WorldCat Identities

Klitgaard, Robert E.

Overview
Works: 132 works in 368 publications in 3 languages and 9,274 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  Abstracts 
Roles: Author, Editor
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about Robert E Klitgaard
 
Most widely held works by Robert E Klitgaard
High-performance government : structure, leadership, incentives( )

13 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 1,986 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 2003, the National Commission on the Public Service, chaired by Paul Volcker, issued a report detailing problems within the federal government today and recommending changes in its organization, leadership, and operations. This book suggests practical ways to implement the recommendations and defines a research agenda for the future. Thirteen essays address the primary problem areas identified by the Volcker Commission, and the commission report itself is included
Controlling corruption by Robert E Klitgaard( )

40 editions published between 1987 and 2008 in 4 languages and held by 1,899 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Corruption is increasingly recognized as a preeminent problem in the developing world. Bribery, extortion, fraud, kickbacks, and collusion have resulted in retarded economies, predator elites, and political instability. In this lively and absorbing book, Robert Klitgaard provides a framework for designing anti-corruption policies, and describes through five case studies how courageous policymakers were able to control corruption
Corrupt cities : a practical guide to cure and prevention by Robert E Klitgaard( )

17 editions published between 1999 and 2000 in English and held by 1,113 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Drawing on their decades of experience in battling corruption around the world, the authors of Corrupt Cities offer a novel way to defeat corruption on the local level. "Preventing corruption," the authors contend, "can help raise city revenues, improve service delivery, stimulate public confidence and participation, and win elections." Corrupt Cities shows how it has been done, even in the most adverse settings, and how it can be done again." "Case studies from New York, Hong Kong, and La Paz, Bolivia, show how seemingly hopeless problems can become the catalysts of successful reform. Book jacket."--Jacket
Tropical gangsters by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

23 editions published between 1990 and 1991 in English and Undetermined and held by 801 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Institutional adjustment and adjusting to institutions by Robert E Klitgaard( )

14 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 660 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Choosing elites by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

10 editions published in 1985 in English and Undetermined and held by 658 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Klitgaard's book provides both the analytical framework and the facts about what measures predict "success" at the university and in later life. It covers the analysis of the benefits and costs of preferential treatment, using the example of affirmative action for black students, and examines our goals for selecting elites in the first place
Adjusting to reality : beyond "state vs. market" in economic development by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

18 editions published between 1991 and 1993 in English and held by 359 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bribes, tribes, and markets that fail... These three go hand in hand in countries struggling to switch from a state-controlled economy to the free market, according to Robert Klitgaard. More than fifty countries in Eastern Europe, Africa, Asia, and Latin America are attempting that switch--so-called structural adjustment. It's nothing less than a worldwide economic revolution, and now the time has come for Adjusting to Reality. In the developing world, corrupt governments, ethnic strife, and weak markets are the reality. And where markets are flawed, even economic reform does not automatically improve the lives of peasants, the urban poor, or oppressed ethnic and religious minorities. In fact, when countries attempt to decentralize, allow freer trade, and improve flows of information, some problems become more apparent, not less. So what does it take to liberate the magic of the marketplace? In this pathbreaking application of the economics of information, Klitgaard sheds new light on economic development and government's role in promoting it. Clearly, the foundations of efficient markets must be strengthened--for example, by establishing better information networks, market institutions, and property rights. For free-market reforms to work, however, government institutions must also work. Even with cutbacks in the role of government, the state inevitably remains a major actor in macroeconomic policy making, infrastructure, and social programs. But because governmental effectiveness in most developing countries is undercut by low pay and pervasive corruption, governments themselves need institutional reforms that will raise productivity and wages, reduce corruption, and provide opportunities for marginal ethnic and religious groups. Reforms often fail because they overlook or ignore the obstacles facing markets and bureaucracies in poor countries. Adjusting to Reality tells how to make both markets and governments work better. Many of Klitgaard's findings are gleaned from his own work with countries struggling to enter the modern marketplace. He provides new insights and fascinating case studies of Bolivia, Brazil, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, Peru, and several other countries. Together they create a basis for rethinking development policies in the aftermath of the free-market revolution
Elitism and meritocracy in developing countries : selection policies for higher education by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

