WorldCat Identities

Klitgaard, Robert E.

Works: 123 works in 316 publications in 1 language and 7,263 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  Abstracts 
Roles: Author, Editor
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about Robert E Klitgaard
Most widely held works by Robert E Klitgaard
Tropical gangsters by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

21 editions published between 1990 and 1991 in English and Undetermined and held by 806 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Choosing elites by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

10 editions published in 1985 in English and Undetermined and held by 671 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Klitgaard's book provides both the analytical framework and the facts about what measures predict "success" at the university and in later life. It covers the analysis of the benefits and costs of preferential treatment, using the example of affirmative action for black students, and examines our goals for selecting elites in the first place
Corrupt cities : a practical guide to cure and prevention by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

16 editions published between 1999 and 2000 in English and held by 359 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Drawing on their decades of experience in battling corruption around the world, the authors of Corrupt Cities offer a novel way to defeat corruption on the local level. "Preventing corruption," the authors contend, "can help raise city revenues, improve service delivery, stimulate public confidence and participation, and win elections." Corrupt Cities shows how it has been done, even in the most adverse settings, and how it can be done again." "Case studies from New York, Hong Kong, and La Paz, Bolivia, show how seemingly hopeless problems can become the catalysts of successful reform. Book jacket."--Jacket
Adjusting to reality : beyond "state vs. market" in economic development by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

18 editions published between 1991 and 1993 in English and held by 348 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Many of Klitgaard's findings are gleaned from his own work with countries struggling to enter the modern marketplace. He provides new insights and fascinating case studies of Bolivia, Brazil, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, Peru, and several other countries. Together they create a basis for rethinking development policies in the aftermath of the free-market revolution
High-performance government : structure, leadership, incentives( Book )

12 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 336 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 2003, the National Commission on the Public Service, chaired by Paul Volcker, issued a report detailing problems within the federal government today and recommending changes in its organization, leadership, and operations. This book suggests practical ways to implement the recommendations and defines a research agenda for the future. Thirteen essays address the primary problem areas identified by the Volcker Commission, and the commission report itself is included
Elitism and meritocracy in developing countries : selection policies for higher education by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

10 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 323 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Data analysis for development by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

8 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 186 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Institutional adjustment and adjusting to institutions by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

16 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 138 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A statistical search for unusually effective schools by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

4 editions published between 1973 and 1975 in English and held by 88 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A statistical analysis of data on Michigan, New York City, New York State, and Project Talent schools found evidence of schools that consistently produce outstanding students even after allowance is made for the different initial endowments of their students and for chance variation. Methodologically, like many previous studies, this report uses regression analysis of achievement data, but focuses on statistical outliers rather than central tendencies. Three tools of analysis were used to examine the residuals: (1) Histograms of residuals, showing no immediate evidence of extreme overachievers. (2) Comparisons, over different grades and years, of the number of schools that consistently overachieved with the number expected assuming all residual variation was random. Evidence of unusually effective schools was found. (3) Comparisons of background characteristics of the hypothesized overachieving schools with those of the average school. Outstanding Michigan schools tended to have smaller class sizes, more teachers earning over $11,000, and more teachers with greater than five years' experience. See tm003343 for summary document. (Author)
On assessing a gift horse : the evaluation of foreign aid by recipients by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

7 editions published between 1970 and 1975 in English and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The objective of the study is to help Peru's Instituto Nacional de Planificacion evaluate and reorient its two-year-old system for evaluating foreign aid
National security and export controls by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

5 editions published between 1974 and 1975 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An examination of the analytical issues and the decisionmaking process in determining the national security impact of our export control policy. Currently, a good can be restricted if two questions can be answered affirmatively: (1) Does it have military uses? (2) Is it not producible or obtainable in communist countries? Analysis of the decisionmaking process, especially as it relates to the export of large computers, suggests the following improvements: (1) redefine the criteria to go beyond mere technological assessment, (2) incorporate economic considerations, and (3) consider the broader political uses of export controls
Achievement scores and educational objectives : prepared for the National Institute of Education by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

6 editions published in 1974 in English and held by 80 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report deals with new ways to look at achievement test scores as measures of educational outcomes. It attempts to show how existing data might be used more productively by planners and evaluators, by suggesting how test score statistics other than the mean might be used, and how they might indicate success along a wide variety of educational objectives. The report is a theoretical effort in which the empirical behavior of the proposed new statistics is examined briefly. (Bb)
Martial law in the Philippines by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

