. Retzer mentions painting the vehicles white in Aachen (Germany) to match the snow and explains the capabilities of 6x6 trucks. He portrays solving a tricky problem with a truck's air filter and driving a chaplain out of danger after improvising a motor repair. Retzer tells of being stuck inside a tank overnight and being stationed at the Elbe River when the war in Europe ended. He touches on V-mail, USO shows, being shipped home to Superior, and his post-war work. Retzer mentions keeping in touch with a friend from the 4066th Truck Company and joining the American Legion
Oral history interview with Henry R. Zach by Henry R Zach( )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Henry Zach, a Burnett County, Wis. native, discusses his World War II service with the 32nd Armored Regiment of the 3rd Armored Division and gives a vivid account of his experiences during the Malmedy Massacre at Baugnez (Belgium). He talks about armored training, fighting at St. Mere-Eglise and Caen, and his role as reconnaissance for his platoon. Zach comments on the organization and strategy of an armored reconnaissance unit including vehicle mobility, radio contact, and the problem of sniper fire. He touches upon encountering the "dragon's teeth" and rest and relaxation in Paris. Zach was taken prisoner at the Battle of the Bulge and vividly recalls being captured and searched for valuables by German soldiers, the march to Baugnez, and his discovery of the Germans' intent to kill them. Held in a field with a number of other American soldiers, Zach details being shot at by German soldiers, kicked to determine if he was still living, several instances of gun fire at Americans lying in the field, and being rescued by an American captain and two enlisted men. He returned to the United States and addresses medical care received, leg wound problems, and attempts to increase his disability pay
Oral history interview with Kenneth C. Ossmann by Kenneth C Ossmann( )

1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Kenneth Ossmann, a Janesville, Wisconsin native, discusses his World War II service with the Air Corps as a pilot with the 16th Bomb Group, 20th Air Force in the Pacific Theater
Oral history interview with Frederick C. Foerster by Frederick C Foerster( )

1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Frederick C. Foerster, a Stevens Point, Wisconsin native, discusses his World War II service as a cook and machine gunner with the 225th Ordinance Company in France and Germany. Foerster talks about being drafted into the 32nd Infantry Division, being held back from assignment to Sicily due to wisdom teeth problems, and basic training at Fort Sheridan (Illinois). Stationed with the 255th Ordnance Company at Aberdeen Proving Grounds (Maryland), he comments on cook training, preparing food for those attending Officer Candidate School, creating menus, and loading bombs on airplanes. After a year and a half, Foerster states he was transferred to Canada for artillery testing with American, Canadian, Russian, Chinese, and Finnish ski troops. He describes training near Winnipeg (Manitoba) including living conditions, cooking four meals a day, seeing members of the Canadian Women's Army Corps (CWACs), and going on ski patrols. He speaks of spending a couple months cooking in Boston (Massachusetts) where his unit was cutting bayonets. Foerster comments on cooking on the troopship while shipping to Great Britain, training for a year at Gloucester (England), dating an Englishwoman, and being under buzz bomb attacks. He describes duty as a machine gunner while landing at Omaha Beach shortly after D-Day with the 1st Army, traveling with a "cook truck" equipped with stoves, and once having problems when someone sold the unit's gasoline on the black market and filled their gas cans with water. Foerster talks of being fired at with wooden bullets, clearing disabled German tanks from roads, and seeing a house get flattened after Germans were ambushing troops using a girl as bait. Periodically, he discusses visiting with his brother, who was in the 101st Airborne Division. Foerster tells of accidentally discharging his weapon in camp, moving through Europe following the breakout from St. Ló, making ice cream in Belgium, and preparing a turkey dinner to celebrate Christmas. He compares German Army food to American Army food and portrays pens of German prisoners of war. Foerster details doing twelve hour shifts cooking and then doing twelve hour guard shifts. He recalls that Christmas cards and packages were never delivered to him in central Europe. Foerster mentions performing two-tone whistling at camp shows and playing baseball. Shortly before the end of the war, he details having guard duty while occupying Leipzig concentration camp and portrays seeing Russian troops bury dead prisoners at Nordhausen concentration camp. He comments on female artillery spotters, being promoted to 1st cook, meeting Eisenhower and Patton, selling his cigarette rations, and winning a paid trip to Paris. Foerster tells of cooking aboard the Queen Elizabeth during the ride back to the States. He recalls hitchhiking home, traveling to California while wearing his uniform and discharge emblem, breaking off his engagement with his English girlfriend and marrying a Wisconsin woman, and joining the American Legion
