WorldCat Identities

Greenwood, Peter W.

Works: 106 works in 363 publications in 3 languages and 11,431 library holdings
Genres: Longitudinal studies  Abstracts 
Roles: Author, Redactor, Creator, Other
Classifications: AS36, 364.4
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Peter W Greenwood
Changing lives : delinquency prevention as crime-control policy by Peter W Greenwood( )

15 editions published between 2006 and 2008 in English and held by 2,188 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"One of the most astonishing aspects of juvenile crime is how little is known about the impact of the policies and programs put in place to fight it. As a result of this almost complete absence of evaluation, the most commonly used strategies and programs for combating juvenile delinquency problems primarily rely on intuition and fads. Fortunately, as a result of the promising new research documented in Changing Lives, these deficiencies in our juvenile justice system might quickly be remedied." "Peter W. Greenwood here demonstrates that as crime rates have fallen, researchers have identified more connections between specific risk factors and criminal behavior, while program developers have discovered a wide array of innovative interventions. The result of all this activity, he reveals, has been the revelation of a few prevention models that reduce crime much more cost-effectively than popular approaches such as tougher sentencing, D.A.R.E., boot camps, and "scared straight" programs. Changing Lives expertly presents the most promising of these prevention programs, their histories, the quality of evidence to support their effectiveness, the public policy programs involved in bringing them into wider use, and the potential for investments and developmental research to increase the range and quality of programs."--Jacket
Diverting children from a life of crime : measuring costs and benefits by Peter W Greenwood( )

14 editions published between 1996 and 1998 in English and Spanish and held by 2,060 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Diverting Children from a Life of Crime is the first book to rigorously compare the costs and effectiveness of various early-intervention approaches with each other and with incarceration. The author examines four such programs: home visits by child care professionals to provide guidance in infant and child care; parent training and therapy for families with primary-school-age children who have shown aggressive behavior; cash and other incentives to induce disadvantaged high school students to graduate; and monitoring and supervision of high-school-age youth who have already exhibited delinquent behavior. The authors assess the cost-effectiveness of each program and find that graduation incentives might reduce crime by 15% and that other interventions could reduce crime by smaller but significant amounts
Criminal careers of habitual felons by Joan Petersilia( Book )

15 editions published between 1976 and 1978 in English and held by 689 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Analysis of interviews with 49 prison inmates--armed robbers serving at least their second prison term. The interviews probed patterns of criminality; criminal sophistication; treatment by criminal justice agencies; and drug and alcohol involvement. On the average, these offenders committed 20 felonies per year of street time and were arrested for only about 9 percent of them. The seriousness and frequency of their crimes declined during their careers. Surprisingly, the sample did not develop much criminal sophistication over time. Two types of habitual offenders emerged. The "intensives," about one-third of the sample, were more criminally active and more skillful at avoiding arrest than the "intermittents": intensives committed 10 times as many crimes as intermittents but were 5 times less likely to be arrested for any single crime. Though the sample is too small to permit generalizations, results suggest the importance of identifying intensives among habitual offenders and identifying them early in their careers
The criminal investigation process by Peter W Greenwood( Book )

15 editions published between 1970 and 1977 in English and held by 538 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The criminal investigation process in municipal and county police departments was studied by survey, interviews and observations, and special data collection. Investigators spend about 7% of their time on activities that lead to solving crimes. Case solutions reflect activities of patrol officers, members of the public, and routine clerical processing more than investigative techniques. Nearly half of investigators' case-related activities are devoted to post-arrest processing; these activities are inadequately responsive to the needs of prosecutors. Collecting physical evidence at crime scenes does not help solve crimes unless evidence processing capabilities are adequate. Policy implications are discussed. (Author)
Evidence-based practice in juvenile justice : progress, challenges, and opportunities by Peter W Greenwood( )

