WorldCat Identities

Scott, James C.

Overview
Works: 131 works in 524 publications in 9 languages and 17,682 library holdings
Genres: History  Conference papers and proceedings  Bibliography 
Roles: Author, Editor, Author of introduction, Publishing director, Contributor
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by James C Scott
Seeing like a state : how certain schemes to improve the human condition have failed by James C Scott( Book )

39 editions published between 1998 and 2012 in 3 languages and held by 1,357 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this wide-ranging and original book, James C. Scott analyzes failed cases of large-scale authoritarian plans in a variety of fields. He argues that centrally managed social plans derail when they impose schematic visions that do violence to complex interdependencies that are not - and cannot be - fully understood. Further the success of designs for social organization depends on the recognition that local, practical knowledge is as important as formal, epistemic knowledge. The author builds a persuasive case against "development theory" and imperialistic state planning that disregards the values, desires, and objections of its subjects. And in discussing these planning disasters, he identifies four conditions common to them all: the state's attempt to impose administrative order on nature and society; a high-modernist ideology that believes scientific intervention can improve every aspect of human life; a willingness to use authoritarian state power to effect large-scale innovations; and a prostrate civil society that cannot effectively resist such plans
Domination and the arts of resistance : hidden transcripts by James C Scott( Book )

42 editions published between 1990 and 2009 in 4 languages and held by 1,095 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Confrontations between the powerless and the powerful are laden with deception--the powerless feign deference and the powerful subtly assert their mastery. Peasants, serfs, untouchables, slaves, labourers, and prisoners are not free to speak their minds in the presence of power. These subordinate groups instead create a secret discourse that represents a critique of power spoken behind the backs of the dominant. At the same time, the powerful also develop a private dialogue about practices and goals of their rule that cannot be openly avowed. In this book, the author, a social scientist, offers a discussion both of the public roles played by the powerful and powerless and the mocking, vengeful tone they display off stage--what he terms their public and hidden transcripts. Using examples from the literature, history, and politics of cultures around the world, the author examines the many guises this interaction has taken throughout history and the tensions and contradictions it reflects. The author describes the ideological resistance of subordinate groups--their gossip, folktales, songs, jokes, and theater--their use of anonymity and ambiguity. He also analyzes how ruling elites attempt to convey an impression of hegemony through such devices as parades, state ceremony, and rituals of subordination and apology. Finally he identifies--with quotations that range from the recollections of American slaves to those of Russian citizens during the beginnings of Gorbachev's glasnost campaign--the political electricity generated among oppressed groups when, for the first time, the hidden transcript is spoken directly and publicly in the face of power
Weapons of the weak : everyday forms of peasant resistance by James C Scott( Book )

45 editions published between 1985 and 2008 in 3 languages and held by 1,006 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Weapons of the Weak is an ethnography by James C. Scott that studies the effects of the Green Revolution in rural Malaysia. One of the main objectives of the study is to make an argument that the Marxian and Gramscian ideas of false consciousness and hegemony are incorrect. He develops this conclusion throughout the book, through the different scenarios and characters that come up during his time of fieldwork in the village. This publication, based on 2 years of fieldwork (1978-1980), focuses on the local class relations in a small rice farming community of 70 households in the main paddy-growing area of Kedah in Malaysia. Introduction of the Green Revolution in 1976 eliminated 2/3 of the wage-earning opportunities for smallholders and landless laborers. The main ensuing class struggle is analyzed being the ideological struggle in the village and the practice of resistance itself consisting of: foot-dragging, dissimulation, desertion, false compliance, pilfering, feigned ignorance and sabotage acts. Rich and poor are engaged in an unremitting if silent struggle to define changes in land tenure, mechanization and employment to advance their own interests, and to use values that they share to control the distribution of status, land, work and grain
The moral economy of the peasant : rebellion and subsistence in Southeast Asia by James C Scott( Book )