Oral history interview with Russell Scheu by Russell L Scheu( )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Russell L. Scheu, a Merrill, Wisconsin native, discusses his career in the Air Force working in cryptography maintenance, including service during the Cold War and the Vietnam War with the 11th Detachment, 619th Tactical Control Squadron. Scheu talks about crypto maintenance school at Lackland Air Force Base (Texas): training with classified equipment, being investigated through a background check, not being allowed to take notes or have homework, and seeing classmates arrested for spying or breaking security rules. He states training under high security was stressful and had a high washout rate. Scheu talks about the changes in coding machine capabilities and the increase in secure communications over time. Assigned to a radar unit in Antigo (Wisconsin), he addresses having his radar skills tested by B-52 bombers flying Strategic Air Command missions. He touches on the policy that allowed women on the base and pulling a prank on his chief of maintenance. While stationed in Antigo, Scheu met and married a local woman and, while on his honeymoon, he received orders to go overseas. He talks about having difficulty getting paid while his orders were being changed. Scheu recalls arriving at Tan Son Nhut Airbase (Vietnam) in full dress blues, having women enter the showers to do laundry, and spending several days trying to track down his unit. Assigned to Det. 11, 619 Tac Control Squadron on Hon Tre Island, he discusses sharing facilities with the Army, lack of fresh food, water and sanitation facilities, and filling sandbags during his down time. Scheu describes his crypto maintenance duties maintaining cryptography and other communications, repairing smaller units' cryptography equipment, and using a telephone line to call in codes when the radar was down. He tells of coming under ground fire while on a transport plane. Scheu tells of being prepared to destroy code equipment if the base was under attack to prevent it falling into enemy hands, and he analyzes the policy that code workers were to be killed or kill themselves rather then being taken prisoner as well as and the bounty offered by the NVA for communications prisoners. He details a combat situation when he was on guard duty and his base was attacked by the North Vietnamese: taking cover behind sandbags, waiting for backup, and running low on ammunition. Scheu recalls an instance when the base was attacked and the Air Force personnel had the only weapons because the Army personnel had locked their ammunition up and didn't have the keys. He mentions that men who caught venereal diseases had to stay in Vietnam past their year-long commitment. He describes his relationship with "Mama-san," the unit's Vietnamese cleaning lady, stealing concertina wire and other equipment from the Army on the mainland, and the psychological effects of his living situation. Scheu talks about writing letters home, sharing food received in packages, and getting a Red Cross telegram saying that his wife had given birth. He touches on entertainment shows for the soldiers and sneaking supplies out to give to Mama-san. He talks about supplementing rations by stealing food from the Army, use of marijuana by soldiers, and waste of equipment so that the unit wouldn't get in trouble for having too much during inspections. Scheu mentions people mailing radios or weapons home and the difficulty of successfully mailing camera film. He analyzes why the airmen in his unit didn't form close friendships, why he did not go on R & R, and difficulty of returning home and readjusting. He reflects that combat "was worse after it was all over than when it was happening." Stationed in Kunsan (Korea) in the mid 1970s, Scheu touches on learning about Korean culture, problems on the base with alcohol, the friendliness of Korean civilians, and government-sanctioned brothels. He talks about military personnel who had "long-term" girls, preventative measures against venereal diseases, strip clubs near the base, and men getting in trouble with their families because they were spending all their money on alcohol and women. Scheu addresses how the Air Force handled servicemen who wanted to marry prostitutes. He speaks about a year at Eglin Air Force Base (Florida) securing communications for test programs, being Com Sec Officer at Greater Pittsburgh International Airport with units of the National Guard and Reserves, and accumulating leave time. Stationed in Turkey, he details bringing his family, wearing gas masks and charcoal suits during drills, and learning Turkish customs. Scheu refers to the poverty his family witnessed, barring his door during a coup, checking his car