WorldCat Identities

Groves, David G.

Overview
Works: 27 works in 83 publications in 1 language and 7,828 library holdings
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by David G Groves
Estimating the value of water-use efficiency in the Intermountain West by David G Groves( )

14 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 1,935 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report presents an economic framework for estimating a water agency's avoided costs and environmental benefits of increasing water-use efficiency. The report demonstrates this framework by evaluating the benefits of Denver Water's efficiency programs and utilizes an exploratory modeling approach to accommodate significant uncertainty. The analysis highlights the importance of considering both long- and short-run costs and benefits
Planning tool to support Louisiana's decisionmaking on coastal protection and restoration : technical description by David G Groves( )

9 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in English and held by 1,533 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Coastal Louisiana⁰́₉s built and natural environment faces risks from catastrophic tropical storms. Concurrently, the region is experiencing a dramatic conversion of coastal land and associated habitats to open water and a loss of important services provided by such ecosystems. Louisiana⁰́₉s Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority (CPRA) engaged in a detailed modeling, simulation, and analysis exercise, the results of which informed Louisiana⁰́₉s Comprehensive Master Plan for a Sustainable Coast. The Master Plan defines a set of coastal risk-reduction and restoration projects to be implemented in the coming decades to reduce hurricane flood risk to coastal communities and restore the Louisiana coast. Risk-reduction and restoration projects were selected to provide the greatest level of risk-reduction and land-building benefits under a given budget constraint while being consistent with other objectives and principles of the Master Plan. A RAND project team, with the guidance of CPRA and other members of the Master Plan Delivery Team, developed a computer-based decision-support tool, called the CPRA Planning Tool. The Planning Tool provided technical analysis that supported the development of the Master Plan through CPRA and community-based deliberations. This document seeks to provide an accessible technical description of the Planning Tool and associated analyses used to develop the Master Plan
Strengthening coastal planning : how coastal regions could benefit from Louisiana's planning and analysis framework by David G Groves( )

6 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 1,258 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Like many coastal regions, Louisiana faces significant risks from storms and resulting storm surge and flooding, as well as coastal land loss. Furthermore, these risks are likely to be exacerbated by continued population growth, economic development, and climate change. In recent years the need to address these challenges has grown more compelling as a consequence of the experiences with hurricanes Katrina, Rita, Isaac, and Sandy"--Back cover
Addressing climate change in local water agency plans : demonstrating a simplified robust decision making approach in the California Sierra Foothills by David G Groves( )

5 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 1,075 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Water agencies are increasingly seeking to address climate change in their long-term planning. Doing so, however, requires moving beyond traditional planning approaches to ones that can incorporate information about future hydrologic conditions, demographic changes, and other management conditions that are deeply uncertain or not statistically well characterized. This report describes an approach for planning under deep uncertainty, called Robust Decision Making (RDM), and demonstrates its application in a research study with the El Dorado Irrigation District (EID), a water agency located in the California Sierra Nevada Mountains. Using RDM, the authors, in collaboration with EID, tested the robustness of their current long-term plan across more than 50 futures reflecting different assumptions about future climate, urban growth, and the availability of important new supplies. The analysis finds that, although the system is highly reliable under traditional assumptions of historical climate and successful implementation of its long-term plan, significant vulnerabilities arise under climate change and uncertainty about the availability of new supplies. RDM structures an analysis of additional strategies and shows how additional urban water use efficiency and surface storage could mitigate some of these vulnerabilities. The report concludes by presenting key trade-offs among the strategies and showing how EID⁰́₉s expectations for future vulnerable conditions can guide decisions to augment its long-term plan
Adapting to a changing Colorado River : making future water deliveries more reliable through robust management strategies by David G Groves( )

5 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 625 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The U.S. Bureau of Reclamation and water management agencies representing the seven Colorado River Basin States initiated the Colorado River Basin Study in January 2010 to evaluate the resiliency of the Colorado River system over the next 50 years and compare different options for ensuring successful management of the river's resources. RAND was asked to join this Basin Study Team in January 2012 to help develop an analytic approach to identify key vulnerabilities in managing the Colorado River basin over the coming decades and to evaluate different options that could reduce this vulnerability. Using a quantitative approach for planning under uncertainty called Robust Decision Making (RDM), the RAND team assisted the Basin Study by: identifying future vulnerable conditions that could lead to imbalances that could cause the basin to be unable to meet its water delivery objectives; developing a computer-based tool to define 'portfolios' of management options reflecting different strategies for reducing basin imbalances; evaluating these portfolios across thousands of future scenarios to determine how much they could improve basin outcomes; and analyzing the results from the system simulations to identify key tradeoffs among the portfolios. This report describes RAND's contribution to the Basin Study, focusing on the methodologies used to identify vulnerabilities for Upper Basin and Lower Basin water supply reliability and compare portfolios of options. The report provides a useful resource for other planners wishing to replicate or expand on the methodologies used for other studies"--Back cover
Robust water-management strategies for the California water plan update 2013 : proof-of-concept analysis by David G Groves( )

