WorldCat Identities

Henze, Paul B. 1924-2011

Works: 135 works in 438 publications in 4 languages and 7,074 library holdings
Genres: History 
Roles: Author, Contributor, Other
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about Paul B Henze
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Most widely held works by Paul B Henze
Layers of time : a history of Ethiopia by Paul B Henze( Book )

28 editions published between 1999 and 2004 in English and Spanish and held by 1,068 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ethiopia is one of the oldest countries in the world. This book traces the country's expansion southward during medieval times, its resistance to Muslim invasion, and, under energetic leaders, its defense of its independence during the European scramble for Africa. The author is concerned not only with kings, princes and politicians but also includes insights on daily life, art, architecture, religion, culture, customs and observations by travelers
The plot to kill the pope by Paul B Henze( Book )

16 editions published between 1983 and 1985 in English and held by 728 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A former top government official presents evidence that the kremlin was the instigator and the Bulgarian Secret Service the "Supcontractor" in the attack on Pope John Paul II on May 13, 1981
The Horn of Africa : from war to peace by Paul B Henze( Book )

15 editions published between 1991 and 1994 in English and held by 446 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Turkey's new geopolitics : from the Balkans to Western China by Graham E Fuller( Book )

8 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 354 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

With the astonishing transformations in the geopolitics of the world since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Turkey has been profoundly affected by the changes on its periphery. For the first time since the beginning of the century, a Turkic world has blossomed, giving Turkey potential new foreign policy clout from the Balkans across the Caucasus and into Central Asia and Western China. These geopolitical opportunities have dramatically changed the character of Turkey itself, once an isolationist, Eurocentered NATO ally. At the same time, Turkey has undergone an internal evolution over the last decade, making it an attractive model of Middle Eastern development because of its increasingly free market, democratic governance, and secularist outlook. This book explores the character of the new Turkey, assessing its foreign policy options and interpreting the significance of those choices for the Middle East, Central Asia, Europe, and the United States
Reassessing the Soviet challenge in Africa( Book )

10 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 199 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Rebels and separatists in Ethiopia : regional resistance to a Marxist regime by Paul B Henze( Book )

10 editions published between 1985 and 1986 in English and held by 156 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report examines the historical background, origins, present state, and prospects of a number of separatist and antiregime rebellions in Ethiopia, and discusses the implications for Ethiopia's Marxist government and for U.S. policy. The author sees no advantage for the United States in supporting any of the regional rebellions or separatist movements that are working against Ethiopia's Marxist regime as long as they aim at the breakup of the country. He advocates pursuit of policies that will lead to a change of course by Ethiopia's leaders and/or a change of leadership. The author suggests that the main elements of U.S. policy should be the following: (1) to press for basic change in overall economic policy, especially with respect to agriculture; (2) to make clear that the United States will support an Ethiopian government that adopts a new course--which the United States can do by resuming development aid on a significant scale, encouraging American private investment, and considering the reestablishment of military aid; and (3) to straightforwardly uphold certain political principles--including recognizing and supporting the maintenance of Ethiopia's territorial integrity, encouraging measures that will give disaffected regions of the country a say in their local affairs, and standing ready to facilitate the mediation of quarrels with neighboring countries, including Somalia and Sudan
Ethiopia, crisis of a Marxist economy : analysis and text of a Soviet report by Paul B Henze( Book )

