WorldCat Identities

Kantor, J. R. (Jacob Robert) 1888-1984

Overview
Works: 69 works in 355 publications in 4 languages and 8,585 library holdings
Genres: Periodicals  History 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Classifications: BF1, 150.5
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by J. R Kantor
The Psychological record( )

in English and held by 1,931 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Vols. 1-5 consist of monographs
The scientific evolution of psychology by J. R Kantor( Book )

in English and held by 620 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

V.1 : "The goal I have set myself in this book is to trace the evolution of psychology as a science. I undertake a critical examination of the way scholars in the psychological tradition described and interpreted the interbehavior of organisms with stimulus objects. When I speak of the psychological tradition I strongly emphasize the fact that the science of psychology has not enjoyed a continuous naturalistic development. As is well known, the evolution of psychology includes periods in which scholars not only limited their studies to human interbehavior and neglected the behavior of other organisms, but, in addition, failed to describe and interpret that interbehavior as natural events. Instead, they thought of it as at least partially extranatural. Such theological and metaphysical periods must, however, be taken strictly into account because they articulate with and influence the naturalistic stages of psychological tradition. In fact, these scientific dark spots continue to influence the current course of psychological history. Now, I must add that, although our primary interest is in the development of psychology, we cannot overlook the fact that this science has originated and evolved as a component star of a scientific constellation. Accordingly, I treat psychology as it grew and changed with the varying circumstances of the scientific culture of Western Europe. Furthermore, since obviously scientific culture itself exists only as a part of general culture or civilization, I also take account of this cultural matrix, which shapes all the sciences and in turn is shaped by them. Throughout this work I have endeavored by generous quotation to allow scholars to speak for themselves. In some instances the translations quoted have been modified, and I hope improved, for the better appreciation of what the original writers had discussed. The Bibliography indicates readily available translations of sources important for the development of the psychological tradition, as well as a variety of pertinent modern works. Birth and death dates of writers mentioned, insofar as available to me, are indicated in the text and in the Name Index. Any discrepancy between the two may be attributed to the disagreement of authorities"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)
The logic of modern science by J. R Kantor( Book )

21 editions published between 1953 and 1971 in English and German and held by 466 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An objective psychology of grammar by J. R Kantor( Book )

35 editions published between 1936 and 2011 in English and held by 447 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Grammar, at least in part, is psychological. Yet no satisfactory study of grammatical phenomena has been made from the psychological point of view. There are, of course, a number of psychological treatises on linguistic phenomena, but they constitute neither a definite body of psychological facts and principles nor a satisfactory contribution to the clarification of linguistic problems. The present work constitutes an attempt to study grammatical phenomena from an objective psychological point of view. It is motivated by the question: Can recent psychological developments contribute to the analysis of grammatical problems? As a working method I compare the relative effectiveness of psychological and other types of grammar for describing and interpreting speech phenomena. Two purposes are thus served: first, the analysis of the psychological character of speech considered from the angle of grammatical minutiae; second, the application of the results to grammatical problems. I should like to point out particularly that whenever conventional grammar is criticized it is only in order to pave the way for constructive suggestions and not to indicate mere dissatisfaction. Psychological grammar is in no wise a competitor for the grammatical field. In many ways it is a distinct discipline with problems different from those of ordinary grammar. At best, psychological grammar is only one type among several others, each concerned with different phases of language. Certainly, psychological grammar can deal most efficiently with the grammar of speech and less well, if at all, with the historical or comparative facts of language. Nevertheless, since it is probable that all phases of language have a unifying basis in human behavior--psychological adjustments--it is not without the range of possibility that psychological grammar may aid in the solution of certain general linguistic and grammatical problems"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
Psychology and logic by J. R Kantor( Book )

