WorldCat Identities

Yacobucci, Brent D.

Works: 57 works in 215 publications in 1 language and 1,699 library holdings
Roles: Author
Classifications: JK1108, 338.476292220973
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Brent D Yacobucci
Sport utility vehicles, mini-vans and light trucks : an overview of fuel economy and emissions standards by Brent D Yacobucci( Book )

18 editions published between 1999 and 2004 in English and held by 236 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Fuel ethanol : background and public policy issues by Brent D Yacobucci( Book )

29 editions published between 1999 and 2007 in English and held by 215 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In light of changing regulatory and legislative arena, ethanol as a motor fuel has taken on a pivotal role in bringing together often conflicting environmental and energy security interests. Ethanol is produced from biomass (mainly corn) and is mixed with gasoline to produce cleaner-burning fuel called "gasohol" or "E10." The market for fuel ethanol is heavily dependent on federal incentives and regulations. A major impetus to the use of fuel ethanol has been the tax incentive for its use. Ethanol is expensive relative to gasoline, but it is subject to a federal tax incentive of 52 center per gallon. This exemption brings the cost of ethanol, which is higher than that of conventional gasoline and other oxygenates, within reach of the cost of competitive alternatives. In addition, there are other incentives such as a small ethanol producers tax credit. It has been argued that the fuel ethanol industry could scarcely survive without these incentives. The Clean Air Act requires that ethanol or another oxygenate be mixed with gasoline in areas with excessive carbon monoxide or ozone pollution. The resulting fuels are called oxygenated gasoline (oxyfuel) and reformulated gasoline (RFG), respectively. Using oxygenates, vehicle emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) have been reduced by 17%, and toxic emissions have been reduced by approximately 30%. However, there has been a push to change the oxygenate requirements for two reasons. First, methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), the most common oxygenate, has been found to contaminate groundwater. Second, it is argued that emissions could be reduced to similar levels through the use of clean burning gasoline that does not contain oxygenates. Uncertainties about future oxygenate requirements, as both federal and state governments consider changes, have raised concerns among farm and fuel ethanol industry groups and have prompted renewed congressional interest. Without the current regulatory requirements and incentives, or something comparable, much of ethanol's market would likely disappear. Expected changes to the reformulated gasoline requirements could either help or hurt the prospects for fuel ethanol (subsequently affecting the corn market), depending on the regulatory and legislative specifics. As a result, significant efforts have been launched by farm interests, the makers of fuel ethanol, agricultural states, and the manufacturers of petroleum products to shape regulatory policy and legislation. Ethanol played a key role in the debate over omnibus energy legislation in the 108th Congress. The stalled energy bill (H.R. 6) would have required the use of 5 billion gallons of renewable fuel (including ethanol) by 2012. It is likely the issue will be raised again in the 109th Congress. This report provides background concerning various aspects of fuel ethanol, and a discussion of the current related policy issues
U.S. automotive industry : policy overview and recent history by Stephen Cooney( Book )

6 editions published between 2005 and 2007 in English and held by 110 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles issues in Congress by Brent D Yacobucci( Book )

16 editions published between 2004 and 2013 in English and held by 88 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles are seen by proponents as integral to improving urban air quality, decreasing dependence on foreign oil, and reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. However, major barriers especially economics currently prevent the widespread use of these fuels and technologies. Because of these barriers, and the potential benefits, there is continued congressional interest in providing incentives and other support for their development and commercialization. The 111th Congress is likely to discuss alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles as it addresses several topics. These include: (1) the potential for supporting their development and deployment through economic stimulus legislation; (2) their role in any federal policy to address climate change; and (3) their role in federal energy policy. The 111th Congress may also play an oversight role in the development of regulations including: the Environmental Protection Agency's implementation of the renewable fuel standard enacted in 2005, and expanded in 2007; the Department of Transportations implementation of new fuel economy standards enacted in 2007; and the Department of Agricultures implementation of a new Farm Bill enacted in 2008. In the 110th Congress, alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles received a good deal of attention, especially in discussions over U.S. energy security. In his January 24, 2007, State of the Union Address, President Bush called for the increased use of renewable and alternative motor fuels to 35 billion gallons annually by 2017. U.S. consumption was roughly five billion gallons in 2006. Therefore, such an initiative would mean a seven-fold increase in the use of these fuels over 11 years. On December 19, 2007, President Bush signed the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA, P.L. 110-140). EISA requires an increase in renewable fuel consumption to 9.0 billion gallons in 2008 and 36 billion gallons in 2022. Further within the 36- billion-gallon requirement, by 2022 the law mandates the use of 21 billion gallons of advanced biofuels, defined as fuel derived from renewable biomass other than corn starch, with 50% lower lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions compared to petroleum fuels. The 110th Congress also enacted the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (2008 Farm Bill, P.L. 110-246)which expanded and extended incentives for biofuelsas well as the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (EESA, P.L. 110-343)which modified existing fuel tax credits, and established a tax credit for the purchase of plug-in vehicles. The 109th Congress enacted the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005, P.L. 109-58), which contains many provisions relevant to alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles. Among its provisions, the act expanded existing tax incentives for the purchase of advanced vehicles, authorized R & D funding for hydrogen fuel and fuel cells, and required that the nationwide gasoline supply contain a minimum amount of ethanol or other renewable fuel. EPAct 2005 was signed by President Bush on August 8, 2005
Alternative transportation fuels and vehicles : energy, environment, and development issues by Brent D Yacobucci( Book )

