WorldCat Identities

Johnson, Leland L.

Works: 78 works in 274 publications in 2 languages and 5,489 library holdings
Roles: Author, Contributor
Classifications: AS36, 384.5551
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about Leland L Johnson
Most widely held works by Leland L Johnson
Toward competition in cable television by Leland L Johnson( Book )

9 editions published between 1994 and 1997 in English and Chinese and held by 453 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The American Enterprise Institute's Studies in Telecommunications Deregulation present new research on telecommunications policy, with particular emphasis on reforms of federal and state regulatory policies that will advance rather than inhibit innovation and consumer welfare. AEI has commissioned more than twenty-five distinguished experts in law, economics, and engineering to write monographs on regulatory issues in telephony, cable television, broadcasting, information services, and other communications technologies
Compatibility standards, competition, and innovation in the broadcasting industry by Stanley M Besen( Book )

9 editions published in 1986 in English and Undetermined and held by 203 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study surveys the theoretical literature dealing with the economics of compatibility standard setting and, using that literature as an analytic framework, it investigates a number of cases of standard setting in the broadcasting industry. These cases include both point-to-multipoint services (e.g. broadcast television) and point-to-point services (e.g. cellular radio). The goal is a better understanding of (1) the conditions under which compatibility standards are likely to be established through market forces, (2) the role that government agencies should play in mandating standards or in other ways encouraging standard setting, and (3) the conditions under which compatibility among technologies is economically efficient. Among its conclusions are that formal standard setting, either by government or private bodies, may be especially important where users lack knowledge of the preferences of others and where no technology is clearly preferred, and that mandatory standard setting should be avoided during the times when the technologies in question are rapidly changing. In addition, the justification for mandatory standards is weakest in cases where a particular technology has widely varying uses
Regulation of media ownership by the Federal Communications Commission : an assessment by Stanley M Besen( Book )

4 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 176 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report assesses the state of current knowledge about the likely effects of the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC's) restrictions on the ownership of broadcasting stations and cable TV systems, to reach judgments about the desirability of modifying or eliminating existing FCC ownership regulations. It examines the evidence on the effects of group ownership of broadcast stations, concentrated regional ownership, common ownership of broadcast stations within a local market, television station-cable system cross-ownership, and telephone-cable cross-ownership. The report reaches four broad conclusions: (1) Concentrated broadcast station ownership leads neither to large operating efficiencies nor to anticompetitive behavior; (2) there is little or no basis for the FCC's group ownership rules, some support exists for rules limiting regional concentration, and stronger support exists for rules that limit cross-ownership within narrow geographic areas; (3) there is no compelling basis for lifting the telephone-cable system cross-ownership ban; and (4) present FCC rules, and many of the proposals for their repeal or modification, are often deficient because they fail to take into account actual competitive conditions
Telephone company entry into cable television : competition, regulation, and public policy by Leland L Johnson( Book )

4 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 175 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study explores the potential consequences of recent decisions by the Federal Communications Commission to permit local telephone companies to compete with cable television operators and other video suppliers in providing video service. The goal of the study is to provide inputs useful to policymakers in their continuing deliberations about the rules under which telephone companies should be permitted to participate in a video marketplace characterized by striking technological advances, rapidly evolving market structures, and changing social needs. The report focuses on the likely consequences of the FCC decision and the recommendation that local exchange carriers (LECs) be permitted to go beyond provision of video dial tone. It is especially concerned with the prospects for competition with cable operators, the role for existing or new regulatory safeguards, and issues of public policy. To explore the potential for competition, the study describes four scenarios involving a hypothetical LEC and a hypothetical cable company operating in the LEC's territory. The scenarios, set later in this decade and into the next century, describe how the two entities behave in response to alternative regulatory, economic, and technological conditions
U.S.-Japan trade relations in telecommunications equipment markets = [Terekomyunikēshon setsubi shijō ni okeru Nichi-Bei tsūshō kankei] by Leland L Johnson( Book )