for bombs before driving, and wearing civilian clothes off base. He tells of his van getting hijacked by Turkish troops, emphasizes he was "nobody because you're in their country," and reflects on the way women were treated as property. Scheu tells of buying carpets in the country, sterilizing food and water, difficulty dealing with the heat while wearing modest clothing, forming close relationships with other American families on the base, and dealing with customs taxes. He reports Turkey was the first place he worked with women communications personnel. Assigned to Castle Air Force Base (California), he talks about working as a Record Com Superintendent and being responsible for all the classified documents and equipment on base. Scheu explains why he could not be promoted past master sergeant and feeling burned out by responsibilities in California. He mentions working in England. Scheu touches on using the GI Bill to attend school and settling into a civilian career as a veteran service officer
Oral history interview with Melvin H. Rickard by Melvin H Rickard( )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Melvin Rickard, a Linden, Wisconsin native, discusses his World War II service with the glider unit of the 81st Anti Aircraft Battalion, 101st Airborne Division; he focuses his discussion on the D-Day landing, Operation Market Garden, and his experiences as a prisoner of war. Rickard talks about basic training at Fort Bragg (North Carolina), assignment to a glider unit, the differences between American and English gliders, and training in England in preparation for the invasion of Normandy. He describes the D-Day invasion including Utah Beach landing, taking cover from German aircraft fire, moving inland to take the town of Carentan (France), protecting a bridge under heavy artillery fire, and a close call when a friend was killed. After a furlough in Cornwall (England), Rickard details Operation Market Garden in Holland, including hearing German soldiers talking in the woods, guard duty at night, lack of food because supplies were intercepted by the Germans, hearing the German attack approach, and being unable to communicate with other American and British troops. He tells of surrendering with other American troops, staying with other prisoners of war at a Dutch farm, a visit by German propaganda broadcaster Axis Sally (Mildred Gillars), the packed boxcar ride to Stalag 2B, and interrogation. He touches upon his stay in a German prison including receiving Red Cross packages, exchanging cigarettes for bread and vegetables with the prison guards, having yellow jaundice and an ulcerated tooth, and marching through a blizzard with inadequate shoes as the Russian troops approached. Marching for two and a half months, Rickard recalls the cold, sleeping in barns, becoming familiar with some German civilians, stealing potatoes, and suffering from a bad back and frozen feet. He highlights the importance of Colonel Wallace, a fellow prisoner of war who kept him going. Rickard mentions arriving at Stalag 2A a week before the Russians arrived and the prisoners' decision to stay behind. After liberation, he talks about leaving the camp, scavenging for food and alcohol, and having two Russian soldiers rob him of his wristwatch. After delousing, he remembers being shipped to Camp Lucky Strike (France) and having lunch with General Eisenhower. Rickard mentions playing ping pong at an Army hospital in Macon (Georgia), waiting for enough points to be discharged, and joining the American Legion and Disabled American Veterans. He describes a couple coincidences from his service time, his career afterwards, and his efforts trying to get in touch with his POW friend
Oral history interview with John Sheskey by John Sheskey( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

John Sheskey, a Randolph, Wis. native, discusses his Korean War service with the Navy aboard the USS DeHaven. He touches upon boot camp at San Diego (California), electronic school at Treasure Island (California), and being seasick the entire boat ride to Japan. He recalls being in Japan and learning that the North Korean Army had invaded South Korea. Sheskey talks about being stationed off the southern coast of Korea and firing at the North Korean Army, providing fire support for Marines landing at Inchon, and going absent without leave (AWOL) to visit his mother. He mentions his confinement in a Marine-run brig and talks about the quality of the food, transport to the USS Piedmon, extending his enlistment, and return home