8 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 136 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The great famine of 1984-1985 in Ethiopia was more a symptom than a cause of the deep crisis into which the country's economy fell as a result of a decade of civil war and "socialist transformation" by the dogmatically Marxist, Soviet-backed Derg, or Provisional Military Administrative Council (PMAC). Drought was only a contributing factor, not the prime cause of the famine. Kenya, which experienced a much more severe drought than Ethiopia over most of its agriculturally productive territory in 1984-1985, was able with timely government action to avert famine entirely. Massive Western emergency relief operations alleviated the Ethiopian famine. Communist countries gave minimal aid. The USSR provided almost no emergency food assistance, confining its efforts to the support of the Derg's counterinsurgency operations and transport for its controversial resettlement campaign. Soviet leaders have subsequently attempted to camouflage their parsimony and pretend that Ethiopia's food problems were exclusively the result of drought. A report prepared by the USSR State Planning Commission (GOSPLAN) Advisory Group in the Ethiopian Central Planning Commission provides an honest and uninhibited Soviet evaluation of the famine crisis. The report, Consideration of the Economic Policy of Ethiopia for the Next Few Years, was completed on August 14, 1985, and formally presented to the Ethiopian government in September 1985. Though not intended for public circulation, the 126-page double-spaced English-language text bears no security classification. During subsequent months, it was passed unofficially by Ethiopian officials to both Ethiopian and foreign economists and development specialists. This RAND report analyzes the Soviet critique and recommendations. An annex reproduces the GOSPLAN text with slight editing to improve its readability
Eritrea's war : confrontation, international response, outcome, prospects by Paul B Henze( Book )

6 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 128 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Transcaucasus in transition by Paul B Henze( Book )

8 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 113 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The three Soviet Transcaucasian republics of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia experienced growing political and ethnic unrest, as well as increased aspirations for self-determination, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. As the communist system has fallen deeper into crisis throughout the Soviet Union, popular movements have gained strength and varying degrees of power in all three republics, despite bureaucratic communist holdovers in the republic administrations. Popular movements in all three have declared their intention to withdraw from the Soviet Union. This Note analyzes the political problems and aspirations of the major Transcaucasian ethnic groups. The analysis is based on the author's participation in a conference on Soviet Caucasia at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, in July 1990, on Radio Liberty's weekly Report on the USSR, and on the Central Asia and Caucasus Chronicle, published by the Society for Central Asian Studies
Turkey : toward the twenty-first century by Paul B Henze( Book )

6 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 109 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Discusses trends in Turkey's political, economic, and social development, with particular emphasis on the progress in the 1980's and prospects for the future
Contrasts in African development : the economies of Kenya and Ethiopia, 1975-1984 by Paul B Henze( Book )

6 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 105 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This Note compares Kenyan and Ethiopian economic development during the crucial decade, 1975-1984. Both countries experienced basic changes in leadership during the period--Ethiopia in 1974 and Kenya in 1978. The military junta (Derg) that seized power in Ethiopia abandoned pro-Western policies with the aim of building a Marxist-Leninist economy and political structure; the new Kenyan leadership remained pro-Western. Although both suffered because of petroleum price increases, drought, food shortages, and military threats, Kenya emerged from the decade with good prospects for economic growth to accommodate its increasing population. Ethiopia, on the other hand, made no significant economic progress. The situation clearly demonstrated the superiority of Kenya's mixed economy, which emphasized private initiative and peasant agriculture, over Ethiopia's Marxist-Leninist system
Ethnic dynamics and dilemmas of the Russian Republic by Paul B Henze( Book )

5 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 104 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ethnic tension and movements for greater autonomy, sovereignty, and independence for Soviet ethnic groups expanded with surprising speed during the late 1980s and early 1990s. These developments profoundly affected the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, as well as the other 14 republics of the Soviet Union. Russians are no longer united in their commitment to maintain the Soviet system. Nor does any effective majority among them seek to preserve the communist system in their own republic. This Note analyzes the ethnic and regional interests that are increasingly affecting all dimensions of Russian life. It presents basic ethnic data, identifies trends, and points to likely future developments
The United States and the Horn of Africa : history and current challenge by Paul B Henze( Book )

