WorldCat Identities

Ghiotti, Stéphane

Overview
Works: 19 works in 31 publications in 2 languages and 188 library holdings
Roles: Author, Editor, Opponent, Other
Classifications: HD1697.F8, 553.7
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Stéphane Ghiotti
Les territoires de l'eau : gestion et développement en France by Stéphane Ghiotti( Book )

7 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in French and held by 96 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

L'eau à découvert by Luc Abbadie( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Indispensable à la régulation du climat, au développement de la vie sur Terre, au maintien des écosystèmes, aux populations, au développement de l'agriculture, de l'industrie comme à la production d'énergie, l'eau est un élément vital. Il convient donc, dans un contexte de changement global, d'analyser dans toute sa diversité la place et le rôle de l'eau et de se donner ainsi les moyens de mieux la préserver. Autour de cet enjeu qui engage toute l'humanité, Agathe Euzen, Catherine Jeandel et Rémy Mosseri ont réuni près de cent cinquante contributions, visant à apporter un éclairage sur chacun des domaines et des approches que couvre cette thématique. Quelle est l'origine de l'eau? Son rapport avec l'apparition de la vie? Quel rôle a-t-elle joué dans l'histoire de la planète et dans le développement de la vie végétale, animale et humaine? Quel est son cycle? Quelles sont ses propriétés chimiques? Comment les sociétés se sont-elles emparées de cet élément précieux? Allons-nous manquer d'eau? L'eau est-elle source de conflits? Comment l'eau est-elle gérée? Comment recycle-t-on une eau polluée? Quels sont les risques pour la santé mondiale? Quels sont les grands enjeux liés à l'eau au xxie siècle? Comprendre et proposer des solutions à ces défis majeurs est l'intention de cet ouvrage
Enjeux de l'eau en Méditerranée orientale = Water in the Eastern Mediterranean( Book )

4 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Ce numéro consacré à la Méditerranée orientale traite de la gestion de l'eau en Syrie, Turquie, Jordanie, Lybie, au Liban et en Territoires Palestiniens. Une « grande saga hydraulique » y a prévalu au cours du siècle dernier, transformant profondément les interactions entre la société et son environnement. Partout, le rôle joué par les organismes internationaux comme la Banque mondiale est prépondérant. Une même temporalité a prévalu au travers de la région. L'interventionnisme étatique a cédé la place au néolibéralisme à la même époque dans chaque Etat. Dans le domaine de l'eau, ce processus de territorialisation étatique au travers du rapport à la ressource, puis du reflux de cette territorialisation, s'est basé sur une épistémologie bien particulière. Le rôle important des données concernant les aquifères émerge de ces études. Une fois rassemblées, les données continuent à être réutilisées pour des fins d'organisation humaine du territoire sans que l'on remette leur validité à l'épreuve. Ce numéro de la Revue Méditerranée permet d'aborder le rôle joué par l'épistémologie des sciences de l'eau dans la construction des territoires de la Méditerranée orientale."
Le territoire est mort, vive les territoires ! : une (re)fabrication au nom du développement by Benoît Antheaume( )

in French and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

En 2005, le petit Prince n'aurait pas demandé au géographe de lui dessiner une carte, mais plutôt de lui découper un territoire ! Il lui aurait également demandé de définir le territoire mais le géographe eut été bien à la peine, tant ce mot recouvre des réalités différentes, tant il est devenu polysémique. De nombreux observateurs ont récemment annoncé la fin des territoires, mais malgré les processus de mondialisation et de métropolisation en cours, le territoire est bel et bien vivant, sous des formes largement renouvelées. Partout dans le monde, on assiste en effet à une fabrication débridée de territoires, et l'éloge de la proximité et du local se traduit en politiques de décentralisation, provoquant une vague sans précédent d'assemblages, de découpages et redécoupages. Dans les pays du Sud, les nouveaux acteurs de la société civile (ONG, associations, groupes d'entrepreneurs...) ainsi que leurs partenaires internationaux érigent à profusion des périmètres de projets, d'intervention ou de mobilisation, encouragés en cela par les paradigmes dominants que sont la « gouvernance » et le « développement durable ». Afin de rendre compte de cette complexité territoriale contemporaine et d'en mesurer les limites, les auteurs de cet ouvrage, issus d'horizons variés, nous livrent une série de réflexions originales, tout en plaidant pour une régulation des territoires au nom du développement L'ouvrage intéressera tous les lecteurs préoccupés par les enjeux politiques, culturels et économiques de la question territoriale contemporaine
Le territoire est mort, vive les territoires! : une (re)fabrication au nom du développement by Benoît Antheaume( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