Oral history interview with Kenneth Bender by Kenneth L Bender( )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Kenneth L. Bender, a Polo, Illinois native, discusses his service with the Army during the Korean and Vietnam Wars and his Cold War service in Germany. Bender talks about enlisting in 1951, basic training at Schofield Barracks (Hawaii), and being flown as a replacement to Korea via Japan. Assigned to Company F of the 2nd Battalion, 9th Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division, he states he was sent into combat the day after his arrival. Bender talks about the Battle of Heartbreak Ridge where he fired a Browning automatic rifle (BAR). He comments on transferring to a mortar crew and using old rounds from World War II. He discusses the high causality rate, effectiveness of Chinese mortar fire, and the Army's use of Koreans to deliver food and water to the front line soldiers. Bender emphasizes the importance of airstrikes and recalls being impressed by the Marine pilots at Hill 1005. He describes the changes setting up a static line had and shifting to combat patrol tactics. He touches on use of artificial moonlight and having R & R in Kokura (Japan). After being shipped back to the States and a thirty-day leave at home, Bender touches on joining the 155th Regiment, 31st Division at Camp Atterbury (Indiana) and training troops as an acting first sergeant. He touches on duty with the 12th Infantry Regiment, 4th Infantry Division training troops in Gelnhausen (Germany) and transferring to F Company of the 14th Armored Cavalry at Bad Kissingen. Bender discusses patrol duty on the East/West German border and working with the Grenzpolizei (German police). After returning to the States in 1957, he mentions assignment to the 18th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division at Fort Riley (Kansas). Transferred to the 8th Infantry Regiment (which changed to the 17th Regiment, 7th Infantry Division), Bender tells of being shipped to Camp Kaiser (Korea). He comments, "all the guys had to do was sex and liquor." He talks about duty as a training NCO (non-commissioned officer) and his role in the color guard. Returned to the States again in 1961, he talks about assignment to the 10th Infantry Regiment, 5th Division at Fort Carson (Colorado). Bender comments on his work in military education as an instructor and rifle coach for ROTC Junior at St. John's Military Academy (Wisconsin). Transferred in 1967 to Company D, 1st Battalion, 12th Infantry Regiment, 4th Division, he talks about duty as an E-8 first sergeant in Vietnam. Based at Camp Enari, Bender talks about search and destroy missions in the Central Highlands and evaluates the North Vietnamese Army. He describes his participation in a combat patrol skirmish with an NVA battalion, the Battle of Dak To (Hill 875), and the '68 Tet Offensive. He talks about his men only having problems with marijuana off the front lines. Transferred to the 15th Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division at Wildflecken (Germany), Bender compares his tours in Germany, stating that the German people seemed more independent in 1968. He recalls being diagnosed with malaria and applying for a compassionate transfer leave to return to the United States. He tells of serving at the National Guard Advisory in Logansport (Indiana) with the 38th Division until his retirement in 1971. Bender touches on having a lifelong membership in the Veterans of Foreign Wars, using the GI Bill to buy a house and for school, and keeping in touch with other veterans
Oral history interview with Roman J. Wehrle by Roman J Wehrle( )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Roman "Bud" Wehrle, a Madison, Wisconsin native, discusses his World War II service with the 4th Battalion, 301st Ammunition Supply Company in North Africa and Europe. He details enlisting in the Army, training at Camp Sutton (North Carolina), learning safety measures for handling and transferring ordnance, and learning to set up ammunition depots. He describes how General Motors and Buick employees recruited people into ordnance. Wehrle describes the different types of ammunition his unit was responsible for and establishing ammunition depots at Bone and Oran (North Africa). He briefly discusses the 301st Ammunition Supply Company and the Arab and Italian workers it hired. He describes how the ammunition was shipped in color-coded, water-proof boxes or cans. Wehrle mentions a situation where some poison gas shells were accidentally sent to the front lines, but were not used. He discusses interacting with the local Arab population, and he mentions writing the letter home to the wife of a soldier who "shacked up" with a local woman who was a "little too much for him" and who died of a heart attack. Promoted to sergeant, he describes how his responsibilities and privileges changed. Transferred to Europe, Wehrle comments on establishing depots in Southern France using the labor of German and Italian prisoners of war. He claims, in Italy, mud was a problem and one tractor "tragically sunk out of sight." He details the food situation in Africa and France, saying the food the soldiers ate was practically the same food the POWs ate. Wehrle talks about local kids getting scars on their faces from licking the last bits of food out of C-ration cans, and describes trading gallons of butter for chickens. He emphasizes that prisoners of war could not be forced to work, but were enticed by promises of better food. Wehrle mentions that there were