11 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and held by 348 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Over the past 15 years, evidence-based practice in juvenile justice has moved from a concept to a full blown practice in a number of states. They have used research based principles and programs to: - completely reorganize their system for treating juveniles -reduce crime and recidivism -and saved money in the process. Evidence-Based Practice in Juvenile Justice describes the major players in this transformative process, the particular role they play in moving research to practice, and provides recommendations for applying this research in other locations. It will be of key interest to researchers in Criminology and Criminal Justice with a focus on Juvenile Justice or Juvenile Delinquency, or related fields such as Public Policy and Social Work, as well as policy-makers, and practitioners working in the juvenile justice system
Prosecution of adult felony defendants in Los Angeles County: a policy perspective by National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice( Book )

13 editions published between 1973 and 1975 in English and held by 312 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Three strikes revisited : an early assessment of implementation and effects( )

1 edition published in 1998 in English and held by 296 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Three strikes and you're out : estimated benefits and costs of California's new mandatory-sentencing law( Book )

7 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 260 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The authors report on the benefits and costs of California's new mandatory-sentencing law, which provides for progressively longer sentences with an increasing number of prior convictions for serious felonies. The authors find that the new law, if fully implemented, will decrease serious crime committed by adults by about 28 percent at a cost of an extra $5.5 billion a year. Alternatives that narrow the law's application result in a lower benefit but an even greater reduction in costs. The authors were also able to devise an alternative that resulted in the same crime-reduction benefit for lower cost. The authors conclude that the state budget cuts required to fund the new law will be so great that it is unlikely to be fully implemented
Selective incapacitation by Peter W Greenwood( Book )

9 editions published between 1981 and 1982 in English and held by 242 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report describes the results of a research project designed to determine the potential benefits of selective incapacitation. The data for this research consist of a survey administered to approximately 2,100 male prison and jail inmates in three states--California, Michigan, and Texas. They also include information from official records for the prison inmates. Section II reviews prior research on criminal careers and then describes the survey data on which this study is based. Section III introduces and describes the concept of selective incapacitation. Section IV summarizes findings on the distribution of individual offenses and describes a predictive scale for identifying high-rate offenders. Section V estimates the potential impacts of selective incapacitation policies. The final section summarizes what the authors think they have learned about selective incapacitation and suggests the kind of research that remains to be done
Prosecution of adult felony defendants : a policy perspective( Book )

5 editions published in 1976 in English and held by 214 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Costs and benefits of early childhood intervention by Peter W Greenwood( Book )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 203 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention of the U.S. Department of Justice presents the full text of a fact sheet entitled "Costs and Benefits of Early Childhood Intervention," by Peter W. Greenwood. The fact sheet was published in February 1999 and discusses the possibility that early interventions may save some children and their parents from incurring state expenditures through criminal justice, welfare, and other costs
One more chance : the pursuit of promising intervention strategies for chronic juvenile offenders by Peter W Greenwood( Book )

6 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 203 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This document gives the findings and recommendations of a study designed to identify interventions which can reduce the criminality of chronic juvenile offenders. The findings presented should be of interest to researchers and practitioners who are attempting to devise methods of reducing the crimes of chronic offenders that are more effective and humane than incarceration. The executive summary discusses the ineffectiveness of rehabilitation programs and the problem of chronic offenders who begin their careers as juveniles. The document includes sections on: (1) predictors of chronic criminal behavior including crime causation theories and integrating predictive factors with delinquency theories; (2) assessment of risk including criminal patterns and predicting chronic criminality; (3) legal aspects of rehabilitation and prevention programs; (4) effective approaches in rehabilitation programs including alternatives to training schools and post-program contacts; (5) effective prevention programs in preschools and public schools, and parent training techniques; and (6) the economic benefits to offenders and society of early intervention. Policy implications are discussed. A six-page reference list is included. (Abl)
Factors affecting sentence severity for young adult offenders by Peter W Greenwood( Book )

