WorldCat Identities

Borges, Guilherme

Overview
Works: 57 works in 68 publications in 4 languages and 358 library holdings
Roles: Editor, Author
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Guilherme Borges
Suicide : global perspectives from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys( Book )

6 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 162 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Suicide is a serious public health problem worldwide, accounting for more loss of life annually than all forms of war and interpersonal violence combined. Despite this fact, suicide remains a poorly understood problem, and progress in understanding suicidal behavior around the globe has been slow. This book represents a major advance in our understanding by reporting the results of the largest, most representative study of suicidal behaviors conducted to date - the WHO World Mental Health Survey Initiative, interviewing more than 100,000 people from 21 countries on 6 continents. Previously unavailable data on the prevalence, onset, persistence, risk, protective factors and treatment of suicidal behaviors are presented and discussed, along with the implications of these findings. This volume provides valuable information for clinicians, scientists, policy-makers and anyone seeking to understand the occurrence of suicidal behavior worldwide"--Provided by publisher
Alcohol and injuries : emergency department studies in an international perspective by World Health Organization( Book )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 97 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The harmful use of alcohol is one of the main risk factors to health. It is responsible each year for about 2.3 million premature deaths worldwide. Injuries -- both unintentional and intentional -- account for more than a third of the burden of disease attributable to alcohol consumption. These include injuries from road traffic crashes, burns, poisoning, falls and drowning as well as violence against oneself or others. The impact of alcohol-related injuries affects not only those who are intoxicated at the time of injury occurrence, but also those who fall victim to their behavior. These include the pedestrian or cyclist knocked over by a drunk driver or the woman or children beaten by a drunk husband or father. Alcohol-attributable injuries and violence are of growing concern to the World Health Organization. Alcohol-related injuries are especially evident in hospital emergency rooms and trauma centers. The clinical encounters in these settings present a one-time chance for health professionals to get access to a population often difficult to reach. Reduction of the burden of such injuries can be achieved by implementing evidence-based public health strategies, policy measures and effective interventions on a broad scale. This publication draws together the current state of knowledge on research, practice and policy issues on the association of alcohol with injuries. It synthesizes the results of studies from a number of hospital emergency departments conducted in different cultural settings, including the World Health Organization's Collaborative Study on Alcohol and Injuries. The book provides an introduction to the epidemiology of alcohol-related injuries and refers to methodological issues of studies conducted in emergency departments. It also addresses public policy implications and equips the reader with practical information on interventions that can be implemented in emergency departments such as screening and brief interventions for hazardous and harmful drinking. Alcohol and Injuries: Emergency Department Studies in an International Perspective will be a useful and important source for researchers, service providers and policy makers on international and national levels as well as for all those who are concerned with alcohol-related injuries and violence and the reduction of public health problems caused by the harmful use of alcohol
El papel de la epidemiologia en la investigacion de los trastornos mentales by Guilherme Borges( )

3 editions published between 2000 and 2006 in Spanish and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Los trastornos mentales, incluyendo los trastornos del uso de sustancias, hacen ya parte del panorama epidemiologico de Mexico y seguiran en el escenario nacional por las proximas decadas, incrementando incluso su presencia como causa de enfermedad, discapacidad y muerte en nuestro pais. Por lo tanto, el manejo epidemiologico de estos problemas se hace urgente. Este trabajo busca plantear el campo de estudio de la epidemiologia de los trastornos mentales y sus limitaciones, haciendo enfasis en los elementos comunes de esta con otras areas mas tradicionales de la epidemiologia y en las aportaciones particulares de este campo epidemiologico a la psiquiatria en general y a la epidemiologia en particular. Planteamos a continuacion los disenos y problemas mas comunes en este campo de la epidemiologia, su utilidad para acciones de prevencion, y senalamos los retos que nos esperan en el futuro. Una caracteristica distintiva de esta area es que los trastornos mentales se manifiestan en dos niveles, como conducta (por ejemplo, una conducta compulsiva de lavarse las manos) y como elemento de la vida mental del sujeto (por ejemplo, el pensamiento obsesivo sobre las bacterias que se encuentran presentes en todos lados y que son una fuente constante de amenaza para algunos sujetos). Debido a esto, mucho de lo que sabemos sobre estos fenomenos proviene del autorreporte que el sujeto es capaz de hacer sobre sus sentimientos (introspeccion), ya sea en una conversacion con un clinico entrenado o expresandolos al endosar reactivos en un cuestionario estandarizado. Otro aspecto importante a resaltar es la necesidad de hablar en plural al referirnos a los trastornos mentales. Este campo de la epidemiologia presenta tambien un caracter particular, bifacetico: por un lado, este es un problema en si mismo, que produce sufrimiento y motiva la busqueda de atencion especializada, con manifestaciones clinicas particulares. Por otro lado, esta epidemiologia tambien se orienta hacia un dominio particular de determinantes (como el uso, abuso o dependencia hacia las drogas) y como estas variables independientes afectan determinados procesos y enfermedades (como los accidentes, el homicidio, el suicidio, la cirrosis hepatica, etc.) Por ultimo, la epidemiologia de los trastornos mentales se ha caracterizado tambien por su interes en una serie de procesos que no parecen constituir sindromes propiamente dichos, pero que son a todas luces de interes ... (AU)
Alcohol consumption and pregnancy in the Mexican national addiction survey by Guilherme Borges( )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