49 editions published between 1976 and 2006 in 6 languages and held by 984 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"James C. Scott places the critical problem of the peasant household -- subsistence -- at the center of this study. The fear of food shortages, he argues persuasively, explains many otherwise puzzling technical, social, and moral arrangements in peasant society, such as resistance to innovation, the desire to own land even at some cost in terms of income, relationships with other people, and relationships with institutions, including the state. Once the centrality of the subsistence problem is recognized, its effects on notions of economic and political justice can also be seen. Scott draws from the history of agrarian society in lower Burma and Vietnam to show how the transformations of the colonial era systematically violated the peasants' 'moral economy' and created a situation of potential rebellion and revolution. Demonstrating keen insights into the behavior of people in other cultures and a rare ability to generalize soundly from case studies, Scott offers a different perspective on peasant behavior that will be of interest particularly to political scientists, anthropologists, sociologists, and Southeast Asianists."--Publisher description
Comparative political corruption by James C Scott( Book )

12 editions published between 1971 and 1972 in English and held by 753 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The art of not being governed : an anarchist history of upland Southeast Asia by James C Scott( Book )

29 editions published between 2009 and 2016 in 3 languages and held by 746 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

For two thousand years the disparate groups that now reside in Zomia (a mountainous region the size of Europe that consists of portions of seven Asian countries) have fled the projects of the organized state societies that surround them - slavery, conscription, taxes, corvée labor, epidemics, and warfare. This book, essentially an 'anarchist history', is the first-ever examination of the huge literature on state-making whose author evaluates why people would deliberately and reactively remain stateless. Among the strategies employed by the people of Zomia to remain stateless are physical dispersion in rugged terrain; agricultural practices that enhance mobility; pliable ethnic identities; devotion to prophetic, millenarian leaders; and maintenance of a largely oral culture that allows them to reinvent their histories and genealogies as they move between and around states
Two cheers for anarchism : six easy pieces on autonomy, dignity, and meaningful work and play by James C Scott( Book )

25 editions published between 2012 and 2017 in 4 languages and held by 601 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

James Scott taught us what's wrong with seeing like a state. Now, in his most accessible and personal book to date, the acclaimed social scientist makes the case for seeing like an anarchist. Inspired by the core anarchist faith in the possibilities of voluntary cooperation without hierarchy, Two Cheers for Anarchism is an engaging, high-spirited, and often very funny defense of an anarchist way of seeing - one that provides a unique and powerful perspective on everything from everyday social and political interactions to mass protests and revolutions. Through a wide-ranging series of memorable anecdotes and examples, the book describes an anarchist sensibility that celebrates the local knowledge, common sense, and creativity of ordinary people. The result is a kind of handbook on constructive anarchism that challenges us to radically reconsider the value of hierarchy in public and private life, from schools and workplaces to retirement homes and government itself. Beginning with what Scott calls the law of anarchist calisthenics, an argument for law-breaking inspired by an East German pedestrian crossing, each chapter opens with a story that captures an essential anarchist truth. In the course of telling these stories, Scott touches on a wide variety of subjects: public disorder and riots, desertion, poaching, vernacular knowledge, assembly-line production, globalization, the petty bourgeoisie, school testing, playgrounds, and the practice of historical explanation. Far from a dogmatic manifesto, Two Cheers for Anarchism celebrates the anarchist confidence in the inventiveness and judgment of people who are free to exercise their creative and moral capacities
Political ideology in Malaysia; reality and the beliefs of an elite by James C Scott( Book )

18 editions published between 1968 and 1993 in English and Undetermined and held by 561 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Against the grain : a deep history of the earliest states by James C Scott( Book )

7 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 395 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An account of all the new and surprising evidence now available for the beginnings of the earliest civilizations that contradict the standard narrative Why did humans abandon hunting and gathering for sedentary communities dependent on livestock and cereal grains, and governed by precursors of today's states? Most people believe that plant and animal domestication allowed humans, finally, to settle down and form agricultural villages, towns, and states, which made possible civilization, law, public order, and a presumably secure way of living. But archaeological and historical evidence challenges this narrative. The first agrarian states, says James C. Scott, were born of accumulations of domestications: first fire, then plants, livestock, subjects of the state, captives, and finally women in the patriarchal family-all of which can be viewed as a way of gaining control over reproduction. Scott explores why we avoided sedentism and plow agriculture, the advantages of mobile subsistence, the unforeseeable disease epidemics arising from crowding plants, animals, and grain, and why all early states are based on millets and cereal grains and unfree labor. He also discusses the "barbarians" who long evaded state control, as a way of understanding continuing tension between states and nonsubject peoples
Agrarian studies : synthetic work at the cutting edge by James C Scott( Book )