10 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 328 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Data analysis for development by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

8 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 189 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A statistical search for unusually effective schools by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

5 editions published between 1973 and 1975 in English and held by 90 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A statistical analysis of data on Michigan, New York City, New York State, and Project Talent schools found evidence of schools that consistently produce outstanding students even after allowance is made for the different initial endowments of their students and for chance variation. Methodologically, like many previous studies, this report uses regression analysis of achievement data, but focuses on statistical outliers rather than central tendencies. Three tools of analysis were used to examine the residuals: (1) Histograms of residuals, showing no immediate evidence of extreme overachievers. (2) Comparisons, over different grades and years, of the number of schools that consistently overachieved with the number expected assuming all residual variation was random. Evidence of unusually effective schools was found. (3) Comparisons of background characteristics of the hypothesized overachieving schools with those of the average school. Outstanding Michigan schools tended to have smaller class sizes, more teachers earning over $11,000, and more teachers with greater than five years' experience. See tm003343 for summary document. (Author)
On assessing a gift horse : the evaluation of foreign aid by recipients by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

7 editions published between 1970 and 1975 in English and held by 90 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The objective of the study is to help Peru's Instituto Nacional de Planificacion evaluate and reorient its two-year-old system for evaluating foreign aid
National security and export controls by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

6 editions published between 1974 and 1975 in English and held by 88 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An examination of the analytical issues and the decisionmaking process in determining the national security impact of our export control policy. Currently, a good can be restricted if two questions can be answered affirmatively: (1) Does it have military uses? (2) Is it not producible or obtainable in communist countries? Analysis of the decisionmaking process, especially as it relates to the export of large computers, suggests the following improvements: (1) redefine the criteria to go beyond mere technological assessment, (2) incorporate economic considerations, and (3) consider the broader political uses of export controls
Achievement scores and educational objectives : prepared for the National Institute of Education by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

6 editions published in 1974 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report deals with new ways to look at achievement test scores as measures of educational outcomes. It attempts to show how existing data might be used more productively by planners and evaluators, by suggesting how test score statistics other than the mean might be used, and how they might indicate success along a wide variety of educational objectives. The report is a theoretical effort in which the empirical behavior of the proposed new statistics is examined briefly. (Bb)
Martial law in the Philippines by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

6 editions published between 1969 and 1972 in English and held by 81 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Discusses the imposition of martial law by President Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines in September 1972. The country was suffering from grinding poverty, widespread corruption, a stalled political and judicial system, and internal violence. Three alternative explanations for the martial law decision are: (1) The official, constitutional explanation is the threat of violent rebellion. (2) Another view sees martial law as Marcos' way of circumventing congressional and bureaucratic obstruction to achieve reforms and eliminate corruption--whether for altruistic or selfish reasons. (3) The "imperialist lackey" view focuses on Marcos' relations to United States and multinational business interests. Marcos is protecting foreign investors and granting huge incentives for oil exploration, against the wishes of the Congress; some believe that his purpose is to stabilize himself in power and avoid demanding that the United States pay rent on its Philippine bases. These theories are not necessarily mutually exclusive. (Written for the 301st Civil Affairs Group, U.S. Army Reserve.)
Inviting in the private sector by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

