WorldCat Identities

Ronfeldt, David F.

Works: 98 works in 389 publications in 3 languages and 14,022 library holdings
Genres: History  Biography 
Roles: Author, Editor, Honoree
Classifications: AS36, 303.625
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by David F Ronfeldt
Networks and netwars : the future of terror, crime, and militancy by John Arquilla( )

21 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and Chinese and held by 2,634 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Netwar is the lower-intensity, societal-level counterpart to the editors' earlier, mostly military concept of cyberwar. This volume studies major instances of netwar that have occurred over the past several years--from Osama bin Laden's networked terrorists to the Battle of Seattle's social activists--and finds, among other things, that netwar works very well. Whether the protagonists are civil-society activists or uncivil-society criminals and terrorists, their netwars have generally been successful. Strategists and policymakers in Washington, and elsewhere, have already begun to discern the dark side of the netwar phenomenon, especially as manifested in terrorist and criminal organizations. In this volume, the editors and their colleagues examine various types of netwar, from the most violent to the most socially activist. In doing so, they find that, despite the variety, all networks that have been built for waging netwar may be analyzed in terms of a common analytic framework. There are five levels of theory and practice that matter--the technological, social, narrative, organizational, and doctrinal levels. A netwar actor must get all five right to be fully effective. The most potent netwarriors will not only be highly networked and have the capacity for mounting "swarming" attacks, they will also be held together by strong social ties, have secure communications technologies, and project a common story about why they are together and what they need to do. These will be the most serious adversaries. But even those networks that are weak on some levels may pose stiff challenges to their nation-state adversaries. With this in mind, it is necessary to go beyond just diagnosing the nature of the networked nonstate opponent in a given conflict. It will become crucial for governments and their military and law enforcement establishments to begin networking themselves>"--Rand abstract
The zapatista "social netwar" in Mexico by David F Ronfeldt( )

17 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 2,545 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The information revolution is leading to the rise of network forms of organization in which small, previously isolated groups can communicate, link up, and conduct coordinated joint actions as never before. This in turn is leading to a new mode of conflict--"netwar"--In which the protagonists depend on using network forms of organization, doctrine, strategy, and technology. Many actors across the spectrum of conflict--from terrorists, guerrillas, and criminals who pose security threats, to social activists who may not--are developing netwar designs and capabilities. The Zapatista movement in Mexico is a seminal case of this. In January 1994, a guerrilla-like insurgency in Chiapas by the Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN), and the Mexican government's response to it, aroused a multitude of civil-society activists associated with human-rights, indigenous-rights, and other types of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to "swarm"--electronically as well as physically--from the United States, Canada, and elsewhere into Mexico City and Chiapas. There, they linked with Mexican NGOs to voice solidarity with the EZLN's demands and to press for nonviolent change. Thus, what began as a violent insurgency in an isolated region mutated into a nonviolent though no less disruptive "social netwar" that engaged the attention of activists from far and wide and had nationwide and foreign repercussions for Mexico. This study examines the rise of this social netwar, the information-age behaviors that characterize it (e.g., extensive use of the Internet), its effects on the Mexican military, its implications for Mexico's stability, and its implications for the future occurrence of social netwars elsewhere around the world
The emergence of noopolitik : toward an American information strategy by John Arquilla( )

10 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 2,049 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Weapons, concepts of proportional response, and the need to maintain the immunity of noncombatants. Ultimately, the authors call for an innovative turn of mind as policymakers and strategists rethink how best to adapt to the epochal transformations being wrought by the information revolution
In Athena's camp : preparing for conflict in the information age by John Arquilla( )

15 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 1,210 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The information revolution--which is as much an organizational as a technological revolution--is transforming the nature of conflict across the spectrum: from open warfare, to terrorism, crime, and even radical social activism. The era of massed field armies is passing, because the new information and communications systems are increasing the lethality of quite small units that can call in deadly, precise missile fire almost anywhere, anytime. In social conflicts, the Internet and other media are greatly empowering individuals and small groups to influence the behavior of states. Whether in military or social conflicts, all protagonists will soon be developing new doctrines, strategies, and tactics for "swarming" their opponents--with weapons or words, as circumstances require. Preparing for conflict in such a world will require shifting to new forms of organization, particularly the versatile, hardy, all-channel network. This shift will prove difficult for states and professional militaries that remain bastions of hierarchy, bound to resist institutional redesign. They will make the shift as they realize that information and knowledge are becoming the key elements of power. This implies, among other things, that Mars, the old brute-force god of war, must give way to Athena, the well-armed goddess of wisdom. Accepting Athena as the patroness of this information age represents a first step not only for preparing for future conflicts, but also for preventing them
Atencingo : the politics of agrarian struggle in a Mexican ejido by David F Ronfeldt( Book )

