WorldCat Identities

John and Mary R. Markle Foundation

Works: 128 works in 209 publications in 1 language and 7,407 library holdings
Genres: History  Criticism, interpretation, etc  Conference papers and proceedings  Abstracts 
Roles: Other, Patron
Classifications: AS36, 973
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about John and Mary R. Markle Foundation
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Most widely held works by John and Mary R. Markle Foundation
Citizens, computers, and connectivity : a review of trends by Tora K Bikson( )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 1,798 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As computer and Internet use have grown dramatically, access gaps have widened rather than narrowed in the United States. This report uses Current Population Survey data from 1997 to update trends in computers and connectivity since an earlier 1995 study. It finds that there is a continuing "digital divide" between those who do and do not have access to computers and communication technologies. The division is significantly predicted by income, education, race/ethnicity, and--to a lesser extent--age, location, and possibly gender. The disparities have persisted over a period in which the technologies of interest have decreased dramatically in price (relative to what they can do) and increased markedly in user friendliness. Sizable demographic subgroups that remain on the wrong side of the digital divide may be deprived of the benefits associated with citizenship in an information society
Big Bird and beyond : the new media and the Markle Foundation by Lee D Mitgang( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 959 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Big Bird and Beyond reveals the pivotal role Lloyd Morrisett has played since 1969, as president of The John & Mary R. Markle Foundation and as chairman of the Children's Television Workshop, in launching Peggy Charren's Action for Children's Television, rescuing the Columbia Journalism Review and the Fund for Investigative Journalism from bankruptcy, establishing the National News Council in defiance of the nation's most powerful newspaper, and spurring Cable News Network to provide more issue oriented presidential election coverage. Mitgang describes how Markle almost single-handedly promoted the idea of using computers and the Internet to enrich the lives of the elderly, and, most recently, how electronic mail might connect citizens more effectively to government and other institutions that affect their everyday lives."--Jacket
The inaugural addresses of American presidents : the public philosophy and rhetoric by Dante L Germino( Book )

1 edition published in 1984 in English and held by 398 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Global communications in the space age: toward a new ITU( Book )

4 editions published in 1972 in English and held by 354 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Report of an international conference sponsored by the John and Mary R. Markle Foundation and the Twentieth Century Fund."
Toward an information bill of rights and responsibilities by Charles M Firestone( Book )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 267 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book is an attempt to express rudimentary "first principles" in the application of democratic values to some of the most pressing issues inherent in the advent of a new information society. Its purpose is not to advance any particular political slant, but rather, to incorporate a balance of democratic values--libertarian, communitarian, egalitarian, and belief in market solutions--to the topics of: (1) the process of communication; (2) issues of privacy; and (3) information as property. The principles enunciated in this volume seek to identify responsibilities of governments, of individuals, and of corporate citizens to balance the American Bill of Rights. Following an introduction to rights, responsibilities, and the nature of information, and presentation of the Information Bill of Rights and Responsibilities with commentary, the background papers are: "Communication Rights" (Terry Curtis and Jorge Reina Schement); "Comments Regarding 'Communication Rights'" (Thomas Freebairn); "Privacy Rights and Responsibilities in the Next Era of the Information Age" (Alan F. Westin); "The Role of Theory in the Policy Process" (Oscar H. Gandy, Jr.); "Forging a Wider Consensus: Property Rights in Electronic Information Systems" (Donna A. Demac); and "Continuity, Contract, and Government Copyright: a Response to Donna Demac's Paper on Property Rights in Electronic Information Systems" (Steven J. Metalitz). Two appendices provide a list of conference participants and the text only of the Information Bill of Rights and Responsibilities. (Mas)
Regulation of media ownership by the Federal Communications Commission : an assessment by Stanley M Besen( Book )

4 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 185 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report assesses the state of current knowledge about the likely effects of the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC's) restrictions on the ownership of broadcasting stations and cable TV systems, to reach judgments about the desirability of modifying or eliminating existing FCC ownership regulations. It examines the evidence on the effects of group ownership of broadcast stations, concentrated regional ownership, common ownership of broadcast stations within a local market, television station-cable system cross-ownership, and telephone-cable cross-ownership. The report reaches four broad conclusions: (1) Concentrated broadcast station ownership leads neither to large operating efficiencies nor to anticompetitive behavior; (2) there is little or no basis for the FCC's group ownership rules, some support exists for rules limiting regional concentration, and stronger support exists for rules that limit cross-ownership within narrow geographic areas; (3) there is no compelling basis for lifting the telephone-cable system cross-ownership ban; and (4) present FCC rules, and many of the proposals for their repeal or modification, are often deficient because they fail to take into account actual competitive conditions
Compensating creators of intellectual property : collectives that collect by Stanley M Besen( Book )

