WorldCat Identities

Lister, Sarah A.

Works: 40 works in 96 publications in 1 language and 1,618 library holdings
Genres: History 
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Sarah A Lister
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, or "mad cow disease") : current and proposed safeguards by Sarah A Lister( Book )

18 editions published between 2004 and 2009 in English and Undetermined and held by 113 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Chapter titles: Introduction; Trade restrictions; The livestock "feed ban"; BSE surveillance and testing in cattle; BSE prevention in slaughter and processing: the "fourth firewall"; Related issues and options
Mad cow disease (Bovine spongiform encephalopathy) by Geoffrey S Becker( Book )

2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The public health and medical response to disasters : federal authority and funding by Sarah A Lister( Book )

10 editions published between 2006 and 2008 in English and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

When there is a catastrophe in the United States, state and local governments lead response activities, invoking state and local legal authorities to support these activities. When state and local response capabilities are overwhelmed, the President, acting through the Secretary of Homeland Security, can provide assistance to stricken communities, individuals, governments, and not-for-profit groups to assist in response and recovery. Aid is provided under the authority of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the Stafford Act) upon a presidential declaration. The Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) also has both standing and emergency authorities in the Public Health Service Act, by which he or she can provide assistance in response to public health and medical emergencies. At this time, however, the Secretary has limited means to finance activities that are ineligible, for whatever reason, for Stafford Act assistance. The flawed response to Hurricane Katrina, and preparedness efforts for an influenza ("flu") pandemic, have each raised concerns about existing federal response mechanisms for incidents that result in overwhelming public health and medical needs. These concerns include the delegation of responsibilities among different federal departments, and whether critical conflicts or gaps exist in these relationships. In particular, there are some concerns about federal leadership and delegations of responsibility as laid out in the recently published National Response Framework (NRF). There is no federal assistance program designed purposely to cover the uninsured or uncompensated costs of individual health care that may be needed as a consequence of a disaster, nor is there consensus that this should be a federal responsibility. Following Hurricane Katrina, Congress provided short-term assistance to host states, through the Medicaid program, to cover the uninsured health care needs of eligible Katrina evacuees. Some have proposed establishing a mechanism to cover certain uninsured health care costs of responders and others who are having health problems related to exposures at the World Trade Center site in New York City following the 2001 terrorist attack. Legislation introduced in the 110th Congress (H.R. 6569/S. 3312) would authorize the Secretary of HHS to use a special fund to provide temporary emergency health care coverage for uninsured individuals affected by public health emergencies. This report examines (1) the authorities and coordinating mechanisms of the President and the Secretary of HHS in providing routine assistance, and assistance pursuant to emergency or major disaster declarations and/or public health emergency determinations; (2) mechanisms to assure a coordinated federal response to public health and medical emergencies, and overlaps or gaps in agency responsibilities; and (3) existing mechanisms, potential gaps, and proposals for financing the costs of a response to public health and medical emergencies. A listing of federal public health emergency authorities is provided in the Appendix. This report will be updated as needed
Public health and medical preparedness and response : issues in the 110th Congress by Sarah A Lister( Book )

5 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The nation's systems to detect and respond to public health threats such as bioterrorism gained renewed interest following the 2001 terrorist attacks. Federal authorities enacted in comprehensive public health preparedness legislation in 2002 were reauthorized in the 109th Congress, building upon lessons learned from flaws in the response to Hurricane Katrina and growing concerns about a flu pandemic. The 109th Congress also completed a statutory reorganization of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The 110th Congress is likely to study the implementation of these two laws, and to remain interested in other issues in public health and medical preparedness and response
Pandemic influenza : an analysis of state preparedness and response plans by Sarah A Lister( Book )

4 editions published between 2007 and 2013 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

