WorldCat Identities

Armor, David J.

Works: 41 works in 183 publications in 1 language and 7,291 library holdings
Genres: Longitudinal studies  Handbooks and manuals  Case studies  Abstracts 
Roles: Author, Contributor, Editor, Other
Classifications: HV5279, 616.86106
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about David J Armor
Most widely held works by David J Armor
Forced justice : school desegregation and the law by David J Armor( )

15 editions published between 1995 and 1996 in English and held by 2,022 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The debate over desegregation policy and its many consequences needs to move beyond academic journals and courtrooms to a larger audience. In addition to educators and policymakers, Forced Justice will be an important book for social scientists, attorneys and specialists in civil rights issues, and all persons concerned about the state of public education
School desegregation in the 21st century by Christine H Rossell( )

9 editions published between 2002 and 2006 in English and held by 1,885 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book presents a collection of papers that examine progress since 1954 in achieving racial equality in education and how to most effectively and efficiently achieve the promise of Brown V. Board of Education. The 11 papers are: (1) "Introduction: Assessing the Promise of 'Brown'" (Christine H. Rossell, David J. Armor, and Herbert J. Walberg); (2) "History of School Desegregation" (Jeffrey A. Raffel); (3) "Legal Issues Related to School Funding/Desegregation" (Alfred A. Lindseth); (4) "The Effectiveness of Desegregation Plans" (Christine H. Rossell); (5) "School Desegregation and Demographic Change" (William A.V. Clark); (6) "Desegregation and Academic Achievement" (David J. Armor); (7) "Ability Grouping and Classroom Desegregation" (Christine H. Rossell); (8) "Racial Disparities in School Discipline" (Charles M. Achilles); (9) "Improving Intergroup Relations in the Schools" (Walter G. Stephan); (10) "Attitudes on Race and Desegregation" (Christine H. Rossell and David J. Armor); and (11) "The Outlook for School Desegregation" (David J. Armor, Christine H. Rossell, and Herbert J. Walberg). (Papers contain references. Contains an index.) (sm)
Maximizing intelligence by David J Armor( Book )

13 editions published between 2003 and 2017 in English and held by 668 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The "nature versus nurture" controversy dates back to at least the nineteenth century. How much of a role does genetics or environment play in accounting for reasoning skill and other intellectual aptitudes? At a time when the public school system in the United States is under attack, this debate has taken center stage in arguments about what accounts for differences in academic achievement. Maximizing Intelligence convincingly argues that, while both genetics and environment play a role in a child's intelligence, environmental factors, especially at an early age, are of primary importance. Working from this premise, David J. Armor suggests how intelligence may be heightened."--Jacket
Alcoholism and treatment by David J Armor( Book )

15 editions published between 1975 and 1978 in English and held by 581 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The course of alcoholism : four years after treatment by J. Michael Polich( Book )

21 editions published between 1976 and 1981 in English and Undetermined and held by 498 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Alcoholism has traditionally been viewed as a persistent and chronic disorder. Recent years, however, have seen a growing belief that the disorder can be completely transformed into stable, long-term improvement after intervention. Yet we know relatively little about the course of alcoholism over the long run. Although research has documented substantial rates of remission after treatment, the stability of such remission is very much an unanswered question. The purpose of this study is to extend knowledge about the remission process by examining the history of a sample of treated alcoholics over a period of 4 years. We find it is common for alcoholics to reach a state of remission, but that state is generally intermittent rather than stable. The study is based on a random sample of 922 males who made contact in 1973 with any one of eight Alcoholism Treatment Centers (ATCs} funded by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism The same cohort was interviewed in previous follow ups at 6 months and 18 months, and has been the subject of other research, including an earlier Rand study. At 4 years, information was obtained from 85 percent of the target sample. In addition to extensive interviews, the 4-year follow up data base included psychological tests, self reported psychiatric and medical information, measures of blood alcohol concentration, validation interviews with subject collaterals, and officially recorded causes of death for deceased subjects. Although all subjects had some contact with a treatment facility, the study was not an experimental evaluation of competing treatment methods. Rather, the principal objective was to trace the natural sequence of events, including treatment, in the course of alcoholism
The American school counselor; a case study in the sociology of professions by David J Armor( Book )