En 2005, le petit Prince n'aurait pas demandé au géographe de lui dessiner une carte, mais plutôt de lui découper un territoire ! Il lui aurait également demandé de définir le territoire mais le géographe eut été bien à la peine, tant ce mot recouvre des réalités différentes, tant il est devenu polysémique. De nombreux observateurs ont récemment annoncé la fin des territoires, mais malgré les processus de mondialisation et de métropolisation en cours, le territoire est bel et bien vivant, sous des formes largement renouvelées. Partout dans le monde, on assiste en effet à une fabrication débridée de territoires, et l'éloge de la proximité et du local se traduit en politiques de décentralisation, provoquant une vague sans précédent d'assemblages, de découpages et redécoupages. Dans les pays du Sud, les nouveaux acteurs de la société civile (ONG, associations, groupes d'entrepreneurs...) ainsi que leurs partenaires internationaux érigent à profusion des périmètres de projets, d'intervention ou de mobilisation, encouragés en cela par les paradigmes dominants que sont la « gouvernance » et le « développement durable ». Afin de rendre compte de cette complexité territoriale contemporaine et d'en mesurer les limites, les auteurs de cet ouvrage, issus d'horizons variés, nous livrent une série de réflexions originales, tout en plaidant pour une régulation des territoires au nom du développement L'ouvrage intéressera tous les lecteurs préoccupés par les enjeux politiques, culturels et économiques de la question territoriale contemporaine
Les résistances territorialisées aux réformes de modernisation des services d'eau : le cas de l'agglomération grenobloise by Antoine Brochet( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The subject of resistances to the implementation of State public action programs is a topic that has been seldom studied. The idea defended throughout this thesis is that the notion of territorialized resistance makes it possible to clarify the logic guiding the implementation of programs of public action. Our analysis examines the local appropriation of reforms of modernization in drinking water services. These reforms, influenced by neo-liberalism, appeared in the 1980s and have been met with mixed reviews and criticisms as to their effectiveness. The case study we have chosen here is the Grenoble agglomeration. Our work is based on field surveys carried out during five years of salaried activity around roughly fifty drinking water services. Our thesis is divided into two parts and four chapters. The first part focuses on the content of modernization reforms and the territorialized resistances that they create. The second part aims to deepen the understanding of territorialized resistances by perceiving the service of water as a complex territorial system that resists the logic of reforms.Our first chapter analyzes the modernization reforms. We explain the origin and the content of the reforms and also propose a method of informing decisions that would enable assessment of their economic and social effects on water services. The second chapter focuses on the application of two reforms, measuring the scope of resistances to them and examining their character. The first reform studied concerns the creation of performance indicators for drinking water services. The second reform consists of the transformation of water users into consumers. Our study demonstrates that the resistances are multiple and varied, and that they produce lapses in the governance of the sector. The third chapter presents a historical analysis that retraces the process of territorialized construction of drinking water services in the Greater Grenoble area. We highlight the determinative role of territorial factors. We also show that, historically, in terms of regulation, the state has only been one actor among others and that it has little capacity to formally constrain the action of water services. Finally, the fourth chapter analyzes and criticizes the solution that the State has proposed to respond to problems of modernization. That solution involves transferring the obligation to provide potable water to the Public Institutions of Inter-municipal Cooperation (EPCI). The thesis demonstrates that this solution may lead to strong territorial resistances within water services, with the potential to cause a failure to establish unified management of water at the supra-municipal level. However, we show that paradoxically, territorial resistances can also generate processes of social innovation that are not necessarily incompatible with the objectives of modernization reforms. In these cases, ad hoc models for the management of water can emerge that are particularly suited to contemporary challenges.The results of this research lead us to advocate the evolution of public water action towards pluralist territorial policies
La place du bassin versant dans les dynamiques contemporaines du développement territorial : les limites d'une évidence ; approches comparées en Ardèche et dans les Hautes-Alpes by Stéphane Ghiotti( Book )