States are the seat of most authority for public health emergency response. Much of the actual work of response falls to local officials. However, the federal government can impose requirements upon states as a condition of federal funding. Since 2002, Congress has provided funding to all U.S. states, territories, and the District of Columbia, to enhance federal, state and local preparedness for public health threats in general, and an influenza ("flu") pandemic in particular. States were required to develop pandemic plans as a condition of this funding. This report, which will not be updated, describes an approach to the analysis of state pandemic plans, and presents the findings of that analysis. State plans that were available in July 2006 were analyzed in eight topical areas: (1) leadership and coordination; (2) surveillance and laboratory activities; (3) vaccine management; (4) antiviral drug management; (5) other disease control activities; (6) communications; (7) healthcare services; and (8) other essential services. A history of federal funding and requirements for state pandemic planning is provided in an Appendix. This analysis is not intended to grade or rank individual state pandemic plans or capabilities. Rather, its findings indicate that a number of challenges remain in assuring pandemic preparedness, and suggest areas that may merit added emphasis in future planning efforts. Generally, the plans analyzed here reflect their authorship by public health officials. They emphasize core public health functions such as disease detection and control. Other planning challenges, such as assuring surge capacity in the healthcare sector, the continuity of essential services, or the integrity of critical supply chains, may fall outside the authority of public health officials, and may require stronger engagement by emergency management officials and others in planning. Since different threats -- such as hurricanes, earthquakes or terrorism -- are expected to affect states differently, many believe that states should have flexibility in emergency planning. This complicates federal oversight of homeland security grants to states, however. Which requirements should be imposed on all states? When is variability among states desirable, and when is it not? A flu pandemic is perhaps unique in that it would be likely to affect all states at nearly the same time, in ways that are fairly predictable. This may argue for a more directive federal role in setting pandemic preparedness requirements. But the matter of what the states should do to be prepared for a pandemic is not always clear. For example, uncertainties about the ways in which flu spreads, the lack of national consensus in matters of equity in rationing, and a long tradition of federal deference to states in matters of public health, all complicate efforts to set uniform planning requirements for states. In addition to assuring the strength of planning efforts, readiness also depends on assuring that states can execute their plans. This assurance can be provided through analysis of the response during exercises, drills, and relevant real-world incidents. Such an analysis is not within the scope of this report
The 2009 Influenza Pandemic: An Overview by Sarah A Lister( Book )

9 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On April 29, 2009, in response to the global spread of a new strain of influenza, the World Health Organization (WHO) raised its influenza ("flu") pandemic alert level to Phase 5, one level below declaring that a global influenza pandemic was underway. On June 11, as the virus continued to spread on several continents, WHO declared the outbreak to be an influenza pandemic (Phase 6). WHO's pandemic declaration is based on the geographic spread of the virus, not on a worsening of the severity of the illnesses it causes. Officials now believe the outbreak of the new flu strain began in Mexico in March 2009, or perhaps earlier. The novel "H1N1" swine flu? was first identified in California in late April. Health officials quickly linked the new virus to many of the illnesses in Mexico. Since then, cases have been reported around the world. As of June 11, 2009, almost 29,000 cases were reported in 74 countries, on all continents but Antarctica. Most of the reported cases are in Mexico, the United States, and Canada. However, increasing numbers of cases are now reported in Argentina, Chile, Australia, and other countries in the Southern Hemisphere, as their winter approaches and flu transmission becomes more efficient. Health officials note that reported cases likely represent only a fraction of actual infections. For example, a U.S. official commented in May that there may actually have been upwards of 100,000 cases thus far in the United States
The Cost of War and Terror Operations Since 9-11 by Jamie Valdez( Book )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"With enactment of the FY2014 Consolidated Appropriations Act on January 1, 2014, Congress has approved appropriations for the past 13 years of war that total $1.6 trillion for military operations, base support, weapons maintenance, training of Afghan and Iraq security forces, reconstruction, foreign aid, embassy costs, and veterans' health care for the war operations initiated since the 9/11 attacks. This book discusses the cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and other global war of terror operations since 9/11 in detail, and provides information on the FY2015 funding to counter Ebola and the Islamic State (IS)."--Publisher's website
Pandemic influenza appropriations for public health preparedness and response by Sarah A Lister( Book )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The spread of H5N1 avian influenza ("flu") on three continents, and the human deaths it has caused, raise concern that the virus could morph and cause a global human pandemic. Congress has provided specific funding for pandemic flu preparedness since FY2004, including $6.1 billion in emergency supplemental appropriations for FY2006. These funds bolster related activities to prepare for public health threats, and to control seasonal flu. This report discusses appropriations for pandemic flu, primarily to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and will be updated as needed
Veterans' benefits and care( Book )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Hurricane Katrina : the public health and medical response by Sarah A Lister( )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Hurricane Katrina struck the Gulf Coast in late August 2005, causing catastrophic wind damage and flooding in several states, and a massive dislocation of victims across the country. The storm is one of the worst natural disasters in the nation₂s history. Early estimates are that hundreds of people were killed and about one million displaced. In response to a series of disasters and terrorist attacks over the past decade, and especially since the terror attacks of 2001, Congress, the Administration, state and local governments and the private sector have made investments to improve disaster preparedness and response. New federal authorities and programs to strengthen the nation₂s public health system were introduced in comprehensive bioterrorism preparedness legislation in 2002. Congress also created a new Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in 2002 to provide national leadership for coordinated preparedness and response planning. A new National Response Plan (NRP), launched by DHS in December 2004, has met its first major test in the response to Hurricane Katrina. According to the NRP, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is tasked with coordinating the response of the public health and medical sectors following a disaster. HHS works with several other agencies to accomplish this mission, which includes assuring the safety of food, water and environments, treating the ranks of the ill and injured, and identifying the dead. HHS activities are coordinated with those of other lead agencies under the overall leadership of DHS. Congress and others will review the response to Hurricane Katrina with an eye toward assessing how well the NRP worked as an instrument for coordinated national response, and how well various agencies at the federal, state and local levels carried out their missions under the plan. Hurricane Katrina dealt some familiar blows in emergency response: the failure of communication systems and resultant difficulties in coordination challenged response efforts in this disaster as with others before it. Hurricane Katrina also pushed some response elements, such as plans for surge capacity in the healthcare workforce, to their limits for the first time in recent memory. The public health and medical response to Hurricane Katrina has also called attention to the matter of disaster planning in healthcare facilities, and the potential role of health information technology in expediting the care of displaced persons. Policymakers will no doubt study these elements of the Katrina response and seek options for continued improvement in national disaster preparedness and response. This report discusses the National Response Plan and its components for public health and medical response, provides information on key response activities carried out by agencies in HHS and DHS, and discusses certain issues in public health and medical preparedness that have been raised by the response to Hurricane Katrina. This report will be updated as circumstances warrant
Preventing the introduction and spread of Ebola in the United States : frequently asked questions by Sarah A Lister( )