14 editions published between 2001 and 2008 in English and held by 301 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book presents an account of an intellectual breakthrough in the study of rural society and agriculture. Its ten chapters, selected for their originality and synthesis from the colloquia of the Programme in Agrarian Studies at Yale University, encompass various disciplines, diverse historical periods, and several regions of the world. The contributors' fresh analyses will broaden the perspectives of readers with interests as wide-ranging as rural sociology, environmentalism, political science, history, anthropology, economics, and art history. The ten studies recast and expand what is known about rural society and agrarian issues, examining such topics as poverty, subsistence, cultivation, ecology, justice, art, custom, law, ritual life, cooperation, and state action. Each contribution provides a point of departure for new study, encouraging deeper thinking across disciplinary boundaries and frontiers
Everyday forms of peasant resistance in South-East Asia( Book )

3 editions published between 1986 and 2006 in English and held by 154 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Transatlantic rebels : agrarian radicalism in comparative context by Jack and Margaret Sweet Symposium( Book )

6 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 150 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

And, as these essays indicate, "radicalism" can be found not only in the political realm, but also in the rate and extent of social, economic, and environmental change."--Jacket
Elementary aspects of peasant insurgency in colonial India by Ranajit Guha( Book )

4 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 129 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This classic work in subaltern studies explores the common elements present in rebel consciousness during the Indian colonial period. Ranajit Guha - intellectual founder of the groundbreaking and influential Subaltern Studies Group - describes from the peasants' viewpoint the relations of dominance and subordination in rural india from 1783 to 1900." "Challenging the idea that peasants were powerless agents who rebelled blindly against British imperialist oppression and local landlord exploitation, Guha emphasizes their awareness and will to effect political change. He suggests that the rebellions represented the birth of a theoretical consciousness and asserts that india's long subaltern tradition lent power to the landmark insurgence led by Mahatma Gandhi. Yet as long as landlord authority remains dominant in a ruling culture, Guha claims, all mass struggles will tend to model themselves after the unfinished projects documented in this book."--Jacket
Decoding subaltern politics : ideology, disguise, and resistance in agrarian politics by James C Scott( Book )

13 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in English and held by 115 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

James C. Scott has researched and written on subaltern groups, and, in particular, peasants, rebellion, resistance, and agriculture, for over 35 years. Yet much of Scott's most interesting work on the peasantry and the state, both conceptually and empirically, has never been published in book form. For the first time Decoding Subaltern Politics: Ideology, Disguise, and Resistance in Agrarian Politics, brings together some of his most important work in one volume. The book covers three distinct yet interlinked bodies of work. The first lays out a framework for understanding peasant politics and rebellion, much of which is applicable to rural areas of the contemporary global south. Scott then goes on to develop his arguments regarding everyday forms of peasant resistance using the comparative example of the religious tithe in France and Malaysia, and tracing the forms of resistance that cover their own tracks and avoid direct clashes with authorities. For much of the world's population, and for most of its history, this sort of politics was far more common than the violent clashes that dominate the history books, and in this book one can examine the anatomy of such resistance in rich comparative detail. Finally, Scott explores how the state's increasing grip on its population: its identity, land-holding, income, and movements, is a precondition for political hegemony. Crucially, in examining the invention of state-mandated legal identities, especially, the permanent patronym and the vagaries of its imposition on vernacular life, Scott lays bare the micro-processes of state-formation and resistance. Written by one of the leading social theorists of our age, Decoding Subaltern Politics: Ideology, Disguise, and Resistance in Agrarian Politics is an indispensible guide to the study of subaltern culture and politics and is essential reading for political scientists, anthropologists, sociologists and historians alike
The politics of food supply : U.S. agricultural policy in the world economy by William Winders( Book )

