WorldCat Identities

Preston, Samuel H.

Works: 124 works in 377 publications in 2 languages and 13,526 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Vital statistics  History  Catechisms  Case studies  Creeds  Controversial literature  Census data  Academic theses  Software 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Classifications: HB1321, 312.2
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Samuel H Preston
Demography of aging by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

14 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 1,982 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As the United States and the rest of the world face the unprecedented challenge of aging populations, this volume draws together for the first time state-of-the-art work from the emerging field of the demography of aging. The nine chapters, written by experts from a variety of disciplines, highlight data sources and research approaches, results, and proposed strategies on a topic with major policy implications for labor forces, economic well-being, health care, and the need for social and family supports
Population and land use in developing countries : report of a workshop by Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education Board on Testing and Assessment National Research Council( )

10 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 1,737 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Epidemiological transition : policy and planning implications for developing countries : workshop proceedings by Workshop on the Policy and Planning Implications of the Epidemiological Transition in Developing Countries( )

16 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 1,666 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book examines issues concerning how developing countries will have to prepare for demographic and epidemiologic change. Much of the current literature focuses on the prevalence of specific diseases and their economic consequences, but a need exists to consider the consequences of the epidemiological transition: the change in mortality patterns from infectious and parasitic diseases to chronic and degenerative ones. Among the topics covered are the association between the health of children and adults, the strong orientation of many international health organizations toward infant and child health, and how the public and private sectors will need to address and confront the large-scale shifts in disease and demographic characteristics of populations in developing countries
International differences in mortality at older ages : dimensions and sources by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

12 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 1,624 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In 1950 men and women in the United States had a combined life expectancy of 68.9 years, the 12th highest life expectancy at birth in the world. Today, life expectancy is up to 79.2 years, yet the country is now 28th on the list, behind the United Kingdom, Korea, Canada, and France, among others. The United States does have higher rates of infant mortality and violent deaths than in other developed countries, but these factors do not fully account for the country's relatively poor ranking in life expectancy. International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages: Dimensions and Sources examines patterns in international differences in life expectancy above age 50 and assesses the evidence and arguments that have been advanced to explain the poor position of the United States relative to other countries. The papers in this deeply researched volume identify gaps in measurement, data, theory, and research design and pinpoint areas for future high-priority research in this area. In addition to examining the differences in mortality around the world, the papers in International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages look at health factors and life-style choices commonly believed to contribute to the observed international differences in life expectancy. They also identify strategic opportunities for health-related interventions. This book offers a wide variety of disciplinary and scholarly perspectives to the study of mortality, and it offers in-depth analyses that can serve health professionals, policy makers, statisticians, and researchers."--Publisher's description
Explaining divergent levels of longevity in high-income countries by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

10 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 1,576 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Over the last 25 years, life expectancy at age 50 in the U.S. has been rising, but at a slower pace than in many other high-income countries, such as Japan and Australia. This difference is particularly notable given that the U.S. spends more on health care than any other nation. Concerned about this divergence, the National Institute on Aging asked the National Research Council to examine evidence on its possible causes. According to Explaining Divergent Levels of Longevity in High-Income Countries, the nation's history of heavy smoking is a major reason why lifespans in the U.S. fall short of those in many other high-income nations. Evidence suggests that current obesity levels play a substantial part as well. The book reports that lack of universal access to health care in the U.S. also has increased mortality and reduced life expectancy, though this is a less significant factor for those over age 65 because of Medicare access. For the main causes of death at older ages -- cancer and cardiovascular disease -- available indicators do not suggest that the U.S. health care system is failing to prevent deaths that would be averted elsewhere. In fact, cancer detection and survival appear to be better in the U.S. than in most other high-income nations, and survival rates following a heart attack also are favorable. Explaining Divergent Levels of Longevity in High-Income Countries identifies many gaps in research. For instance, while lung cancer deaths are a reliable marker of the damage from smoking, no clear-cut marker exists for obesity, physical inactivity, social integration, or other risks considered in this book. Moreover, evaluation of these risk factors is based on observational studies, which -- unlike randomized controlled trials -- are subject to many biases."--Publisher's description
Fatal years : child mortality in late nineteenth-century America by Samuel H Preston( Book )