16 editions published in 1945 in English and Undetermined and held by 433 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The chapters of the present volume demonstrate the essential place in various logical situations of (1) concrete specific operations and (2) the things, events, and relations which constitute the raw materials for (3) systemic products. In many instances, too, we clarify (4) the types of instruments employed in system construction. The indispensability of these four factors is amply exemplified in the investigation of system products (chap. 15), as well as in many other chapters. It is only to be expected that the emphasis of the four factors varies with the specific topics treated. For example, in Chapters 13, and 14 in which we study abstracting, generalizing, defining, and classifying operations, the focal point of observation is the logician engaged in system building. By comparison, Chapter 16 describes the instruments necessary for constructing systems-- namely, models, schemata, and formulae. In the chapters on categories (17) and universals (18) we show that these intellectual products constitute, on the one hand, system components which may be analyzed out of, and separated from, given systems and, on the other, tools useful in logical construction. The seven remaining chapters (19-25) comprise the more strictly applied materials of the volume. These chapters serve their verification function by displaying the contrast between the conventional logical and interbehavioral approaches in the treatment of causation (19), laws of thought (20), probability (21-22), measurement (23-24), and the perspectives of logic (25). Outstanding are the differentiations revealed in logical and scientific results when classical mentalistic psychology, which has paralleled the transcendent philosophies of historical absolute and universal logic, is set aside in favor of interbehavior with things under specific circumstances"--Foreword. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
Principles of psychology by J. R Kantor( Book )

30 editions published between 1924 and 2005 in English and held by 410 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Originally published in 1924, this book--as the title suggests--provides an overview of the principles of psychology. Written at a time when psychology was a "youthful" science and the debate over the field's status as a natural science (or even as a science at all) was relatively fresh, Principles of Psychology represents a stock-taking of sorts--a survey of the ends achieved and the newer trends of development in psychological research. The author's aim is to present and study psychological phenomena as actual, observable events consisting of the responses of psychological organisms on the one hand, and the stimulus objects or conditions which interact with them on the other. By dispensing with animatistic conceptions and intangible psychic phenomena that previously dominated the field, the author hopes to bolster psychology's position as a member of the family of natural sciences. According to the author, only by avoiding meticulously all powers or functions--whether considered as psychic or biological--which do not represent actual observable phenomena or interpretations derived from such observations, can psychology as a science be erected upon a firm foundation. It is to this end that the author presents 15 chapters on a wide range of topics that represent the core concepts and principles of psychology: The Domain, Method, and Development of Psychology; The Primary Data of Psychology; The Psychological Individual or Personality; The Psychological Organism or Personality in Action; The Simpler or Foundation Behavior Segments; The Nature of Basic Conduct and How it is Developed; The Development and Operation of Complex Human or Societal Conduct; Attention Behavior as the Actualization of Stimuli; The Nature of Sensing and Perceiving; Implicit Action as Responses to Absent Stimuli Objects; Association as a Fundamental Type of Psychological Activity; The Primary Internal Character of Feeling Reactions; Knowing as Determining and Orientating Conduct; The Nature of Volitional Conduct; and, finally, The Integrative Nature of Habit Reactions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved)
Problems of physiological psychology by J. R Kantor( Book )

19 editions published between 1947 and 1965 in English and Undetermined and held by 376 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In the present volume I have critically surveyed the Physiological Psychology (P.P). field in an attempt to clarify its most important issues. In Section I an inquiry is made into its historical development; in Section II current P.P. investigations are scrutinized. In both instances this survey has frankly been guided by the interbehavioral hypothesis which I have developed in a number of previous works (289, 291, 292, 297). The interest throughout is centered on scientific results, on knowledge and theory"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)
Interbehavioral psychology; a sample of scientific system construction by J. R Kantor( Book )

23 editions published between 1958 and 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 303 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this book, the second edition of the author's Principles of Psychology, he continues his attempt to forge naturalistic constructs (descriptions, interpretations) for psychological events. Despite the enormous development of psychology in the interval, the author still stresses the fact that psychological events are in all respects as natural as chemical reactions, electromagnetic radiation, or gravitational attraction. The attempt to transform psychology into a natural science is doubly motivated. First, there is the need to develop valid constructs for an important series of happenings. Second, such results smooth the way for workers in other sciences such as physics, physiology, and anthropology in their inevitable encounter with psychological issues"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
The aim and progress of psychology and other sciences; a selection of papers by J. R Kantor( Book )