8 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 202 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This document analyzes the sentencing of young adult defendants in comparison with older adult and younger juvenile offenders, and disputes prior research which held that young adults received more lenient sentencing, perhaps because of the restrictions on disclosing juvenile delinquency histories. The document presents data from samples of young males arrested for armed robbery or residential burglary in Los Angeles County, California; Clark County, Nevada; and King County, Washington. Results of data analysis are presented which indicate that: (1) no evidence of consistent leniency towards young adult offenders was found; (2) both juveniles and young adults with extensive records were sentenced more severely than those with lighter records; (3) the availability of prior records did not guarantee such records would have an effect; (4) consideration of juvenile records only at sentencing may provide adequate discrimination between chronic and occasional offenders; and (5) juvenile arrest charges not resulting in a finding of delinquency are often used to represent the defendant's criminality. Sections of the document discuss origins of the "undue leniency" belief, juvenile records as sentencing data, and differences in disposition patterns of youthful offenders. Reference tables, research design, and references are appended. (Abl)
Chronic juvenile offenders : final results from the Skillman aftercare experiment by Peter W Greenwood( Book )

5 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in English and held by 198 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A classical experimental design was used to determine whether delinquents assigned to an experimental intensive aftercare program implemented in two sites had lower relapse and recidivism rates and a better readjustment to the community than control youths assigned to regular supervision following residential placement, provided by social workers or probation officers. Interviews with youths and staff suggest that the experimental program was more intensive in terms of the frequency of contact and counseling. Twelve month follow-up data showed a decline in coping skills, personal goals, and self-efficacy, and no significant differences in arrests, self-reported delinquency or substance use
Youth crime and juvenile justice in California : a report to the Legislature by Peter W Greenwood( Book )

6 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 179 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report, written for state legislators, law enforcers, and researchers, presents the results and recommendations of a study of youth crime and juvenile justice in California. Part I, The Control of Youth Crime in California Today, discusses juvenile crime rates, the processing of juvenile arrests, and arrest disposition patterns. Part ii, The Development of Juvenile Law and Intervention Strategies in a Historical Context, addresses the evolution of the juvenile court and its critics, and the search for effective treatment programs. Several treatment programs are described, including the California Community Treatment Project, the Silverlake Experiment, Unified Delinquency Intervention Services, and VisionQuest. Part iii, a Reform Agenda for California Juvenile Justice, focuses on the organization of juvenile correctional programs including treatment and sentencing options, authority, and the development of community-based sentencing. The final subsection in part iii focuses on the study group's recommendations to the legislature, which include the creation of a juvenile justice commission with ongoing authority to empower legislative changes, funding changes, and sentencing reforms. The appendices present movement patterns and parole outcomes in 1975, Washington State's juvenile sentencing law, and charts of arrest and disposition patterns. A four-page list of references is included. (Bl)
Rand research on criminal careers : an update on progress to date by Peter W Greenwood( Book )

8 editions published between 1979 and 1980 in English and held by 176 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Selective incapacitation revisited : why the high-rate offenders are hard to predict by Peter W Greenwood( Book )

9 editions published between 1986 and 1987 in English and held by 174 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This is a final report of a project designed to explore the relationship between (1) self-reports of offenses and (2) recorded arrests as indicators of individual offense rates. The findings suggest that high-rate offenders cannot be accurately identified, either prospectively or retrospectively, on the basis of their arrest rates alone. More effort must be devoted to checking on the reliability of and resolving inconsistencies in the information provided by individual respondents. Unless it is possible to identify some specific characteristics of high-rate offenders or their recorded offenses that can distinguish their expected probability of arrest from the average experienced by all offenders, individual arrest rates will remain a poor predictor of individual offense rates within a chronic offender population
Substance abuse problems and programs in Newark : a needs assessment for Newark's Fighting Back Initiative by Patricia A Ebener( Book )

3 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 173 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report describes the nature and extent of substance abuse problems in Newark, their effects on the community, and the programs and resources currently addressing them. Because it focuses primarily on the city's problems, this report does not present a very flattering portrait. Indeed, some of the figures it contains are quite depressing. However, Newark is not alone in possessing these problems. Any city of significant size will have its own pockets of high-risk residents exhibiting many of the same problems of self-destructive behavior. What does set Newark apart is its determination to recognize these problems, and mobilize the resources to bring about change. The study was commissioned by the Boys' and Girls' Clubs of Newark, the lead agency in the Newark Fighting Back Initiative. The objective of this initiative is to develop intensive, community-wide activities that will help reduce local drug use and its attendant problems
Age, crime, and sanctions : the transition from juvenile to adult court by Peter W Greenwood( Book )

