WorldCat Identities

Martini, Jeffrey

Overview
Works: 42 works in 145 publications in 3 languages and 11,428 library holdings
Genres: History  Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author
Classifications: JQ1850.A91, 955.06
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Jeffrey Martini
Iran's political, demographic, and economic vulnerabilities by Keith Crane( )

15 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 2,327 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iran is one of the most important U.S. foreign policy concerns but isextraordinarily difficult to engage. The authors assess current political, ethnic, demographic, and economic trends and vulnerabilities in Iran, thenoffer recommendations on U.S. policies that might foster the trendsbeneficial to U.S. interests. However, if these trends do take root in Iran, seeing them come to fruition will take time and, therefore, patience
Whither al-Anbar Province? : five scenarios through 2011 by James B Bruce( )

10 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 1,812 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The withdrawal of U.S. forces from Iraq will create a vacuum in the way security is achieved and power is exercised throughout Iraq. As U.S. Marines draw down in al-Anbar Province, significant changes can be expected throughout the province in security, political, economic, and even cultural relationships. In late 2008, RAND convened a series of three one-day workshops bringing together civilian and military analysts and practitioners with experience on al-Anbar Province or comparable expertise on Iraq. Workshops participants identified five relatively distinct futures, or scenarios, for al-Anbar that provide plausible but alternative trajectories for the province between early 2009 and the end of 2011. These scenarios resulted from extensive consideration of the major assumptions that may underlie any future projections and the testing of those assumptions in a variety of exercises. The deliberations also focused on the major factors that will shape the development of one or another scenario
The Muslim Brotherhood, its youth, and implications for U.S. engagement by Jeffrey Martini( )

8 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 1,323 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Since the January 25 Revolution of 2011 that ousted Hosni Mubarak, the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) has emerged as a legal entity operating the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP). That party won a strong plurality in the 2011-2012 parliamentary elections as well as claiming the presidency. But while the group was one of the primary beneficiaries of the revolution, its future is clouded by serious generational divides within the organization. The MB is led by an aged leadership whose formative experience was the mihna (ordeal) of the 1960's when the state tried to stamp out the Islamist movement. This hardened the group's leaders and put a premium on secrecy and organizational security. Although individuals under the age of 35 make up a large share of the MB's membership, their participation is modeled on the principle of "listen and obey." This overbearing hierarchy has already led to splits within the MB and will continue to present challenges going forward. These youth merit attention not only as a challenge to the Brotherhood's organizational cohesion, but also as a potential conduit for expanding U.S. engagement with the group. This study presents several recommendations on how the United States can incorporate MB youth into engagement efforts, including understanding but not gaming divisions in the organization, expanding engagement beyond a handful of MB senior leaders, leveraging existing outreach programs to include MB youth, and cultivating leadership buy-in for youth engagement efforts."--Page 4 of cover
Libya after Qaddafi : lessons and implications for the future by Christopher S Chivvis( )

9 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 1,026 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 2011, NATO and a number of Arab and other countries backed a rebel overthrow of longstanding Libyan dictator Muammar Qaddafi. When Qaddafi was killed in October, the intervening powers abruptly wrapped up military operations. A small United Nations mission was given responsibility for coordinating post-conflict stabilization support. The essential tasks of establishing security, building political and administrative institutions, and restarting the economy were left almost entirely up to Libya's new leaders. The results of this very limited international approach have been lackluster at best. Libya has fallen behind on a number of critical post-conflict fronts, jihadist groups have made inroads, and there is still a possibility that this newly freed nation could once again collapse into civil war. Although Libya's fate is ultimately in the hands of Libyans themselves, international actors could have done more to help and could still take steps to avert further deterioration of Libya itself as well as the broader region. This report is based on research and interviews with officials in Washington, London, Paris, Brussels, and Tripoli and draws on existing RAND work on post-conflict reconstruction. It explains the challenges that Libya faced after the war, assesses the steps taken to overcome them, draws implications for future post-conflict efforts, and sketches a way forward in Libya itself
The Outlook for Arab Gulf Cooperation by Jeffrey Martini( )

4 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 945 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The cohesion of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)--defined here as the ability of the six GCC member states to act together or in parallel--has significant consequences for regional stability and U.S. interests. This report examines factors that bind and divide the six GCC states--Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--and presents the outlook for the GCC's evolution over the next ten years. Addressing the political, economic, and security dimensions of GCC relationships, the study provides a framework for understanding intra-GCC dynamics, an expectation of future developments, and policy recommendations for enhancing stability and U.S. regional interests"--Publisher's description
Syria as an arena of strategic competition by Jeffrey Martini( )

