WorldCat Identities

Higgs, Eric 1958-

Works: 37 works in 105 publications in 2 languages and 4,866 library holdings
Genres: History  Biography  Case studies  Academic theses  Pictorial works 
Roles: Author, Editor, Thesis advisor, Publishing director, Other, Author of introduction
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about Eric Higgs
Most widely held works by Eric Higgs
Nature by design : people, natural process, and ecological restoration by Eric Higgs( )

8 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 1,856 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Higgs explains how and why the restoration movement came about, where it fits into the array of approaches to human relationships with the land, and how it might be used to secure a sustainable future. Some environmental philosophers and activists worry that restoration will dilute preservation and conservation efforts and lead to an even deeper technological attitude toward nature. They ask whether even well-conceived restoration projects are in fact just expressions of human will. Higgs prefaces his responses to such concerns by distinguishing among several types of ecological restoration. He also describes a growing gulf between professionals and amateurs. Higgs finds much merit in criticism about technological restoration projects, which can cause more damage than they undo. These projects often ignore the fact that changing one thing in a complex system can change the whole system. For restoration projects to be successful, Higgs argues, people at the community level must be engaged. These focal restorations bring communities together, helping volunteers develop a dedication to place and encouraging democracy."--
Technology and the good life? by Eric Higgs( )

15 editions published between 2000 and 2010 in English and held by 1,661 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

'Technology and the Good Life?' uses a careful collective analysis of Albert Borgmann's controversial and influential ideas as a jumping-off point from which to address questions about the role and significance of technology in our lives. Contributors both sympathetic and critical examine Borgmann's work, especially his 'device paradigm'; apply his theories to new areas such as film, agriculture, design, and ecological restoration; and consider the place of his thought within philosophy and technology studies more generally
Novel ecosystems : intervening in the new ecological world order by R. J Hobbs( )

14 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 916 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

4e de couv.: Land conversion, climate change and species invasions are contributing to the widespread emergence of novel ecosystems, which demand a shift in how we think about traditional approaches to conservation, restoration and environmental management. They are novel because they exist without historical precedents and are self-sustaining. Traditional approaches emphasizing native species and historical continuity are challenged by novel ecosystems that deliver critical ecosystems services or are simply immune to practical restorative efforts. Some fear that, by raising the issue of novel ecosystems, we are simply paving the way for a more laissez-faire attitude to conservation and restoration. Regardless of the range of views and perceptions about novel ecosystems, their existence is becoming ever more obvious and prevalent in today's rapidly changing world. In this first comprehensive volume to look at the ecological, social, cultural, ethical and policy dimensions of novel ecosystems, the authors argue these altered systems are overdue for careful analysis and that we need to figure out how to intervene in them responsibly. This book brings together researchers from a range of disciplines together with practitioners and policy makers to explore the questions surrounding novel ecosystems. It includes chapters on key concepts and methodologies for deciding when and how to intervene in systems, as well as a rich collection of case studies and perspective pieces. It will be a valuable resource for researchers, managers and policy makers interested in the question of how humanity manages and restores ecosystems in a rapidly changing world
Mapper of mountains : M.P. Bridgland in the Canadian Rockies 1902-1930 by I. S MacLaren( Book )

7 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 214 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Dominion Land Surveyor Morrison Parsons Bridgland spent nearly every summer mapping the mountains of Alberta and British Columbia, climbing many of Canada's Rocky Mountains for the first time. This unheralded alpinist perfected photo-topographical techniques to compile a series of mountaintop photographs to create accurate topographical maps. Early tourists used his maps to explore the natural wonders of the eastern Rockies, and his book, Description of & Guide to Jasper Park (1917), told them what to go and see." "How he made his photographs from the tops of mountains and even developed them while camped out in the wilderness are detailed in this biography, as are some of the trials and tribulations involved in that summer's survey. Mapper of Mountains also relates his involvement in the establishment and early years of the Alpine Club of Canada."--Jacket
The Role of science in environmental impact assessment : workshop proceedings( Book )

5 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 68 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Science in archaeology : a survey of progress and research by Don R Brothwell( Book )

21 editions published between 1963 and 1971 in English and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Umwelt - Mikroskopie - Prospektion
Nature by design : people, natural process, and ecological design by Eric Higgs( Book )