2 editions published between 2001 and 2003 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les montagnes méditerranéennes sont le cadre de référence de cette recherche portant sur la place et le rôle du bassin versant dans les dynamiques territoriales contemporaines. Les bassins versants retenus sont ceux de l'Arcèche (07), du Doux (07) et du Buëch (05). Depuis les lois de 1964 et 1992, le basin versant s'impose comme le cadre de la politique de l'eau en France et confirme la territorialisation de sa gestion. L'objectif est d'analyser les modalités d'intégration et d'articulation d'une politique sectorielle dans le champ de développement territorial. Longtemps considérée exclusivement comme un bien économique, la ressource en eau a connu une gestion ponctuelle et sectorielle. Face aux limites de cette gestion, se développe une gestion intégrée et territoriale en parallèle à l'émergence des dimensions environnementales et patrimoniales de la ressource. L'intégration de ces dimentions dans la gestion économique de l'eau conduit à de nouvelles approches et à de nouveaux territoires. Elle consare ainsi, à toutes les échelles, l'irrésistible retour du bassin versant dans les politiques de l'eau. (Partie I). Une analyse épistémologique et historique du bassin versant depuis le XVIIème siècle présente les fondements et le cheminement du concept dans les disciplines scientifiques et dans les champs de l'organisation et de l'administration du territoire. Le XIXème siècle est plus particulièrement analysé dans le sens où le bassin versant atteint, à cette époque, sa pleine maturité. Il est alors l'expression de l'exercice du pouvoir, de la nationalité économique et scientifique, mais aussi de la lutte contre le centralisme étatique. De cette période, le bassin versant conserve une ambivalence qui place son action entre réglementation et contractualisation, durant le XXème siècle. (Partie II). L'intégration progressive de la gestion de l'eau dans le développement territorial entame un vaste processus de recomposition. La lutte institutionnelle et politique pour le contrôle du bassin versant entraîne la netralisation des processus de développement. La territorialisation de la gestion de l'eau atteint ses limites et remet en cause le bassin versant comme territoire d'action. (Partie III)
Surveiller et agir : le rôle du territoire dans la mobilisation et la mise en oeuvre d'un réseau de suivi de la qualité des cours d'eau bretons (1992-2017) by Alexandra Boccarossa( Book )

2 editions published in 2018 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the establishment of the first national waterways and rivers quality monitoring in 1971, several types of measures coexist at the drainage basin scale: on the one hand, the monitoring networks supported by the State services; on theother hand, the water quality monitoring of the drainage basin (SQE-BV) provided by decentralized actors. The acquisition of complementary knowledge on water from the field measurement has accompanied the evolution of local practices of water management, in a different way depending on the regions, the basins and sub-basins. Thanks to the regulatory constraint and a State-Region partnership, Breton waterways have been the subject of a highly developed surveillance policy. This approach was motivated in the 1990s because of the urgency to act in front of a greater pollution visibility. This thesis illustrates the regionalised approach by several case studies, including that of the precursor basin of Yvel-Yvet. The whole thesis, based on the study of these local follow-ups and on a temporality of more than twenty years, mobilizes the concept of instrument of public action to explain the stages, the socio-political motivations and the implementation scales of this territorialized policy of regaining water quality
Contribution des technologies satellitaires Pléiades à l'étude des trames vertes urbaines : entre maintien des connectivités écologiques potentielles et densification des espaces urbains by Pauline Crombette( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In urban areas, competition between land development and ecological conservation is intense. To assist decision making, a better knowledge of those areas of interest is required. Regarding inadequacy data and methods needed for ecological network mapping in urban areas, the aim of our study is to develop a method for semi-automatic vegetation extraction with Very High Spatial Resolution Pleiades imagery (VHSR). Initially applied to training samples, the process is then be deployed to four French study areas (Toulouse, Muret, Pierrefite-Nestalas and Strasbourg). The reproducibility of this method over large urbanized areas is ensured by its simplicity and the results of a pixel-based classification (kappa coefficient higher than 85 %). This extraction workflow uses free or open-source software. This vegetation data is then used in order to model potential ecological connectivity in Toulouse's urban and peri-urban areas. Impacts on biodiversity due to urban planning are assessed using graph theory. The “Boulevard Urbain Nord de Toulouse” project, a road infrastructure, is studied. Graph metrics have been calculated to assess the level of connectivity at habitat patches and landscape scales. We classified the importance of the patches which is cross-tabulated with planning documents (PLU, a local town planning) in order to locate conflict urban areas: between biodiversity preservation and urbanization. Depending on the issues set out by local actors and through the application filter, this thesis proposes a robust analytical tool and decision-making aid for landscape management and land planning
L'agriculture de la région beyrouthine au prisme des terres waqf (Liban) : une géographie foncière des logiques agricoles by Carine Lteif( )