En 1988 la Direccion General de Epidemiologia y el Instituto Mexicano de Psiquiatria llevaron a cabo la primera Encuesta Nacional de Adicciones (ENA), que proporciona informacion a nivel nacional y regional sobre el uso de alcohol, tabaco y drogas ilicitas. La ENA incluye una submuestra de mujeres que se embarazaron alguma vez en la vida. Se obtuvieron 5.234 respuestas afirmativas a la pregunta de se alguma vez se habian embarazado. A este grupo se les pergunto si en su ultimo embarazo tuvieron un aborto espontaneo, un bebe nacido muerto o un bebe con anomalias congenitas. La prevalencia de aborto espontaneo fue de 3,8 por ciento, 1,2 por ciento de nascidos muertos y 1,1 por ciento de anomalias congenitas. Se utilizaron modelos de regression logistica multiple para analizar el papel del consumo de bebidas alcoholicas sobre estos problemas. El consumo de alcohol durante el embarazo solo se asocio con la prevalencia de anomalias congenitas, con una razon de prevalencia de 3,4. Entre las bebedoras habituales de alcohol en los ultimos 12 meses, solo las mujeres que se ubicaron en la mas alta categoria de consumo mostraron relaciones importantes con los tres probemas mencionados. Se sugiere la necessidad de realizar estudios de seguimento para llegar a conclusiones mas definitivas. (AU)
Sekai jisatsu tōkei : kenkyū rinshō shisaku no kokusai hikaku( Book )

2 editions published in 2015 in Japanese and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Epidemiologia del suicidio en Mexico de 1970 a 1994 by Guilherme Borges( )

2 editions published in 1996 in Spanish and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Objetivo. Presentar informacion sobre la evolucion del suicidio como causa de muerte para la poblacion mexicana durante el periodo de 1970 a 1994. Material y metodos. Se utilizaron los datos provenientes de los certificados de defunsion, asi como los datos censales correspondientes a dicho periodo. Resultados. En 1970 hubo 554 defunciones por suicidio en toda la Republica Mexicana, para ambos sexos, y 2 603 en 1994. Durante este periodo la tasa de suicidios en ambos sexos paso de 1.13 por 100 000 habitantes en 1970 a 2.89 por 100 000 habitantes en 1994, un aumento de 156 por ciento. Sin embargo, este aumento es mas marcado para la poblacion masculina, que vio su tasa incrementada en 169 por ciento durante el periodo, contra 98 por ciento para la poblacion femenina. En terminos de la mortalidad proporcional, el suicidio paso del 0.11 al 0.62 por ciento de todas las defunciones. Los porcentajes de variacion mas elevados en la tasa de mortalidad por suicidio se observaron en las poblaciones de mayor edad (Mas de 65 anos) y en la mas joven (menor de 19 anos). En el ultimo ano de la serie, 1994, las tasas mas elevadas se observan en la poblacion masculina, especialmente en la mayor de 65 anos de edad. Existen diferencias en cuanto a las tasas registradas entre los distintos estados de la Republica Mexicana. En 1994 los estados de Tlaxcala y Mexico registraron las tasas mas bajas, mientras que las mas altas se reportaron en Tabasco y Campeche. La parte sureste del pais muestra las tasas mas elevadas y la zona centro es la de menor incidencia. Conclusiones. El suicidio es un problema ascendente en Mexico, que afecta en forma principal a los hombres de edad avanzada. Sin embargo, incrementos recientes en la poblacion adolescente y adulta joven enfatizan la necesidad de desarrollar programas de prevencion y tratamiento en esta area(AU)
Arachnoid cyst: adversity and plasticity by Guilherme Borges( )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We report four cases of surgically treated intracranial arachnoid cysts, one with cyst-peritoneal shunt and three with craniotomy and arachnoid membrane resection. Their classification and etiopathogeny are discussed, and especially the different methods of treatment comparing the drastic complications (adversities) with the favorable solutions in severe clinical cases (plasticity) treated at our institution. (AU)
Acute cervical epidural hematoma: case report by Guilherme Borges( )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A 74 year-old patient with a nocturnal onset of neck and chest pain was brought to an emergency clinic. Physical examination and cardiac assessment were normal. Three hours after the addmittance, a flaccid paralysis of the four limbs supervened. Suspecting of an unusual onset of central nervous system infection, a lumbar puncture was performed, yielding 20 ml of normal cerebrospinal fluid. Thirty oinutes after the puncture, the patient completely regained neurological funcion. He was then referred to a General Hospital where a computed tomography (CT) scan was done showing a large cervical epidural bleeding in the posterolateral region of C4/C5 extending to C7/Th1, along with a C6 vertebral body hemangioma. A magnetic resonance imaging revealed the same CT findings. A normal selective angiography of vertebral arteries, carotid arteries and thyreocervical trunk was carried out. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (ASSEH) is a rare but dramatic cause of neurological impairment. In this article we report a fortunate case of complete recovery after an unusual spine cord decompression. We also review the current literature concerning diagnosis and treatment of ASSEH (AU)
DSM‐5 AND ICD‐11 DEFINITIONS OF POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER: INVESTIGATING "NARROW" AND "BROAD" APPROACHES( )

