WorldCat Identities

Lister, Sarah A.

Works: 42 works in 93 publications in 1 language and 1,216 library holdings
Roles: Author
Classifications: SF967.S63, 636.089683
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Sarah A Lister
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, or "mad cow disease") : current and proposed safeguards by Sarah A Lister( Book )

8 editions published between 2004 and 2009 in English and held by 62 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Chapter titles: Introduction; Trade restrictions; The livestock "feed ban"; BSE surveillance and testing in cattle; BSE prevention in slaughter and processing: the "fourth firewall"; Related issues and options
Mad cow disease (Bovine spongiform encephalopathy) by Geoffrey S Becker( Book )

2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 59 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, or "Mad Cow Disease") current and proposed safeguards by Geoffrey S Becker( Book )

7 editions published between 2005 and 2007 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The public health and medical response to disasters federal authority and funding by Sarah A Lister( Book )

10 editions published between 2006 and 2008 in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

When there is a catastrophe in the United States, state and local governments lead response activities, invoking state and local legal authorities to support these activities. When state and local response capabilities are overwhelmed, the President, acting through the Secretary of Homeland Security, can provide assistance to stricken communities, individuals, governments, and not-for-profit groups to assist in response and recovery. Aid is provided under the authority of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the Stafford Act) upon a presidential declaration. The Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) also has both standing and emergency authorities in the Public Health Service Act, by which he or she can provide assistance in response to public health and medical emergencies. At this time, however, the Secretary has limited means to finance activities that are ineligible, for whatever reason, for Stafford Act assistance. The flawed response to Hurricane Katrina, and preparedness efforts for an influenza ("flu") pandemic, have each raised concerns about existing federal response mechanisms for incidents that result in overwhelming public health and medical needs. These concerns include the delegation of responsibilities among different federal departments, and whether critical conflicts or gaps exist in these relationships. In particular, there are some concerns about federal leadership and delegations of responsibility as laid out in the recently published National Response Framework (NRF). There is no federal assistance program designed purposely to cover the uninsured or uncompensated costs of individual health care that may be needed as a consequence of a disaster, nor is there consensus that this should be a federal responsibility. Following Hurricane Katrina, Congress provided short-term assistance to host states, through the Medicaid program, to cover the uninsured health care needs of eligible Katrina evacuees. Some have proposed establishing a mechanism to cover certain uninsured health care costs of responders and others who are having health problems related to exposures at the World Trade Center site in New York City following the 2001 terrorist attack. Legislation introduced in the 110th Congress (H.R. 6569/S. 3312) would authorize the Secretary of HHS to use a special fund to provide temporary emergency health care coverage for uninsured individuals affected by public health emergencies. This report examines (1) the authorities and coordinating mechanisms of the President and the Secretary of HHS in providing routine assistance, and assistance pursuant to emergency or major disaster declarations and/or public health emergency determinations; (2) mechanisms to assure a coordinated federal response to public health and medical emergencies, and overlaps or gaps in agency responsibilities; and (3) existing mechanisms, potential gaps, and proposals for financing the costs of a response to public health and medical emergencies. A listing of federal public health emergency authorities is provided in the Appendix. This report will be updated as needed
Public health and medical preparedness and response issues in the 110th Congress by Sarah A Lister( Book )

5 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The nation's systems to detect and respond to public health threats such as bioterrorism gained renewed interest following the 2001 terrorist attacks. Federal authorities enacted in comprehensive public health preparedness legislation in 2002 were reauthorized in the 109th Congress, building upon lessons learned from flaws in the response to Hurricane Katrina and growing concerns about a flu pandemic. The 109th Congress also completed a statutory reorganization of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The 110th Congress is likely to study the implementation of these two laws, and to remain interested in other issues in public health and medical preparedness and response
Pandemic influenza domestic preparedness efforts by Sarah Lister( Book )

