WorldCat Identities

Bjørnskov, Christian

Overview
Works: 85 works in 155 publications in 2 languages and 826 library holdings
Roles: Author, Editor
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Christian Bjørnskov
The economics of international development : foreign aid versus freedom for the world's poor by William Easterly( )

7 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 549 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Foreign aid and overseas military intervention have been important and controversial political topics for over a decade. The government's controversial target to spend 0.7 per cent of national income on foreign aid has been widely welcomed by some, but strongly criticised by others. Furthermore, the controversy of the Iraq war rumbles on, even today. This is all happening amongst much instability in many parts of the world. In this short book, a number of authors challenge the assumption that we can bring about economic development and promote liberal democracies through direct foreign intervention - whether economic or military intervention. The lead author, William Easterly, drawing on his wide experience at the World Bank and as an academic, is a renowned sceptic of intervention. He points out that solutions proposed now to the problem of poverty are identical to solutions proposed decades ago - but the plans of rich governments simply do not successfully transform poor countries. Academics Abigail Hall-Blanco and Christian Bjornskov add further context and put forward empirical evidence that backs up Easterly's argument. Syvlie Aboa-Bradwell draws upon her own practical experience to give examples of how people in poor countries can be assisted to promote their own development. This book is essential reading for students, teachers and all interested in better understanding how to help - and how not to help - the world's most disadvantaged peoples."--Back cover
Trust and identity in a small, post-socialist, post-crisis society( )

2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The principal focus in the substantial literature on impediments to economic development has been on the inadequacies of policies and governance. However, successful economic development requires effectiveness of markets and incentives for investment, which in turn require trust. This paper reports on trust in a development context. The paper uses trust experiments, a post-experiment survey, and econometric analysis relating trust to identity and other personal attributes in the setting of Montenegro, a small, recently-independent, post-socialist, post-crisis society. External validity was sought by providing sufficient material reward to balance identity-related expressive motives and by having two groups of subjects, one usual university students and another group that, while also students, was somewhat older and had had greater market or commercial experience. The paper reviews cultural priors that can be expected to affect trust and distinguishes between generalized trust that can be socially beneficial and particularized trust that can be disadvantageous for development. The empirical results suggest that trust among private individuals is not an impediment to development in Montenegro. As a result, policy reform can improve economic and social outcomes. However, the results redirect the focus to issues of governance and political entrenchment as potential explanations for impediments to development
Economic shocks and subjective well-being : evidence from a quasi-experiment by Jacob Gerner Hariri( )

2 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 40 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This article examines how economic shocks affect individual well-being in developing countries. Using the case of a sudden and unanticipated currency devaluation in Botswana as a quasi-experiment, the article examines how this monetary shock affects individuals' evaluations of well-being. This is done by using microlevel survey data, which---incidentally---were collected in the days surrounding the devaluation. The chance occurrence of the devaluation during the time of the survey enables us to use pretreatment respondents, surveyed before the devaluation, as approximate counterfactuals for post-treatment respondents, surveyed after the devaluation. Estimates show that the devaluation had a large and significantly negative effect on individuals' evaluations of subjective well-being. These results suggest that macroeconomic shocks, such as unanticipated currency devaluations, may have significant short-term costs in the form of reductions in people's sense of well-being
Inequality and happiness : when perceived social mobility and economic reality do not match by Christian Bjørnskov( Book )

5 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper, we revisit the association between happiness and inequality. We argue that the interaction between the perceived and the actual fairness of the income generation process affects this association. Building on a simple model of individual labor-market participation under uncertainty, we predict that higher levels of perceived fairness cause higher levels of utility, and lower preferred levels of income redistribution. In societies with a low level of actual social mobility, income inequality is perceived more negatively with increased perceived fairness, due to the need for unexpected policy changes as a response to many unsuccessful investments of overly optimistic individuals. This effect becomes smaller as actual social mobility increases. Using data on happiness and a broad set of fairness measures from the World Values Survey, we find strong support for the negative (positive) association between fairness perceptions and the demand for more equal incomes (subjective wellbeing). We also find strong empirical support for the disappointment effect in countries with low social mobility. Consistent with our theoretical model, the results for high-mobility countries turn out to be ambiguous
On the relation between income inequality and happiness : do fairness perceptions matter?( )