1 edition published in 2019 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In the Mediterranean countries, agriculture linked to city knows various dynamics, between renewal and decline. In Lebanon, agriculture extends over small surface areas and is limited by steep terrain. Moreover, the country suffers from weak planning policies that do not address its agriculture, especially that found in urban contexts. Yet, agriculture persists in the city. In this thesis, we explore agriculture linked to the city in the light of a right that is specific to the Arab region, the waqf. We depart from the following hypothesis: waqf properties allow to maintain, if not to develop, agriculture related to the city. Adopting a multiscale approach, we examine agriculture on waqf at the level of sites, as well as production units, and draw a geography, rather a land geography based on agricultural actors' logic or logiques agricoles in french.According to our results, waqf lands are quite present in the Beirut region. Agricultural waqf are more resilient- than private lands- to urbanization, especially when found on convent sites located in the peri-urban area of Beirut. If the objective underlying the constitution of a waqf is the immobilization of goods for usages generating revenues for pious actions, still we can distinguish different types of waqf: family, charitable but also religious waqf, especially Christian religious waqf, whose income is used to support the servants of the Church and the fulfillment of religious actions. Management of community waqf, abundant in the study area, differs among religious communities: it is centralized among Greek-orthodox, Sunnis and Catholics in the case of church waqf, and decentralized among Shiites and Catholics in the case of convent waqf. If agricultural leasing and sharecropping are possible on waqf lands, they are ruled by contracts extending over 3, 6, 9 years among Catholics, and varying according to the agricultural project among the Orthodox, which grants a greater land security than which found on private lands (annually renewed contracts). Various agricultural forms can be found on waqf: market gardening, fruit trees, breeding and processing (direct tenure by clergymen) but also hydroponics, nurseries and special crops (indirect tenure of lands, leasing), whereas on private lands we find market gardening and more and more nurseries. Identified agricultural logics show a revival of agriculture on waqf lands borrowing different trajectories and maintaining various links to the city.Finally, the waqf, despite their social vocation, do not appear as commons nor as private properties. They are rather driven by their own communitarian logic
Traduction du concept de Paiements pour Services Hydriques, politiques de l'eau et processus de territorialisation au Kenya by Gaële Rouillé-Kielo( )