4 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 182 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Intellectual property is used in many ways that make it difficult or impossible for copyright owners individually to enforce their rights. Where each use has small value relative to the cost of enforcement, owners will not find it worthwhile to collect fees and enjoin infringers unless they can cooperate with other rightsholders to economize on transaction costs. The result is the formation of collecting societies or copyright collectives. This report is a study of the collective administration of copyrights. It analyzes the determination of license fees using economic models of alternative ways in which copyright collectives might operate. The report also provides detailed descriptions of the operations of performing rights and reproduction rights organizations, and it explores the legal regimes under which copyright collectives operate, including special legislation governing their behavior and antitrust laws that constrain their operations. The report reaches four tentative conclusions: (1) cooperative pricing may be inevitable when collective administration is employed; (2) collective administration should be limited to cases in which infringements cannot be handled individually; (3) there will be many license fees and revenue distributions for which collective pricing is better for everyone than is individual pricing; and (4) the nature and form of the collective administration of any given set of rights will be similar in all countries
The future of children's television : results of the Markle Foundation/Boys Town Conference by Markle Foundation Boys Town Conference( Book )

4 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 150 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Citizen participation in broadcast licensing before the FCC by Joseph A Grundfest( Book )

1 edition published in 1976 in English and held by 125 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report examines the public's role in determining the dimensions of the public interest in the regulation of broadcast services. Chapter ii describes some of the avenues open to citizens to influence the Federal Communication Commission, including: (1) direct contact between broadcasters and citizens, (2) citizen participation in the Commission's rulemaking process, and (3) citizen involvement in the Commission's broadcast licensing activities. It also discusses allocation of citizen resources among the various avenues of participation. Chapter iii focuses on two methods of participation which have gained popularity: petitions to deny and citizen settlements. These two methods have resulted in policy problems which are analyzed in Chapter iv. Chapter iv also critizes some commission policies and makes recommendations for additional or modified procedures. Chapter v examines and evaluates the application of "Proposed Agreements Rulemaking" to four cases and explores alternative grounds of decision. Chapter vi analyzes the final statement of Commission policy toward citizen settlement together with the "Reimbursement Report and Order." Chapter vii brings together major factors in the development of the Commission's policy and provides a set of recommendations for further research. Appendices reproduce portions of relevant documents and present an economic analysis of litigating a petition. (Wbc)
Television and children : priorities for research : report of a conference at Reston, Virginia, November 5-7, 1975 by Conference on Television and Chidlren( Book )

4 editions published between 1975 and 1976 in English and held by 124 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Common carrier video delivery by telephone companies by Leland L Johnson( Book )

4 editions published between 1991 and 1992 in English and held by 121 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Much debate surrounds the question of whether to allow telephone companies to deliver video services to subscribers in their service areas. Such an arrangement would raise issues about whether telephone companies should operate as video common carriers, entities free to supply video services as cable operators do today, or hybrids that combine common carrier services with the carrier maintaining limited ownership interests in programming. Setting aside a complex set of legal considerations, this study evaluates the relative merits of these alternative ways to provide video services. The author assesses the appropriate role of government rate regulation (e.g., rate-of-return constraints or price caps) of video networks owned by local exchange carriers (LECs), and explores the applicability of common carriage, going beyond the LECs, to cable operators and other video providers. Outcomes are evaluated in terms of their contribution to economic efficiency and information diversity. The author concludes that there is no sound basis for singling out the telephone companies for common carrier treatment if they choose to enter the video market. He suggests that the same treatment be accorded telephone companies and cable operators, regardless of whether they operate as video common carriers, hybrids, or unconstrained carriers
Residential broadband services by telephone companies? : technology, economics, and public policy by Leland L Johnson( Book )

