WorldCat Identities

Gambino, Davide

Works: 12 works in 17 publications in 2 languages and 47 library holdings
Genres: Exhibition catalogs 
Roles: Author, Editor
Classifications: NB623.P254, 730
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Davide Gambino
Filippo Parodi, 1630-1702, Genoa's Bernini : a bust of Vitellius by Filippo Parodi( Book )

4 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 30 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ab Initio Modeling of Magnetic Materials in the High-Temperature Paramagnetic Phase by Davide Gambino( )

3 editions published in 2021 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The modeling of magnetic materials at finite temperatures is an ongoing challenge in the field of theoretical physics. This field has strongly benefited from the development of computational methods, which allow to predict material's properties and explain physical effects on the atomic scale, and are now employed to direct the design of new materials. However, simulations need to be as accurate as possible to give reliable insights into solid-state phenomena, which means that, most desirably, all competing effects occurring in a system at realistic conditions should be included. This task is particularly difficult in the modeling of magnetic materials from first principles, due to the quantum nature of magnetism and its interplay with other phenomena related to the atomic degrees of freedom. The aim of this thesis is therefore to develop methods that enable the inclusion of magnetic effects in finite temperature simulations based on density functional theory (DFT), while considering on the same footing vibrational and structural degrees of freedom,with a particular focus on the high-temperature paramagnetic phase. The type of couplings investigated in this thesis can be separated in two big categories: interplay between magnetism and structure, and between magnetism and vibrations. Regarding the former category, I have tried to shine some light on the effect of the paramagnetic state on atomic positions in a crystal in the presence of defects or for complicated systems, as opposed to the ordered magnetic state. To model the high-temperature paramagnetic phase of magnetic materials, the disordered local moment (DLM) approach is employed in the whole work. In this framework, I have developed a method to perform local lattice relaxations in the disordered magnetic state, which consists of a step-wise partial relaxation of the atomic positions, while changing the configuration of the magnetic moments at each step of the procedure. This method has been tested on point defects in paramagnetic bcc Fe, namely the single vacancy and, separately, the C interstitial in octahedral position, and on Fe 1-x Cr x alloys, finding non-negligible effects on formation energies. In addition, the feasibility of investigating extended defects like dislocations in the paramagnetic state with this method has also been proven by studying the screw dislocation in bcc Fe. The DLM-relaxation method has then been used to investigate intrinsic and extrinsic defects in CrN, an antiferromagnetic semiconductor studied for thermoelectric applications, found in the paramagnetic state at operating temperature, and a newly synthesized compound, Fe 3 CO 7 , which features a complicated crystal structure and unusual electronic properties, with possible important implications for the chemistry of Earth's mantle. The other focus of this thesis is the coupling between magnetism and lattice vibrations. As a pre-step to perform fully coupled atomistic spin dynamics-ab initio molecular dynamics (ASD-AIMD) simulations, I have first investigated the effect of vibrations on the so called longitudinal spin fluctuations, a mechanism occurring at finite temperatures and important for itinerant electron magnetic systems. I have developed a framework to investigate the dependence of the local moment's energy landscapes on the instantaneous positions of the atoms, testing it on Fe at different temperature and pressure conditions. This study has laid the foundation to apply machine learning techniques to the prediction of the energy landscapes during an ASD-AIMD simulation. Finally, I have investigated the phase stability of Fe at ambient pressure from the theoretical Curie temperature up to its melting point with ASD-AIMD. This task is carried out by applying a pool of thermodynamic techniques to calculate free energy differences, and therefore I have defined a strategy to discern the thermodynamic equilibrium structure in magnetic materials in the high temperature paramagnetic phase based on first principles dynamical simulations. The methodologies developed and applied in this work constitute an improvement towards the simulation of magnetic materials accounting for the coupling of all effects, and the hope is to bridge a gap between theory and experiments
Screw dislocation core structure in the paramagnetic state of bcc iron from first-principles calculations by Luis Casillas Trujillo( )

