WorldCat Identities

Jennings, H. S. (Herbert Spencer) 1868-1947

Overview
Works: 222 works in 643 publications in 6 languages and 6,807 library holdings
Genres: History  Laboratory manuals 
Roles: Author, Contributor, Author of introduction
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about H. S Jennings
 
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Most widely held works by H. S Jennings
Behavior of the lower organisms by H. S Jennings( Book )

66 editions published between 1904 and 2012 in 3 languages and held by 1,204 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The present work was designed primarily as an objective description of the known facts of behavior in lower organisms, that might be used, not only by the general reader, but also as a companion in actual laboratory experimentation. This description, comprising Parts I and II of the present work, on the Protozoa and lower Metazoa, respectively, was made as far as possible independent of any theoretical views held by the writer; his ideal was indeed to present an account that would include the facts required for a refutation of any of his own general views, if such refutation is possible. As originally written, this descriptive portion of the work was more extensive, including, besides the behavior of the Protozoa and Coelenterata, systematic accounts of behavior in Echinoderms, Rotifera, and the lower worms, together with a general chapter on the behavior of other invertebrates. The work was planned to serve as a reference manual for the behavior of the groups treated. But the exigencies of space compelled the substitution of a chapter on some important features of behavior in other invertebrates for the systematic accounts of the three groups last mentioned. The conclusions set forth in Part III are the result of a deliberate analysis of the facts presented in a description which had been made before the conclusions had been drawn. Since the book is written primarily from a zoological standpoint, it would be appropriate in some respects to entitle it "Behavior of the Lower Animals." But the broader title seems on the whole best, since the treatment of unicellular forms involves consideration of many organisms that are more nearly related to plants than to animals"--Preface (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved)
Anatomy of the cat by Jacob Reighard( Book )

69 editions published between 1901 and 1991 in English and Undetermined and held by 901 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

<P>Written by two experienced veterinarians, <em>Anatomy of the Cat</em> covers all of the bones of the cat, the muscles of the feline and the central systems viable to their health.</p><p><em>Anatomy of the </em>Cat offers many interesting facts about feline physiology. The cat's senses are finely tuned for its natural instinct to hunt. Cats have specialized teeth for killing prey and tearing meat. Its tongue also works to tear meat as it has sharp spines that allow the animal to separate meat from bones.</p><p>The cat's ears each have 32 muscles, allowing the animal to move each ear independently from the other. Because of this mobility, cats are able to adjust their ears to the direction of certain sounds without moving their bodies, making them quicker to sense danger or nearby prey.</p>
The biological basis of human nature by H. S Jennings( Book )

29 editions published between 1930 and 1950 in 4 languages and held by 708 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Introduction: What has biology to say that is of interest to men, not as zoologists or botanists, but as human beings? What has biology to contribute to the understanding of our lives and of the world in which we live? Human beings are samples of the things with which biology deals. They appear as individuals, and the rest of the material of biology appears also, in the main, as individuals. The greatest questions of biology deal with the origin and nature of individuals, their characteristics, their likenesses and their differences. The diversity among living individuals is the most striking fact about them, the fact of most practical importance; and it is the matter on which biology has most to say. Human individuals are diverse-in their appearance, and in their behavior. And each has a separate consciousness, a separate identity; so that the inward experience of any one of them is a distinct thing from that of all others. In some or all of these respects they are typical of the material of biology. How does it happen that individuals are thus diverse, both outwardy and inwardly? Why has my neighbor tastes and opinions so different from my own? Why does he conduct himself in amanner that may seem to me undesirable; a manner so diverse from that which I would practice under the same conditions? Why is one man fitted for one sort of work, and another for another sort; and some for none at all? Why do precise experiments in the laboratory of psychology give with different individuals diverse and inconstant results? Why are my own children so diverse from me and from each other? What is it that makes the behavior of human beings so incalculable, inconsistent, astonishing? These are the most practical questions of life; and the most interesting in theory. On these questions biology has much to say. It has worked out a systematic science of the differences between individuals; a science far from complete, but illuminating so far as it goes There are two main classes of differences between individuals. On the one hand, individuals are in many ways diverse at the very beginning of their separate existence, when they are single cells; these diversities come directly from their parents. Many of the later differences between developed individuals are due to these original differences. Knowledge of the original diversities, of how they are produced, of their nature and consequences, has advanced far. It constitutes what is called the study of heredity, or more properly, the science of Genetics. On the other hand, as everyone knows, individuals may become changed by the experiences that they pass through; by the conditions under which they live and develop. This therefore is another source of differences between individuals. An individual that has developed at a high temperature may be diverse in some respects from one that has developed at a low temperature. A person that has learned something is diverse from one that has not; a person that has undergone a great emotional shock is diverse from one that has not. By the interplay of the differences existing at the beginning of life with those that arise through later experience are brought about all the infinitely numerous kinds of diversities that we find among the individuals we meet in the world. By the interaction of the diverse individuals so produced, with each other and with their organic and inorganic environments, arise societies and civilizations. By the changes in the inborn characteristics as generations pass, together with the changes in the outer environment, arise the transformations of organisms in succeeding ages; arises the process of evolution. To understand individuality, to understand human nature and animal nature and vegetable nature, to understand society and civilization, the two classes of diversities must be examined separately,then in their interaction and consequesnces; and in their changes with the passage of time. This is the task of the present volume
Scientific aspects of the race problem by H. S Jennings( Book )

19 editions published between 1941 and 1982 in English and Spanish and held by 538 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Contributions to the study of the behavior of lower organisms by H. S Jennings( Book )