7 editions published in 1993 in English and Undetermined and held by 166 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The U.S. telecommunications trade deficit with Japan has risen during the last decade, and some have alleged that Japan has engaged in "one-sided" trade and "unfair" competition. With a time frame starting in the late 1970s, this study addresses two overarching questions: How are trade relations between the two countries being affected by changes in the market structure and technological advances? In light of those changes, are trade tensions in the future likely to be more serious or less so than in the past? The authors single out changes in market structure and technological advances because of their prominence in telecommunications. Both the United States and Japan have experienced a shift from monopoly toward competitive markets; technological advance is strikingly illustrated in the emergence of cellular telephones, high definition television (HDTV), and other services. This study looks at case studies of wireline telephone equipment, comparing the evolution of AT & T and Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (NTT); cellular telephone equipment; and HDTV. Although the evidence is mixed, this study suggests that trade tensions will be less severe in the future than in the past. Foreign participation in ownership of Japanese corporations and the continued growth of multinational firms may help to improve trade relations. At the same time, optimism must be tempered with caution. A possible source of future trade tension is that HDTV flat panel manufacturing may take place in Japan rather than in the United States. This could trigger demands for protection of a U.S. flat panel industry to assure U.S. access to "critical technologies" for widespread commercial and military applications. Disputes may also arise about the mutual benefits of joint ventures among multinational firms if, for example, Japanese firms are perceived to be benefiting from U.S. technology on a largely one-way street. Finally, although enhanced market accessibility may, on balance, reduce trade tensions, no simple positive relationship exists between the two
Cost-benefit analysis and voluntary safety standards for consumer products by Leland L Johnson( Book )

5 editions published in 1982 in English and held by 155 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of this study is to explore the opportunities for expanding the use of cost-benefit analysis, to discuss the problems standing in the way, and to suggest experiments with it that can serve as benchmarks for further application. The study also recommends the collection of better product-hazard information; such information would be a valuable input if cost-benefit analysis is adopted, and if it is not, it could still serve as a partial substitute for such analysis in the formulation of future standards. Section II treats several topics as a foundation for the subsequent analysis. Section III discusses the relationships among costs, benefits, and the optimal level of product safety, and the difficulties of pursuing cost-benefit analysis. Section IV explores the very limited past use of cost-benefit analysis in developing voluntary standards. Section V addresses a particularly important problem in improving the quality of cost-benefit analysis--that of obtaining better hazard information. The concluding Section VI touches briefly on tradeoffs between devoting resources to cost-benefit analysis and devoting them to other approaches to help ensure the appropriate level of product safety
Competition and cross-subsidization in the telephone industry by Leland L Johnson( Book )

8 editions published between 1982 and 1983 in English and held by 153 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purposes of this study are (1) to show why the Federal Communications Commission has permitted progressively greater competition in interstate telephone services, (2) to assess the Commission's ability to handle problems of cross-subsidization that have arisen from competition, by drawing from the history of its major rate investigations, (3) to trace the policy implications of this experience for the continued rate regulation of interstate telephone service, and (4) to examine the conflict between economic efficiency and the desire to maintain low local telephone rates--a conflict exacerbated by the fact that competition makes less sustainable the subsidization of local service by interstate services
Cable television: the process of franchising. by Leland L Johnson( Book )

9 editions published between 1973 and 1975 in English and held by 145 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In an effort to insure that cable television franchising procedures at the local level are based on a competitive and well-conceived selection process, this report discusses some of the most important steps of the franchising process. Not only does it show how the community should assess its needs and appraise the merits of the cable operator, but it also presents a chronological sequence of procedures through which the community's needs can be translated into a workable and flexible franchising arrangement. The report is divided into two sections. The first deals with the proposal and hearing negotiations that each community should follow regardless of the technical requirements of the system. The second section specifically delineates the technical and administrative terms that must be written into the franchising agreement. It discusses fees and rates, access, employment practices, performance bonds, and some thirty other topics, all in light of the recent Federal Communications Commission's rulings. (Mc)
Direct broadcast satellites : a competitive alternative to cable television? by Leland L Johnson( Book )