1 edition published in 2020 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Iron-based alloys are widely used as structural components in engineering applications. This calls for a fundamental understanding of their mechanical properties, including those of pure iron. Under operational temperatures the mechanical and magnetic properties will differ from those of ferromagnetic body-centered-cubic iron at 0 K. In this theoretical work we study the effect of disordered magnetism on the screw dislocation core structure and compare with results for the ordered ferromagnetic case. Dislocation cores control some local properties such as the choice of glide plane and the associated dislocation mobility. Changes in the magnetic state can lead to modifications in the structure of the core and affect dislocation mobility. In particular, we focus on the core properties of the 1/2 < 111 > screw dislocation in the paramagnetic state. Using the noncollinear disordered local moment approximation to address paramagnetism, we perform structural relaxations within density functional theory. We obtain the dislocation core structure for the easy and hard cores in the paramagnetic state, and compare them with their ferromagnetic counterparts. By averaging the energy of several disordered magnetic configurations, we obtain an energy difference between the easy- and hard-core configurations, with a lower, but statistically close, value than the one reported for the ferromagnetic case. The magnetic moment and atomic volume at the dislocation core differ between paramagnetic and ferromagnetic states, with possible consequences on the temperature dependence of defect-dislocation interactions
Superioniclike Diffusion in an Elemental Crystal: bcc Titanium by Davide Sangiovanni( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Recent theoretical investigations [A. B. Belonoshko et aL Nat. Geosci. 10, 312 (2017)] revealed the occurrence of the concerted migration of several atoms in bcc Fe at inner-core temperatures and pressures. Here, we combine first-principles and semiempirical atomistic simulations to show that a diffusion mechanism analogous to the one predicted for bcc iron at extreme conditions is also operative and of relevance for the high-temperature bcc phase of pure Ti at ambient pressure. The mechanism entails a rapid collective movement of numerous (from two to dozens) neighbors along tangled closed-loop paths in defect-free crystal regions. We argue that this phenomenon closely resembles the diffusion behavior of superionics and liquid metals. Furthermore, we suggest that concerted migration is the atomistic manifestation of vanishingly small co-mode phonon frequencies previously detected via neutron scattering and the mechanism underlying anomalously large and markedly non-Arrhenius self-diffusivities characteristic of bcc Ti
Filippo Parodi 1630-1702, GenoaÊ1/4s Bernini : a bust of Vitellius by Davide Gambino( Book )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Nonequilibrium ab initio molecular dynamics determination of Ti monovacancy migration rates in B1 TiN by Davide Gambino( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

We use the color diffusion (CD) algorithm in nonequilibrium (accelerated) ab initio molecular dynamics simulations to determine Ti monovacancy jump frequencies in NaCl-structure titanium nitride (TiN), at temperatures ranging from 2200 to 3000 K. Our results showthat theCDmethod extended beyond the linear-fitting rate-versus-force regime [Sangiovanni et al., Phys. Rev. B 93, 094305 (2016)] can efficiently determine metal vacancy migration rates in TiN, despite the low mobilities of lattice defects in this type of ceramic compound. We propose a computational method based on gamma-distribution statistics, which provides unambiguous definition of nonequilibrium and equilibrium (extrapolated) vacancy jump rates with corresponding statistical uncertainties. The acceleration-factor achieved in our implementation of nonequilibrium molecular dynamics increases dramatically for decreasing temperatures from 500 for T close to the melting point T-m, up to 33 000 for T approximate to 0.7 T-m
Assessing the SCAN functional for itinerant electron ferromagnets by Marcus Ekholm( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Density functional theory is a standard model for condensed-matter theory and computational material science. The accuracy of density functional theory is limited by the accuracy of the employed approximation to the exchange-correlation functional. Recently, the so-called strongly constrained appropriately normed (SCAN) [Sun, Ruzsinszky, and Perdew, Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 036402 (2015)] functional has received a lot of attention due to promising results for covalent, metallic, ionic, as well as hydrogen- and van der Waals-bonded systems alike. In this work, we focus on assessing the performance of the SCAN functional for itinerant magnets by calculating basic structural and magnetic properties of the transition metals Fe, Co, and Ni. We find that although structural properties of bcc-Fe seem to be in good agreement with experiment, SCAN performs worse than standard local and semilocal functionals for fcc-Ni and hcp-Co. In all three cases, the magnetic moment is significantly overestimated by SCAN, and the 3d states are shifted to lower energies, as compared to experiments
Longitudinal spin fluctuations in bcc and liquid Fe at high temperature and pressure calculated with a supercell approach by Davide Gambino( )