2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract Background The development of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition (DSM‐5) and ICD‐11 has led to reconsideration of diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys allow investigation of the implications of the changing criteria compared to DSM‐IV and ICD‐10. Methods WMH Surveys in 13 countries asked respondents to enumerate all their lifetime traumatic events (TEs) and randomly selected one TE per respondent for PTSD assessment. DSM‐IV and ICD‐10 PTSD were assessed for the 23, 936 respondents who reported lifetime TEs in these surveys with the fully structured Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). DSM‐5 and proposed ICD‐11 criteria were approximated. Associations of the different criteria sets with indicators of clinical severity (distress‐impairment, suicidality, comorbid fear‐distress disorders, PTSD symptom duration) were examined to investigate the implications of using the different systems. Results A total of 5.6% of respondents met criteria for "broadly defined" PTSD (i.e., full criteria in at least one diagnostic system), with prevalence ranging from 3.0% with DSM‐5 to 4.4% with ICD‐10. Only one‐third of broadly defined cases met criteria in all four systems and another one third in only one system (narrowly defined cases). Between‐system differences in indicators of clinical severity suggest that ICD‐10 criteria are least strict and DSM‐IV criteria most strict. The more striking result, though, is that significantly elevated indicators of clinical significance were found even for narrowly defined cases for each of the four diagnostic systems. Conclusions These results argue for a broad definition of PTSD defined by any one of the different systems to capture all clinically significant cases of PTSD in future studies
Saphenous vein graft bypass in the treatment of giant cavernous sinus aneurysms: report of two cases by Ricardo Ramina( )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Two cases of giant intracavernous aneurysms treated by high flow bypass with saphenous vein graft between the external carotid artery (ECA) and branches of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) are presented. Very often these aneurysms are unclippable because they are fusiform or have a large neck. Occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is the treatment of choice in many cases. This procedure has however a high risk of brain infarction. Revascularization of the brain by extra-intracranial anastomosis between the superficial temporal artery (STA) and branches of the MCA is frequently performed. This procedure provides however a low flow bypass and brain infarction may occur. We report two cases of giant cavernous sinus aneurysms treated by high flow bypass and endovascular balloon occlusion of the ICA. Immediate high flow revascularization of MCA branches was achieved and the patients showed no ischemic events. Follow-up of 8 and 14 months after operation shows patency of the venous graft and no neurological deficits. Angiographic control examination showed complete aneurysm occlusion in both cases. (Au)
Prevention of alcohol-related injuries in the Americas : from evidence to policy action( Book )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Imaging features and treatment of an intradural lumbar cystic schwannoma by Guilherme Borges( )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

O schwannoma cistico intra-espinal e tumor muito raro e poucos casos estao descritos na literatura: sao usualmente assintomaticos e somente diagnosticados quando atingem grande tamanho causando compressao radicular. Com o intuito de ilustrar as armadilhas existentes referentes ao diagnostico e tratamento desse tipo de tumor, nos relatamos um caso raro, focando nos passos da investigacao e terapeutica. E descrito o caso de um paciente de 55 anos que apresentava apenas queixas de dor lombar. A investigacao revelou uma lesao cistica extensa na regiao intradural lombar inferior. O tumor foi totalmente ressecado por tecnica microneurocirurgica, sendo a dura-mater reconstruida. O diagnostico patologico e imuno-histoquimico evidenciou tratar-se de um schwannoma cistico. Neste artigo, nos procuramos enfatizar as caracteristicas clinicas e tratamento de schwannomas lombares, ilustrando os achados imagenologicos desse caso incomum. (AU)
Nervo facial: alternativas de reconstrucao by Guilherme Borges( )