3 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 113 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report assesses telephone companies' prospects for providing integrated broadband networks for voice, data, and television services to homes. Currently, they are prohibited from competing with cable companies in offering television services. The analysis suggests that lifting the restrictions on telephone company entry into the cable market would lead neither to increased competition in the television market nor to the emergence of new services. Telephone and television services would continue to be offered on separate networks. Switched video--a service that would permit users to be switched on a one-to-one basis to selections from a multitude of program sources--is the only new residential service that telephone companies might provide with fiber
An economic analysis of mandatory leased channel access for cable television by Stanley M Besen( Book )

5 editions published between 1982 and 1983 in English and held by 112 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report is an economic analysis of mandated leased access. Section II briefly discusses past regulation of the cable industry, including the regulation of access. Section III examines the existing relationship between cable systems and service packagers. Section IV provides an economic analysis of the effects of various types of mandated leased access arrangements on the service offerings and prices available to cable subscribers. Finally, Sec. V analyzes problems that would be faced by government regulators in implementing a leased access requirement
Watergate and television : an economic analysis by Stanley M Besen( Book )

1 edition published in 1975 in English and held by 98 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Newspaper-television station cross-ownership : options for Federal action by Walter S Baer( Book )

1 edition published in 1974 in English and held by 97 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Interactive television : prospects for two-way services on cable by Walter S Baer( Book )

2 editions published in 1971 in English and held by 96 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The technology of cable television is advancing rapidly. Of prime importance to cable television in the 1970s will be the development of two-way interactive communication services on cable systems. This report describes that development; the technical, economic, and regulatory forces that influence it; and the public policy issues that it raises. This report has been written for several distinct groups of readers. Those concerned chiefly with broad policy questions may wish to read only the summary, the introduction, and the final section on policy issues posed by the evolution of two-way services on cable. Readers who want a more detailed description of potential services, including the "subscriber response services" that seem most likely to be feasible in the next five years, should also read Sections ii and iii. Those interested in the near-term economics of this group of services should focus on Section iv. Finally, readers interested in the present status of two-way cable television will find a discussion of recent field tests and demonstrations in Section V. (Author)
Price caps in telecommunications regulatory reform by Leland L Johnson( Book )

2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 92 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Television news and local awareness : a retrospective look by William A Lucas( Book )

1 edition published in 1975 in English and held by 91 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The interplay of work group structures and computer support by Tora K Bikson( Book )

5 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 89 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

When members of task groups communicate through computers instead of traditional means, much about the group could change: group structure, intensity of communication, interaction across physical barriers, and the work process. This chapter probes these issues by reviewing a year-long field experiment among active workers and retirees planning a company's retirement policy. The study shows many effects of computer communication. Among other findings, the study shows that computer communication can help reduce barriers to social interaction in distributed work groups and can broaden leadership roles. How are task groups affected, if at all, by access to computer-based communication capabilities in addition to conventional communication media? What happens when the infrastructure for shared work is built on cables, microprocessors, and screens along with corridors, meeting rooms, and blackboards? How, if at all, does networked information technology affect group structures and interaction processes
Cable television and higher education : two contrasting experiences by Leland L Johnson( Book )

2 editions published in 1971 in English and held by 89 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In assessing the possibilities of using cable television to serve the needs of higher education, it is useful to examine the experience already accumulated by educational institutions in the use of cable channels. Two particularly interesting cases are those of Oregon State University (osu) and the University of Oregon. Osu employs its cable channel nearly full-time during the day to televise course presentations (largely of scientific and engineering subjects) to students both on and off campus. Enrollments in these televised courses has grown to 8,500 students annually. The rationale for employing the cable channel is to save money and classroom space. The University of Oregon employs its channel, not to present course materials directly, but to supplement and enrich live course presentations in the classroom by providing programming at the request of individual faculty members. In addition, the channel provides a daily message service, an information service as an integral part of the University's registration procedures, and local community programming. A possible explanation for the University of Oregon's lack of televised course presentations is that the school is largely a liberal arts school and neither the courses nor the faculty are amenable to the idea of new technology. (Jy)
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Citizens, computers, and connectivity : a review of trends
Big Bird and beyond : the new media and the Markle Foundation
Alternative Names
Markle Foundation

Markle (John and Mary R.) Foundation

English (65)