4 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 128 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report presents an economic and engineering analysis of direct broadcast satellites' (DBS) prospects for competing with cable television systems in the United States and, hence, alleviating the need for extensive reregulation of cable. The authors examine relevant technologies, some implications of the technological advances that can reasonably be foreseen, and the comparative costs of DBS and cable systems. They also consider the prospects for second cable, wireless cable, satellite master antenna cable systems, and home satellite dish systems as alternatives to DBS systems to assess whether they hold more promise than DBS as competitors to cable. They then address a number of policy issues, including the effects on local broadcasting, whether cable operators should be permitted to buy into DBS systems, and the problems posed by access to programming. The findings suggest that high-power DBS systems are more likely than are the alternatives to provide widespread competition to cable. However, the outcome is dependent on several interrelated economic and technical factors, including the cost of earth terminals, the degree to which video compression reduces the per-channel cost of satellites, and the level of operating expenses including program acquisition
Competition, pricing, and regulatory policy in the international telephone industry by Leland L Johnson( Book )

4 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 128 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report focuses on the characteristics of prices charged by international telecommunications carriers to their customers or "end users," and the arrangements by which carriers in separate countries compensate each other for handling portions of traffic that together permit end-to-end "retail" service. More specifically, the study examines the relationships between international telephone rates and the cost of service, the impediments to efficient pricing of telephone service, the effects of competition on prices and financial settlements among telephone carriers, and the implications for economic efficiency and government regulatory policy
Incentives to improve electric utility performance : opportunities and problems by Leland L Johnson( Book )

3 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 127 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report uses material from a recent Arizona Public Service Company rate case, and published literature, to address several issues generic to the electric utility industry: the effects on utility incentives and on rates to customers of including "construction work in progress" (CWIP) in the rate base; the use of prudence tests by regulators to determine what costs should, and which should not, be passed on to ratepayers; and the use of incentive programs, with explicit rewards and penalties, to reduce the construction costs of large power plants and to improve their operating performance after they go into service. It draws three major conclusions: (1) Economic principles do not support the notion that cost recovery from ratepayers should begin only after a plant is used and useful. (2) Traditional accounting practices produce rate shocks that force prices upward at the very time that the costs of using a plant are declining. Putting CWIP in the rate base is one of the ways rate shocks can be reduced. (3) Although including CWIP in the rate base may generate perverse incentives, the exclusion of CWIP from the rate base can also generate perverse incentives for utilities faced with severe cash flow problems
Common carrier video delivery by telephone companies by Leland L Johnson( Book )

5 editions published between 1991 and 1992 in English and held by 120 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Much debate surrounds the question of whether to allow telephone companies to deliver video services to subscribers in their service areas. Such an arrangement would raise issues about whether telephone companies should operate as video common carriers, entities free to supply video services as cable operators do today, or hybrids that combine common carrier services with the carrier maintaining limited ownership interests in programming. Setting aside a complex set of legal considerations, this study evaluates the relative merits of these alternative ways to provide video services. The author assesses the appropriate role of government rate regulation (e.g., rate-of-return constraints or price caps) of video networks owned by local exchange carriers (LECs), and explores the applicability of common carriage, going beyond the LECs, to cable operators and other video providers. Outcomes are evaluated in terms of their contribution to economic efficiency and information diversity. The author concludes that there is no sound basis for singling out the telephone companies for common carrier treatment if they choose to enter the video market. He suggests that the same treatment be accorded telephone companies and cable operators, regardless of whether they operate as video common carriers, hybrids, or unconstrained carriers
Residential broadband services by telephone companies? : technology, economics, and public policy by Leland L Johnson( Book )

4 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 119 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report assesses telephone companies' prospects for providing integrated broadband networks for voice, data, and television services to homes. Currently, they are prohibited from competing with cable companies in offering television services. The analysis suggests that lifting the restrictions on telephone company entry into the cable market would lead neither to increased competition in the television market nor to the emergence of new services. Telephone and television services would continue to be offered on separate networks. Switched video--a service that would permit users to be switched on a one-to-one basis to selections from a multitude of program sources--is the only new residential service that telephone companies might provide with fiber
Development of high definition television : a study in U.S.-Japan trade relations = Kōhin'i terebi no kaihatsu : Bei-Nichi bōeki kankei no ichi kenkyū by Leland L Johnson( Book )