17 editions published between 1991 and 2016 in English and Undetermined and held by 909 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Fatal Years is the first systematic study of child mortality in the United States in the late nineteenth century. Exploiting newly discovered data from the 1900 Census of Population, Samuel Preston and Michael Haines present their findings in a volume that is not only a pioneering work of demography but also an accessible and moving historical narrative. Despite having a rich, well-fed, and highly literate population, the United States had exceptionally high child-mortality levels during this period: nearly one out of every five children died before the age of five. Preston and Haines challenge accepted opinion to show that losses in privileged social groups were as appalling as those among lower classes. Improvements came only with better knowledge about infectious diseases and greater public efforts to limit their spread. The authors look at a wide range of topics, including differences in mortality in urban versus rural areas and the differences in child mortality among various immigration groups. "Fatal Years is an extremely important contribution to our understanding of child mortality in the United States at the turn of the century. The new data and its analysis force everyone to reconsider previous work and statements about U.S. mortality in that period. The book will quickly become a standard in the field."--Maris A. Vinovskis, University of MichiganOriginally published in 1991.The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905
Causes of death: life tables for national population by Samuel H Preston( Book )

23 editions published in 1972 in 3 languages and held by 728 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Divided geographically, tables provide an account of the frequency with which particular causes of death were recorded in particular age and sex groups in each country
Mortality patterns in national populations : with special reference to recorded causes of death by Samuel H Preston( Book )

17 editions published between 1976 and 2014 in English and Spanish and held by 632 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mortality Patterns in National Populations: With Special Reference to Recorded Causes of Death aims to interpret the account left by millions of death certificates that have been recorded in 43 nations. The book discusses a """"model"""" of the cause structure of mortality at various levels of mortality from all causes combined; the effect of various causes on the chances of death and longevity; and the contribution of economic factors to declines in mortality during the 20th century. The text also describes the causes of death and age patterns of mortality; the causes of death responsible fo
Demography : measuring and modeling population processes by Samuel H Preston( Book )

27 editions published between 2000 and 2018 in English and held by 467 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This book presents and develops the basic methods and models that are used by demographers to study the behavior of human populations. The procedures are clearly and concisely developed from first principles, and extensive applications are presented." "The authors focus on quantitative procedures for studying the growth and structure of populations, including measurement of fertility and mortality, population projection, and equilibrium models. The book also covers procedures for evaluating data quality and estimating demographic parameters when conventional data are deficient. It will provide a comprehensive introduction to demographic methods for all students and researchers in this subject."--Jacket
World population : approaching the year 2000( Book )

12 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 416 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Effects of infant and child mortality on fertility( Book )

17 editions published between 1975 and 1978 in English and held by 381 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Older male mortality and cigarette smoking; a demographic analysis by Samuel H Preston( Book )

11 editions published between 1970 and 1976 in English and held by 254 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The demography of African Americans, 1930-1990 by Samuel H Preston( Book )

8 editions published between 2003 and 2010 in English and held by 242 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

African Americans constitute one of the most interesting and dynamic components of the population of the United States. Unfortunately, an accurate assessment of their demographic characteristics is beset by inaccuracies in the underlying data. Using a novel strategy that combines record linkage and demographic/statistical analysis, the authors produce an internally consistent and robust set of estimates of the African-American population during the period 1930-1990. They interpret the record that emerges, with special reference to longevity trends and differentials. This work is of particular interest to demographers, sociologists and students of ethnic studies
The antient testimony of the people called Quakers, reviv'd by Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends( )