8 editions published in 1973 in English and Undetermined and held by 491 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Castro, Cuba, and the world by Edward Gonzalez( Book )

11 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 308 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report combines an analysis of Fidel Castro's mindset and patterns of behavior as a political actor with assessments of Cuba's current domestic and international situations, in order to assess Castro's foreign policy options through the late 1980s. The findings suggest that, in spite of signs of tactical moderation, Castro continues to adhere to the same maximalist ambitions and behavioral patterns that have characterized his rule for more than 25 years. He will work to ensure the survival of his Sandinista allies in Nicaragua and, if given Soviet backing, may actively seek to defeat the United States in southern Africa
What if there is a revolution in diplomatic affairs? by David F Ronfeldt( )

3 editions published between 1999 and 2000 in English and held by 273 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mexican immigration, U.S. investment, and U.S.-Mexican relations by David F Ronfeldt( Book )

8 editions published between 1990 and 1991 in English and held by 227 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The advent of netwar by John Arquilla( Book )

7 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 221 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The information revolution is leading to the rise of network forms of organization, with unusual implications for how societies are organized and conflicts are conducted. "Netwar" is an emerging consequence. The term refers to societal conflict and crime, short of war, in which the antagonists are organized more as sprawling "leaderless" networks than as tight-knit hierarchies. Many terrorists, criminals, fundamentalists, and ethno-nationalists are developing netwar capabilities. A new generation of revolutionaries and militant radicals is also emerging, with new doctrines, strategies, and technologies that support their reliance on network forms of organization. Netwar may be the dominant mode of societal conflict in the 21st century. These conclusions are implied by the evolution of societies, according to a framework presented in this RAND study. The emergence of netwar raises the need to rethink strategy and doctrine to conduct counternetwar. Traditional notions of war and low-intensity conflict as a sequential process based on massing, maneuvering, and fighting will likely prove inadequate to cope with nonlinear, swarm-like, information-age conflicts in which societal and military elements are closely intermingled
Mexico's petroleum and U.S. policy : implications for the 1980s by David F Ronfeldt( Book )

15 editions published between 1976 and 1987 in English and Spanish and held by 219 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report explores the implications of major Mexican petroleum reserves for U.S. policy in the 1980s. Mexico's petroleum development has prompted intense interest and evident confusion in U.S. public policy discussions. The present project was undertaken to do the following: (1) clarify key factors that will influence Mexico's future petroleum policies, (2) project expected policy outcomes, and (3) analyze the implications of these policies for U.S. interests and objectives. The project began at a time when bilateral gas export negotiations were arousing public controversy, which sometimes complicated the field research efforts. Although this report considers aspects of those negotiations, the major research objective was directed beyond the immediate political issues to analyze the factors, trends, and opportunities that will emerge in the coming decade. The authors' work in this area is motivated partly by their belief that U.S.-Mexican relations have entered a new era of increasing importance, complexity, and uncertainty, which may have profound consequences for a range of U.S. domestic and foreign policies. To manage the challenges of this new era in U.S.-Mexican relations, it will be necessary for both nations and their governments to raise their level of mutual understanding, insofar as better understanding will serve to improve the prospects for better cooperation. After a brief introduction, the report is divided into three sections. The first section offers a detailed analysis of Mexico's petroleum resources and production possibilities. The second section considers petroleum as a symbolic issue of profound significance for Mexican nationalism. The final section provides an assessment of these and other factors for U.S. interests, objectives, and policy options during the 1980s
Swarming & the future of conflict by John Arquilla( Book )