8 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 115 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The future of cable television : some problems of Federal regulation by Leland L Johnson( Book )

7 editions published in 1970 in English and held by 111 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Issues in international telecommunications : government regulation of Comsat by Leland L Johnson( Book )

3 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 109 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The question of government regulation of the Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat) is paramount because of Comsat's market power in providing international satellite circuits to U.S. users. Comsat is the monopoly supplier of INTELSAT international satellite links. However, Comsat's satellite monopoly does not translate into a full monopoly of U.S.-overseas communications links, since undersea cable is a substitute. Taking into account advances in cable technology, and especially the introduction of fiber optics, Comsat's market power is being eroded and government regulation is becoming less important. However, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) imposes circuit-loading restrictions that force AT & T to use a greater number of satellite circuits, essentially guaranteeing Comsat a portion of AT & T's traffic. This report discusses the history of the FCC's attempt to regulate Comsat, assesses FCC actions to reduce Comsat's market power, and evaluates the past effects of and future needs for such regulation."--Rand Abstracts
Cable television and the question of protecting local broadcasting by Leland L Johnson( Book )

5 editions published in 1970 in English and held by 105 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An economic analysis of mandatory leased channel access for cable television by Stanley M Besen( Book )

7 editions published between 1982 and 1983 in English and held by 105 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report is an economic analysis of mandated leased access. Section II briefly discusses past regulation of the cable industry, including the regulation of access. Section III examines the existing relationship between cable systems and service packagers. Section IV provides an economic analysis of the effects of various types of mandated leased access arrangements on the service offerings and prices available to cable subscribers. Finally, Sec. V analyzes problems that would be faced by government regulators in implementing a leased access requirement
Telephone assistance programs for low-income households : a preliminary assessment by Leland L Johnson( Book )

3 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 103 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In response to rising local telephone rates in recent years, many states have introduced telephone assistance programs to enable households to retain service and to extend service to those without it. Typically, these programs offer a substantial discount for service to households with incomes below a given level or eligible for benefits under specified welfare programs. This report offers guidance in the design and evaluation of assistance programs by assessing evidence from ongoing programs. The study examines the experiences in eight states and the District of Columbia--jurisdictions whose programs have histories long enough to draw upon. Two important conclusions emerge: (1) To most effectively promote universal service, a program would have characteristics different from one designed to ease financial hardship. (2) Although programs are justified in terms of promoting universal service, their design frequently includes characteristics that are more consistent with easing financial hardship. The author suggests that there must be mandatory reporting requirements to enable the early evaluation of these programs
Cable television and higher education: two contrasting experiences by Leland L Johnson( Book )

7 editions published between 1971 and 1973 in English and held by 102 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In assessing the possibilities of using cable television to serve the needs of higher education, it is useful to examine the experience already accumulated by educational institutions in the use of cable channels. Two particularly interesting cases are those of Oregon State University (osu) and the University of Oregon. Osu employs its cable channel nearly full-time during the day to televise course presentations (largely of scientific and engineering subjects) to students both on and off campus. Enrollments in these televised courses has grown to 8,500 students annually. The rationale for employing the cable channel is to save money and classroom space. The University of Oregon employs its channel, not to present course materials directly, but to supplement and enrich live course presentations in the classroom by providing programming at the request of individual faculty members. In addition, the channel provides a daily message service, an information service as an integral part of the University's registration procedures, and local community programming. A possible explanation for the University of Oregon's lack of televised course presentations is that the school is largely a liberal arts school and neither the courses nor the faculty are amenable to the idea of new technology. (Jy)
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Toward competition in cable television
Alternative Names
Johnson, Leland LeRoy

English (112)

Chinese (2)