WorldCat Identities

Chor, Davin

Works: 14 works in 66 publications in 1 language and 299 library holdings
Roles: Author
Classifications: HB1, 339.23
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Davin Chor
The 2004 Global Labor Survey : workplace institutions and practices around the world by Davin Chor( Book )

9 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 41 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The 2004 Global Labor Survey (GLS) is an Internet-based survey that seeks to measure de facto labor practices in countries around the world, covering issues such as freedom of association, the regulation of work contracts, employee benefits and the prevalence of collective bargaining. To find out about de facto practices, the GLS invited labor practitioners, ranging from union officials and activists to professors of labor law and industrial relations, to report on conditions in their country. Over 1,500 persons responded, which allowed us to create indices of practices in ten broad areas for 33 countries. The GLS' focus on de facto labor practices contrasts with recent studies of de jure labor regulations (Botero et al., 2004) and with more limited efforts to measure labor practices as part of surveys of economic freedom (Fraser Institute) and competitiveness (World Economic Forum). Although our pool of respondents differs greatly from the conservative foundations and business leaders who contribute respectively to the Fraser Institute and World Economic Forum reports, the GLS and the labor market components of the economic freedom and competitiveness measures give similar pictures of labor practices across countries. This similarity across respondents with different economic interests and ideological perspectives suggests that they are all reporting on labor market realities in a relatively unbiased way. As a broad summary statement, the GLS shows that practices favorable to workers are more prevalent in countries with high levels of income per capita; are associated with less income inequality; are unrelated to aggregate growth rates; but are modestly positively associated with unemployment"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
Organizing the global value chain by Pol Antràs( Book )

13 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We develop a property-rights model of the firm in which production entails a continuum of uniquely sequenced stages. In each stage, a final-good producer contracts with a distinct supplier for the procurement of a customized stage-specific component. Our model yields a sharp characterization for the optimal allocation of ownership rights along the value chain. We show that the incentive to integrate suppliers varies systematically with the relative position (upstream versus downstream) at which the supplier enters the production line. Furthermore, the nature of the relationship between integration and "downstreamness" depends crucially on the elasticity of demand faced by the final-good producer. Our model readily accommodates various sources of asymmetry across final-good producers and across suppliers within a production line, and we show how it can be taken to the data with international trade statistics. Combining data from the U.S. Census Bureau's Related Party Trade database and estimates of U.S. import demand elasticities from Broda and Weinstein (2006), we find empirical evidence broadly supportive of our key predictions. In the process, we develop two novel measures of the average position of an industry in the value chain, which we construct using U.S. Input-Output Tables -- National Bureau of Economic Research web site
Internalizing global value chains a firm-level analysis by Laura Alfaro( )

11 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In recent decades, technological progress in information and communication technology and falling trade barriers have led firms to retain within their boundaries and in their domestic economies only a subset of their production stages. A key decision facing firms worldwide is the extent of control to exert over the different segments of their production processes. Building on Antr̉s and Chor (2013), we describe a property-rights model of firm boundary choices along the value chain. To assess the evidence, we construct firm-level measures of the upstreamness of integrated and non-integrated inputs by combining information on the production activities of firms operating in more than 100 countries with Input-Output tables. In line with the model's predictions, we find that whether a firm integrates upstream or downstream suppliers depends crucially on the elasticity of demand for its final product. Moreover, a firm's propensity to integrate a given stage of the value chain is shaped by the relative contractibility of the stages located upstream versus downstream from that stage. Our results suggest that contractual frictions play an important role in shaping the integration choices of firms around the world
Cumulative innovation, growth and welfare-improving patent policy by Davin Chor( Book )

5 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We construct a tractable general equilibrium model of cumulative innovation and growth, in which new ideas strictly improve upon frontier technologies, and productivity improvements are drawn in a stochastic manner. The presence of positive knowledge spillovers implies that the decentralized equilibrium features an allocation of labor to R&D activity that is strictly lower than the social planner’s benchmark, which suggests a role for patent policy. We focus on a non-infringing inventive stepʺ requirement, which stipulates the minimum improvement to the best patented technology that a new idea needs to make for it to be patentable and non-infringing. We establish that there exists a finite required inventive step that maximizes the rate of innovation, as well as a separate optimal required inventive step that maximizes welfare, with the former being strictly greater than the latter. These conclusions are robust to allowing for the availability of an additional instrument in the form of patent length policy
Off the cliff and back? : credit conditions and international trade during the global financial crisis by Davin Chor( Book )

7 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We study the collapse of international trade flows during the global financial crisis using detailed data on monthly US imports during this period. We show that adverse credit conditions were an important channel through which the crisis affected trade volumes. We identify the impact of credit tightening by exploiting the variation in the cost of capital across countries and over time, as well as the variation in financial dependence across sectors. Countries with higher interbank rates and thus tighter credit markets exported less to the US during the peak of the crisis. These effects were especially pronounced in sectors that require extensive external financing, have few collateralizable assets, or have limited access to trade credit. Exports of financially dependent industries were thus more sensitive to the cost of external capital than exports of less dependent industries, and this sensitivity rose during the financial crisis. The quantitative implications of our estimates for trade volumes highlight the large real effects of financial crises and the potential gains from policy intervention
Host-country financial development and multinational activity by Kamran Bilir( Book )