1 edition published in 2020 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This PhD thesis explores the drivers and effects of the adoption of a "fashionable" concept in water conservation, that of "Payments for Watershed Services" (PWS). It adopts a multiscalar and actor-oriented stance by seeking to reconstruct the main steps from elaboration of the PWS concept within international scientific arenas to its implementation in locally based projects. The thesis is organised around the hypothesis of the production of a hydro-social territory constructed on the "watershed service" between upstream and downstream riparian inhabitants. It mainly builds on qualitative methods and focuses on a case study in the Naivasha region, where the first active PWS project was implemented in Kenya. It combines a "translation" approach with the mobilisation of critical concepts of political ecology. The thesis shows that the adoption of PWS corresponds to a period of transformation of the local conservationist configuration, notably driven by the recent reorientations of water conservation policies in Kenya. The problematisation of the project focuses on soil erosion coming from the upper-catchment and leads to a redistribution of roles. The discourses that fuel the project's "success" hide the main benefits that agricultural actors "enrolled" as "buyers" or "sellers" of watershed services derive from it. In the implementation zone, the territorialisation related to the PWS project must be relativised, both by the level of control exercised and with regard to the transformation of individuals' relation to space
Évaluation de la forme urbaine face au risque d'inondation. Le cas de Taïpei entre 1895 et 2010 by Fang-Yu Hu( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The Ph.D dissertation examines how the morphology and materiality of a territory could contribute to enhancing a certain level of security of the inhabitants and their property facing the flood risk.The notion of flood risk, both natural and anthropologic, has been studied and described by territory-related science subjects over the last fifteen years such as geography, town planning, architecture and landscape. These works elaborated the concepts of “risk-territory” and “resilience” in order to have a refined understanding of the relationship beween spatial dynamics and flood risk. However there has only been few researches tangibly investigating the relationship between urban form and flood risk, whereas research on this topic could provide a sophisticated understanding on the question. And the spatial solutions proposed by emblematic projects of integrated flood risk management (IFRM) were not elaborated by taking spatio-temporal dimension of a flood into account. Moreover, flood risk management is a complex task that involves a wide range of multidisciplinary individuals and institutions between whom a common language is partially lacking.One of the challenges of this doctoral dissertation is to converge a recent theoretical current which confirms that we are in the transition from a "technicist" vision towards an integrated management leading to "living with flood risk". This recent paradigm implies to consider geo-historical aspect of a territory facing the flood risk because it is a result of plural practices which followed one another. Another challenge of this dissertation is to assess if urban configuration is designed to cope with flood risk throughout the process of urbanization. Our research problem is, on the basis of the systemic approach and the concept of resilience, how to develop a qualitative analysis model which could be employed as an interface reinforcing cooperation between individuals of the architectural and engineering disciplines. The ultimate aim of this analysis model is to enhance the urban system capacity to cope with the flood risk by including the spatio-temproal aspects of its management.This analysis model is tested on the city of Taipei, between 1895 and 2010, which was regularly affected by flooding because of its geo-climatic conditions, especially sensitive to heavy rainfall
Les pokhari dans la plaine du Népal : des étangs à usages multiples ou passant à la pisciculture exclusive dans le contexte tendu des transformations territoriales du Téraï oriental by Caroline Sarrazin( )

1 edition published in 2020 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Resource management is one of the major contemporary challenges for rural societies. In the Eastern Terai plain (Nepal), with high population densities (larger than 500 inhabitants/ km²), the territorial restructurings force local population to deal with high pressures on land and on water. In particular, they lead to deep modifications in the practices of pokhari users. These ponds have various sizes (from 0.01 to 6 hectares or more) are defined as multi-purpose ecosystems. According to their tenure, public or private, a pokhari is either collectively managed by Tharu or Madhesi village communities, which have their origin in the plain, or are administrated individually, by Pahari independent harvesters, who favour personal initiatives. Despite the fact that they are ubiquitous in the Saptari and Sunsari districts, which are the two fields of study of the present Ph.D. work, pokhari have become the target of government policies only since the 90's and these policies have aimed at increasing the Teraï plain economic productivity by developing intensive fish farming in pokhari and by auctioning licenses for a private management of the pokhari. In their practices, local populations are confronted to new stakes of individualization and of privatization: these processes strengthen social and economical inequalities between powerful landowners on the one side, and on the other side lower-caste populations of Terai which defend multi-purpose uses of the pokhari. The combination of the typology, established in the present Ph.D. work, of 232 ponds located in the Saptari and Sunsari districts, and of an analysis of the time-and-space evolution of the surfaces of the water bodies, shows that the recent productivist logic defended by the Nepalese State do not yield a uniform modification of the uses. Yet, some of the Madhesi communities mobilize against additional social exclusions, thereby reconsidering the power balance in the governance of the Terai plain ponds
The Water Framework Directive: a Challenge for French Territorial Management by Stéphane Ghiotti( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Enjeux de l'eau en Méditerranée orientale = Water in the Eastern Mediterranean( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Approche géographique comparée du démantèlement des seuils et des barrages sur les deux rives de l'Atlantique : projet écologique, politiques publiques et riverains (Sélune, Orne, Musconetcong, Wood-Pawcatuck, Mousam) by Ludovic Drapier( )