in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Throughout 2014, an outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) has outpaced the efforts of health workers trying to contain it in three West African countries: Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. Members of Congress and the public have considered ways to prevent the entry and spread of EVD in the United States. Official recommendations have seemed to conflict at times. In part this reflects the evolution of officials' understanding of this new threat and the scientific and technical aspects of its control. In addition, under the nation's federalist governance structure, the federal and state governments are empowered to take measures to control communicable diseases, and have addressed some aspects of the Ebola threat in varied ways. In the United States and abroad, public concern about the spread of Ebola also may have shaped policymakers' decisions as well. This CRS report answers common legal and policy questions about the potential introduction and spread of EVD in the United States
Bisphenol A (BPA) in plastics and possible human health effects by Linda-Jo Schierow( Book )

4 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Roughly a dozen chemicals known as phthalates are used to make the plastics found in thousands of consumer products, ranging from medical tubing to automotive dashboards to bath toys. These phthalates are not tightly held by the plastics and are released into the environment over time. Congress is concerned about possible human health effects from exposure to six of these chemicals: di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP), diisononyl phthalate (DINP), diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP), and di-n-octyl phthalate (DnOP). DEHP, DBP, BBP, and (to less extent) DINP are known to be toxic to the reproductive systems of rodents. Recent experiments demonstrate that pre-natal exposure at a sufficient level to these same phthalates disrupts the normal action of hormones and can cause malformations of the reproductive organs of offspring (especially males). Disruption of hormonal functions in humans is known to result in abnormal reproductive development. Many scientists believe that the phthalates toxic to rodents might be able to cause similar malformations in humans. However, human health effects of phthalate exposure have not been conclusively demonstrated. Very few studies have looked at possible effects in humans, but their results have been consistent with the results of rodent experiments. More research would be needed to test this hypothesis. Recent surveys have found almost universal exposure to phthalates. Individuals may be exposed to high enough levels of phthalates to cause reproductive abnormalities. Scientists at the National Toxicology Program have expressed "serious concern" about human male infants undergoing intensive medical procedures, and "concern" about development of human males less than a year old who are exposed to DEHP. In light of these concerns, the National Academy of Sciences is evaluating the risk of aggregate human exposure to multiple phthalates. Federal agencies have taken several actions, some as early as the mid 1980s, to evaluate and regulate phthalates, but no product to date has been banned outright. The agency responsible for regulating toys and most other child-care products is the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). In March 2008, the Senate approved an amendment to H.R. 4040, the Consumer Product Safety Commission Reform Act, that would restrict the use of six phthalates in toys and child-care products. The House version had no phthalate amendment. On July 29, 2008, the conferees announced approval of an amended version of the Senate provision. The scientific basis for concerns about human health risks appears to be strong in the case of some phthalates (such as DEHP), adequate with respect to others (perhaps DINP), and weak for the remaining chemicals (for example, DIDP and DnOP). The strongest evidence with respect to developmental effects has been produced since about the year 2000. The Senate amendment would codify the voluntary agreements reached by CPSC with product manufacturers and reduce exposure to one particular phthalate. New formulations for toys and child-care products may pose greater or fewer risks than current formulations
Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) : is it a health emergency? by Sarah A Lister( )