3 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 533 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Introduction -- An Overview of Robust Decision Making -- Scope of the Proof-of-Concept Analysis -- Results: Vulnerability of the Current Management Baseline -- Results: Mitigating Vulnerabilities Through Response Packages -- Discussion
Developing robust strategies for climate change and other risks : a water utility framework by David G Groves( )

6 editions published in 2014 in English and Undetermined and held by 521 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

1. Introduction and motivation -- 2. The robust decision making framework -- 3. Colorado Springs Utilities-climate risk assessment in an integrated water resource plan -- 4. Climate vulnerability assessment and risk management for the New York City Department of Environmental Protection -- 5. Conclusions -- Appendix A. Colorado Springs Utilities pilot study supplemental material -- Appendix B. New York City Department of Environmental Protection pilot study supplemental material -- Glossary of select terms -- References
Presenting uncertainty about climate change to water-resource managers : a summary of workshops with the Inland Empire Utilities Agency( Book )

4 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 137 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As part of a multiyear study on climate-change decisionmaking under uncertainty, RAND researchers are working with water agencies in California to help them better understand how climate change might affect their systems and what actions they may need to take to address this challenge. This report documents the methods and observations used to preserve an archive of the study and provide a basis for refining the approach for future applications
The enemy of good : estimating the cost of waiting for nearly perfect automated vehicles by Nidhi Kalra( )

4 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 49 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"How safe should highly automated vehicles (HAVs) be before they are allowed on the roads for consumer use? In this report, RAND researchers use the RAND Model of Automated Vehicle Safety to compare road fatalities over time under a policy that allows HAVs to be deployed when their safety performance is just moderately better than human drivers and a policy that waits to deploy HAVs only once their performance is nearly perfect."--Provided by publisher
Preparing for an uncertain future climate in the Inland Empire : identifying robust water-management strategies( Book )

3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Water managers face significant uncertainties about future water-management conditions, including precipitation and temperature patterns that may be changing in response to global climate change. As part of a multiyear study on climate-change decisionmaking under uncertainty, RAND researchers are working with water agencies in California to help them better understand how climate change might affect their systems and what actions, if any, they should take to address this challenge. This briefing augments a recent RAND report, Presenting Uncertainty About Climate Change to Water-Resource Managers: A Summary of Workshops with the Inland Empire Utilities Agency, and describes the last of four workshops held with the Inland Empire Utilities Agency in Southern California. In this briefing, the RAND team presents an analysis, based on robust decisionmaking methods, of how different adaptive water-management strategies may reduce the vulnerability of the region to climate change and other planning uncertainties
Using high-performance computing to support water resource planning : a workshop demonstration of real-time analytic facilitation for the Colorado River Basin by David G Groves( Book )

2 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 30 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In November 2014, experts from the RAND Corporation and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory conducted a one-day workshop to explore the impact of using high-performance computing to support stakeholder real-time multiscenario deliberations over natural resource management planning. The workshop, employing Robust Decision Making (RDM) methods in support of a process of deliberation with analysis, revisited work RAND conducted for the Colorado River Basin in 2012 and was attended by decisionmakers involved in the original study and others interested in advancing the state of the art in quantitative decision support. In the course of the workshop, participants developed five new project portfolios that were then evaluated over about 12,000 alternative futures using high-performance computers-a process that would have taken weeks to complete using traditional computer clusters. This document summarizes workshop results and the observations attendees made about the benefits and challenges associated with using high-performance computing in this context
Building a successful Palestinian state by Robert Edwards Hunter( )

3 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States, the European Union, Russia, and the United Nations -- along with Israel and the Palestinian Authority -- all officially support the establishment of an independent Palestinian state. This study focuses on a single analytical question: How can an independent Palestinian state, if created, be made successful? This book, a collaboration between two units of the RAND Corporation -- RAND Health and the RAND Center for Middle East Public Policy -- examines what it will take to put the new state on the road to stability and economic, political, and social prosperity over the first decade of its independence. The authors examine options for strengthening the governance of the new state and the structures and processes that will ensure its public safety and security. They describe approaches for promoting the state's economic development, access to safe and adequate supplies of water, health and health care, and education, identifying ways that leverage Palestine's many strengths and address the many challenges a new state will face. Finally, the authors estimate the investment required over the first ten years of statehood to help ensure security, build infrastructure, and facilitate the success of the new state
Evaluating the benefits and costs of increased water-use efficiency in commercial buildings by David G Groves( )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report presents an analytical framework and describes a spreadsheet-based tool to help commercial building owners make reasoned judgments about various water-efficiency investment options. The framework considers the costs that are typically incurred when improving efficiency and seeks to include many tangible financial benefits. Specifically, it considers the avoided water, wastewater, and energy costs realized through increased water efficiency and allows the user to specify tiered utility rates that can have a significant impact on investment decisions. As future water savings from efficiency investments cannot always be forecast with certainty, the model includes an innovative scenario-analysis capability to consider variable increases in utility prices. Although the costs and water savings of efficiency devices may also be uncertain, the framework described here assumes that these characteristics are known with certainty. To demonstrate, the report provides a case study of two configurations of the current RAND headquarters building (one with current fixtures and one with older ones). Results for any efficiency package upgrading pre-1992 fixtures suggested highly favorable investment returns, especially upgrading all devices to the 1992 standard and replacing urinals with non-water-using designs. For the building configuration with post-1992 fixtures, only efficiency packages that include replacing existing urinals with non-water-using models performed well
Helping a Palestinian state succeed : key findings( )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States, the European Union, Russia, and the United Nations -- along with Israel and the Palestinian Authority
Evaluation of the Jinan City Water Ecological Development Implementation Plan and recommendations for improvement by David G Groves( Book )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Jinan Municipal Water Resources Bureau, with support from the Shandong Provincial Department of Water Resources, asked RAND to evaluate potential effects of demand and climate uncertainties on investments recently undertaken according to the Jinan City Water Ecological Development Implementation Plan. RAND was also asked to assess the potential of new investments and management strategies to help Jinan meet its long-term water resources goals. RAND's approach uses well-tested methods of decision support, starting with building a shared understanding of the nature of the decision, metrics to evaluate progress toward goals, key uncertainties that drive outcomes, and relevant physical and other relationships within Jinan's complex water system. The approach also uses visualizations to help policymakers understand the implications of the results, build consensus, and facilitate decision making. This document describes RAND's approach and results, including the development of a mathematical simulation model of the Jinan water system, using the Water Evaluation and Planning software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute, and analysis of the system's performance under a range of uncertainties about future climate and demand across sectors
Identifying and reducing climate-change vulnerabilities in water management plans( Book )