1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Daring to envision ecologically sound and socially just futures : an interdisciplinary exploration of contemporary film by Karen Hurley( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This dissertation explores the connection between sustainability and dominant images of the future in contemporary film. The research uses an ecofeminist visual interdisciplinary methodology to investigate the importance of vision/images of the future in guiding the creation of ecologically sound and socially just futures, and how films, as a source of dominant imagery, may be interfering with our ability to envision positive futures as well as provide opportunities for positive visions. The research is in two parts:1) a visual studies analysis of contemporary films based on critical futures studies (Causal Layered Analysis) ecofeminism, and 2) and interviews with filmmakers. The visual analysis explores and problematises patterns of images of the future in film, especially those of natural landscapes, animals, plants, human settlements, food, and water as well as racial and gender roles within human society. The interview data documents the filmmakers' experiences within film industry and their commentary on the filmmaking process and practices. The research participants' words also inform the exploration of opportunities for the transformation of the filmmaking industry. Filmmaking is theorised as a technology, based on Ursula Franklin's interdisciplinary work on technology as systems of practice, and Albert Borgmann's philosophy of technology. This dissertation argues that we need visions of sustainable, diverse, and socially just futures to inspire and guide our actions in the present, and that films can contribute to positive imagery. The research explores barriers to envisioning sustainable futures, such as dystopic Hollywood film images and scientific/environmental professional and scholarly practices that discourage visioning work. As well as exploring why it is important that societies have visions of ecologically and socially just futures, and how the filmmaking industry can be part of the sustainability revolution
Underlying patterns that shape ecological restoration in the post-colonial landscape of the Ainu Moshir (land) of Hokkaido, Japan by Shinsaku Shiga( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

My main objective is to reveal and illustrate the patterns and processes underlying the practice of ecological restoration in post-colonial landscapes. To focus my analysis, I asked what these patterns are, and how they inhibit or enable the Iwor (Ainu Traditional Living Space) Restoration Project (IRP). The IRP is a state-funded project aimed at improving the well-being of Ainu in Hokkaido, Japan. I used interviews, participant observation and text analyses to elucidate the dynamics at work in and around the project. My findings suggest that colonial and technological practices inhibit good ecological restoration practices in IRP by disengaging people, or more subtly preventing them from engaging with it. Colonially, structural and discursive marginalization maintains economic deprivation through denying progressive conversations about community empowerment. This process also reinforces subjective power relationships of Wajin, the ethnic majority, dominance. Technologically, I observed signs of Borgmann's (1984)?device paradigm? that are both institutionally (e.g. government agencies) and materially (e.g. infrastructure and tools) driving the IRP toward technological restoration and away from focal restoration. This was particularly apparent in such instances where means and ends were inverted, or the government agencies were inaccessible to the Ainu participants. These patterns in turn make IRP less appealing for Ainu and other local peoples. However, I also found that the room for creativity and attention to human-nature relationships in ecological restoration allow creation of the new space where Ainu can assert their values more strongly. This is the Kotan Iwor where the space embodies both Iwor and iwor, two representations of Wajin and Ainu views of the?Traditional Living Space? respectively. My findings on Kotan Iwor (the traditional settlement restoration site) suggest that there is a significant potential in the ecological restoration practices because of the practice's inherent capacity to bring people and the landscape together in a creative context. With careful attention to colonial, technological, and other dynamics, good ecological restoration practices have the potential to restore and improve the well-being of indigenous and non-indigenous community members alike
Characterizing the Mixed-Severity Fire Regime of the Kootenay Valley, Kootenay National Park by Richard Kubian( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Understanding historic fire regimes to develop benchmarks for emulating historic natural disturbance processes in the interest of conserving biodiversity has been actively pursued for approximately 30 years. Mixed-severity fire regimes are increasingly becoming a recognized component of historic fire regimes. Mixed-severity fire regimes are inherently difficult to classify and characterize given the complexity of the process and the multiple scales at which this complexity is expressed. I utilized a systematic study design to gather fire scar and stand dynamic information in order to describe and classify the historic fire regime. I established the presence of mixed disturbance regime dominated by a mixed-severity fire regime. The historic fire regime was mixed-severity over time dominated by individual high severity fire events occurring at a frequency of 60-130 years with some areas that experienced lower severity fire events occurring at a frequency of 20 - 40 years. Twenty-one per cent of the current landscape was dominated by high-severity fire, 42% by mixed-severity and 37% had an unknown fire history. I developed a fire regime classification scheme that provides a useful tool for considering fire severity in mixed-severity system with forest species that generate strong establishment cohorts. I was able to combine time-since-fire methods with a systematic study design and this combination provided an excellent tool to explore mixed-severity fire characteristics in a complicated mixed-disturbance forest. I found limited relationships between topographic controls and fire severity. I found a number of significant relationships that fit the broadly held perceptions of how fire severity would affect species relative densities and stand structure attributes. The existing stand origin map and the Vegetation Resource Inventory stand age were largely accurate for high-severity 20th century fires but had decreasing accuracy in older forests and for mixed and unknown fire severity. The accuracy of the Vegetation Resource Inventory leading species accuracy was quantified at only 60%. My results have implications for fire and forest management in south-eastern British Columbia and in other forest systems that had historic mixed-severity fire regimes with tree species that have strong establishment cohorts
Restoring Tl'chés : an ethnoecological restoration study in Chatham Islands, British Columbia, Canada by Thiago C Gomes( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Chatham Islands are part of a small archipelago, Tl'chés, off the City of Victoria, southeastern Vancouver Island (British Columbia, Canada), in the Salish Sea, territory of the Songhees First Nation. Chatham and adjacent islands comprise nationally endangered Garry oak ecosystems, supporting a wide diversity of habitats for plant and wildlife communities. Chatham Islands are childhood home of Songhees elder Joan Morris [Sellemah], raised by grandparents and great-grandparents. Tl'chés has been uninhabited and untended for over 50 years now, entering in a process of rapid environmental change and degradation after Songhees residents left to live in the main Songhees Reserve in late1950s. Sellemah longs to see the traditional gardens and orchards she remembers at Tl'chés restored, as well as her people's relationship with their environment, for healthier and more sustainable ways of life. This thesis honours Sellemah's vision by exploring best approaches for intervention in heavily degraded cultural landscapes in order to promote ecological and cultural integrity and long-term sustainability for people and ecosystems in Tl'chés, combining conventional ecological approaches with traditional ecological knowledge and wisdom(TEKW), cultural and participatory investigations, in the context of ethnoecological restoration. Ultimately, this research aims to provide assistance in the restoration of ecological and cultural features in Chatham Islands and within the Songhees First Nation, revitalizing traditional ecological knowledge on the landscape and reversing trends of biodiversity and cultural losses
Planning, technology and community autonomy by Eric Higgs( Book )