two types of Germans--the drafted soldiers who were good to work with, and the followers of Hitler who would not work. He touches on correspondence occurring between his wife and wives of English soldiers. He briefly talks about being commissioned into a segregated African-American unit in North Africa. Wehrle describes several Midwest soldiers who were caught in an ocean riptide and drowned, and not being able to do anything to help them. One soldier watched his friend get pulled out to sea and then committed suicide with a grenade. Wehrle relates his preparations for Japan, but then he was sent home on a liberty ship. He describes returning to the job he had before entering the service, paying VFW dues, and meeting his two-and-a-half-year-old daughter after being discharged
Oral history interview with James E. Rowsam by James E Rowsam( )

1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

James E. Rowsam, a Plainfield, Wisconsin native, discusses his career in the Army, including service in the Korean War with the 64th Engineer Maintenance Company, the Vietnam War with the 826th Ordnance Company, and the Army Reserves. Rowsam tells of enlisting in the Army, basic training at Breckenridge (Kentucky), and struggling to be assigned to the Corps of Engineers. Sent as a replacement to the Headquarters & Service Company, 7th Infantry, 13th Combat Engineer Battalion in Sendai (Japan), he discusses heavy equipment mechanics school, repairing and operating heavy equipment, rebuilding a Japanese school, and assisting with English lessons. Rowsam comments on going through amphibious training and being attached to the Marine Corps. He details what he was doing when the war started, being sent back to his unit in Sapporo, and running across a woman from his hometown who was working for the Department of the Army. He mentions leaving Japan for Inchon (Korea), turning back from the landing to pick up ammunition for a firing battery, being hit in the head by a falling ceiling beam, and being treated at an aide station by a tired corpsman. After catching up with his unit near Seoul, Rowsam touches on working with bridge trucks, repairing roads, catching frostbite, and landing at Iwon. He tells of trying to heat up frozen food, finding an artillery tractor abandoned in a ditch, and constant stress. Rowsam describes fighting up to the Yalu River with A Company of the 17th Regiment, being wounded in the foot by shrapnel, and being evacuated from Hungnam by a British cargo ship. Returned to the Headquarters & Service Company, he refers to work in the "Iron Triangle" region including surviving a truck accident, losing new replacement troops to a mortar. He touches on his rotation home and suffering from malaria. After having his service date extended a year, Rowsam talks about serving as field first sergeant of the 62nd Engineer Maintenance Company at Fort Bragg (North Carolina), practicing heavy equipment airdrops, taking an advanced diesel engine rebuild course at Fort Belvoir (Virginia), and nearly getting court-martialed for teaching a trick of adding diesel to radiators when no antifreeze is available. He recalls an emotional meeting on the street with a soldier whom he'd saved from freezing to death in Korea. Rowsam speaks of getting discharged, marrying a nurse, having problems with the leg that had been frostbitten, and using the GI Bill to attend college and graduate school. He comments on joining the active Army Reserves and being assigned to the 826th Ammunition Ordnance Company in Madison (Wisconsin). Rowsam recalls hearing about his unit's activation in 1968 on the radio, supervising a convoy to Fort Knox (Kentucky), and having jungle training. He describes going overseas aboard the SS Louise Lykes as the equipment escort and, after fixing their hydraulic hatch cover, teaching hydraulics lessons to the sailors every morning. He details his duties with the 3rd Ordnance Company at Long Binh (Vietnam) doing maintenance and loading ammunition onto trucks and helicopter cargo nets. Rowsam reflects on living in tents, sneakily building a brick building for the unit during the night, switching paperwork during an impromptu inspection, nearly getting in trouble when his men were caught playing horseshoes instead of working, and controversy over a "stolen" grader. He highlights the competence and ingenuity of his unit. He speaks about visiting with the crew of the SS Louise Lykes and giving them a pallet of beer he'd discovered addressed to the Marines and camouflaged as soap. Rowsam tells of rocket attacks, a Viet Cong attempt to infiltrate the camp, and discovering a spider hole near the motor pool. He describes recurring problems with malaria. After his enlistment was up, Rowsam touches on having trouble finding all his paperwork, doing special projects at Fort McCoy, and recording the history of the 826th Ordnance Company
Oral history interview with Frank J. Bertalan by Frank J Bertalan( )

