WorldCat Identities

Achinstein, Peter

Overview
Works: 34 works in 302 publications in 3 languages and 12,842 library holdings
Genres: History  Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Classifications: Q175, 501
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about Peter Achinstein
 
Most widely held works by Peter Achinstein
The book of evidence by Peter Achinstein( )

29 editions published between 2001 and 2004 in English and held by 1,972 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"What is required for something to be evidence for a hypothesis? In this work, Peter Achinstein explores this question, rejecting typical philosophical and statistical theories of evidence. He claims these theories are much too weak to give scientists what they want - a good reason to believe - and, in some cases, they furnish concepts that mistakenly make all evidential claims a priori." "Achinstein introduces four concepts of evidence, defines three of them by reference to "potential" evidence, and characterizes the latter using a novel epistemic interpretation of probability. The resulting theory is then applied to philosophical and historical issues. Solutions are provided to the "grue," "ravens," "lottery," and "old-evidence" paradoxes, and to a series of questions including whether explanations or predictions furnish more evidential weight; whether individual hypotheses or entire theoretical systems can receive evidential support; and what counts as a scientific discovery, and what evidence it requires. The historical questions include whether Jean Perrin had non-circular evidence for the existence of molecules; what type of evidence J.J. Thomson offered for the existence of the electron; and whether - as is usually supposed - he really discovered the electron. Achinstein proposes answers to all of these, using his theory of evidence." "This volume is for philosophers of science and historians of science, as well as for statisticians, scientists with philosophical interests, and anyone curious about scientific reasoning."--Jacket
The nature of explanation by Peter Achinstein( )

32 editions published between 1982 and 2010 in English and Spanish and held by 1,831 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Offering a new approach to scientific explanation, this book focuses initially on the explaining act itself. From that act, a "product" emerges: an explanation. To understand what that product is, as well as how it can be evaluated in the sciences, reference must be made to the concept of the explaining act. Following an account of the explaining act, its product, and the evaluation of explanations, the theory is brought to bear on these issues: Why have the standard models of scientific explanation been unsuccessful, and can there be a model of the type sought? What is causal explanation, and must explanation in the sciences be causal? What is a functional explanation? The "illocutionary" theory of explanation developed at the outset is used in discussing these issues, and contrasting philosophical viewpoints are assessed
Particles and waves : historical essays in the philosophy of science by Peter Achinstein( )

19 editions published between 1991 and 1992 in 3 languages and held by 1,481 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume contains six published and two new essays, focusing on philosophical problems surrounding the postulation of unobservable entities such as light waves, molecules and electrons
Evidence, explanation, and realism : essays in the philosophy of science by Peter Achinstein( )

14 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 1,375 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Introduction -- Part I: Evidence and induction -- Concepts of evidence -- Why philosophical theories of evidence are (and ought to be) ignored by scientests -- The grue paradox -- The war on induction -- Waves and the scientific method -- Part II: Explanation -- An illocutionary theory of explanation -- The pragmatic character of explanation -- Can there be a model of explanation? -- Explanation vs. prediction : which carries more weight? -- Function statements -- Part III: Realism, molecules, and electrons -- Is there a valid experimental argument for scientific realism? -- Jean Perrin and molecular reality -- The problem of theoretical terms -- What to do if you want to defend a theory you can't prove : a method of physical speculation -- Who really discovered the electron?
Concepts of science; a philosophical analysis by Peter Achinstein( Book )

27 editions published between 1968 and 2013 in English and held by 932 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Legacy of logical positivism : studies in the philosophy of science by Peter Achinstein( Book )

21 editions published between 1969 and 1996 in English and held by 881 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Explanation : papers and discussions( Book )

16 editions published in 1975 in English and held by 567 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Law and explanation: an essay in the philosophy of science by Peter Achinstein( Book )

19 editions published in 1971 in English and held by 566 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The concept of evidence by Peter Achinstein( Book )

14 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 557 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Observation, experiment, and hypothesis in modern physical science( Book )

15 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 510 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Science rules : a historical introduction to scientific methods by Peter Achinstein( Book )

7 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 385 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Is there a universal set of rules for discovering and testing scientific hypotheses? Since the birth of modern science, philosophers, scientists, and other thinkers have wrestled with this fundamental question of scientific practice. Efforts to devise rigorous methods for obtaining scientific knowledge include the twenty-one rules Descartes proposed in his Rules for the Direction of the Mind and the four rules of reasoning that begin the third book of Newton's Principia, and continue today in debates over the very possibility of such rules. Bringing together key primary sources spanning almost four centuries, Science Rules introduces readers to scientific methods that have played a prominent role in the history of scientific practice. (Midwest)
Evidence and method : scientific strategies of Isaac Newton and James Clerk Maxwell by Peter Achinstein( Book )

16 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 356 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

What is meant by scientific evidence, and how can a definition of this concept be applied in the sciences to determine whether observed facts constitute evidence that a given theory is true? In this book, philosopher Peter Achinstein proposes and defends several objective concepts of evidence through an examination of the methodologies of Isaac Newton and 19th century theoretical physicist James Clerk Maxwell
Kelvin's Baltimore lectures and modern theoretical physics : historical and philosophical perspectives by William Thomson Kelvin( Book )

11 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 332 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Studies in the philosophy of science by Peter Achinstein( Book )

10 editions published between 1969 and 1970 in English and held by 330 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Scientific evidence : philosophical theories & applications( Book )

7 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 249 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Physicists think they have discovered the top quark. Biologists believe in evolution. But what precisely constitutes evidence for such claims, and why? Scientists often disagree about the extent to which evidence counts in favor of a theory because they are operating with different concepts of scientific evidence. Peter Achinstein has gathered prominent philosophers and historians of science for critical and lively discussions of both general questions about the meaning of evidence and specific ones about evidence for particular scientific theories."--Jacket
Scientific methods : conceptual and historical problems( Book )

11 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 202 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Studies in the philosophy of science : essays( Book )

4 editions published in 1969 in English and held by 27 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Los modelos teóricos by Peter Achinstein( Book )

8 editions published between 1967 and 1987 in Spanish and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Studies in the philosophy of science( Book )

2 editions published in 1969 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Structure of scientific theories by Frederick Suppe( Book )

3 editions published between 1974 and 1979 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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Evidence, explanation, and realism : essays in the philosophy of science
Covers
The nature of explanationParticles and waves : historical essays in the philosophy of scienceEvidence, explanation, and realism : essays in the philosophy of scienceConcepts of science; a philosophical analysisThe concept of evidenceScience rules : a historical introduction to scientific methodsScientific evidence : philosophical theories & applicationsThe Structure of scientific theories
Alternative Names
Peter Achinstein American philosopher

Peter Achinstein Amerikaans filosoof

Peter Achinstein filósofo estadounidense

Peter Achinstein philosophe américain

Peter Achinstein US-amerikanischer Philosoph

פיטר אצ'ינסטיין פילוסוף אמריקאי של המדע

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