6 editions published between 2005 and 2013 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In 1997, a new avian influenza virus (H5N1 avian flu) emerged in Hong Kong, killing six people. This was the first time that an avian influenza virus was shown to be transmitted directly from birds to humans. The virus persisted in the region, and has since spread to a number of Asian and European countries, where it has infected more than 120 people, killing more than 60. The severity of this strain is similar to that of the deadly 1918 Spanish flu, which caused a global pandemic that may have killed up to 2 (percent)% of the world's population. Though influenza pandemics occur with some regularity, and the United States has been involved in specific planning efforts since the early 1990s, the H5N1 situation has created a sense of urgency among the world's public health officials. Global pandemic preparedness and response efforts are coordinated by the World Health Organization (WHO). The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) released a draft pandemic flu preparedness and response plan in August 2004, and a final plan in November 2005. President Bush announced a national strategy to coordinate pandemic preparedness and response activities across federal agencies. Domestic response activities will be carried out under the broad, all-hazards blueprint for a coordinated federal, state and local response laid out in the National Response Plan, released by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in 2004. Even in light of the plans discussed above, if a flu pandemic were to occur in the next several years, the U.S. response would be affected by the limited availability of a vaccine (the best preventive measure for flu), as well as by limited availability of certain drugs used to treat severe flu infections, and by the general lack of surge capacity within our healthcare system. The U.S. healthcare system is largely private, while the public health system is largely based in state, rather than federal, authority. This structure creates numerous challenges in assuring the needed response capacity, and coordinating the various response elements. Planning is further complicated by the fact that while periodic influenza pandemics have been seen over the years, their timing and severity have been unpredictable. This report will be updated to reflect changing circumstances." p. 2
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), including "Mad Cow Disease" public health and scientific issues by Sarah A Lister( Book )

3 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Pandemic influenza : an analysis of state preparedness and response plans by Sarah A Lister( Book )

4 editions published between 2007 and 2013 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

States are the seat of most authority for public health emergency response. Much of the actual work of response falls to local officials. However, the federal government can impose requirements upon states as a condition of federal funding. Since 2002, Congress has provided funding to all U.S. states, territories, and the District of Columbia, to enhance federal, state and local preparedness for public health threats in general, and an influenza ("flu") pandemic in particular. States were required to develop pandemic plans as a condition of this funding. This report, which will not be updated, describes an approach to the analysis of state pandemic plans, and presents the findings of that analysis. State plans that were available in July 2006 were analyzed in eight topical areas: (1) leadership and coordination; (2) surveillance and laboratory activities; (3) vaccine management; (4) antiviral drug management; (5) other disease control activities; (6) communications; (7) healthcare services; and (8) other essential services. A history of federal funding and requirements for state pandemic planning is provided in an Appendix. This analysis is not intended to grade or rank individual state pandemic plans or capabilities. Rather, its findings indicate that a number of challenges remain in assuring pandemic preparedness, and suggest areas that may merit added emphasis in future planning efforts. Generally, the plans analyzed here reflect their authorship by public health officials. They emphasize core public health functions such as disease detection and control. Other planning challenges, such as assuring surge capacity in the healthcare sector, the continuity of essential services, or the integrity of critical supply chains, may fall outside the authority of public health officials, and may require stronger engagement by emergency management officials and others in planning. Since different threats -- such as hurricanes, earthquakes or terrorism -- are expected to affect states differently, many believe that states should have flexibility in emergency planning. This complicates federal oversight of homeland security grants to states, however. Which requirements should be imposed on all states? When is variability among states desirable, and when is it not? A flu pandemic is perhaps unique in that it would be likely to affect all states at nearly the same time, in ways that are fairly predictable. This may argue for a more directive federal role in setting pandemic preparedness requirements. But the matter of what the states should do to be prepared for a pandemic is not always clear. For example, uncertainties about the ways in which flu spreads, the lack of national consensus in matters of equity in rationing, and a long tradition of federal deference to states in matters of public health, all complicate efforts to set uniform planning requirements for states. In addition to assuring the strength of planning efforts, readiness also depends on assuring that states can execute their plans. This assurance can be provided through analysis of the response during exercises, drills, and relevant real-world incidents. Such an analysis is not within the scope of this report
Pandemic influenza appropriations for public health preparedness and response by Sarah A Lister( Book )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The spread of H5N1 avian influenza ("flu") on three continents, and the human deaths it has caused, raise concern that the virus could morph and cause a global human pandemic. Congress has provided specific funding for pandemic flu preparedness since FY2004, including $6.1 billion in emergency supplemental appropriations for FY2006. These funds bolster related activities to prepare for public health threats, and to control seasonal flu. This report discusses appropriations for pandemic flu, primarily to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and will be updated as needed
The 2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu" Outbreak: An Overview by Sarah A Lister( Book )