5 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 103 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This Note is based on a presentation to a conference on the Horn of Africa sponsored by the International Institute of Strategic Studies and the University of Cairo in Cairo, Egypt, in May 1990. It reviews U.S. involvement with the countries of the Horn from the 1870s, when American officers serving in the Egyptian army were active throughout the region, though without any official sponsorship or backing, through the period of the Italian invasion of Ethiopia and World War II. It concentrates on the close relationship the United States developed with Ethiopia from the early 1950s onward and the deterioration of relations following the 1974 Ethiopian revolution which brought the country into alliance with the Soviet Union. Using statistics on arms supply over the past 30 years, the paper examines and rejects the concept of "superpower competition" as the cause of the deterioration of the region and its degeneration into war and famine. It demonstrates that the political and economic deterioration of the region has resulted from Soviet military intervention. The Note concludes with a ten-point program for initiation of a program of peace and national reconciliation in Ethiopia which the author argues is essential to restoration of political and economic health to the entire region
Ethiopia's economic prospects for the 1990s by Paul B Henze( Book )

6 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 103 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This Note analyzes the deterioration of key sectors of the Ethiopian economy and projects current trends into the 1990s. It concludes that none of the adverse trends can be reversed in the 1990s without fundamental policy changes by the Marxist-Leninist government of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (PDRE)
Glasnost about building socialism in Ethiopia : analysis of a critical Soviet article by Paul B Henze( Book )

8 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 102 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An article in the Soviet journal Narody Azii i Afriki (Peoples of Asia and Africa), No. 1, 1989, contains the strongest criticism seen to date of Ethiopia's Marxist-Leninist regime. Ostensibly the work of a graduate student, Galina Krylova, the article is said to be the work of a group of Soviet officials who have been pressing for basic changes in Soviet policy toward the Third World. The article condemns Ethiopia's revolutionary leaders for attempting to turn the country into a communist state without having or creating any of the prerequisites for sustainable socialist development. It simultaneously acknowledges that the Ethiopians have been the victims of unrealistic Soviet advice. It ridicules Ethiopia's Marxists for pretending to base their rule on an almost nonexistent industrial proletariat while brutalizing the peasantry and enforcing measures that have curtailed agricultural production and contributed to famine. The article is nevertheless noteworthy for failing to mention Soviet military aid and downplaying Soviet economic assistance. Though Gorbachevian in spirit and tone, the article makes no mention of Gorbachev. This Note includes a full translation of the article
Eritrean options and Ethiopia's future by Paul B Henze( Book )

6 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 102 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This Note analyzes the present critical political/economic/military impasse in Ethiopia, with emphasis on Eritrea as the key to the problem. The solution of the Ethiopian crisis depends in large measure on resolving Eritrea's relationship to the Ethiopian state. The restoration of the political and economic health of Ethiopia, the most populous and potentially the richest country in the Horn of Africa, would greatly improve the peace and stability of the region. The Note urges a more energetic U.S. and Western approach to the deteriorated situation in Ethiopia and proposes that Eritrea be made the centerpiece of a strategy for the restoration of human rights and a flourishing economy in a peaceful Ethiopia. The author bases his judgments on his experience as a student of Horn of Africa affairs for more than 25 years and as a U.S. government official and scholar, and on visits to Ethiopia in each of the past three years
Ethiopia in early 1989 : deepening crisis by Paul B Henze( Book )

5 editions published in 1989 in English and Undetermined and held by 99 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper summarizes the author's observations during a five-week visit to Ethiopia in February and March 1989. It describes the deteriorating military and political situation with reference to developments during 1988, as well as at the time of the visit. Over a 3000 km. trip, the author visited resettlement sites, new villages, new schools, monasteries, historic sites, and conservation areas. Local officials briefed him on the economy and on arrangements for setting up new administrative regions. The paper includes extensive observations on the difficulties the Ethiopian Marxist regime was encountering in its agricultural policies and resettlement programs, relations with the church, and management of the economy. The implications of the administrative reorganization of the country that was now under way are discussed at length. Ethiopia in early 1989 was ripe for change and much of the population expected change. The coup of May 1989 failed, however, to dislodge the Stalinist-type regime of President Mengistu Haile Mariam
Is there hope for the Horn of Africa? : reflections on the political and economic impasses by Paul B Henze( Book )