7 editions published in 1971 in English and held by 251 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Psychological linguistics by J. R Kantor( Book )

11 editions published between 1977 and 1996 in English and held by 195 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Reassessment in psychology : the interbehavioral alternative( Book )

2 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 153 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A survey of the science of psychology by J. R Kantor( Book )

16 editions published between 1933 and 2009 in English and held by 146 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The present volume offers to students an exposition of organismic or interactional psychology. In this book it has been my aim to lay before the college student or general reader the materials of psychology not as firmly settled facts and principles but as problems to be faced and worked over. It may be well to state some of the assumptions of the organismic viewpoint. One of the first is that psychology has its own subject-matter and is not a patchwork of physiology and philosophy as so many writers seem to believe. Organismic psychology holds that psychological phenomena are very specific interactions between organisms and stimulating objects. The interaction view, it is submitted, allows the student to look upon psychological phenomena as objective, natural happenings. On the other hand, the psychologist is relieved from the necessity of reducing his data to actual or hypothetical, neural or general biological events--or worse still, inventing physiological facts to explain psychological phenomena. To do either results in a serious misinterpretation of psychological data. Psychological phenomena are, of course, always at the same time biological phenomena. In other words, physiological activities always participate in psychological happenings. It is an advantage of the organismic viewpoint that it can treat the biological facts implicated in psychological phenomena in an unbiased manner. And so the reader will find a number of chapters devoted to man as a biological organism. Another assumption: It is no longer necessary in order to make psychology scientific to restrict our descriptions to comparatively simple activities (reflexes or habits) as the objective psychologist has been doing. We may then quite properly discuss such behavior as imagery and voluntary action. Furthermore, we may take account of the social and cultural influences upon our mentality. This we do in the concluding chapters devoted to the psychological individual as an anthropological being. Wherever possible I have attempted to indicate the experimental treatment of the various topics. The laboratory studies described in this book are not intended to mislead the student into thinking that all or even a large part of psychological phenomena have been subjected to experimental handling, but rather to give him an idea concerning laboratory work in psychology"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved)
An outline of social psychology by J. R Kantor( Book )

9 editions published between 1929 and 2015 in English and held by 134 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Social psychology is above all others the romantic science. The youngest in years and yet the most enveloped in legend. Like a true hero of romance it has inflamed the imagination of all humanistic scholars. Not only is it cultivated by sociologists and psychologists, but its acquaintance is extensively sought by anthropologists, economists, and political scientists also. Of one thing we are certain, social psychology was born of great expectations. Those who attended at its birth foretold that it would be mighty and perform great deeds. When this science first glimpsed the dawn it was predicted that social psychology would fashion the key with which to unlock all the secret chambers of the humanistic sciences. The intricate problems concerning the nature of language, custom, morals, religion, and law were to be speedily solved by its great skill. That these promises were rudely dashed rather added to, than detracted from, its epic character. So romantic, indeed, is social psychology that its very identity is an enigma. Is it a branch of sociology or psychology? Many believe that what masquerades as politics and economics is really social psychology. Perhaps the mystery here is occasioned by the fact that, like so many romantic heroes, social psychology bears upon its escutcheon the baton sinister. By whom was it sired? By philosophy, philology, anthropology, or psychology? All of these and others graced the scene of its early development. Thus are set the problems for the present book. All those who are interested in our subject and believe it is important will agree that we ought to know of what it really treats. Romance in science is not so desirable as information and critical thinking. As students of psychology, therefore, we deem it our task to divide off quite clearly psychological facts from the data of the other branches of the social sciences. In this work, accordingly, we attempt to keep distinct the facts of human behavior from the data of sociology, politics, anthropology, and economics with which they are all too frequently confused. It is our aim likewise to distinguish social psychological happenings from the materials of general psychology. If social psychology is to justify its existence as a separate discipline it must deal with a distinct form of data. It is only after we have thus isolated cultural psychological events that we can study them effectively. The central task of the present volume is to present as satisfactory a statement as possible of the psychological facts of social psychology"--Préface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)
The science of psychology : an interbehavioral survey by J. R Kantor( Book )