1 edition published in 2019 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The thesis aims to identify the factors of conflict surrounding dam removal operations carried out in order to restore the ecological continuity of watercourses. To date, little work has been done to question the place reserved for local residents in the implementation of these operations. This thesis, which is part of the field of environmental geography and political ecology, involves a comparison between different sites located in Normandy and on the east coast of the United States. Combining semi-directive interviews with project managers and riverside people and a questionnaire survey of the local residents, the methodological approach reflects the diversity of views on these projects. The comparison highlights coalitions of actors structured around a common discourse on the removal of dams in the two regions studied, despite contrasting institutional contexts. Observation of the practices of actors in both countries leads to the observation that the public is being kept at a distance. The survey of residents shows that they are perplexed by the consultation mechanisms put in place. The conflicts studied in both countries are then analysed as an expression of aspirations for more democratic processes. Finally, the study illustrates the restriction of ambitions around the ecological dimension alone. Neverthelss, the American context is more favourable to addressing other issues thanks to the local anchoring of watershed associations managing projects. However, dam removal projects represent opportunities for the construction of ecological projects that integrate social and territorial dimensions
Communities' contributions to urban resilience process : a case study of Semarang city (Indonesia) toward coastal hydrological risk by Nur Miladan( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

La ville de Semarang est une des villes côtières indonésiennes vulnérables aux risques hydrologiques. Elle a été menacée par les inondations depuis plusieurs siècles. Cette menace a été aggravée par le phénomène de rob - expression locale qui désigne une inondation survenant lors d'une haute marée - en particulier dans la zone côtière, depuis la fin des années 1980, en liaison avec le processus d'industrialisation qui influe sur la croissance urbaine. Les acteurs urbains, de l'époque du gouvernement néerlandais à celle du gouvernement actuel, ont élaboré de nombreux projets pour améliorer les capacités du système urbain et réduire le risque hydrologique ; en témoigne le développement du réseau de canaux et du système du polder. Cependant, le risque hydrologique demeure une menace pour la ville. Les faiblesses du système urbain pour la réduction du risque hydrologique augmentent la vulnérabilité des communautés face aux risques hydrologiques. Ainsi les communautés côtières sont souvent menacées par le risque du rob dans la vie quotidienne. Cette situation les encourage à mettre en œuvre des efforts d'auto-assistance, individuelle et collective, basés sur leurs perceptions et leurs initiatives, afin de réduire l'impact des risques hydrologiques sur leurs territoires (habitats). Ces efforts sont effectués à la fois de manière routinière et temporaire. Les communautés utilisent des moyens modestes qui dépendent de leurs capacités économiques; ces façons déterminent un mode d'adaptation qui influence le processus de résilience urbaine. Cette recherche a pour objet de comprendre les formes de la résilience à l'échelle locale (communautés et quartiers) ; elle vise également à appréhender les interactions entre les échelles du contexte local et celles du contexte urbain global qui interviennent dans le processus de résilience. Cette dernière reflète les capacités du système urbain qui comporte à la fois les systèmes technique et institutionnel, et les capacités des communautés à s'adapter aux risques. La résilience urbaine est liée aux initiatives des acteurs pour réduire les impacts des inondations durant les évènements (avant, pendant et après), afin de minimiser la vulnérabilité urbaine, et aussi pour apprendre de leurs expériences acquises lors des inondations précédentes afin de développer la durabilité urbaine. L'approche est pluridisciplinaire, à l'interface entre le génie urbain, la recherche architecturale et urbaine, et la sociologie. La compréhension de la résilience urbaine face aux inondations permet une connaissance globale des interactions entre les actions des institutions urbaines et celles des communautés. Le résultat de cette recherche révèle que les communautés côtières de la ville de Semarang ont la capacité de développer des formes de résilience grâce à leurs efforts d'auto-assistance, en liaison ou non avec les autres acteurs impliqués dans le processus. Cependant, le système urbain et le système institutionnel apparaissent comme nécessaires pour développer la résilience à l'échelle urbaine, et aussi la prévention des conflits communautaires et des inégalités urbaines relatives aux actions d'auto-assistance et d'adaptation
L'eau qui fait conflit, le conflit qui fait ressource. Recherche qualitative autour des discours sur l'eau dans des espaces protégés de l'Alto-Guadiana (Espagne) et de l'Usumacinta (Mexique) by Ana Maria Gonzalez besteiro( )