3 editions published between 1988 and 1989 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Mountain legacy project by Eric Higgs( Book )

3 editions published between 2009 and 2012 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

" ... The Mountain Legacy Project, an interdisciplinary research team based in the Visualization Lab at the School of Environmental Studies at the University of Victoria, British Columbia. We investigate landscape ecology, ecological restoration, and social perspectives on the mountainous landscapes of western Canada through repeat photography and archival research. ..."--Website
Improving biodiversity and community well-being in urban parks : a comparison of Seoul Forest Park (Seoul, Korea) and Stanley Park (Vancouver, Canada) by Rokwha Rim( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This research investigates how community-based stewardship and governance of urban parks benefits both biodiversity conservation and local residents' quality of life. The main objective of this research is to examine successful strategies to improve biodiversity and human well-being in urban parks. In this research, two stories of renowned city parks in metropolitan areas are interpreted: Seoul Forest Park in Seoul, Korea and Stanley Park in Vancouver, Canada. These parks are compared on the basis of the history of their creation and restoration, their strategic plans, challenges to managing the parks, the role of community-based stewardship, and the relationship between city governments and community stewardship groups. By comparing two famous metropolitan city parks, this study makes recommendations for each park. To understand the beneficial programs and approaches, I further explore how the parks management plans address improvement in biodiversity, and how park governance and operations encourage it, particularly how stewardship groups have improved biodiversity. Based on the research findings, this study drew several main benefits of community-based stewardship and governance of urban parks. First, supportive legislation, policies, and plans for biodiversity conservation have a decisive effect on the implementation of biodiversity improvement. Next, regular ecosystem monitoring and linking fragmented areas are mandatory to preserve and improve urban biodiversity. Also, urban green space restoration contributes not only to biodiversity conservation, but also to citizens? quality of life. In addition, listening to citizens? opinions, ensuring the safety of park users, offering cutting-edge services, and providing various cultural and educational programs, contribute to enhanced citizens? well-being in urban parks. Lastly, community-based stewardship groups play an essential role for improving biodiversity as well as citizens? quality of life in urban parks. Therefore, a successful partnership between the Parks Division in city governments and community-based stewardship groups creates a more powerful synergy that sustains biodiversity and human well-being
Taking a good long look : disturbance, succession, landscape change and repeat photography in the upper Blakiston Valley, Waterton Lakes National Park by Graham Duff Watt-Gremm( )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Understanding historical disturbance and succession is critical in park management and restoration. I examined successional patterns and disturbance dynamics in the Blakiston Valley, Waterton Lakes National Park, by analyzing changes in forest structure using field research and repeat photography. I sampled forest structural attributes in 23 stands and interpreted forest cover from oblique and aerial photographs from 1881, 1914, 1947 and 2004. I quantitatively compared the interpretation from oblique photographs to aerial photographs and geographic information system (GIS) data and related succession to environmental factors and historical disturbances. Successional patterns were dominated by transitions from open meadows and shrublands to woodlands and closed forests, and were related to a small number of environment and disturbance variables, especially elevation, potential radiation, and time since last recorded fire. Accompanying these trends is a decline in landscape diversity. These findings have implications for restoration and conservation of subalpine forests in the park and across the region. The GIS methods capture spatially approximate vegetation patterns from oblique photographs and show potential for further research, especially in combination with the photograph collection of the Mountain Legacy Project
Concepts of the sacred in place : reconciling mindscapes and landscapes by Michelle Church( )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The concepts and issues surrounding the study of sacred places represent a complex interaction of mindscapes and landscapes. Using as the main examples Stonehenge and the Bighorn Medicine Wheel, this thesis is about these interactions in natural, community sacred places and serves two main purposes. The first is to clarify the meaning of -sacred- and the application of sacred designation to natural places. The second is to explore options for the protection. conservation and restoration of such places. In addition. an interpretation of cultural issues surrounding the understanding of the sacred in place explores and explains the connections between worldviews, stories or mythologies, and sense of place in sacred places so that a better understanding can be reached of the paradigms that underlie our conception of the sacred and of nature. and by extension, the sacred in nature. This in turn serves to illuminate the recommendation of focal restoration techniques to restore sacred places