5 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 216 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Swarming is a seemingly amorphous, but deliberately structured, coordinated, strategic way to perform military strikes from all directions. It employs a sustainable pulsing of force and/or fire that is directed from both close-in and stand-off positions. It will work best--perhaps it will only work--if it is designed mainly around the deployment of myriad, small, dispersed, networked maneuver units. This calls for an organizational redesign--involving the creation of platoon-like "pods" joined in company-like "clusters"--That would keep but retool the most basic military unit structures. It is similar to the corporate redesign principle of "flattening," which often removes or redesigns middle layers of management. This has proven successful in the ongoing revolution in business affairs and may prove equally useful in the military realm. From command and control of line units to logistics, profound shifts will have to occur to nurture this new "way of war." This study examines the benefits--and also the costs and risks--of engaging in such serious doctrinal change. The emergence of a military doctrine based on swarming pods and clusters requires that defense policymakers develop new approaches to connectivity and control and achieve a new balance between the two. Far more than traditional approaches to battle, swarming clearly depends upon robust information flows. Securing these flows, therefore, can be seen as a necessary condition for successful swarming
Storm warnings for Cuba by Edward Gonzalez( Book )

7 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 208 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"An excellent analysis of the various scenarios developing in Cuba, focusing on how US policy can either influence them or simply stand aside and let the situation simmer. Advocates a 'two track policy,' with limited engagement but no unilateral concessions to Castro"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57
Geopolitics, security, and U.S. strategy in the Caribbean basin by David F Ronfeldt( Book )

12 editions published between 1982 and 1984 in English and held by 205 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study examines some operational military issues involving the Caribbean Basin, and it reflects the broader concern that answers to operational military questions should depend heavily on answers to more fundamental questions about why and how the United States should be interested in this complex, unstable region. Based on an examination of current trends as well as historical experience since promulgation of the Monroe Doctrine, the study advances a conceptual framework that identifies underlying geostrategic principles for guiding U.S. policy in the Basin. The study then proposes specific measures for developing an integrated political, economic, and military strategy that would advance U.S. interests and meet the interests of Basin neighbors
Post-revolutionary Cuba in a changing world : a report prepared for Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense/International Security Affairs by Edward Gonzalez( Book )

7 editions published in 1975 in English and held by 166 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An evaluation of changes in Cuba's foreign policy perspectives, and their domestic bases. The Cuban Revolution has been institutionalized; Fidel Castro's strengthened political power now rests on an expanded coalition of military and technocratic elites. New Soviet commitments and postponement of debts until 1986 have boosted Cuba's economy. Cuba's foreign policy will likely emphasize six ambivalent, even contradictory elements: Toward the Soviet Union (1) participation in detente, which may mask (2) a deeper interest in reducing economic dependence from Moscow without sacrificing good relations; toward the United States (3) cautious negotiations for advanced technology and trade, and (4) selective nonviolent U.S. confrontations; toward Latin America (5) unity and alliance with progressive, nationalist governments, possibly extending in the future to Cuban provision of (6) conventional military assistance to an ally. Further, the processes of detente and normalization may reduce Cuba's significance within the inter-American community
Cuba adrift in a postcommunist world by Edward Gonzalez( Book )

6 editions published between 1992 and 1995 in English and held by 165 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Castro regime remains in the throes of its worst crisis. The failure of the right-wing Soviet coup and the subsequent dissolution of the USSR at the end of 1991 have left Cuba adrift in the world and its economy in shambles. Nevertheless, the regime is likely to survive over the short- and possibly mid-term. It possesses a strong, repressive state, while facing a weak "civil society." However, if the economic decline is not arrested, uncontrolled, potentially violent change could be detonated by disaffected elements within the regime or by an increasingly desperate populace. U.S. policy needs to discriminate carefully between a Cuba under Castro and a Cuba after Castro. It also needs to be flexible. Neither heightening U.S. pressures nor lifting the U.S. embargo are advisable at present, and both could lock U.S. policy into irreversible modes. Persisting with the established policy of containment is preferable for now, but it should be modified with a new information and communication policy to promote civil society and prepare for a Cuba after Castro
Beware the hubris-nemesis complex : a concept for leadership analysis by David F Ronfeldt( Book )