6 editions published in 2013 in English and Undetermined and held by 660 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Less than two years since the beginning of the uprising in Syria, localized protests have morphed into full-blown civil conflict. Along with internal escalation, the conflict has drawn in external actors, including Syria's neighbors and extra-regional powers. With the regional balance of power hinging on the conflict's outcome, Middle Eastern and extra-regional states have taken sides -- some in support of the Assad regime, others in support of the opposition. RAND convened a group of 26 experts who cover Syria and the various external players to participate in an analytic exercise on November 16, 2012, to generate a greater understanding of the parties and issues in play. The report begins by analyzing what is driving both regional (e.g., Iran and Saudi Arabia) and extra-regional (e.g., Russia) players to intervene in the Syrian conflict. It then proceeds to look at the internal actors (e.g., the Free Syrian Army and Alawite community) that may operate as conduits of external influence. The report concludes with an examination of the relationships between external and internal actors and possible effects of these groups' actions."--Rand Corporation web site
Voting patterns in post-Mubarak Egypt by Jeffrey Martini( )

4 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 652 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

While much has been written on the electoral strength of Islamists in Egypt, most analysis has been done at the national level, ignoring regional divides within the country. As a means of helping U.S. policymakers and Middle East watchers better understand voting patterns in Egypt since the 2011 revolution, RAND researchers identified the areas where Islamist parties run strongest and the areas where non-Islamists are most competitive. They found that while Islamists perform well across the whole of the country, they draw their strongest electoral support in Upper Egypt, North Sinai, and sparsely populated governorates in the west, while non-Islamist parties fare best in Cairo and its immediate environs, Port Said, South Sinai, and the sparsely populated governorates abutting the Red Sea. Tracking electoral performance over time reveals a narrowing of the gap between Islamist parties and their non-Islamist rivals. Islamists thoroughly dominated the initial parliamentary elections held in late 2011 and early 2012, just as their position prevailed overwhelmingly in the March 2011 referendum on the interim constitution. However, the MB candidate eked out a victory in the June 2012 presidential contest, and the December 2012 referendum on the permanent constitution passed more narrowly than the interim charter. Egypt appears headed toward a much more competitive political environment in which Islamists will be increasingly challenged to maintain their electoral edge
Strategies for private-sector development and civil-service reform in the Kurdistan Region - Iraq by Michael L Hansen( )

8 editions published in 2014 in 3 languages and held by 610 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This monograph provides strategies to increase private-sector employment, including ways to reemploy civil-service workers in the private sector, in the Kurdistan Region - Iraq. Prepared for and at the request of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), this monograph is based on a variety of research methods and analyses. These include a review of the existing literature, analyses of survey data, analysis of Kurdistan regional and Iraqi national documents and laws, and a qualitative assessment of numerous conversations with government officials and private-sector employers. The KRG can develop its private sector by removing obstacles to starting or expanding a business, by identifying sectors for which conditions are particularly favorable for private-sector growth and supporting them, and by outsourcing and privatizing some functions that the KRG currently performs. However, private-sector growth does not guarantee that civil-service workers will leave for private-sector employment. Civil-service workers will need the qualifications necessary for private-sector jobs and will have to expect that the benefits of private-sector employment outweigh the benefits of civil-service employment. At the same time, as the KRG devises methods for encouraging civil-service workers to leave for the private sector, a key challenge will be to ensure that the most productive employees stay with theKRG in order to ensure the proper functioning of government
Designing a system for collecting policy-relevant data for the Kurdistan Region-Iraq by Sandra H Berry( )

7 editions published in 2014 in English and Arabic and held by 592 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Comprehensive and reliable statistics are crucial for policy formulation in any region or country. The Kurdistan Region--Iraq (KRI) is hampered by the lack of such statistics as it aims to improve infrastructure, encourage private-sector development, attract foreign investment, and create a sustainable economy. The authors of this study, which was funded by the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), interviewed officials in several KRI ministries, assessed available data within the KRI, conducted cross-country benchmarking, and studied best practices in data-collection methodologies. In this volume, the authors describe the KRG's statistical institutions; identify ten high-priority areas for the KRI and the types of data that should be collected to support policymaking in these areas; and outline a system to collect and disseminate these data on an ongoing basis. The authors conclude with a series of recommendations on the topics that should be addressed by statistics legislation, the structure and oversight of data institutions, the implementation and use of surveys and censuses, and the use of administrative data. Together, these recommendations provide a road map that will help the KRG assemble the core elements of a quality data system, which, in turn, will increase the availability of data to help KRG leaders achieve their mostimportant policy goals
Democratization in the Arab world : prospects and lessons from around the globe by Laurel Miller( )