1 edition published in 2002 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Frank Bertalan, an Edwardsville, Illinois native, discusses his World War II service as a cryptographer with the Navy aboard the USS Hamul and with the Commander, US Naval Forces in Europe (COMNAVEU). Bertalan talks about enlisting, taking a communications training course at Noroton Heights (Connecticut), and teaching communications classes to WAVE officer candidates at Smith College (Massachusetts). He describes the coding equipment and encoding procedures. Bertalan comments on assignment to the USS Hamul (AD-20), based in Bermuda, and training newly assigned Naval officers in communications for a year. He describes transfer to the Naval Forces European Headquarters in London (England) and duty handling the inventory and distribution of codes, ciphers, and communication equipment. He talks about security and accountability measures and mentions taking superseded codes to a power plant to burn. Bertalan explains the men were housed with different families so that buzz bombs would not cause mass casualties. He describes his experience staying with the family of Leonard Whiting, a British veteran of World War I, and discusses food availability. Bertalan says he did not sign any documents about keeping secrets, but they were verbally told what not to discuss, including any mention of the Electronic Coding Machine (ECM). He emphasizes that every country copied every other country's codes and relates a story about the British cracking a German message that was a copy of their own message, which the Germans had cracked, encoded, and resent. Bertalan touches upon his return to the United States. He speaks of writing his master's thesis while in London and using the GI Bill to earn a Doctorate degree. Bertalan mentions discharge from the Navy after twenty-two years of active and Reserve service and teaching international relations at the Naval Reserve officers school in Washington D.C
Oral history interview with Dennis Zoellner by Dennis Zoellner( )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Dennis Zoellner, a Marinette, Wisconsin native, discusses his Vietnam War service with the Navy Seabees Mobile Construction Battalion 7 (MCB 7). Zoellner talks about enlisting with the Seabees, basic training and Seabee school at Davisville (Rhode Island), and training in heavy equipment and building. Landing in Da Nang (Vietnam) in 1966, he mentions three men being wounded by heavy fire on the airstrip. Zoellner describes building an addition to the hospital at Da Nang and the deterioration of equipment due to the hot climate. He touches on having excellent food and describes what he did to stay cool. Stationed alongside a Marine helicopter unit, Zoellner describes living under rocket fire, duty guarding the perimeter, and medical treatment for a hernia aboard the USS Repose. He describes arresting a Vietnamese interpreter who tried to get into the camp at night to spy on the perimeter, and he says this incident still bothers him. Zoellner touches upon readjustment problems of Vietnam veterans and claims the flight home provided no adjustment time between combat and life at home. He talks about establishing a road block to assist a Marine patrols, finding a sentry asleep at his post, and lack of military discipline in Vietnam. He says his unit did not have problems with drugs or drinking, even though beer was not limited. Zoellner expresses resentment of the poor homecoming Vietnam veterans received, lack of recognition, draft dodgers. He touches on his membership in the American Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars
Oral history interview with Robert L. Beilman by Robert L Beilman( )

1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Robert Beilman, a New York City native, discusses his World War II Army experiences which include several anecdotal stories. Beilman recalls being at a New York Giants football game the day Pearl Harbor was bombed and an announcement being made for all present active military to immediately report to their bases. He enlisted in the ASTP (Army Specialized Training Program), studied engineering at Syracuse University (New York), and following radio communication school, was assigned to C Company, 1st Battalion of the 242nd Regiment, 42nd Division. Beilman talks about meeting his parents on pass prior to departing for Marseilles on the SS General William S. Black. While on duty in Marseilles, he describes the patrols and several air raids. As a communications sergeant, Beilman discusses his use of call-signs, radios, walkie-talkies, and stringing wire to outposts. Beilman describes preparing for patrols, dangers they encountered while on patrol, and dangers they faced. Beilman relates a story of capturing a German soldier in France. Beilman describes fighting the Germans in a typical French village. He talks about his battalion being surrounded at the battle of Hatton in the Northern part of Alsace to which Beilman credits the 79th Division for rescuing them. Beilman describes battling German tanks and their tactics. Participating in night patrols, Beilman recounts the need for excellent night vision and describes the numerous ways soldiers could be spotted by producing the smallest amount of light. Beilman describes the engagement he led resulting in him receiving the Bronze Star. He relates the story of General McOlive giving the order to drive up to Brenner Pass with lights on. Beilman attended Fordham and Columbia University upon his return to the United States using the GI Bill. After completing medical school, he chose to settle in Madison (Wisconsin)