5 editions published between 2009 and 2010 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper, we revisit the association between happiness and inequality. We argue that the perceived fairness of the income generation process affects this association. Building on a two-period model of individual life-time utility maximization, we predict that persons with higher perceived fairness will experience higher levels of life-time utility and are less in favor of income redistribution. In societies with a high level of actual social mobility, income inequality is perceived more positively with increased expected fairness. The opposite is expected for countries with low actual social mobility, due to an increasing relevance of a disappointment effect resulting from unsuccessful individual investments. Using the World Values Survey data and a broad set of fairness measures, we find strong support for the negative (positive) association between fairness perceptions and the demand for more equal incomes (subjective well-being). We also find strong empirical support for the disappointment effect in low social mobility countries. In contrast, the results for high-mobility countries turn out to be ambiguous. -- Happiness ; life satisfaction ; subjective well-being ; inequality ; income distribution ; redistribution ; political ideology ; justice ; fairness ; World Values Survey
On gender inequality and life satisfacion : does discrimination matter? by Christian Bjørnskov( Book )

5 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Lykke by Christian Bjørnskov( Book )

3 editions published between 2014 and 2015 in Danish and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Why does the Northern light shine so brightly? : decentralisation, social capital and the economy by Christian Bjørnskov( Book )

6 editions published in 2002 in English and Danish and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Economic growth and institutional reform in modern monarchies and republics : a historical cross-country perspective 1820-2000 by Christian Bjørnskov( Book )

4 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

From Lomé to Cotonou : the new EU-ACP agreement by Christian Bjørnskov( Book )

3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cross-country determinants of life satisfaction : exploring different determinants across groups in society by Christian Bjørnskov( Book )

3 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Corruption and social capital by Christian Bjørnskov( Book )

4 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Where do developing countries go after Doha? : an analysis of WTO positions and potential alliances by Christian Bjørnskov( Book )

5 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On gender inequality and life satisfaction : does discrimination matter?( )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper analyzes the impact of gender discrimination on individual life satisfaction using a cross-section of 66 countries. We employ measures of discrimination of women in the economy, in politics, and in society more generally. According to our results, discrimination in politics is important to individual well-being. Overall, men and women are more satisfied with their lives when societies become more equal. Disaggregated analysis suggests that our results for men are driven by the effect of equality on men with middle and high incomes, and those on the political left. To the contrary, women are more satisfied with increasing equality independent of income and political ideology. Equality in economic and family matters does overall not affect life satisfaction. However, women are more satisfied with their lives when discriminatory practices have been less prevalent in the economy 20 years ago. -- Gender gap ; happiness ; well-being ; discrimination ; life satisfaction
Formal institutions and subjective well-being : revisiting the cross-country evidencee( )

2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A long tradition in economics explores the association between the quality of formal institutions and economic performance. The literature on the relationship between such institutions and happiness is, however, rather limited. In this paper, we revisit the findings from recent cross-country studies on the institutions-happiness association. Our findings suggest that the conclusions reached by previous studies are fairly sensitive to the specific measure of "happiness" used. In addition, the results indicate that the welfare effects of policies may differ across phases of a country's economic development. This bears important policy implications which we discuss in the concluding section of the paper. -- Happiness ; institutions ; policy implications
Materialesamling til valgfaget International økonomi : efteråret 2004( Book )

2 editions published between 2004 and 2005 in Danish and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Working paper. WP : Economic growth and institutional reform in modern monarchies and republics( )

in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Growth, debt burdens and alleviating effects of foreign aid in least developed countries by Christina Bjerg( Book )

4 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and Danish and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The size and scope of government in the US states does party ideology matter? by Christian Bjørnskov( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We investigate empirically how party ideology influences size and scope of government as measured by the size of government, tax structure and labor market regulation. Our dataset comprises 49 US states over the 1993-2009 period. We employ the new data on the ideological mapping of US legislatures by Shor and McCarty (2011) that considers spatial and temporal differences in Democratic and Republican Party ideology. We distinguish between three types of divided government: overall divided government, proposal division and approval division. The main result suggests that Republican governors have been more active in deregulating labor markets. We find that ideology-induced policies were counteracted under overall divided government and proposal division. -- size of scope of government ; party ideology ; partisan politics ; divided government
An offer you can't refuse : murdering journalists as an enforcement mechanism of corrupt deals by Christian Bjørnskov( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Anecdotal evidence suggests that journalists and bureaucrats in some countries are killed when they try to blow the whistle on corruption. We demonstrate in a simple game-theoretical model how murders can serve as an enforcement mechanism of corrupt deals under certain regime assumptions. Testing the main implications in an unbalanced panel of 179 countries observed through three periods, we find that corruption is strongly related to the incidence of murders on journalists in countries with almost full press freedom. While our results provide evidence that journalists are killed for corrupt reasons, they also suggest that some countries may have to go through violent periods when seeking to secure full freedom for the press. -- corruption ; rent-seeking ; murder
 
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Audience level: 0.26 (from 0.09 for The econom ... to 0.98 for Lykke ...)

Languages
English (63)

Danish (7)