WorldCat Identities

Norenzayan, Ara 1970-

Overview
Works: 10 works in 26 publications in 3 languages and 597 library holdings
Roles: Author, Editor
Classifications: BL53, 200.19
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Ara Norenzayan
Big gods : how religion transformed cooperation and conflict by Ara Norenzayan( Book )

14 editions published between 2013 and 2015 in English and Italian and held by 561 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Examines how the belief in gods has lead to cooperation and sometimes conflict between groups. The author also looks at how some cooperative societies have developed without belief in gods
Evolution, culture, and the human mind by Mark Schaller( )

3 editions published between 2009 and 2016 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An enormous amount of scientific research compels two fundamental conclusions about the human mind: The mind is the product of evolution; and the mind is shaped by culture. These two perspectives on the human mind are not incompatible, but, until recently, their compatibility has resisted rigorous scholarly inquiry. Evolutionary psychology documents many ways in which genetic adaptations govern the operations of the human mind. But evolutionary inquiries only occasionally grapple seriously with questions about human culture and cross-cultural differences. By contrast, cultural psychology docum
Rule-based and experience-based thinking : the cognitive consequences of intellectual traditions by Ara Norenzayan( )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The weirdest people in the world? by Joseph Patrick Henrich( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Behavioral scientists routinely publish broad claims about human psychology and behavior in the world's top journals based on samples drawn entirely from Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich and Democratic (WEIRD) societies. Researchers - often implicitly - assume that either there is little variation across human populations, or that these "standard subjects" are as representative of the species as any other population. Are these assumptions justified? Here, our review of the comparative database from across the behavioral sciences suggests both that there is substantial variability in experimental results across populations and that WEIRD subjects are particularly unusual compared with the rest of the species-frequent outliers. The domains reviewed include visual perception, fairness, cooperation, spatial reasoning, categorization and inferential induction, moral reasoning, reasoning styles, selfconcepts and related motivations, and the heritability of IQ. The findings suggest that members of WEIRD societies, including young children, are among the least representative populations one could find for generalizing about humans. Many of these findings involve domains that are associated with fundamental aspects of psychology, motivation, and behavior-hence, there are no obvious a priori grounds for claiming that a particular behavioral phenomenon is universal based on sampling from a single subpopulation. Overall, these empirical patterns suggests that we need to be less cavalier in addressing questions of human nature on the basis of data drawn from this particularly thin, and rather unusual, slice of humanity. We close by proposing ways to structurally re-organize the behavioral sciences to best tackle these challenges. -- external validity ; population variability ; experiments ; cross-cultural research ; culture ; human universals ; generalizability ; evolutionary psychology ; cultural psychology ; behavioral economics
Culture and cognition( )

1 edition published in 2002 in Undetermined and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The evolutionary landscape of religion by Ara Norenzayan( Visual )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Dr. Norenzayan examines whether particular religious traditions motivate violent attitudes
The evolution of religion and morality: a synthesis of ethnographic and experimental evidence from eight societies( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

ABSTRACT: Understanding the expansion of human sociality and cooperation beyond kith and kin remains an important evolutionary puzzle. There is likely a complex web of processes including institutions, norms, and practices that contributes to this phenomenon. Considerable evidence suggests that one such process involves certain components of religious systems that may have fostered the expansion of human cooperation in a variety of ways, including both certain forms of rituals and commitment to particular types of gods. Using an experimental economic game, our team specifically tested whether or not individually held mental models of moralistic, punishing, and knowledgeable gods curb biases in favor of the self and the local community, and increase impartiality toward geographically distant anonymous co-religionists. Our sample includes 591 participants from eight diverse societies – iTaukei (indigenous) Fijians who practice both Christianity and ancestor worship, the animist Hadza of Tanzania, Hindu Indo-Fijians, Hindu Mauritians, shamanist-Buddhist Tyvans of southern Siberia, traditional Inland and Christian Coastal Vanuatuans from Tanna, and Christian Brazilians from Pesqueiro. In this article, we present cross-cultural evidence that addresses this question and discuss the implications and limitations of our project. This volume also offers detailed, site-specific reports to provide further contextualization at the local level
Conversational relevance in the presentation of the self by Ara Norenzayan( )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Big gods how religion transformed cooperation and conflict by Ara Norenzayan( Recording )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

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1 edition published in 2016 in Korean and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

 
Audience Level
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Audience Level
1
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Audience level: 0.44 (from 0.42 for Big gods : ... to 0.99 for <> ...)

Evolution, culture, and the human mind
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Alternative Names
노렌자얀, 아라 1970-

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