1 edition published in 2020 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

To cope with endemic water conflicts, which are often underlying but persist for years and seem to have become constitutive of certain territories, it appears that thought should be given to the way these conflicts are perceived by their own witnesses and actors. Hindsight evidences the inconsistencies between alarmist discourses on the problems, the promises to solve them, and the relative inefficiency of applied measures. This suggests that conflicts might have benefits that could explain their perpetuation, without regard to any permanent or occasional tensions that they eventually impose on the territory.This thesis reviews a 40-year-old conflict in the Alto-Guadiana river catchment (central-south Spain) from the point of view of reflexive and neo-materialist constructivism, and it is based on the political ecology methods that are discussed in the thesis. Its aim is twofold: i) to reach a middle ground on methodological issues to cope with reluctance of quantitative sciences against qualitative techniques, and ii) to demonstrate its usefulness and effectiveness by establishing new connections that usually escape the conscious gaze of territorial actors, including those of the techno-scientific water community, which participate on the same basis as other actors in the conflict situation dynamics.The functioning of the conflict within the protected natural areas of this Spanish river catchment and its replicate of Usumacinta in Mexico has thus been discovered using Grounded Theory qualitative and inductive techniques, by means of semi-structured interviews and direct observations. Both protocols for data collection and assembly and tools to extract meaning from transcriptions are described step by step, in order to ensure transparency and scientific reliability of the process, in the manner of natural sciences.The function of the conflict is discussed in four parts. The first one deals with the role of water data production and social representations in the search for solutions, in order to reveal the theoretical elements that make water an object of environmental conflict. The second part is devoted to the method of collecting field data and analyzing territorialized discourses on the water-related conflict. Thirdly, geosocial and political contexts of study areas are defined, and differences in perception between natural reserves and inhabited areas are underlined. The last part details the results of Grounded Theory analysis from collected empirical data. It highlights the mechanisms that drive the conflict to become a resource and the interest of territorial actors on its perpetuation.The gap between what is said and what is happening, i.e. the differences in conflict qualification between water knowledge community and other territorial actors, reflects realities of distinct nature, namely rivalries among territorial powers or social cleavage. These elements also highlight the mechanisms of conflict transformation into a resource, through the positive dynamics of the failure of proposed solutions and the benefits that conflict perpetuation brings to the whole society, which allows the development of an anchored conflict-resource Grounded Theory model.From this perspective, the purpose of this research work is certainly not to support pre-established solutions or to propose new ones, but rather to enable the actors concerned by the situation to look at themselves in a mirror, i.e. that of their own speeches and representations, in order to change their trajectory, if that is their choice, and to take knowingly the decisions that correspond to them
Conquérir le désert : recomposition des acteurs et des territoires agricoles en Egypte by Delphine Acloque( )

1 edition published in 2019 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This research investigates the process of land reclamation in the Egyptian desert over the past sixty years. The agricultural frontier, moving into increasingly constraining drylands, is analysed from the perspective of the actors, their power relations and how they contribute to the recomposition of Egyptian agriculture and its territories. While desert lands have seen the construction, consolidation and expansion of a new agricultural sector dominated by a narrow entrepreneurial elite, they are shaped by a broader set of interests. They constitute a stock of land and water ressources, as well as opportunities for a diversity of actors: political, economic and institutional, public and private, productive and non-productive. Since the 1950s, various stakeholders have indeed projected themselves onto desert lands in pursuit of many objectives, whether to legitimize their position, increase their power, accumulate capital, or, in the case of the most economically and socially fragile, simply to support and feed their families. This work thus shows how marginal desert areas are at the heart of processes of projection, appropriation and negotiation. This thesis, based on about 80 interviews and surveys conducted mainly in the margins of the Nile Delta (2012-15), is part of three research areas in geography: frontier dynamics and territorialisation; the contemporary renewal of agricultural stakeholders and the development of a new agro-capitalism; power relations for resource allocation
 
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Alternative Names
Ghiotti, S.

Ghiotti, Stéphane 1974-

Stéphane Ghiotti schrijver

Languages
French (29)

English (2)