12 editions published in 1969 in English and held by 457 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Data-text primer; an introduction to computerized social data analysis by David J Armor( Book )

10 editions published in 1972 in English and held by 311 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

White flight, demographic transition, and the future of school desegregation by David J Armor( Book )

5 editions published in 1978 in English and held by 116 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Earlier studies of the effect of desegregation on white flight were in conflict, largely because of methodological differences in study design and analysis. More recent studies have used more comparable methodologies and tend to show that under certain conditions desegregation does have a significant effect on white loss, although there is still disagreement on the size and duration of the effect. The present study offers a demographic projection method for estimating the size and duration of the white phenomenon and applies the method to school districts experiencing court-ordered mandatory desegregation. Findings indicate that white losses are such that, in many cases, the amount of desegregation (defined as minority exposure to whites) is declining, and for some districts has fallen below the pre-segregation level. As a result, court-ordered desegregation, coupled with normal demographic trends, is producing increasing ethnic and racial isolation in many larger school districts. If this trend is to be stopped or reversed other remedies need to be considered. Given the strong public opposition to mandatory busing as well as the current legal situation, the prospects for metropolitan desegregation appear limited. On the other hand, voluntary methods have worked well in some cases and may offer a more viable alternative in larger cities. (Author/EB)
Analysis of the school preferred reading program in selected Los Angeles minority schools : prepared for the Los Angeles Unified School District by David J Armor( Book )

5 editions published in 1976 in English and held by 102 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 20 elementary schools participating in the Los Angeles School Preferred Reading Program, gains in reading achievement were examined in order to identify school and classroom policies that were most successful in raising reading scores of inner-city children. All schools sampled displayed large or consistent gains for sixth-grade reading achievement, had predominantly minority-group student bodies, and were located in low-income neighborhoods. Data on school and classroom practices were gathered by interview and questionnaire from principals, reading specialists, and classroom teachers in the target schools. Background and demographic information and reading test scores for grades three through six were recorded for members of the sixth-grade classes of 1974 and 1975 from their junior high school records. Background factors and reading test scores in earlier grades were found to account for the largest part of the variation in sixth-grade achievement, but variables reflecting particular school experiences also had significant influence. These factors are described and illustrated in the report. Overall, the results are interpreted as supporting the continuation of the School Preferred Reading Program. (Author/AA)
Recruit aptitudes and Army job performance : setting enlistment standards for infantrymen by Rand Corporation( Book )

6 editions published between 1982 and 1983 in English and held by 98 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Presents findings from a study of the relationship between observable characteristics of military enlistees and their subsequent job performance, and the use of those relationships in a model for setting enlistment standards. Two performance measures are examined: retention (what portion of the initial enlistment tour is completed), and job proficiency. Recruit aptitudes are important predictors of success on the Army's Skill Qualification Test for infantrymen, and on earlier experimental hands-on tests for four other Army jobs. The performance results are combined with recent data on Army recruiting, training, and force-maintenance costs in a cost-performance trade-off model. The model yields an optimal enlistment standard for the Infantryman speciality that is close to that adopted in fiscal year 1981, and a quality mix for entering recruits about the same as the mix mandated by Congress. Adopting optimal standards Army-wide could cost $100 to $200 million. (Author)
The Control of alcohol problems in the U.S. Air Force : a Project Air Force report prepared for the United States Air Force by David J Armor( Book )

10 editions published between 1981 and 1982 in English and held by 94 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An evaluation of the Air Force's Alcohol Abuse Control Program, aimed at reducing the incidence of alcohol problems and rehabilitating personnel who experience them. Important findings are: (1) Only about 10 percent of Air Force personnel with serious alcohol problems are identified and referred for rehabilitation. (2) The four-hour Education Seminars--the Air Force's major prevention effort--do not have a significant long-term impact on drinking behaviors or attitudes toward drinking. (3) Even for more impaired clients, outpatient counseling at local bases works as well as inpatient treatment at regional hospitals and is more cost-effective. (4) For less-impaired clients, the eight-hour Alcohol Awareness Seminars are more cost-effective than outpatient counseling, indicating that efficiency might be enhanced by eliminating Education Seminars and increasing Alcohol Awareness Seminars. (5) The importance of identification should be stressed at all command levels and stronger measures taken to overcome the social pressures that work against identification
Patient acceptance of the Air Force physician assistant by David J Armor( Book )