6 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We provide evidence that host-country financial development affects the global operations of multinational firms. Financially advanced economies attract more affiliates of U.S. multinationals. Financially developed host countries also feature higher aggregate affiliate sales to the local market, the United States and third-country destinations. By contrast, individual affiliates in such hosts sell more to the United States and other markets, but less locally. Yet, the share of local sales in total affiliate sales falls with host-country financial development both at the affiliate and aggregate levels, while the shares of U.S. and third-country sales increase. These results are amplified in sectors that depend more on the financial system for external capital. We rationalize these empirical patterns with a three-country model of multinational activity under imperfect financial markets. The data are consistent with two effects of financial development highlighted by the model: 1) a competition effect that reduces affiliates' local revenues due to increased domestic firm entry; and 2) a financing effect that encourages affiliate entry by easing borrowing constraints in the host country
Measuring the upstreamness of production and trade flows by Pol Antràs( Book )

4 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We propose two distinct approaches to the measurement of industry upstreamness (or average distance from final use) and show that they yield an equivalent measure. Furthermore, we provide two additional interpretations of this measure, one of them related to the concept of forward linkages in Input-Output analysis. On the empirical side, we construct this measure for 426 industries using the 2002 US Input-Output Tables. We also verify the stability of upstreamness across countries in the OECD STAN database, albeit with a more aggregated industry classification. Finally, we present an application that explores the determinants of the average upstreamness of exports at the country level using trade flows for 2002
Essays on international trade and foreign direct investment by Davin Chor( )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This dissertation consists of three research papers that build upon the recent work of Eaton and Kortum (2002) and Melitz (2003). Chapter 1 formulates an extension of the Eaton-Kortum model that facilitates quantification of the importance of different sources of comparative advantage for industry trade patterns and country welfare. In the model, comparative advantage is driven by the interaction of country and industry characteristics, so that countries specialize in those industries whose production needs they can best satisfy with their endowment mix, institutional environment, and technological strengths. I estimate the model via a simulated method of moments approach, to account for the prevalence of zero observations in the trade data. Calibrating the model with these estimates, I examine the shift in industry composition when countries raise their factor endowments or improve their institutions, and quantify the welfare gains from such policy moves. Chapter 2 analyzes the efficacy of subsidies to FDI, within a Melitz framework where firms are heterogenous in their productivity levels. In this setting, I show formally that a small subsidy to attract multinational firms generates consumption gains in the FDI host country that exceed the cost of financing the subsidy through a tax on domestic labor. This welfare improvement is driven by a selection effect, since the subsidy induces only the most productive exporters to switch to servicing the host country market via FDI instead
Schooling and political participation in a neoclassical framework : theory and evidence( )

2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Schooling and political participation in a neoclassical framework : theory and evidence by Filipe R Campante( Book )

1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

"The people want the fall of the regime" schooling, political protest, and the economy by Filipe R Campante( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Skilled and unskilled wages in a globalizing world : new cross-country evidence (1968-1998) by Davin Chor( )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

On the measurement of upstreamness and downstreamness in global value chains by Pol Antràs( )

3 editions published between 2017 and 2018 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper offers four contributions to the empirical literature on global value chains (GVCs). First, we provide a succinct overview of several measures developed to capture the upstreamness or downstreamness of industries and countries in GVCs. Second, we employ data from the World Input-Output Database (WIOD) to document the empirical evolution of these measures over the period 1995-2011; in doing so, we highlight salient patterns related to countries' GVC positioning -- as well as some puzzling correlations -- that emerge from the data. Third, we develop a theoretical framework -- which builds on Caliendo and Parro's (2015) variant of the Eaton and Kortum (2002) model -- that provides a structural interpretation of all the entries of the WIOD in a given year. Fourth, we resort to a calibrated version of the model to perform counterfactual exercises that: (i) sharpen our understanding of the independent effect of several factors in explaining the observed empirical patterns in the period 1995-2011; and (ii) provide guidance for how future changes in the world economy are likely to shape the positioning of countries in GVCs
Why was the Arab world poised for revolution? : Schooling, economic opportunities, and the Arab Spring by Filipe R Campante( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"What underlying long-term conditions set the stage for the Arab Spring? In recent decades, the Arab region has been characterized by an expansion in schooling coupled with weak labor market conditions. This pattern is especially pronounced in those countries that saw significant upheaval during the first year of the Arab Spring uprisings. We argue that the lack of adequate economic opportunities for an increasingly educated populace can help us understand episodes of regime instability such as the Arab Spring."--Editor
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Audience level: 0.74 (from 0.49 for Schooling ... to 1.00 for Why was th ...)

Alternative Names
Chor, Han Ping Davin 1977-

English (66)