6 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in English and Arabic and held by 558 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Daunting challenges face countries swept up in the Arab Spring. This monograph assesses the prospects for democratization in these countries and suggests how the international community can help it succeed
Future challenges for the Arab world : the implications of demographic and economic trends by Keith Crane( Book )

4 editions published between 2008 and 2011 in English and held by 145 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report assesses likely demographic and economic trends in the Arab world through 2020, focusing on changes that are likely to affect U.S. defense planning and U.S. policy in the region. The report assesses how long-term trends in demographic changes and the economies in this region are likely to affect U.S. interests. The report explores population shifts and economic changes in both energy-rich and energy-poor countries. Implications for U.S. policy from this report include slower population growth easing pressures on natural resources and public services and U.S. support for such programs as family planning and female education encouraging trends toward lower fertility rates. More-relaxed U.S. and European immigration and visa policies toward the citizens of the Middle East can enhance political and community ties between Arabs and the West. The United States, through the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, should encourage economic liberalization and free trade within the region
Identifying Arabic-language materials for children that promote tolerance and critical thinking by Gail Zellman( Book )

3 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 116 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Building a society that supports and values the production, diffusion, and application of new knowledge and the expression of new ideas is critical for human development. This report is part of a broader effort to identify and disseminate materials whose messages encourage tolerance and support the development and use of critical thinking skills in the Arabic-speaking world. It focuses on identifying Arabic language materials targeted to children ages 4-14. A focus on children, whose ideas are still being developed, may be more effective in promoting tolerance and critical thinking than efforts directed toward adults, whose attitudes are already established or in place. The authors describe the creation of developmentally appropriate criteria used to identify and screen indigenous Arabic-language works for children that promote tolerance and critical thinking. They also describe the characteristics of the materials that were found and present several examples of works that met criteria. They also discuss barriers that prevent the development and dissemination of more such works, and suggest ways to address and overcome these barriers."--Publisher's description
Managing Arab-Kurd tensions in Northern Iraq after the withdrawal of U.S. troops by Larry Hanauer( Book )

5 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 107 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

To help U.S. policymakers prepare for the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq in late 2011, this paper presents options for mitigating the risks of Arab-Kurd conflict and suggests mechanisms through which U.S. government entities -- both civilian and military -- could work to alleviate tensions in northern Iraq. The authors discuss the feasibility of a range of confidence-building measures that could help Arabs and Kurds build trust and avoid conflicts that might derail peaceful efforts to resolve Iraq's fundamental political challenges. They conclude that such efforts are unlikely to contain Arab-Kurd violence over the long-term absent a national-level agreement regarding federalism, the legal and political status of disputed territories, and the management of oil and gas resources. However, by managing local disputes, confidence-building measures may be able to prevent violence long enough for Iraq's politicians to resolve these broader issues
Artists and the Arab uprisings by Lowell Schwartz( Book )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 100 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

After decades of authoritarianism, a wave of political change and unrest began to sweep across the Middle East and North Africa in early 2011. Successful democratic transitions will not be easy and will require change in multiple spheres. This report focuses on one sphere whose power and importance is often underestimated: the artistic arena. Regional artists have the potential to positively contribute to democratic transition by shaping public debate in ways that support tolerance and nonviolence. But Arab artists are often squeezed between the bounds of acceptable discourse, set by rulers who fear freedom of expression and conservative societal groups that seek to control acceptable behavior. Although the Arab uprisings lifted some previous barriers to artistic expression, new limitations and challenges have emerged. Moreover, artists continue to lack sound funding models to support their work and face limited markets and distribution mechanisms. This research explores the challenges posed by both the state and society in the region, as well as the policy shifts that may be necessary to better support regional artists. It also suggests new strategies in which regional actors and nongovernmental organizations take leading roles in supporting these artists and their work
Airpower options for Syria : assessing objectives and missions for aerial intervention by Karl P Mueller( Book )

3 editions published in 2013 in English and Undetermined and held by 66 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This report offers an operationally informed overview of options for U.S. and allied military intervention in the Syrian civil war using airpower. It does not argue that the United States should intervene in Syria, but seeks to inform discussion of the requirements and risks of various options should such a decision be made." "Key findings: Destroying the Syrian air force or grounding it through intimidation is operationally feasible but would have only marginal benefits for protecting Syrian civilians ; Neutralizing the Syrian air defense system would be challenging but manageable; however, it would not be an end in itself ; Defending safe areas in Syria's interior would amount to intervention on the side of the opposition ; An air campaign against the Syrian army could do more to ensure that the regime fell than to determine its replacement ; Airpower could reduce the Assad regime's ability or desire to launch chemical weapon attacks, but eliminating its arsenal would require a large ground operation."
A peace plan for Syria by James Dobbins( Book )