7 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 94 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This Note is the extended and updated version of a paper that was presented at a conference on Crisis in the Horn of Africa: Causes and Prospects, at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., June 1987. The study, which draws on the author's visit to Ethiopia in March 1987, reviews the destabilizing effects on the Horn of Africa of increasing Soviet activism; famine in Ethiopia and Sudan; rebellions in Ethiopia, Sudan, and Eritrea; and Somalian irredentism. The author believes that to alleviate the economic and political deterioration of the region, Western governments must join in setting up an international peace and mediation commission that would work toward (1) the acceptance by the countries involved of the de facto borders and arbitration of disputes; (2) the persuasion of foreign powers to cease support of separatism and dissidence; (3) a moratorium on arms shipments to the region; (4) the creation of an international group to monitor compliance with the peace process and human rights standards; (5) adherence by all donors to common criteria for the provision of emergency relief and development aid; and (6) increased regional economic development aid
Turkish democracy and the American alliance by Paul B Henze( Book )

4 editions published between 1992 and 1993 in English and held by 93 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Following a brief survey of American relations with the Ottoman Empire, this paper describes the establishment of relations with the Turkish Republic after World War I and the forging of the Turkish-American partnership after World War II. The bulk of the paper examines the development of this partnership, which has now endured more than 45 years since the proclamation of the Truman Doctrine in February 1947, in light of the domestic politics of both countries. Turkish military leaders have functioned as consistent trustees of democracy. When political deadlock has developed and military intervention in the political process has taken place, the Turkish military has always exerted itself to restore and improve the democratic process, with mixed success. The principal cause of friction with the United States has been Cyprus and relations with Greece. U.S. Congressional intervention on behalf of Greek interests has always complicated U.S. relations with Turkey, the most serious episode being the arms embargo imposed in 1974. The effect of this action was mitigated by actions of the Carter Administration during its final year and by the good feeling generated during the Reagan Administration. The United States has gained renewed appreciation of the value of the alliance with Turkey as a result of (1) the 1990-1991 Gulf crisis and its aftermath, and (2) the significance of Turkey in developing relations with the newly independent ex-Soviet Turkic/Muslim republics. Thus, the long-standing American alliance with Turkey is likely during the 1990s to evolve into a broad, constructive relationship with the whole Turkic world
Communist Ethiopia--is it succeeding? by Paul B Henze( Book )

5 editions published in 1985 in English and Undetermined and held by 93 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The 1974 revolution in Ethiopia was a genuine popular uprising supported by intellectuals and the small urban segment of the population, out of a desire for accelerated economic development and broader political participation. Instead, the military junta which took charge of the revolution and deposed Haile Selassie quickly locked the country into Moscow-style "socialism." Radical land reform was not a response to demands by the peasants, but was the regime's strategy to create a reliable political base. The tactic did not work. Ethiopian leader Mengistu obsequiously imitated Soviet practice in all areas except those in which the immediate consequences would be disastrous, but the Soviet Union was unable to create any dependable pro-Soviet centers of strength in Ethiopian society. Antipathy to military-imposed "socialism" alienated large parts of the country that were in rebellion. The regime's economic hold over many outlying areas was weak. Famine spread while economic development almost came to a halt and population continued to grow, leaving Ethiopia to face a major systemic crisis
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Layers of time : a history of Ethiopia
The Horn of Africa : from war to peaceTurkey's new geopolitics : from the Balkans to Western ChinaEritrea's war : confrontation, international response, outcome, prospects
Alternative Names
Henze, Paul

Henze, Paul 1924-2011

Henze, Paul B.

Henze, Paul B. 1924-

Henze, Paul Bernard 1924-2011

English (190)

Spanish (1)

French (1)

German (1)