The Elwha river restoration : challenges and opportunities for community engagement by Ryan Laurel Hilperts( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As ecological restoration expands as a practice, so does the complexity, cost, and scale of many projects. Higgs (2003) terms these projects technological and argues they limit meaningful community focal restoration practices, one component of good ecological restoration. The planned removals of two large dams on the Elwha River in Washington State provide a case study to investigate this theory. I conducted 18 in-depth interviews with community leaders and restoration practitioners in order to explore the question, "How do technological restoration projects enable or constrain community engagement, and in the case of the Elwha River, how might such engagement be enlarged?" This interpretive study suggests that technological restoration projects, particularly when managed by federal agencies, expand engagement through a broadened 1) public audience and 2) suite of engagement activities. I argue for a?focusing? of engagement activities, and propose a matrix for assessing opportunities for local community engagement
A substantial upward shift of the alpine treeline ecotone in the southern Canadian Rocky Mountains by William Morgan Roush( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Changes within and beyond the alpine treeline ecotone are hypothesized to respond to climatic changes and to be controlled by site-specific conditions. Repeated photographs show significant changes in the alpine treeline ecotone of Goodsir Pass in Kootenay National Park, B.C. over the past century. Field work revealed increases in tree density within the ecotone, and a 150 vertical metre increase in the elevation of the ecotone, at a rateof 2.2 metres/year. Change within the ecotone of Goodsir Pass is more closely related to temporal climatic variability than to site-specific spatial variability. Repeated photographs from three National Parks in the southern Canadian Rocky Mountains show this change to be a typical but dramatic example. Results at several scales indicate that the occurrence, magnitude and type of change in the alpine treeline ecotone and the drivers of that change are most influenced by the regional ecologic and geo-climatic setting or context
Novel ecosystems : intervening in the new ecological world order( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Conservation and ecological restoration of Rocky Mountain subalpine meadows : vegetation responses to tree encroachment by Adrienne Kara Shaw( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Over the past century tree encroachment has occurred in North American subalpine meadows. Causes of tree establishment have been related to climate influences and exclusion of fire, but very few studies have looked at the consequence of tree encroachment on meadow vegetation. Within the southern Canadian Rocky Mountains, Waterton Lakes National Park and Castle Special Management Area, 14 meadows were randomly selected at wet and dry sites. Nonmetric multidimensional scaling showed that species composition changed during the transition of open meadow to forest for both wet and dry habitats. There were no significant differences in these two management areas in terms of conifer encroachment and the effects on meadow species. Results of this study show that conifer encroachment has increased over the last century with the consequences of loss in meadow species through a decrease in abundance, richness and diversity. Wet sites were significantly more sensitive to conifer encroachment than dry sites. The greatest inhibitory effects of trees on meadow vegetation within the ecotone occurred when trees were 54-72 years old for wet sites and 77-112 years old for dry sites. Ecological restoration of these meadows is important for ongoing habitat conservation, maintaining species and landscape diversity and ecosystem resilience
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Nature by design : people, natural process, and ecological restoration Nature by design : people, natural process, and ecological design
Technology and the good life?Mapper of mountains : M.P. Bridgland in the Canadian Rockies 1902-1930Nature by design : people, natural process, and ecological design
Alternative Names
Eric Higgs Canadian environmental scholar

Eric Higgs ecólogo canadiense

Eric Higgs ecólogu canadianu

Eric Higgs kanadischer Ökologe

Higgs, E. S. 1958-

Higgs, E. S. (Eric Stowe), 1958-

Higgs, Eric

Higgs Eric 1958-....

Higgs, Eric Stowe

Higgs, Eric Stowe 1958-