Oral history interview with Lawrence Danielson by Lawrence K Danielson( )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Lawrence "Larry" Danielson, a La Crosse, Wisconsin native, discusses his Korean War service as a code specialist working with Chinese and Korean languages as part of the 501st Communication Recon Group, 326th Communications Reconnaissance Company. Danielson relates basic and infantry training in Kansas and code school at Fort Devens (Massachusetts). At code school, he touches on learning Morse code and states he had to listen to Morse code while he slept. He details the types of codes used by the Chinese and Koreans. Sent to Korea, Danielson talks about his equipment, monitoring radio traffic, attacks on his detachment, working behind enemy lines, and periodic rest leaves in Japan. He talks about the Korean and Chinese civilian translators working for him in the field and mentions he was not ever allowed to talk about them. He tells of losing a civilian friend because the civilian was driving a brakeless jeep that he hadn't been warned about. Danielson describes the food and mentions getting frostbitten toes. He comments on the secrecy and fear involved with his job. He touches on his work with the National Security Agency in Arlington (Virginia) where he was given tasks "so he would have something to do until I got out." He speaks of his use of the GI Bill, membership in the VFW and American Legion, and career in teaching
Oral history interview with Thomas R. Murdock by Thomas R Murdock( )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

James Murdock, a Westfield (Wisconsin) veteran, discusses his Vietnam War service with Company B, 1st Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division and provides in-depth discussion of several operations in which he participated. He describes enlisting in the Marines, practicing amphibious landings at Okinawa, and being sent to Chu Lai (Vietnam). He describes Operation Star Light where his unit was on a search and destroy mission for Viet Cong units, ammunition, and food supplies. Murdock relates information about Operation Utah including helicopter landings in a rice paddy, night survival techniques while waiting for artillery support, sniper attacks, and receiving the Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry for successfully marking targets. He comments on Operation Indiana, the differences between training and combat, taking prisoners, booby traps laid by the Viet Cong, and the resourcefulness of Viet Cong soldiers. Murdock discusses Operation Black Ferret where journalist Dickey Chapelle was with his platoon. He compares Chapelle's actions while marching in the jungle to those of a top sergeant and mentions the booby trap that killed her. Murdock returned to Vietnam after an emergency leave, and touches upon training replacements on the use of the 3.5 rocket launcher, promotion to corporal, and discharge from the service
Oral history interview with John W. Philipps by John W Philipps( )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

John W. Philipps, a Lancaster, Wisconsin native, discusses his World War II service as an Air Force mechanic and gunner with the 453rd Bomb Group. Philipps mentions basic training at Jefferson Barracks (Missouri) and airplane mechanic school in Illinois. He talks about the kinds of airplanes he worked with at mechanic training at Hamilton Field (California), aerial gunnery school at Las Vegas (Nevada), and assignment to a B-24 crew at March Field (California). Philipps comments on his long flight to RAF Old Buckenham Airfield (England), problems caused by bad weather during missions into occupied France and Germany, opposition from antiaircraft and enemy fighter planes, and shrapnel damage. He addresses food, flight equipment, taking shelter from the Blitz while on leave in London, and going to Edinburgh on leave. Philipps tells of having an engine shot out during a mission to bomb an oil refinery in Politz (Germany). He touches upon working as a classroom instructor in Ireland, being shipped back to the United States in 1944, and getting married before transferring to Truax Field (Madison), where he worked in a supply room. After being discharged, Philipps mentions becoming a member of the VFW and the American Legion, and he talks about his civilian career
 
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Wisconsin at war
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English (26)

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