5 editions published between 1900 and 2012 in English and held by 94 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book deals with an important and timely issue: the political and economic forces that have shaped agricultural policies in the United States during the past eighty years. It explores the complex interactions of class, market, and state as they have affected the formulation and application of agricultural policy decisions since the New Deal, showing how divisions and coalitions within Southern, Corn Belt, and Wheat Belt agriculture were central to the ebb and flow of price supports and production controls. In addition, the book highlights the roles played by the world economy, the civil rights movement, and existing national policy to provide an invaluable analysis of past and recent trends in supply management policy
Zomia ou L'art de ne pas être gouverné by James C Scott( Book )

3 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

4e de couv.: Depuis deux mille ans, les communautés montagneuses d’une vaste région d’Asie du Sud-Est refusent obstinément leur intégration à l’État. Zomia : c’est le nom de cette zone d’insoumission qui n’apparaît sur aucune carte, où les fugitifs – environ 100 millions de personnes –, se sont réfugiés pour échapper au contrôle des gouvernements des plaines. Traités comme des «barbares» par les États qui cherchaient à les soumettre, ces peuples nomades ont mis en place des stratégies de résistance parfois surprenantes pour échapper à l’État, synonyme de travail forcé, d’impôt, de conscription. Privilégiant des modèles politiques d’auto-organisation comme alternative au Léviathan étatique, certains sont allés jusqu’à choisir d’abandonner l’écriture pour éviter la consignation, synonyme d’appropriation de leur mémoire et de leur identité. Poursuivant les intuitions et travaux de Pierre Clastres et Michel Foucault, l’auteur nous propose une étonnante contre-histoire de la modernité. Car Zomia met au défi les délimitations géographiques traditionnelles et les évidences politiques, et pose des questions essentielles : que signifie la «civilisation» ? Que peut-on apprendre des peuples qui ont voulu y échapper ? Quelle est la nature des relations entre États, territoire, populations, frontières ? Depuis la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, la disparition de la rebelle Zomia paraît inéluctable. Mais son histoire nous rappelle que la «civilisation» peut être synonyme d’oppression, et que le sens de l’histoire n’est pas aussi univoque qu’on le croit
Exploitation in rural class relations : a victim's perspective by James C Scott( Book )

7 editions published in 1975 in English and Undetermined and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A bibliography on land, peasants, and politics for Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines by James C Scott( Book )

6 editions published in 1972 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A bibliography on land, peasants, and politics for Burma and Thailand. by James C Scott( Book )

7 editions published in 1972 in English and Undetermined and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Everyday forms of peasant resistance in South-East Asia( Book )

7 editions published between 1986 and 2006 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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Seeing like a state : how certain schemes to improve the human condition have failed
Alternative Names
James C. Scott Amerikaans antropoloog

James C. Scott amerikanischer Politologe und Anthropologe

James C. Scott usona politologo kaj antropologo

Scott, James C.

Scott, James Cameron 1936-

Scott, James Campbell 1936-

Scott, Jim

Скотт, Джеймс 1936-

جيمس سكوت

جیمز سی. اسکات

스콧, 제임스

스콧, 제임스 C

ジェームズ・C・スコット

スコット, ジェームズ・C.

詹姆斯·斯科特

Languages
English (311)

French (14)

Chinese (14)

Spanish (10)

Japanese (6)

Italian (3)

German (1)

Turkish (1)

Korean (1)

Covers
Domination and the arts of resistance : hidden transcriptsWeapons of the weak : everyday forms of peasant resistanceThe moral economy of the peasant : rebellion and subsistence in Southeast AsiaThe art of not being governed : an anarchist history of upland Southeast AsiaEveryday forms of peasant resistance in South-East AsiaTransatlantic rebels : agrarian radicalism in comparative contextElementary aspects of peasant insurgency in colonial IndiaThe politics of food supply : U.S. agricultural policy in the world economyEveryday forms of peasant resistance in South-East Asia