in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a serious viral respiratory illness first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012. The global count of MERS cases increased sharply this spring. As of May 28, 2014, 636 MERS cases (including 193 deaths) have been reported to the World Health Organization (WHO). To date, cases have originated from countries in or near the Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Oman, Jordan, Kuwait, Yemen, and Lebanon. Cases have spread to additional countries, the United Kingdom, France, Tunisia, Italy, Malaysia, the Philippines, Greece, Egypt, the United States, and the Netherlands, in travelers from affected countries in or near the Arabian Peninsula. Health officials are investigating the possible role of animals as the ultimate source of MERS infections. At this time, person-to-person transmission appears to require close contact; a number of health care workers have been infected after contact with infected patients. On May 17, 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced that two imported cases of MERS have been reported in the United States. Both individuals have recovered. International and U.S. health officials respond to infectious diseases threats every day and can often address threats like MERS by expanding routine activities. They may also have authority to take additional steps in an emergency, in order to prevent serious public health consequences. Emergency authorities may be broad; more commonly they are narrow and tailored to specific response actions. This report describes key MERS response activities and the emergency authorities available to health officials when routine activities are insufficient to address a public health threat
Comparison of the current World Trade Center Medical Monitoring and Treatment Program and the World Trade Center Health Program proposed by Title I of H.R. 847 by Scott Szymendera( )

in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report compares the current federally supported medical screening and treatment program offered to various persons affected by the terrorist attack on New York City on September 11, 2001, with the federal program proposed to be established by Title I of H.R. 847, the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010, as amended
Public health service agencies : overview and funding by C. Stephen Redhead( )

in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), eight agencies are designated components of the U.S. Public Health Service (PHS). Collectively, the PHS agencies provide and support essential public health services. Individually, the missions of the PHS agencies vary. The PHS agencies are funded primarily with annual discretionary appropriations. They also receive significant amounts of funding from other sources including mandatory funds from the Affordable Care Act (ACA), user fees, and third-party reimbursements (collections)
Ebola : basics about the disease by Sarah A Lister( )

in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In March 2014, global health officials recognized an outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Guinea, West Africa. This report discusses EVD in general, including symptoms, modes of transmission, incubation period, and treatments; presents projections of the future course of the outbreak
The 2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu" Outbreak: An Overview by Sarah A Lister( Book )

3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On April 29, 2009, the World Health Organization (WHO) raised its influenza ("flu") pandemic alert level to Phase 5, one level below declaring that a global influenza pandemic was underway. According to WHO, "the declaration of Phase 5 is a strong signal that a pandemic is imminent and that the time to finalize the organization, communication, and implementation of the planned mitigation measures is short." The WHO has increased the pandemic flu alert level in response to the spread of a new strain of influenza A subtype H1N1 virus. First identified in Mexico in March 2009, the novel flu strain has quickly spread to the United States, where, as of April 29, there are 91 confirmed cases of illness, including one death. Additional cases have been confirmed in several other countries. The new flu strain was initially dubbed "swine flu" because it contained genetic material from flu strains that normally circulate in swine. However, there has been no evidence to date that pigs are involved in the transmission of this virus. There have been concerns that the term "swine flu" has had unwarranted trade implications for swine and pork products, among other concerns. On April 30, 2009, WHO began referring to the new strain as influenza A (H1N1)
The pandemic and all-hazards preparedness act (P.L. 109-417) : provisions and changes to preexisting law by Sarah A Lister( Book )

3 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

"Authorities to direct federal preparedness for and response to public health emergencies are found principally in the Public Health Service Act (PHS Act). Two recent laws provided the core of these authorities: P.L. 106-505, the Public Health Threats and Emergencies Act of 2000 (Title I of the Public Health Improvement Act), and P.L. 107-188, the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism preparedness and Response Act of 2002, which reauthorized several existing authorities and created new ones in the aftermath of the 2001 terror attacks."--Page 2
"Wounded Warrior" and veterans provisions in the FY2008 National Defense Authorization Act : subtitle by Sarah A Lister( )

1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report summarizes provisions in Division A, Titles XVI and XVII, of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008, P.L. 110-181, signed by the President on January 28, 2008. Titles XVI and XVII address matters related to the care and treatment of servicemembers and former servicemembers (i.e., veterans) who were wounded, or who contracted an illness, while serving on active duty. These individuals are widely referred to as "wounded warriors." This report does not attempt to analyze provisions in the act, but provides brief outlines of the matters addressed. This report will not be updated
An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Emergency Preparedness( )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report describes the U.S. public health infrastructure: the structure, organization, and legal basis of domestic public health activities. In contrast with healthcare, public health practice is aimed at decreasing the burden of illness and injury in populations, rather than individuals. Public health agencies use epidemiologic investigation, laboratory testing, information technology, public and provider education, and other tools to support their mission, activities that in turn rely on an adequate and well-trained public health workforce. Federal leadership for public health is based in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and in particular at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Most public health authority, such as mandatory disease reporting, licensing of healthcare providers and facilities, and quarantine authority, is actually based with states as an exercise of their police powers. Local and municipal health agencies vary in size, governance, and authority, but they are the front line in responding to public health threats
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Mad cow disease (Bovine spongiform encephalopathy)
English (69)

Mad cow disease (Bovine spongiform encephalopathy)Veterans' benefits and care