3 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 163 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This essay introduces and defines the concept of the hubris-nemesis complex, illustrates it by drawing upon both mythic characters and real personalities, relates it to other psychological phenomena that have been described well in the past, and discusses some challenges that may be faced in recognizing and dealing with the complex in the course of international relations. The essay argues that the complex is relatively common, but often unappreciated, and that we can see it at work in current-day figures such as Fidel Castro, Saddam Hussein, and Slobodan Milosevic--leaders about whom the United States has made serious misjudgements over the years. Thus, while the essay is intended to be conceptual and scholarly, it may have direct significance for understanding and dealing with foreign leaders in future crises and conflicts
U.S. involvement in Central America : three views from Honduras by David F Ronfeldt( Book )

10 editions published between 1988 and 1989 in English and held by 157 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study, completed in Sept 1988, is based on interviews conducted in 1985 and 1986 with three Hondurans: Gustavo Alvarez Martinez, Cesar A. Batres, and Victor Meza. It reports on the way U.S. involvement in Central America is apparently being perceived in Honduras and how this may affect local political and military behavior, including security cooperation with the United States. The interviews substantiate the enduring and pervasive importance of nationalism as the prism through which local elites look at security issues. The interviews acknowledge the benefits Honduras obtains from U.S. involvement in the region. They also illuminate a growing sense of the costs and risks a small country faces in an alliance with the United States against an external threat that the small country faces to a lesser degree and that the U.S. seems unable to handle directly in an efficient way. Finally, the interviews warn about a slowly growing, unexpected potential for anti-Americanism in a country that has never been anti-American. The significance of the interviews seems to extend beyond Honduras, reflecting broader trends in strategic thinking in Latin America, suggesting that Latin American strategic thinking about the United States is entering a new phase. Central America international relations; Foreign policy. (edc)
The Mexican army and political order since 1940 by David F Ronfeldt( Book )

11 editions published between 1970 and 1975 in English and held by 149 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Mexican army has been extensively involved in the promotion of public order in ways that have apparently had considerable impact on local security, political, and socio-economic conditions. Moreover, army involvement in national development since 1940 has been quite constant and enduring, even though at a relatively low level compared to most Latin American militaries. The paper develops an analysis of the army's political involvement. The first section attempts to specify briefly what the army's 'residual' political roles are. The next section discusses some internal military, and external political factors that may affect changes in those roles
The Nicaraguan resistance and U.S. policy : report on a May 1987 conference by David F Ronfeldt( Book )

6 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 139 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report presents the results of a 1987 RAND conference on the Nicaraguan Resistance and U.S. Policy Implications. The conference, part of RAND's Western Hemisphere Forum, included presentations on (1) background of the resistance and U.S. support for it, (2) the strategic poverty of the Reagan Administration's vision regarding Nicaragua, (3) the Nicaraguan resistance in transition, (4) Sandinista strategy, and (5) diplomatic-political options in Nicaragua. The conference participants had varied backgrounds in official diplomatic and military capacities and in political activism, policy analysis, or policy-oriented research
The modern Mexican military : implications for Mexico's stability and security by David F Ronfeldt( Book )

4 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 130 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This study considers the effect of the Mexican military on Mexico's domestic and foreign policies, its ability to assure Mexico's stability and security, and its likely behavior in a serious political or foreign policy crisis. It reviews the Mexican military's modernization program and institutional transformations within the Mexican government as factors affecting Mexican national stability and security. It argues that the military is becoming a more visible, respected, and modernized partner of Mexico's ruling institutions, and that a close civil-military partnership may result, in which the military, with civilian agreement, plays expanded roles in determining how to resolve the new agenda of domestic and foreign security issues confronting Mexico."--Rand abstracts
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The zapatista "social netwar" in Mexico
The zapatista "social netwar" in MexicoThe emergence of noopolitik : toward an American information strategyIn Athena's camp : preparing for conflict in the information ageThe advent of netwarSwarming & the future of conflictStorm warnings for CubaCuba adrift in a postcommunist worldBeware the hubris-nemesis complex : a concept for leadership analysis
Alternative Names
David Ronfeldt writer, employed by the RAND corporation

Ronfeldt, David

Ronfeldt, David F.

Ronfeldt, David Frederick

Ronfelt, David F.

English (182)

Spanish (1)

Chinese (1)