21 editions published between 1904 and 2011 in English and held by 421 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"To explain the movements of organisms toward or from a source of stimulus, we find given almost universally in one shape or another a certain general formula. This is the schema set forth, with unessential variations, by Verworn (1899) for the orientation of a ciliate or flagellate infusorian to a one-sided stimulus, and by Loeb (1897) for the tropisms of organisms in general. Essentially, the schema is as follows: An agent acting upon the organism from one side causes the locomotor organs of that side to contract either more strongly or less strongly than those of the opposite side. In the former case the animal is turned away from the source of stimulus, till it comes into a position in which the motor organs of the two sides are similarly affected. Then progressing straight forward, it of course moves away from the source of stimulus (negative taxis or tropism). If the motor organs on the side most affected are caused to contract less strongly than those on the opposite side the organism is necessarily turned with anterior end toward the source of stimulus; then its usual forward movements take it toward the source of stimulus (positive taxis or tropism). Loeb lays especial stress on the direction from which the stimulus comes, as it is this that determines which side shall be most strongly affected by the stimulus; otherwise the theory as he sets it forth is essentially like that held by Verworn. Both these authors apply this schema to the movements of organisms to and from many sorts of stimuli, making it a general formula for taxis or tropisms. In the present series of papers the writer proposes to examine the behavior of a number of lower organisms, in order to determine whether the reactions to the usual stimuli take place in accordance with this tropism schema or not, and if not, to determine the real nature of the reaction method"--Book. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
Suggestions of modern science concerning education by H. S Jennings( Book )

21 editions published between 1917 and 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 411 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The Joint Committee on Education was formed to arouse an intelligent interest in public schools. Its work was threefold: to secure newspaper publicity for educational topics, to encourage school visiting based on recent school surveys and a study of experimental schools, and to seek what new light on the subject might be obtained from modern science. Some mothers whose daily care of little children during the years when they were acquiring knowledge and developing their powers naturally, instinctively, were convinced that school hampered rather than helped them. They argued--if "sensation tends toward motion," why, during the years when, life is largely sensation, do we screw our children into desks five hours a day; if variety of type is desirable, why strive for uniformity; if surplus energy is necessary to further evolution, why not conserve that wonderful superabundant vitality of childhood? Might not biology, psychology, psychopathology, sociology offer suggestions concerning a school program which should secure physical, mental and moral health, and the development of individual initiative and creative power? The committee feel in duty bound to share with all parents and teachers the remarkable series of papers written in response to their need"--Foreword. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved)
The universe and life by H. S Jennings( Book )

19 editions published between 1933 and 1971 in English and held by 408 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Prometheus; or, Biology and the advancement of man by H. S Jennings( Book )

22 editions published between 1925 and 1929 in English and held by 336 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Genetics by H. S Jennings( Book )

14 editions published in 1935 in English and Italian and held by 290 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Matter of genetics; Genetic system; Operation of the genetic system, as exemplified by its relation to sex; Relation of genetic system to characteristics; Constitution of the chromosomes; The genetic system as a whole; Relation of genes to characteristics; Rules and rations of inheritance; Effects of mixing diverse organisms. Hybridization; General relations in the operation of the genetic system through the passage of generations; Genetic variations
Genetic variations in relation to evolution; a critical inquiry into the observed types of inherited variation, in relation to evolutionary change by H. S Jennings( Book )

13 editions published in 1935 in English and held by 220 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Life and death, heredity and evolution in unicellular organisms by H. S Jennings( Book )

10 editions published between 1920 and 2010 in English and held by 188 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The comparative psychology of man by H. S Jennings( Book )

1 edition published in 1977 in English and held by 124 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Behavior of the starfish Asterias forreri de Loriol by H. S Jennings( Book )

5 editions published in 1907 in English and held by 99 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dissection of the cat; practical directions for the dissection of the cat and the study of its anatomy, to accompany Reighard and Jennings' Anatomy of the cat (3d ed. rev. by Rush Elliott) by Jacob Reighard( Book )

6 editions published between 1935 and 1949 in English and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Vie et mort; hérédité et évolution chez le organismes unicellulaires by H. S Jennings( Book )

19 editions published between 1927 and 1931 in French and held by 69 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dissection of the cat; practical directions for the dissection of the cat and the study of its anatomy, to accompany Reighard and Jennings' Anatomy of the cat by Jacob Reighard( Book )

8 editions published between 1932 and 1935 in English and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dissection of the cat by Jacob Reighard( Book )

5 editions published between 1935 and 1951 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A report of work on the protozoa of Lake Erie, with especial reference to the laws of their movements by H. S Jennings( Book )

6 editions published between 1900 and 1981 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Genetics of the protozoa by H. S Jennings( Book )

9 editions published in 1929 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The beginnings of social behavior in unicellular organisms by H. S Jennings( Book )

3 editions published between 1941 and 2017 in English and held by 48 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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Alternative Names
Herbert Spencer Jennings Amerikaans zoöloog (1868-1947)

Herbert Spencer Jennings US-amerikanischer Zoologe und Genetiker

Herbert Spencer Jennings zoologo e genetista statunitense

Jennings, H. 1868-1947

Jennings, H. S.

Jennings H. S. 1868-1947

Jennings, H. S. (Herbert Spencer), 1868-1947

Jennings, Herbert S.

Jennings, Herbert S. 1868-1947

Jennings, Herbert Spencer 1868-1947

Jennings, Spencer 1868-1944

هربرت اسپنسر جنینگز

Languages
English (322)

French (20)

German (16)

Spanish (11)

Italian (6)

Chinese (2)