6 editions published in 1980 in English and German and held by 171 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This document, the final report resulting from a two-year study of the use of juvenile records in adult court proceedings and the relationship between age and sanction severity, is of interest to researchers and policymakers concerned with sanction policies for youthful offenders. The introductory chapter provides an overview of the controversy surrounding the two-track system of justice. Later chapters review the evidence concerning the relationship between age and crime, by using arrest statistics and looking at individual career patterns. The relationship between sanctions and age is examined from several perspectives, including a reanalysis of the pattern of sanctions by age and an appraisal of new data gathered from cases in Los Angeles County, Franklin County, Ohio, and New York City. A sample of adult prison inmates is described, and the severity of their sanctions before and just after becoming adults is discussed. Findings from a survey of prosecutors concerning their access to and use of juvenile records in adult court proceedings are included. The final chapter explores the implications of the project findings for further research and policy development. (Author/NRB)
The Criminal investigation process : prepared under a grant from the National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice, LEAA, Department of Justice by Peter W Greenwood( Book )

3 editions published in 1975 in English and held by 140 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A 2-year study of police investigation was conducted to describe national investigative organization and practices, assess the contribution that police investigation makes to the achievement of criminal justice goals, determine the effectiveness of new technology and systems being used to improve investigations, and relate investigational effectiveness to differences in organization. Data were collected from questionnaires completed from 153 jurisdictions whose law enforcement departments had 150 or more officers. Over 25 agencies were then selected for more detailed study. The results of the study are presented in three volumes; the first volume includes a summary and discusses policy implications. The study found that differences in investigative training, staffing, and procedures had little effect on crime, arrest, or clearance rates. The method by which police investigators were organized was also not related to variations in crime, arrest, and clearance rates. The most important determinant of a successful investigation was the information supplied by the victim to the immediately responding patrol officer. Routine police procedures often led to the clearance of crimes in which the perpetrator was not immediately identifiable at the beginning of the investigation. While investigators often collected from physical evidence than could be productively analyzed, latent fingerprints were rarely the only basis upon which a suspect was identified. Police failure to document a case investigation thoroughly can contribute to a higher case dismissal rate. The researchers made several recommendations designed to save resources and lead to a greater number of arrests and successful prosecutions. The second volume describes the survey design and patterns of response. The descriptive results are discussed in terms of overall departmental characteristics, investigators' rank and qualifications, organization of the investigative function, interaction with other criminal justice agencies, investigative policies and operations, records and files, and innovative programs. In the final chapter, arrest and clearance rates of the responding departments are compared with other characteristics of the departments. However, the analysis showed no strong and consistent patterns that have operational significance for the organization of the investigative function. The third volume presents a comprehensive description of the criminal investigation process and analyzes those issues that can be illustrated by quantitative data. As a foundation for describing police investigations, the researchers identified its objectives, including deterring and preventing crime, uncovering the occurrence of crime, identifying and apprehending offenders, recovering stolen property, supporting prosecution, and maintaining public confidence in the police. The components of this criminal investigation study are described in detail here, including a literature review, description of the investigative function, how detectives spend their time, how crimes are solved, the role of physical evidence collection and processing, investigative thoroughness, information feedback to victims, and the investigative strike force
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  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.29 (from 0.04 for Diverting ... to 0.62 for Age, crime ...)

Diverting children from a life of crime : measuring costs and benefits
Diverting children from a life of crime : measuring costs and benefitsThree strikes and you're out : estimated benefits and costs of California's new mandatory-sentencing lawChronic juvenile offenders : final results from the Skillman aftercare experimentSubstance abuse problems and programs in Newark : a needs assessment for Newark's Fighting Back Initiative
Alternative Names
Greenwood, P. W.

Greenwood, P. W. (Peter W.)

Greenwood, Peter W.

English (158)

Spanish (1)

German (1)