6 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On April 29, 2009, in response to the global spread of a new strain of influenza, the World Health Organization (WHO) raised its influenza ("flu") pandemic alert level to Phase 5, one level below declaring that a global influenza pandemic was underway. Officials now believe the outbreak began in Mexico in March 2009, or earlier. The novel flu virus was first identified in California in late April 2009. Health officials quickly linked the new flu strain to many of the illnesses in Mexico. Since then, growing numbers of cases have been reported around the world. As of May 20, 2009, more than 10,000 cases had been reported in 41 countries in North and South America, Europe, Asia, and Oceania. Most of the reported cases are in Mexico, the United States, and Canada. Health officials note that reported cases likely represent only a fraction of actual infections. Federal agencies have adopted a pandemic response posture under the overall coordination of the Secretary of Homeland Security. Among other things, officials have released antiviral drugs from the national stockpile, and efforts to develop a vaccine are underway. The Obama Administration has requested $1.5 billion in emergency supplemental appropriations to address the threat, and additional amounts for FY2010. This report first provides a synopsis of key events, actions taken, and authorities invoked by WHO, the U.S. federal government, and state and local governments. It then discusses the WHO process to determine the phase of a threatened or emerging flu pandemic, and selected actions taken by the Departments of Homeland Security and Health and Human Services, and by state and local authorities. Next, it lists congressional hearings held to date and provides information about appropriations and funding for pandemic flu activities. Finally, it summarizes U.S. government pandemic flu planning documents and lists sources for additional information. This report will be continually updated
Hurricane Katrina the public health and medical response by Sarah A Lister( )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Hurricane Katrina struck the Gulf Coast in late August 2005, causing catastrophic wind damage and flooding in several states, and a massive dislocation of victims across the country. The storm is one of the worst natural disasters in the nation₂s history. Early estimates are that hundreds of people were killed and about one million displaced. In response to a series of disasters and terrorist attacks over the past decade, and especially since the terror attacks of 2001, Congress, the Administration, state and local governments and the private sector have made investments to improve disaster preparedness and response. New federal authorities and programs to strengthen the nation₂s public health system were introduced in comprehensive bioterrorism preparedness legislation in 2002. Congress also created a new Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in 2002 to provide national leadership for coordinated preparedness and response planning. A new National Response Plan (NRP), launched by DHS in December 2004, has met its first major test in the response to Hurricane Katrina. According to the NRP, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is tasked with coordinating the response of the public health and medical sectors following a disaster. HHS works with several other agencies to accomplish this mission, which includes assuring the safety of food, water and environments, treating the ranks of the ill and injured, and identifying the dead. HHS activities are coordinated with those of other lead agencies under the overall leadership of DHS. Congress and others will review the response to Hurricane Katrina with an eye toward assessing how well the NRP worked as an instrument for coordinated national response, and how well various agencies at the federal, state and local levels carried out their missions under the plan. Hurricane Katrina dealt some familiar blows in emergency response: the failure of communication systems and resultant difficulties in coordination challenged response efforts in this disaster as with others before it. Hurricane Katrina also pushed some response elements, such as plans for surge capacity in the healthcare workforce, to their limits for the first time in recent memory. The public health and medical response to Hurricane Katrina has also called attention to the matter of disaster planning in healthcare facilities, and the potential role of health information technology in expediting the care of displaced persons. Policymakers will no doubt study these elements of the Katrina response and seek options for continued improvement in national disaster preparedness and response. This report discusses the National Response Plan and its components for public health and medical response, provides information on key response activities carried out by agencies in HHS and DHS, and discusses certain issues in public health and medical preparedness that have been raised by the response to Hurricane Katrina. This report will be updated as circumstances warrant
Bisphenol A (BPA) in plastics and possible human health effects by Linda-Jo Schierow( Book )

4 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bisphenol A (BPA) is used to produce certain types of plastic. Containers made of these plastics may expose people to small amounts of BPA in food and water. Some animal experiments have found that fetal and infant development may be harmed by small amounts of BPA, amounts to which many people may be exposed, but scientists disagree about the value of the animal studies for predicting harmful effects in people. At least one regulatory decision in the face of the scientific disagreement has led to a congressional inquiry into the extent to which the decision was based on good science. Legislation proposed in April 2008, S. 2928, would prohibit use of BPA in some products intended for use by children
Ebola : basics about the disease by Sarah A Lister( )

in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In March 2014, global health officials recognized an outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Guinea, West Africa. This report discusses EVD in general, including symptoms, modes of transmission, incubation period, and treatments; presents projections of the future course of the outbreak
Veterans' benefits and care( Book )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

FY2009 Spring Supplemental Appropriations for Overseas Contingency Operations( Book )