1 edition published in 1986 in Portuguese and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Reve-se as alternativas de reconstrucao do nervo facial atraves do tratamento cirurgico descompressivo. A abordagem deve se adequar a cada caso, podendo ser intracranial, intratemporal, extratemporal ou combinada (AU)
Cross‐national epidemiology of panic disorder and panic attacks in the world mental health surveys( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Context: The scarcity of cross‐national reports and the changes in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual version 5 (DSM‐5) regarding panic disorder (PD) and panic attacks (PAs) call for new epidemiological data on PD and PAs and its subtypes in the general population. Objective: To present representative data about the cross‐national epidemiology of PD and PAs in accordance with DSM‐5 definitions. Design and setting: Nationally representative cross‐sectional surveys using the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview version 3.0. Participants: Respondents ( n = 142, 949) from 25 high, middle, and lower‐middle income countries across the world aged 18 years or older. Main outcome measures: PD and presence of single and recurrent PAs. Results: Lifetime prevalence of PAs was 13.2% (SE 0.1%). Among persons that ever had a PA, the majority had recurrent PAs (66.5%; SE 0.5%), while only 12.8% fulfilled DSM‐5 criteria for PD. Recurrent PAs were associated with a subsequent onset of a variety of mental disorders (OR 2.0; 95% CI 1.8–2.2) and their course (OR 1.3; 95% CI 1.2–2.4) whereas single PAs were not (OR 1.1; 95% CI 0.9–1.3 and OR 0.7; 95% CI 0.6–0.8). Cross‐national lifetime prevalence estimates were 1.7% (SE 0.0%) for PD with a median age of onset of 32 (IQR 20–47). Some 80.4% of persons with lifetime PD had a lifetime comorbid mental disorder. Conclusions: We extended previous epidemiological data to a cross‐national context. The presence of recurrent PAs in particular is associated with subsequent onset and course of mental disorders beyond agoraphobia and PD, and might serve as a generic risk marker for psychopathology
Plexopatia braquial by Guilherme Borges( )

1 edition published in 1988 in Portuguese and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Pilonidal cyst on the vault: case report by Guilherme Borges( )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Pilonidal cysts and sinuses are described as dermoid cysts which contain follicles of hairs and sebaceous glands. They clinically present as a classic case of inflammation which comes with pain, local infection and redness. The origin of pilonidal disease remains controverse. There are many hypothesis as lack of hygiene on the affected area and a penetration and growth of a hair in the subcutaneus tissue caused by constant friction or direct trauma on the damaged area. The option for clinical treatment is very frequent. However, taking into consideration the incidence and the possibility of recidive, surgical treatment is presently recommended. Complications include cellulitis and abscess formation. Pilonidal cysts are mostly found on the sacral region. In the literature is found description of pilonidal cysts on the penis, interdigital region on the hands as well as on the cervical region. We present a case of pilonidal cyst located on the vault biparietal region, without malignant degeneration
Inicio en el consumo de alcohol y tabaco y transición a otras drogas en estudiantes de Morelos, México by Magdalena Herrera Vázquez( )

1 edition published in 2004 in Spanish and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

OBJETIVO: Estimar la probabilidad acumulada de ocurrencia del primer uso de alcohol y tabaco, y el riesgo de transitar hacia el uso inicial de otras sustancias (marihuana, cocaina y heroina, entre otras) en estudiantes adolescentes y adultos jovenes de Morelos, Mexico. MATERIAL Y METODOS: Se llevo a cabo un estudio transversal en el ciclo escolar 1998-1999, en el estado de Morelos, en una muestra probabilistica de estudiantes de entre 11 a 24 anos de edad (n=13 293) a quienes se distribuyo un cuestionario auto-aplicable validado. Los datos se restructuraron para construir una cohorte sintetica que se estudio con metodos de sobrevida y unidades discretas de tiempo. Se obtuvieron riesgos relativos y sus intervalos de confianza de 95 por ciento, con modelos multivariados de regresion de Cox. RESULTADOS: Sesenta por ciento de los varones iniciaron el uso de alcohol en promedio a los 17 y el uso de tabaco a los 18 anos de edad. Las mujeres iniciaron el uso de alcohol y tabaco un ano despues que los hombres. El uso de otras drogas ocurrio a los 19 anos de edad en promedio en 5 por ciento de las mujeres y 13 por ciento de los varones. Nueve de cada 100 estudiantes que consumieron drogas ilegales iniciaron directamente sin antes haber usado alcohol ni tabaco. En general, los estudiantes usuarios de alcohol o tabaco, o ambos, presentaron mayor riesgo de iniciar el uso de otras drogas que los no usuarios (RR=6.72; IC 95 por ciento=4.13-10.93). CONCLUSIONES: Son claras las implicaciones potenciales del presente estudio al considerar que, junto con intervenciones encaminadas a disminuir el consumo de drogas, resulta igualmente importante retardar la edad de inicio de alcohol y tabaco por sexo, ya que mediante un nuevo enfoque brinda evidencia epidemiologica que relaciona el uso de estas sustancias con el uso posterior de otras drogas en estudiantes mexicanos. (AU)
Long term follow-up in a patient with papillary glioneuronal tumor by Guilherme Borges( )