5 editions published in 1979 in English and held by 74 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Research conducted at Rand on Air Force health delivery systems under Project Air Force"--Page iii
Sociology and school busing policy by David J Armor( Book )

4 editions published between 1970 and 1976 in English and held by 67 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper cites some of the contributions that sociology has made to desegregation policy. The major contribution, made by public opinion research, is establishing the level of support or opposition to busing policy. A second contribution to desegregation policy has been made by those sociologists and social psychologists who have studied the educational consequences of desegregation. The main contribution of this research has been the elimination of unproven assumptions about the educational and social benefits of desegregation and segregation. Research in the area of white flight stands to have the greatest impact on future desegregation policy because unlike public opinion or educational-benefits research, there is ample precedent for introducing evidence on enrollment stability to the lower courts considering alternative desegregation plans. (Author/AM)
Patterns of alcoholism over four years by J. Michael Polich( Book )

6 editions published in 1980 in English and held by 65 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The four-year study addressed a large number of research questions, including both methodological issues and substantive issues about the nature of alcoholism. This paper presents results from three of the principal study areas, comprising the most important findings of the research. The first area is the status of the cohort at four years: that is, the overall conditions of this group of alcoholics. This includes the types of drinking behavior found at the four-year point, certain developmental patterns of drinking behavior, and the extent of mortality between admission to treatment and the four-year followup. Second, this paper examines the overall social and psychological adjustment of the cohort, apart from drinking behavior itself. The four-year study collected a variety of psychosocial measurements to describe the subjects in terms of broad aspects of human functioning. The most important question here is one of rehabilitation: How much improvement in social characteristics can be observed at four years, compared to the debilitated conditions that were prevalent when these subjects were admitted to treatment? Third, this paper addresses patterns of relapse. The relapse process is highly relevant to both traditional and modern conceptions of alcoholism, and the four-year study expended considerable effort in studying it over time. The discussion here will describe the patterns that appeared at four years and the models that were used to predict conditions under which relapse occurs
Outcomes in alcoholism treatment by Harriet B Stambul( Book )

5 editions published between 1970 and 1977 in English and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Alcoholism researchers in the past 35 years have emphasized abstinence as the major criterion of treatment success. In recent years, however, this emphasis has been questioned and from the current debate over treatment goals and outcome measures at least two areas of controversy have emerged. The first, called the "abstention-moderation" controversy, questions whether some alcoholics can return to and maintain normal or controlled drinking, and discusses the implications of this outcome for treatment goals. The second involves the broadening of outcome measures to include a wide spectrum of social and psychological behavior, including attitudes and self-concept, job and marital stability, and earnings or income from employment. Research on various aspects of these two areas has been conducted, but a resolution of the conflicts has not yet emerged. (Author/BP)
Toward a unified theory of reliability for social measurement by David J Armor( Book )

3 editions published between 1970 and 1974 in English and held by 54 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Enlistment standards in the Army by David J Armor( Book )

5 editions published in 1981 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Army faces a serious challenge to its manpower quality and quantity. The decline in recruit aptitude appears to have led to diminished manpower effectiveness as measured by on the job performance. This report documents the magnitude of the decline in Army recruit quality and shows its impact on job performance. A research approach for determining optimal quality mixes, and what it might cost to restore Army recruit quality to pre-AVF levels, is discussed
Competition in education : a case study of interdistrict choice by David J Armor( Book )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Report : Task Force on women in the military by United States( Book )

1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Data-Text System : a computer language for social science research : designed for numerical analysis of data and content analysis of text : preliminary manual( Book )

2 editions published between 1967 and 1969 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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School desegregation in the 21st century
School desegregation in the 21st centuryMaximizing intelligenceCompetition in education : a case study of interdistrict choice
Alternative Names
Armor, David J.

English (155)