2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This research brief summarizes work with Southern California's Inland Empire Utilities Agency to help it identify climate-change vulnerabilities in its long-term water plans and evaluate its most effective options for managing those risks
Analysis to support Louisiana's flood risk and resilience program and application to the National Disaster Resilience Competition by David G Groves( )

2 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Through the Natural Disaster Resilience Competition, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development is making nearly $1 billion available to states that have recently experienced a presidentially declared major disaster. The State of Louisiana submitted an application to the Natural Disaster Resilience Competition that proposes using provided funds to elevate residential structures in Plaquemines, Lafourche, and Terrebonne parishes to reduce the risk of future flooding from storm surge. They asked RAND to help develop this proposal by performing a quantitative analysis of the baseline flood risks and different allocations of funds for mitigation across the three parishes. The results show that nonstructural work in Terrebonne and Plaquemines parishes offers the most risk mitigation, and that the State's recommended allocations provide higher benefits than costs for all three parishes
Adapting land use and water management plans to a changing climate in Miami-Dade and Broward counties, Florida by David G Groves( Book )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Florida's Miami-Dade and Broward counties are vulnerable to flooding and intrusion of saltwater into drinking water wells as a consequence of sea level rise (SLR), changes in precipitation, and the distribution of future asset growth across the region. It is uncertain how these drivers will evolve in the future, so it is important to understand the risks, what areas are most at risk and why, and possible ways to mitigate the risks. Looking out to the 2040 time frame, the analysis linked two groundwater flow simulation models developed separately for the two counties with a simple economic model of asset values as a function of groundwater levels and the location of the saltwater-freshwater interface. Adaptation opportunities were evaluated against a number of climate hazards and future projections of asset growth. The results demonstrate that vulnerability to climate change is not constrained to high-value coastal development but also includes inland areas where groundwater is shallow and wetter rainfall patterns could cause flooding. The region's vulnerability to both SLR and increased precipitation is cause for concern, but targeted actions, such as focusing development on higher ground, could reduce further exposure of assets and mitigate effects of saltwater intrusion on drinking water supplies
A new tool can help commercial-building owners make better water-efficiency decisions( Book )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This fact sheet describes a case study of commercial-building water efficiency and the Building Water Efficiency Analysis Model used to conduct it. The model allows convenient assessment of potential value of water-efficiency investments
RAND model of automated vehicle safety (MAVS) : model documentation by Nidhi Kalra( Book )

2 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Highly automated vehicle (HAV) safety is a principal concern for the transportation industry, policymakers, and the public. Much of the concern is focused on the question of how safe HAVs should be before they are allowed on the road for consumer use. However, the safety performance and impact of HAVs will change over time and may have much greater effects in the long term than in the short term. Thus, to address this concern properly, stakeholders must also ask how safe HAVs will become over time and how policy choices made today could shape the future of road safety. To help answer these questions, this report describes a simple model of how factors shaping HAV diffusion and performance may interact and result in different safety outcomes over time. It can be used to measure safety in terms of injuries, crashes, or other metrics. Importantly, the model does not predict the pace of future HAV diffusion, the rate of change in safety performance, or other factors. Instead, given a user's hypotheses, it estimates how many lives would be lost each year in a future with and without HAVs. The model helps users explore how different assumptions lead to different outcomes and which factors may lead to greater or lesser safety. Such insights can help users consider how policies might shape HAV diffusion and performance to improve safety now and over time
 
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Estimating the value of water-use efficiency in the Intermountain West
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Presenting uncertainty about climate change to water-resource managers : a summary of workshops with the Inland Empire Utilities AgencyBuilding a successful Palestinian stateHelping a Palestinian state succeed : key findings
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English (75)