3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On June 11, 2009, the House and Senate Appropriations Committees announced a conference agreement on H.R. 2346, a bill providing supplemental appropriations for the remainder of FY2009. Floor votes are expected the week of June 15. The agreement includes $5 billion, as in the Senate bill, to support U.S. loans to the International Monetary Fund (IMF); does not include a Senate provision allowing the Secretary of Defense to exempt photos of military detainees from release under the Freedom of Information Act; does not include $80 million requested for the Department of Defense and the Department of Justice to facilitate closure of the Guantanamo Bay prison; prohibits the release of Guantanamo detainees in the United States and prohibits transfers of prisoners except to be prosecuted; provides $1.9 billion for pandemic flu preparedness, and $5.8 billion more, contingent on the President determining it is needed; and adds $1 billion for the "Cash for Clunkers" program to provide payments to consumers who trade in inefficient vehicles. Including the contingent influenza funding, the bill provides $106 billion in supplemental appropriations. The total includes $79.9 billion for defense and intelligence activities in Iraq and Afghanistan; $10.4 billion for international affairs; $5 billion for IMF loans; $7.7 billion for influenza measures; $250 million for domestic fire fighting; $847 million, as in the Senate bill, in unrequested funds for the Corps of Engineers for flood control projects; $72 million, as requested, for Capitol Police radios; and $1 billion for "Cash for Clunkers."
Pandemic and all-hazards preparedness act : provisions and comparison with current law by Sarah A Lister( Book )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Overview of the u.s. public health system in the context of emergency by Sarah A Lister( Book )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy : current and proposed safeguards by Sarah A Lister( Book )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Public health and medical preparedness and response issues in the 111th Congress by Sarah A Lister( )

in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Key recent events the 2001 terrorist attacks, Hurricane Katrina, and concerns about an influenza (flu) pandemic, among others sharpened congressional interest in the nations systems to track and respond to public health threats. The 109th Congress passed several laws that established, reorganized, or reauthorized key public health and medical preparedness and response programs in the Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS) and Homeland Security (DHS). The 110th Congress was engaged in oversight of the implementation of these laws, focused in particular on such matters as (1) the fitness of HHS and DHS in terms of authority, funding, policies, and workforce to respond to health emergencies; (2) the effectiveness of coordination among them and other federal agencies; and (3) the status of major initiatives such as pandemic flu preparedness and disaster planning for at-risk populations. The 111th Congress is likely to remain engaged in oversight of the nations readiness for health threats. The Obama Administration may reconsider homeland security objectives and priorities established by the George W. Bush Administration. Shifts in doctrine or priority, if any, may manifest when key positions are filled, or when the budget proposal for FY2010 is unveiled. Also, early in its first session, the 111th Congress is considering proposals in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (the economic stimulus proposal) to enhance funding for the development of medical countermeasures (e.g., drugs and vaccines), and for pandemic flu preparedness. The 111th Congress may review HHSs disaster response capabilities, including its authority to declare a public health emergency and the means to fund its response efforts. Among other things, it is not clear that a flu pandemic would qualify for major disaster assistance under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the Stafford Act). Also, although the HHS Secretary has authority for a no-year Public Health Emergency Fund, Congress has not appropriated monies to the fund for many years. Finally, since Hurricane Katrina, Congress has urged and HHS has adopted a more aggressive federal role in the response to health emergencies. At this time, there is no federal assistance program designed purposefully to cover the uncompensated or uninsured health care costs for disaster victims. The 111th Congress may reconsider earlier proposals to provide such assistance under certain circumstances. Health emergencies often involve scarcities of resources (including personnel), movement restrictions, business and school closures, and other constraints. While state and local governments have the primary authority over such measures as quarantine and isolation, a comprehensive response to a public health emergency may involve overlapping governmental authorities and attendant legal and economic issues. The 108th Congress launched Project BioShield to encourage the development of medical countermeasures that lack commercial markets. Some concerns remain about the programs ability to attract private-sector developers. Also, the 109th Congress provided a means for liability protection for product developers and others, if countermeasures are used during a health emergency. A corresponding program to compensate persons who may be injured by such covered countermeasures has not been funded
The pandemic and all-hazards preparedness act (P.L. 109-417) provisions and changes to preexisting law by Sarah A Lister( Book )

3 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

"Authorities to direct federal preparedness for and response to public health emergencies are found principally in the Public Health Service Act (PHS Act). Two recent laws provided the core of these authorities: P.L. 106-505, the Public Health Threats and Emergencies Act of 2000 (Title I of the Public Health Improvement Act), and P.L. 107-188, the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism preparedness and Response Act of 2002, which reauthorized several existing authorities and created new ones in the aftermath of the 2001 terror attacks."--Page 2
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English (69)

Mad cow disease (Bovine spongiform encephalopathy)Veterans' benefits and care