WorldCat Identities

Achinstein, Peter

Overview
Works: 30 works in 276 publications in 3 languages and 12,418 library holdings
Genres: History  Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Classifications: Q175, 501
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about Peter Achinstein
 
Most widely held works by Peter Achinstein
Concepts of science; a philosophical analysis by Peter Achinstein( Book )

23 editions published between 1968 and 2013 in English and held by 962 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Legacy of logical positivism : studies in the philosophy of science by Peter Achinstein( Book )

19 editions published between 1969 and 1996 in English and Undetermined and held by 897 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The nature of explanation by Peter Achinstein( Book )

28 editions published between 1982 and 2010 in 3 languages and held by 624 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Annotation
Particles and waves : historical essays in the philosophy of science by Peter Achinstein( Book )

17 editions published between 1991 and 1992 in 3 languages and held by 595 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume contains six published and two new essays, focusing on philosophical problems surrounding the postulation of unobservable entities such as light waves, molecules and electrons
Explanation : papers and discussions( Book )

15 editions published in 1975 in English and held by 578 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Law and explanation: an essay in the philosophy of science by Peter Achinstein( Book )

17 editions published in 1971 in English and held by 569 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The concept of evidence by Peter Achinstein( Book )

12 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 562 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Observation, experiment, and hypothesis in modern physical science( Book )

14 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 522 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The book of evidence by Peter Achinstein( Book )

28 editions published between 2001 and 2004 in English and held by 397 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"What is required for something to be evidence for a hypothesis? In this work, Peter Achinstein explores this question, rejecting typical philosophical and statistical theories of evidence. He claims these theories are much too weak to give scientists what they want - a good reason to believe - and, in some cases, they furnish concepts that mistakenly make all evidential claims a priori." "Achinstein introduces four concepts of evidence, defines three of them by reference to "potential" evidence, and characterizes the latter using a novel epistemic interpretation of probability. The resulting theory is then applied to philosophical and historical issues. Solutions are provided to the "grue," "ravens," "lottery," and "old-evidence" paradoxes, and to a series of questions including whether explanations or predictions furnish more evidential weight; whether individual hypotheses or entire theoretical systems can receive evidential support; and what counts as a scientific discovery, and what evidence it requires. The historical questions include whether Jean Perrin had non-circular evidence for the existence of molecules; what type of evidence J.J. Thomson offered for the existence of the electron; and whether - as is usually supposed - he really discovered the electron. Achinstein proposes answers to all of these, using his theory of evidence." "This volume is for philosophers of science and historians of science, as well as for statisticians, scientists with philosophical interests, and anyone curious about scientific reasoning."--Jacket
Science rules : a historical introduction to scientific methods by Peter Achinstein( Book )

7 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 382 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Is there a universal set of rules for discovering and testing scientific hypotheses? Since the birth of modern science, philosophers, scientists, and other thinkers have wrestled with this fundamental question of scientific practice. Efforts to devise rigorous methods for obtaining scientific knowledge include the twenty-one rules Descartes proposed in his Rules for the Direction of the Mind and the four rules of reasoning that begin the third book of Newton's Principia, and continue today in debates over the very possibility of such rules. Bringing together key primary sources spanning almost four centuries, Science Rules introduces readers to scientific methods that have played a prominent role in the history of scientific practice. (Midwest)
Studies in the philosophy of science by Peter Achinstein( Book )

11 editions published in 1969 in English and held by 338 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Kelvin's Baltimore lectures and modern theoretical physics : historical and philosophical perspectives by William Thomson Kelvin( Book )

9 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 336 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Evidence and method : scientific strategies of Isaac Newton and James Clerk Maxwell by Peter Achinstein( Book )

16 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 277 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

What is meant by scientific evidence, and how can a definition of this concept be applied in the sciences to determine whether observed facts constitute evidence that a given theory is true? In this book, philosopher Peter Achinstein proposes and defends several objective concepts of evidence through an examination of the methodologies of Isaac Newton and 19th century theoretical physicist James Clerk Maxwell
Scientific evidence : philosophical theories & applications( Book )

8 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 250 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Physicists think they have discovered the top quark. Biologists believe in evolution. But what precisely constitutes evidence for such claims, and why? Scientists often disagree about the extent to which evidence counts in favor of a theory because they are operating with different concepts of scientific evidence. Peter Achinstein has gathered prominent philosophers and historians of science for critical and lively discussions of both general questions about the meaning of evidence and specific ones about evidence for particular scientific theories."--Jacket
Scientific methods : conceptual and historical problems( Book )

11 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 202 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Evidence, explanation, and realism : essays in the philosophy of science by Peter Achinstein( Book )

14 editions published in 2010 in English and Undetermined and held by 186 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The essays in this volume address three fundamental questions in the philosophy of science: What is required for some fact to be evidence for a scientific hypothesis? What does it mean to say that a scientist or a theory explains a phenomenon? Should scientific theories that postulate "unobservable" entities such as electrons be construed realistically as aiming to correctly describe a world underlying what is directly observable, or should such theories be understood as aiming to correctly describe only the observable world? Distinguished philosopher of science Peter Achinstein prov
Studies in the philosophy of science : essays by Nicholas Rescher( Book )

4 editions published in 1969 in English and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since Rescher's earliest publication of the middle 1950's in this field, the philosophy of science has constituted one focus of his interest and preoccupation. Some dozen of Rescher's contributions to the field are published in the present volume, and they combine to convey his favored way of blending empirical data with philosophical theorizing
Los modelos teóricos by Peter Achinstein( Book )

7 editions published between 1967 and 1987 in Spanish and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Structure of scientific theories by Frederick Suppe( Book )

3 editions published between 1974 and 1979 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Wissenschaftstheorie
Light hypotheses by Peter Achinstein( )

1 edition published in 1987 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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Particles and waves : historical essays in the philosophy of science
Alternative Names
Peter Achinstein American philosopher

Peter Achinstein Amerikaans filosoof

Peter Achinstein US-amerikanischer Philosoph

Languages
Covers
The nature of explanationParticles and waves : historical essays in the philosophy of scienceThe concept of evidenceThe book of evidenceScience rules : a historical introduction to scientific methodsScientific evidence : philosophical theories & applicationsEvidence, explanation, and realism : essays in the philosophy of scienceThe Structure of scientific theories