12 editions published between 2000 and 2013 in English and held by 80 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Automobile and light truck fuel economy : the CAFE standards by Brent D Yacobucci( Book )

16 editions published between 2006 and 2009 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On April 6, 2006, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) released a final rulemaking for sport utility vehicles (SUVs) and light duty trucks beginning with model year (MY) 2008). The rule restructures the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) program for light trucks to establish standards based upon vehicle size, as opposed to the current program with one average standard for all light trucks. It marks a significant change to the CAFE program for trucks. The sharp rise in gasoline prices during spring 2006 focused attention on the CAFE standards for passenger cars, and the fact that NHTSA does not have the same latitude to make changes to passenger car CAFE or the passenger car CAFE program. For trucks, the agency established two different tracks that manufacturers can follow for model years 2008-2010 -- meeting an "unreformed" or "reformed" CAFE standard. In MY2011, all manufacturers will have to meet the reformed standard. The unreformed light-duty truck standards are a fleetwide average of 22.5, 23.1, and 23.5 mpg for model years 2008, 2009, and 2010, respectively. Manufacturers opting for the reformed standard will be required to meet a range of standards depending on vehicle size. Starting in MY2011, the reformed light truck CAFE standards, with a range of 21.8 to 30.4 mpg, will apply to all manufacturers. NHTSA estimates that under the reformed system, light trucks will average 24.0 mpg in MY2011
Climate change legislation in the 108th Congress by Brent D Yacobucci( Book )

5 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Climate change legislation in the 109th Congress by Brent D Yacobucci( Book )

6 editions published between 2005 and 2007 in English and held by 35 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Hydrogen and fuel cell vehicle R & D FreedomCAR and the President's hydrogen fuel initiative by Brent D Yacobucci( Book )

8 editions published between 2003 and 2008 in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

FreedomCAR and the Hydrogen Fuel Initiative (originally named FreedomFuel) are two complementary government-industry research and development (R & D) initiatives that promote the development of hydrogen fuel and fuel cell vehicles. Coordinated by the Department of Energy, these initiatives aim to make mass-market fuel cell and hydrogen combustion vehicles available at an affordable cost within 10 to 15 years. However, some questions have been raised about the potential effectiveness of the initiatives. This report discusses the organization, funding, and goals of the FreedomCAR and Fuel partnerships, and discusses legislation relevant to the partnerships. It will be updated as events warrant
Advanced vehicle technologies : energy, environment, and development by Brent D Yacobucci( Book )

4 editions published between 2000 and 2007 in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Research and development of cleaner and more efficient vehicle technologies has been ongoing for the past few decades. Much of this research started in response to the oil shocks of the 1970s, which triggered concerns about rising fuel costs and growing dependence on imported fuel. The urgency of those concerns was lost as fuel prices declined in the 1980s and 1990s. At the same time, however, rising concerns about vehicle contributions to air pollution and global climate change added a new dimension to the issue. Recently, instability in world oil prices and political concerns have reawakened the energy dependence concerns of the 1970s. Meanwhile, research on new technologies continues, with a particular focus on commercialization. Despite widespread agreement in principle on the benefits of decreased dependence on petroleum and the internal combustion engine, the practical challenges posed by a transition to advanced vehicle technologies are formidable. Nonetheless, significant research and development progress has been made since the 1970s. These new technologies have sparked more interest as some major auto manufacturers have introduced high-efficiency production vehicles to the American market, and others have plans to introduce similar vehicles in the future. Furthermore, interest has grown recently as a result of higher petroleum prices, and the announcement of new emission regulations for passenger vehicles. In January 2002, the Bush Administration announced the FreedomCAR initiative, which focuses federal research on fuel cell vehicles. In conjunction with FreedomCAR, in January 2003, President Bush announced the Hydrogen Fuel Initiative, which focuses federal research on hydrogen fuel and fuel cells for stationary applications. The goal of these initiatives is to improve the competitiveness of hydrogen fuel cell vehicle technologies. However, fuel cell vehicles share many components with hybrid and pure electric vehicles. Thus, this research will likely promote advanced vehicle technologies in general. This report discusses four major vehicle technologies -- electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrids, and fuel cell vehicles -- as well as advanced component technologies. Each technology is discussed in terms of cost, fueling and maintenance infrastructure, and performance
Diesel fuel and engines : an overview of new emissions regulations by Brent D Yacobucci( Book )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Diesel fuel and engines : an analysis of EPA's new regulations( Book )