5 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 68 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report concerns efforts to fight global corruption. One part of the unfinished agenda in the international fight against corruption is how to invite in the private sector. After all, corruption does not just involve government. Business people and lawyers and citizens pay the bribes, even as they condemn bribery. They should be invited to become part of the solution. But how? The first point to note is that business people and citizens know where corruption exists and how corrupt systems work. Citizens understand how bribery shapes the services they receive or don't receive. Accountants know the illicit games played with audits and taxes. Lawyers understand corrupt legal practices. Business people know all about corrupt systems of procurement and contracting. But there is a second point: they know, but they can't say, at least not publicly. In many countries, if an individual stands up to denounce a corrupt system, he or she will be attacked by it. So, the trick is how to learn what people know about corruption without asking them to commit suicide. Please consider this idea. With the leadership of the American government and our private sector, other countries are invited to join in an international effort. Together we pick three areas that are particularly prone to corruption, such as procurement, pharmaceuticals, and the police. In each country, people in the private sector are asked in confidential interviews how corrupt systems work, but not about specific individuals. The results of many such interviews becomes a diagnostic of each area. What is the informal process, how extensive is the corruption, how does it work, how do its perpetrators avoid detection or prosecution? - Using the diagnostic, improvements are sought. How can formal systems be strengthened? How can corrupt systems be subverted? Answers are developed through cooperation between government and the private sector. Reforms follow
Crisis in the Peruvian revolution by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

5 editions published between 1970 and 1973 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Improving educational evaluation in a political setting by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

5 editions published between 1970 and 1974 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Evaluations that use imperfect information run into both analytical and political problems. Educational accountability systems based on achievement scores are an instance. Such systems frequently turn out to be irrelevant to policy decisions, resisted by educational interest groups that fear unflattering comparisons and the misuse of results, and infeasible. This paper suggests several ways to analyze limited information that both improve the decisionmaking relevance of evaluation and decrease the adverse political consequences. The context for discussing these issues is a case study of an early stage in the design of a State accountability system for public schools. The paper discusses a series of theoretical and practical problems in assessing the effects of school policies with imperfect achievement data and limited controls for nonschool factors that influence scores. Problems of the collection, analysis, and presentation of data are explored in the case study. Hypothetical regression equations and tables of policy-relevant results are provided as illustrations. (Author/WM)
Models of educational innovation and implications for research by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

6 editions published between 1969 and 1973 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this report, the author discusses the problem of educational change in terms of four basic elements: the objectives, the implementation process, the production possibilities, and the evaluation process. To illuminate both the logic of explanation and the specific needs for research, two competing explanatory models are developed: (1) the naive hypothesis, which focuses on local objectives and the low productivity of various educational innovations, and which has restrictive implications for federal r & d policy; and (2) the organizational model, which notes that educational objectives are inherently vague and production possibilities imperfectly known and seldom implemented, and which concentrates instead on the relative freedom of educational bureaucracies to make policy and on the self-serving incentive structures. Since research has not yet touched on many basic issues of the problem, there is sparse evidence to disprove either model. More importantly, there are few directives on how more detailed, policy relevant explanations should be developed. Further research is necessary into the process of innovation itself. This paper formulates an agenda for such research. (Author)
Looking for the best by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

6 editions published between 1970 and 1976 in English and held by 63 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

What statistical techniques are most useful for identifying outliers in samples and in regression analysis. After considering the practical benefits of locating exceptional performers and reivewing a variety of statistical methods for doing so, this paper stresses the merits of several new techniques based on ideas of robust estimation. Throughout the paper, emphasis is given to the use of statistical techniques in the evaluation of public policies, with particular attention to education
The pricing of spinoffs from space by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

3 editions published between 1970 and 1976 in English and held by 60 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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High-performance government : structure, leadership, incentives
Covers
Controlling corruptionCorrupt cities : a practical guide to cure and preventionTropical gangstersInstitutional adjustment and adjusting to institutions
Alternative Names
Klitgaard, Bob

Klitgaard, Bob 1947-

Klitgaard Robert

Klitgaard, Robert 1947-

Klitgaard, Robert E.

Klitgaardas Robertas

Robert Klitgaard American academic

روبرت كليتجارد، 1947-

Languages
English (200)

Spanish (8)

Chinese (2)