7 editions published between 1975 and 1984 in English and held by 129 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cultural psychology by J. R Kantor( Book )

7 editions published between 1982 and 1991 in 3 languages and held by 111 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Interbehavioral philosophy by J. R Kantor( Book )

3 editions published in 1981 in English and Undetermined and held by 98 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Principles of psychology by J. R Kantor( Book )

4 editions published in 1969 in English and held by 70 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Tragedy and the event continuum by J. R Kantor( Book )

1 edition published in 1983 in English and held by 48 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The scientific evolution of psychology by J. R Kantor( Book )

12 editions published in 1963 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The goal I have set myself in this book is to trace the evolution of psychology as a science. I undertake a critical examination of the way scholars in the psychological tradition described and interpreted the interbehavior of organisms with stimulus objects. When I speak of the psychological tradition I strongly emphasize the fact that the science of psychology has not enjoyed a continuous naturalistic development. As is well known, the evolution of psychology includes periods in which scholars not only limited their studies to human interbehavior and neglected the behavior of other organisms, but, in addition, failed to describe and interpret that interbehavior as natural events. Instead, they thought of it as at least partially extranatural. Such theological and metaphysical periods must, however, be taken strictly into account because they articulate with and influence the naturalistic stages of psychological tradition. In fact, these scientific dark spots continue to influence the current course of psychological history. Now, I must add that, although our primary interest is in the development of psychology, we cannot overlook the fact that this science has originated and evolved as a component star of a scientific constellation. Accordingly, I treat psychology as it grew and changed with the varying circumstances of the scientific culture of Western Europe. Furthermore, since obviously scientific culture itself exists only as a part of general culture or civilization, I also take account of this cultural matrix, which shapes all the sciences and in turn is shaped by them. Throughout this work I have endeavored by generous quotation to allow scholars to speak for themselves. In some instances the translations quoted have been modified, and I hope improved, for the better appreciation of what the original writers had discussed. The Bibliography indicates readily available translations of sources important for the development of the psychological tradition, as well as a variety of pertinent modern works. Birth and death dates of writers mentioned, insofar as available to me, are indicated in the text and in the Name Index. Any discrepancy between the two may be attributed to the disagreement of authorities"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)
Psychology and logic by J. R Kantor( Book )

12 editions published between 1945 and 2014 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Two basic theses underlie the present work. The first, the specificity theorem, signifies that logic is essentially concerned with specific events and not with universal and transcendent systems. The second, the interbehavioral theorem implies that no matter how logic is defined it entails a psychological dimension which must be taken into account. Even those logicians who postulate that there are invariant relations in the universe or ultimate uniformities of nature inevitably face the investigative problem of how they are discovered. Since the various traditional psychological systems have not proved satisfactory in handling such problems and since the interbehavioral event and its product are always implied, an interbehavioral psychology is highly desirable"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
 
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The logic of modern science
Alternative Names
Jacob Robert Kantor American psychologist

Jacob Robert Kantor Amerikaans psycholoog (1888-1984)

Kantor, J. R.

Kantor, J.R. 1888-1984

Kantor, J. R. (Jacob Robert), 1888-

Kantor, Jacob R.

Kantor, Jacob Robert.

Kantor, Jacob Robert 1888-1984

Observer 1888-1984

ג'ייקוב רוברט קנטור

Languages
English (254)

Spanish (1)

German (1)

Chinese (1)

Covers
Psychology and logicPrinciples of psychologyThe aim and progress of psychology and other sciences; a selection of papersCultural psychologyTragedy and the event continuum