6 editions published between 1969 and 1972 in English and held by 79 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Discusses the imposition of martial law by President Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines in September 1972. The country was suffering from grinding poverty, widespread corruption, a stalled political and judicial system, and internal violence. Three alternative explanations for the martial law decision are: (1) The official, constitutional explanation is the threat of violent rebellion. (2) Another view sees martial law as Marcos' way of circumventing congressional and bureaucratic obstruction to achieve reforms and eliminate corruption--whether for altruistic or selfish reasons. (3) The "imperialist lackey" view focuses on Marcos' relations to United States and multinational business interests. Marcos is protecting foreign investors and granting huge incentives for oil exploration, against the wishes of the Congress; some believe that his purpose is to stabilize himself in power and avoid demanding that the United States pay rent on its Philippine bases. These theories are not necessarily mutually exclusive. (Written for the 301st Civil Affairs Group, U.S. Army Reserve.)
Looking for the best by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

9 editions published between 1970 and 1976 in English and held by 66 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

To the data analyst, outliers can present both a problem and an opportunity. Stray or outlying observations can severly distort estimates of a distribution's central tendency (like the mean) and estimates of one variable's relationship to another (like the regression coefficient). These problems are frequent and serious, and as a result, increasing numbers of statisticians are developing new estimating procedures that are robust in the face of outliers. But outliers may also present an opportunity. An unusual observation may indicate the existence of a process not operating in the rest of the distribution. In education, for example, an outlier may turn out to be an unusually effective school, perhaps one worthy of emulation throughout the educational system. Finding the best by locating outliers may be particularly important in the evaluation of public policies. Can one find exceptionally good police forces and study the causes for their success? What about outstanding rural development projects, exceptional hospitals, and unusally effective manpower training programs? Indeed, one may suggest a worthwhile general rule for policy evaluations: For exceptions to the general rules, include a search for unusual performers. (Author)
Models of educational innovation and implications for research by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

6 editions published between 1969 and 1973 in English and held by 63 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this report, the author discusses the problem of educational change in terms of four basic elements: the objectives, the implementation process, the production possibilities, and the evaluation process. To illuminate both the logic of explanation and the specific needs for research, two competing explanatory models are developed: (1) the naive hypothesis, which focuses on local objectives and the low productivity of various educational innovations, and which has restrictive implications for federal r & d policy; and (2) the organizational model, which notes that educational objectives are inherently vague and production possibilities imperfectly known and seldom implemented, and which concentrates instead on the relative freedom of educational bureaucracies to make policy and on the self-serving incentive structures. Since research has not yet touched on many basic issues of the problem, there is sparse evidence to disprove either model. More importantly, there are few directives on how more detailed, policy relevant explanations should be developed. Further research is necessary into the process of innovation itself. This paper formulates an agenda for such research. (Author)
Improving educational evaluation in a political setting by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

5 editions published between 1970 and 1974 in English and held by 61 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Evaluations that use imperfect information run into both analytical and political problems. The paper discusses a series of theoretical and practical problems in assessing the effects of school policies with imperfect achievement data and limited controls for nonschool factors that influence scores. Some broad recommendations are listed
Going beyond the mean in educational evaluation by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

6 editions published between 1970 and 1975 in English and held by 59 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Large-scale educational evaluations and government data systems often throw away useful information, since they rely almost exclusively on average scores and average effects. This paper recommends a different course of action. It discusses the mean as easy to use since more knowledge is better than some, one should go beyond simple averages. It is admitted that the measures proposed need further research before their exact properties are understood
The pricing of spinoffs from space by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

3 editions published between 1970 and 1976 in English and held by 58 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Systems for evaluating foreign aid : theoretical benefits and practical problems by Robert E Klitgaard( Book )

4 editions published between 1970 and 1973 in English and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Increasing numbers of developing countries are becoming interested in systematically planning and evaluating the foreign aid they receive. The paper offers the lessons from one such effort and examines the following questions: Why should a country evaluate its aid; what sort of system is best for doing so; what problems can be foreseen when instituting a planning and evaluation system; what kinds of operational problems might ensue. The answers provided may also have relevance to more general problems of planning, implementing, and preserving organizational change
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Tropical gangsters
Alternative Names
Klitgaard, Bob

Klitgaard, Bob 1947-

Klitgaard, Robert

Klitgaard, Robert 1947-

Klitgaard, Robert E.

Robert Klitgaard American academic

روبرت كليتجارد، 1947-

English (172)

Corrupt cities : a practical guide to cure and preventionHigh-performance government : structure, leadership, incentivesInstitutional adjustment and adjusting to institutions