4 editions published between 1723 and 2012 in English and held by 190 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A catechism and confession of faith : approved and agreed unto, by the general assembly of the patriarchs, prophets and apostles, Christ himself chief speaker in and among them ... by Robert Barclay( Book )

6 editions published between 1803 and 1965 in English and held by 153 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Biological and social aspects of mortality and the length of life : proceedings of a seminar at Fiuggi, Italy, May 13-16, 1980( Book )

9 editions published in 1982 in English and held by 89 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The future of American fertility by Samuel H Preston( )

9 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper reviews the major social and demographic forces influencing American fertility levels with the aim of predicting changes during the next three decades. Increases in the Hispanic population and in educational attainment are expected to have modest and offsetting effects on fertility levels. A cessation of the recent pattern of increasing ages at childbearing will at some point put upward pressure on period (but not cohort) fertility rates. Higher relative wages for women and better contraception have empowered women and fundamentally altered marriage and relations between the sexes. But women's childbearing has become less dependent upon stable relations with men, and educational differences in intended fertility have narrowed. One explanation of higher fertility in the U.S. than in other developed countries is that its institutions have adapted better to rising relative wages for women and the attendant increase in women's labor force participation
Low life expectancy in the United States : is the health care system at fault? by Samuel H Preston( )

9 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 82 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Life expectancy in the United States fares poorly in international comparisons, primarily because of high mortality rates above age 50. Its low ranking is often blamed on a poor performance by the health care system rather than on behavioral or social factors. This paper presents evidence on the relative performance of the US health care system using death avoidance as the sole criterion. We find that, by standards of OECD countries, the US does well in terms of screening for cancer, survival rates from cancer, survival rates after heart attacks and strokes, and medication of individuals with high levels of blood pressure or cholesterol. We consider in greater depth mortality from prostate cancer and breast cancer, diseases for which effective methods of identification and treatment have been developed and where behavioral factors do not play a dominant role. We show that the US has had significantly faster declines in mortality from these two diseases than comparison countries. We conclude that the low longevity ranking of the United States is not likely to be a result of a poorly functioning health care system
Projecting the effect of changes in smoking and obesity on future life expectancy in the United States by Samuel H Preston( )

6 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We project the effects of declining smoking and increasing obesity on mortality in the United States over the period 2010-2040. Data on cohort behavioral histories are integrated into these projections. Future distributions of body mass indices are projected using transition matrices applied to the initial distribution in 2010. In addition to projections of current obesity, we project distributions of obesity when cohorts were age 25. To these distributions we apply death rates by current and age-25 obesity status observed in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-2006. Projections of the effects of smoking are based on observed relations between cohort smoking patterns and cohort death rates from lung cancer. We find that both changes in smoking and in obesity are expected to have large effects on mortality. For males, the reductions in smoking have larger effects than the rise in obesity throughout the projection period. By 2040, male life expectancy at age 40 is expected to have gained 0.92 years from the combined effects. Among women, however, the two sets of effects largely offset one another throughout the projection period, with a small gain of 0.26 years expected by 2040
United States Census Data, 1900: Public Use Sample by Samuel H Preston( )

7 editions published between 1900 and 1992 in 3 languages and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The file contains a household record for each household selected in the sample, with variables describing the location and composition of the household. Each household record is followed by a record for each individual who resided in that household. These "person records" contain variables describing the demographic characteristics, nativity, education, and occupation for each person
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Explaining divergent levels of longevity in high-income countries
Population and land use in developing countries : report of a workshopThe Epidemiological transition : policy and planning implications for developing countries : workshop proceedingsInternational differences in mortality at older ages : dimensions and sourcesExplaining divergent levels of longevity in high-income countriesFatal years : child mortality in late nineteenth-century AmericaDemography : measuring and modeling population processesThe demography of African Americans, 1930-1990
Alternative Names
Preston, Samuel.

Preston, Samuel 1943-

Samuel H. Preston Amerikaans statisticus

ساموئل اچ. پرستون

English (242)

Spanish (2)