2 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 59 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The conflict in Syria is radicalizing an entire generation of young Muslims, killing or maiming hundreds of thousands of innocents, forcing millions of Syrians to flee their homes, destabilizing neighboring states, straining the bonds of European solidarity, and fostering religious intolerance in the United States and elsewhere. Almost any peace would be better than this war. This essay presents a peace plan for Syria that is focused less on defining the nature of the Syrian state that might emerge from the conflict and more on the steps necessary to secure and sustain a ceasefire for the extended period that is likely to be needed for the Syrian parties to actually agree on new governing arrangements. The proposal calls for deferring a comprehensive political solution and resolution of the Assad question and focusing instead on a ceasefire backed by international enforcement, regional devolution of power, humanitarian assistance, and a longer-term political process.The essay concludes that the external parties that have supported one side or another in the current conflict will need to come together to guarantee and enforce any such ceasefire, if it is to hold. The parties will need to serve as external guarantors for three safe zones that reflect both Syria's battle lines and ethno-sectarian divisions"--Publisher's description
Building democracy on the ashes of authoritarianism in the Arab world : workshop summary by Laurel Miller( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 59 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

After popular uprisings toppled authoritarian leaders in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya in 2011 and precipitated a negotiated power transfer in Yemen in 2012, it quickly became commonplace to observe that ousting a disliked regime was easier than replacing it with something better. The challenges that come after regime change, building new, more open political systems and responding to popular expectations of improved living conditions, have come to the fore. Political and social upheavals have been on full display as politicians, activists, and publics at large have struggled to define new rules for wielding government power and new relationships between states and societies. Against this backdrop, the RAND Corporation and the Ankara-based International Strategic Research Organization jointly convened a workshop in Istanbul, Turkey, on April 24, 2013, to provide a private setting in which policymakers, opinion leaders, and experts from Arab countries could reflect collaboratively on how to overcome obstacles to democratization. Participants came from Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, Yemen, Syria, and Jordan, and included political party leaders, former ministers, current officials and senior political advisers, heads of research institutions, academics, and columnists. Participants' political affiliations varied considerably on the ideological spectrum, though the nature of the discussions was notably pragmatic rather than ideological
A peace plan for Syria II : options for future governance by James Dobbins( Book )

3 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This Perspective is the second in a series in which the authors argue for practical steps aimed at reducing the fighting in Syria to provide more time for a national transition process. The ultimate goal of that process is an inclusive, unified, democratic Syria. As the international community continues to search for ways to resolve Syria's civil war, this Perspective argues that decentralization of governance could be part of the solution. Syria has a history of highly centralized state control that has stunted the country's development and contributed to the exclusion of significant parts of society. Devolution of power to localities can assist the transition process by lowering the stakes of the conflict, providing security to Syrians who have lost trust in the state, and deferring some of the fundamental issues that will require a drawn out negotiation between Syria's various factions. Some form of decentralization may also figure in any final political settlement in the event that Syrians prove unable to agree on a unitary state and the composition of a central government"--Publisher's description
The days after a deal with Iran by Dalia Dassa Kaye( Book )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Rolling Back the Islamic State by Seth G Jones( Book )

2 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 31 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Islamic State is a byproduct of the 2003 American intervention in Iraq and the subsequent American departure in 2011. At its peak in late 2014, the group held more than 100,000 square kilometers of territory with a population of nearly 12 million, mostly in Iraq and Syria. Beginning in 2015, the Islamic State began to lose territory as it faced increasingly effective resistance. Still, the Islamic State continues to conduct and inspire attacks around the world. This report assesses the threat the Islamic State poses to the United States and examines four possible strategies to counter the group: disengagement, containment, rollback "light" (with a reliance on local forces backed by U.S. special operations forces, Central Intelligence Agency and other intelligence assets, and airpower), and rollback "heavy" (adding the employment of American conventional forces in ground combat). The authors conclude that the United States should pursue a light rollback strategy. They also recommend additional steps, such as rebalancing counterterrorism efforts to address grievances, loosening restrictions on U.S. military operations, increasing U.S. military posture in Africa, and tightening restrictions in the Islamic State's internet access
 
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Iran's political, demographic, and economic vulnerabilities
Covers
Whither al-Anbar Province? : five scenarios through 2011Future challenges for the Arab world : the implications of demographic and economic trendsIdentifying Arabic-language materials for children that promote tolerance and critical thinking
Alternative Names
Martini, Jeffery

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