4 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Greenhouse gases : management, reduction, and impact by Jonathan L Ramseur( Book )

3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 32 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Climate change : summary and analysis of the "Climate Stewardship Act" (S. 139. Amt. 2028, and H.R. 4067) by Larry Parker( Book )

4 editions published between 2004 and 2005 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ethanol and biofuels : agriculture, infrastructure, and market constraints related to expanded production by Brent D Yacobucci( Book )

3 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

High petroleum and gasoline prices, concerns over global climate change, and the desire to promote domestic rural economies have greatly increased interest in biofuels as an alternative to petroleum in the U.S. transportation sector. Biofuels, most notably corn-based ethanol, have grown significantly in the past few years as a component of U.S. motor fuel supply. Ethanol, the most commonly used biofuel, is blended in nearly half of all U.S. gasoline (t the 10% level or lower in most cases). However, current biofuel supply represents less than 4% of total gasoline demand. While recent proposals have set the goal of significantly expanding biofuel supply in the coming decades, questions remain about the ability of the U.S. biofuel industry to meet rapidly increasing demand. Current U.S. biofuel supply relies almost exclusively on ethanol produced from Midwest corn. In 2006, 17% of the U.S. corn crop was used for ethanol production. To meet some of the higher ethanol production goals would require more corn than the United States currently produces, if all of the envisioned ethanol was made from corn. Due to the concerns with significant expansion in corn-based ethanol supply, interest has grown in expanding the market for biodiesel produced from soybeans and other oil crops. However, a significant increase in U.S. biofuels would likely require a movement away from food and grain crops. Other biofuel feedstock sources, including cellulosic biomass, are promising, but technological barriers make their future uncertain. Issues facing the U.S. biofuels industry include potential agricultural "feedstock" supplies, and the associated market and environmental effects of a major shift in U.S. agricultural production; the energy supply needed to grow feedstocks and process them into fuel; and barriers to expanded infrastructure needed to deliver more and more biofuels to the market. This report outlines some of the current supply issues facing biofuels industries, including the limitations on agricultural feedstocks, infrastructure constraints, energy supply for biofuel production, and fuel price uncertainties
Ethanol imports and the Caribbean Basin initiative by Brent D Yacobucci( Book )

4 editions published between 2005 and 2008 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Climate change : federal laws and policies related to greenhouse gas reductions by Brent D Yacobucci( Book )

5 editions published between 2003 and 2013 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Biofuels incentives : a summary of federal programs by Brent D Yacobucci( Book )

5 editions published between 2006 and 2013 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report outlines federal programs that provide direct or indirect incentives for biofuels. For each program described, the report provides details including administering agency, authorizing statute(s), annual funding, and expiration date
Greenhouse gas reduction : cap-and-trade bills in the 110th Congress by Larry Parker( Book )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Proposals to advance programs that reduce greenhouse gases have been introduced in the 110th Congress, and one bill, S. 2191, was reported on November 1, 2007, by the Subcommittee on Private Sector and Consumer Solutions to Global Warming and Wildlife Protection of the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works. In general, these proposals would create market-based greenhouse gas reduction programs along the lines of the trading provisions of the current acid rain reduction program established by the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. This paper presents a side-by-side comparison of the major provisions of those bills and includes a glossary of common terms
Climate change legislation in the 110th congress by Jonathan L Ramseur( )

in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Congressional interest in climate change legislation has grown in recent years. In the 110th Congress, Members have introduced numerous bills that directly address various aspects of climate change. These bills cover a wide spectrum, ranging from climate change research to comprehensive greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions cap-and trade programs. Additional bills focus on GHG reporting or registration, or on power plant emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) as part of wider controls on pollutant emissions. As of the date of this report, Congress has enacted two broader pieces of legislation -- an omnibus energy bill (P.L. 110-140) and a comprehensive appropriations act (P.L. 110-161) -- that include climate change provisions. Both statutes increase climate change research efforts; P.L. 110-161 directs the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to develop regulations that establish a mandatory GHG reporting program that applies 'above appropriate thresholds in all sectors of the economy' In addition, in December 2007, the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works reported a bill that would establish an 'economy-wide' GHG reduction program."
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U.S. automotive industry : policy overview and recent history
English (153)

Greenhouse gases : management, reduction, and impact