1 edition published in 2020 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Investigating magnetic materials at realistic conditions with first-principles methods is a challenging task due to the interplay of vibrational and magnetic degrees of freedom. The most difficult contribution to include in simulations is represented by the longitudinal magnetic degrees of freedom [longitudinal spin fluctuation (LSF)] due to their inherent many-body nature; nonetheless, schemes that enable to take into account this effect on a semiclassical level have been proposed and employed in the investigation of magnetic systems. However, assessment of the effect of vibrations on LSF is lacking in the literature. For this reason, in this work we develop a supercell approach within the framework of constrained density functional theory to calculate self-consistently the size of local-environment-dependent magnetic moments in the paramagnetic, high-temperature state in the presence of lattice vibrations and for liquid Fe in different conditions. First, we consider the case of bcc Fe at the Curie temperature and ambient pressure. Then, we perform a similar analysis on bcc Fe at Earths inner-core conditions, and we find that LSFs stabilize nonzero moments which affect atomic forces and the electronic density of states of the system. Finally, we employ the present scheme on liquid Fe at the melting point at ambient pressure and at Earths outer-core conditions (p approximate to 200 GPa, T approximate to 6000 K). In both cases, we obtain local magnetic moments of sizes comparable to the solid-state counterparts
Filippo Parodi, 1630-1702 : a bust of Vitellius by Davide Gambino( Book )

1 edition published in 2016 in Italian and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Effect of dispersion corrections on ab initio predictions of graphite and diamond properties under pressure by Igor Mosyagin( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

There are several approaches to the description of van der Waals (vdW) forces within density functional theory. While they are generally found to improve the structural and energetic properties of those materials dominated by weak dispersion forces, it is not known how they behave when the material is subject to an external pressure. This could be an issue when considering the pressure-induced structural phase transitions, which are currently attracting great attention following the discovery of an ultrahard phase formed by the compression of graphite at room temperature. In order to model this transition, the functional must be capable of simultaneously describing both strong covalent bonds and weak dispersion interactions as an isotropic pressure is applied. Here, we report on the ability of several dispersion-correction functionals to describe the energetic, structural, and elastic properties of graphite and diamond, when subjected to an isotropic pressure. Almost all of the tested vdW corrections provide an improved description of both graphite and diamond compared to the local density approximation. The relative error does not change significantly as pressure is applied, and in some cases even decreases. We therefore conclude that the use of dispersion-corrected exchange-correlation functionals, which have been neglected to date, will improve the accuracy and reliability of theoretical investigations into the pressure-induced phase transition of graphite
Structural and magnetic disorder in crystalline materials a first principles study by Davide Gambino( Book )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Disorder in crystalline materials can take different forms and originate from different sources. In particular, temperature introduces disorder in any kind of material. This can be observed as the appearance of vacant lattice sites in an otherwise perfect crystal, or as a random distribution of different elements on the same lattice in an alloy; at the same time, if the material is magnetic, temperature induces disorder also on the magnetic degrees of freedom. In this thesis, different levels of disorder associated to structure and magnetism are investigated by means of density functional theory and thermodynamic models. I start with diffusion of Ti vacancies in TiN, which is studied by means of nonequilibrium ab initio molecular dynamics using the color diffusion algorithm at different temperatures. The result is an Arrhenius behavior of Ti vacancy jump rates. A method to perform structural relaxations in magnetic materials in their hightemperature paramagnetic phase is then developed based on the disordered local moments approach in order to study vacancies, interstitial atoms, and combinations of defects in paramagnetic bcc Fe and B1 CrN, as well as the mixing enthalpy of bcc Fe1−xCrx random alloys. A correction to the energetics of every system due to the relaxation in the disordered magnetic state is observed in all cases. Not related to temperature and disorder, but very important for an accurate description of magnetic materials, is the choice of the exchange and correlation functional to be employed in the first principles calculations. We have investigated the performance of a recently developed meta-GGA functional, the strongly constrained and appropriately normed (SCAN) functional, in comparison with the more commonly used LDA and PBE on the ferromagnetic elemental solids bcc Fe, fcc Ni, and hcp Co, and SCAN it is found to give negligible improvements, if not a worsening, in the description of these materials. Finally, the coupling between vibrational and magnetic degrees of freedom is discussed by reviewing the literature and proposing an investigation of the influence of vibrations on longitudinal spin fluctuations. These excitations are here studied by means of thermodynamic models based on Landau expansion of the energy in even powers of the magnitude of the local magnetic moments. We find that vibrational and magnetic disorder alter the energy landscapes as a function of moment size also in bcc Fe, which is often considered a Heisenberg system, inducing a more itinerant electron behavior
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Audience level: 0.86 (from 0.82 for Ab Initio ... to 0.97 for Filippo Pa ...)