1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Relatamos o caso de uma jovem paciente com um tumor cerebral raro e recentemente descrito. Essa paciente apresentou-se com queixas de cefaleia, hemiparesia e crises epileticas parciais simples. Sua investigacao revelou um tumor cerebral envolvendo os lobos frontal e parietal esquerdos. As imagens radiologicas mostraram uma massa cistica com massas nodulares multiplas e reforco anelar de contraste estendendo do cortex parietal direito aos ventriculo lateral e corpo caloso ipsilaterais. A paciente se submeteu a resseccao do tumor e a analise histologica da lesao revelou uma estrutura pseudopapilar formada por vasos delicados entremeados com um padrao fibrilar e emoldurada por intensa reacao astrocitica com fibras de Rosenthal. Essas caracteristicas correspondem a uma forma de neoplasia mista glial-neuronal recentemente descrita, o tumor papilar glioneuronal. A paciente esta em seguimento desde a cirurgia sem evidencia de recorrencia tumoral, confirmando o comportamento benigno desse tipo de tumor. (AU)
La medicion de la conducta suicida en Mexico: estimaciones y procedimientos by Liliana Mondragon( )

1 edition published in 2001 in Spanish and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Este es un analisis de los resultados de varios estudios en diferentes poblaciones de Mexico sobre el intento y la ideacion suicida, en el que se utilizaron diferentes metodologias e instrumentos para medirlos. En su mayoria, estos fueron encuestas representativas de muestras de hogares y escuelas, asi como, estudios en escenarios clinicos. La prevalencia mas alta de intento de suicidio fue de 10 por ciento. La prevalencia de ideacion suicida mas alta fue de 40.7 por ciento. Se encontraron diferencias importantes en los instrumentos utilizados para medir la conducta suicida y su temporalidad, y en los puntos de corte utilizados para definir los casos. Este analisis de la informacion nos permitira obtener datos mas precisos sobre el intento y la ideacion suicida en la poblacion mexicana, los cuales son muy importantes para disenar las politicas de salud. Unificando los criterios de los investigadores, se contara con mejores registros sobre el intento y la ideacion suicida. (AU)
Characteristics of Mexican women admitted to emergency care units: alcohol consumption and related problems by Martha Romero( )

1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Objective. This article describes the demographic characteristics and psychological differences in a sample of female heavy and non-heavy drinkers who attended three emergency services of the Mexican city of Pachuca, Hidalgo. Material and Methods. A sample of patients seen at emergency services (ES) patients over the age of 18 was selected using ES admission forms. Twenty-five-minute, face-to-face interviews were conducted by a group of trained interviewers. Patients answered various questionnaires and scales to measure alcohol consumption and to provide information on variables that have proved to be related to female drinking. Results. Thirty-six women (5.2 por cent) out of 717 of the total number of women were found to be heavy drinkers according to the TWEAK scale. This group of women had 2.3 times the risk of becoming depressed, 2.87 times the risk of taking other drugs, 1.95 times the likelihood of having been sexually abused and 1.57 times the risk of displaying suicidal ideation. Conclusions. Data from this small analysis confirm international findings that problem drinking among females throughout the life cycle is linked to depression. As regards the screening instruments employed, it is necessary to conduct more in-depth research to enrich their contents and increase their reliability and validity when used among female populations. In this study, the TWEA Kproved to be extremely useful for studies in emergency services. The English version of this paper is available too at: http://www.insp.mx/salud/index.html (AU)
 
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Suicide : global perspectives from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys
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Alcohol and injuries : emergency department studies in an international perspective
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