WorldCat Identities

Air Force Human Resources Laboratory

Overview
Works: 870 works in 1,337 publications in 1 language and 30,078 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Interviews  Records and correspondence  Examinations  Classification  Bibliography  Periodicals 
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Most widely held works about Air Force Human Resources Laboratory
 
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Most widely held works by Air Force Human Resources Laboratory
Item generation for test development( )

4 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 1,325 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This work covers topics such as: the psychometric and cognitive theory of item generation; construct-oriented approaches to item generation; implementation; and applications of item-generative principles
Air Force Officer Qualifying Test (AFOQT) form P : test manual by Frances R Berger( )

4 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 275 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Artificial intelligence in maintenance by J. Jeffrey Richardson( Book )

2 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 202 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The principal subdisciplines of AI (e.g., expert systems, problem solving, planning, and natural language understanding) are presented as well as the larger systems engineering issues. In a chapter devoted to automated systems for managing hardware failures, the components of the failure cycle (detection, diagnosis, and repair) are described in tandem with machine approaches and applicable AI methodology. In this report, effective improvement in military maintenance is viewed to be dependent not only on automated systems but also on the development of human resources and the organizational context of maintenance. Evidence and information are provided to support the recommendation that it is possible to build more effective and less costly automated diagnostic systems only if these systems exploit human problem-solving capabilities. Four hypothetical examples of advanced systems and a comparison of human vs. machine strengths and weaknesses as problem solvers are outlined. Five research and development recommendations for the use of AI in maintenance conclude that (1) there is a good match between the need for improved maintenance and the emerging science of AI, (2) AI research should be guided by a policy of integrated diagnostics, and (3) field evaluations of AI applications should focus on organizational impact as well as technical issues, (4) programs should be targeted at both fielded systems and systems under development, (5) basic research should investigate cooperative human-machine device diagnosis problem solving and the coordination of the specification- and symptom-based approaches
Effects of pyridostigmine bromide on A-10 pilots during execution of a simulated mission : physiology( Book )

2 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 142 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report documents the physiological results of an experiment that was conducted to determine the effects of pyridostigmine bromide (PB) (30 milligrams, three times per day) on pilot performance and physiology. Both sets of data were collected in an A-10 flight simulator with an Advanced Visual Technology System (AVTS). The subjects were 24 A-10 pilots who were trained on the following simulated tasks over three 55-minute sessions: takeoff, patterns, emergency procedure, and landing; air-to-air refueling; conventional low-angle strafing; and low-level ingress/RED FLAG. Next, during two test sessions, 48 hours apart, the pilots were tested using a double-blind procedure on the same tasks in a PB condition and in a placebo condition. In the two test sessions, 12 of the pilots wore the chemical defense ensemble (CDE) and the other 12 pilots wore standard flight gear (SFG). PB dosages led to reports of 27 symptoms among 12 (50%) of the pilots. Under the placebo condition, in contrast, only 5 (20%) of the pilots reported a total of 6 symptoms. Analyses of PB effects on physiological functions and on various biobehavioral measures showed suppression of heart rate and a tendency toward increased skin temperature. Besides increasing skin temperature, the CDE tended to increase heart rate, especially during the start of the session. Performance data will be discussed in a later report. Keywords: Chemical defense; Chemical defense gear; Chemical warfare; Combat simulation; Flight simulators; Pyridostigmine bromide; Preventive medicine; Antidotes
Field-of-view assessment of low-level flight and an airdrop in the C-130 Weapon System Trainer (WST)( Book )

2 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 138 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Simulation of synthetic aperature radar I : feature density and accuracy requirements( Book )

5 editions published between 1989 and 1993 in English and held by 87 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Instructional Support System (ISS) : upgrading the Vax prototype and development of the Zenith-248 micro-based ISS by Barbara J Eaton( Book )

2 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Display characteristics of example light-valve projectors : final technical paper for period March 1987 - February 1989 by Celeste M Howard( Book )

5 editions published between 1989 and 1993 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Interview testing as a work sample measure of job proficiency by Jerry W Hedge( Book )

1 edition published in 1990 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The development of criteria to measure individual proficiency is a necessary prerequisite for most personnel decisions. As part of the Air Force's Job Performance Measurement project, performance measures were developed and administered to more than 1400 enlisted airmen across eight Air Force specialties (AFSs). Included in these measures were two work sample tests (i.e., hands-on, interview), four rating forms of varying specificity, and job knowledge tests. The current research effort centers on Interview Testing as an alternative to the more costly and time-consuming Hands-on Testing. Data analyses revealed that correlations between the two work sample tests ranged from moderate (.46) to high (.84) across the eight AFSs. Also, the patterns of relationships between each work sample test and the series of related measures were quite similar. These results suggest that the interview approach of this approach for performance measurement, validation of selection/classification procedures. evaluating training programs, and identifying training deficiencies. (Author) (emk)
An Empirical system for assessing the impact of aptitude requirement adjustments on Air Force initial skills training( Book )

3 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A multivariate modeling approach was developed to assess the impact of changes in aptitude requirement minimums on U.S. Air Force technical training outcomes. Initially, interviews were conducted with technical training personnel to identify significant student inputs, course content, and training outcome variables. Measures of these variables were formulated on the basis of personnel records and routinely available training documents, and data were assembled for over 5,000 trainees in 39 initial-skills courses at five Air Force bases. A cross-validation sample consisted of about 1,000 trainees in nine courses. Using formal path analysis (lisrel v computer program), an empirical model of the training process was developed. Although aptitude was one of the best predictors of the quality of student performance, it interacted with a variety of other student input and course content variables in determining training outcomes. Course content variables tended to be defined by course subject-matter difficulty, occupational difficulty, and manpower requirements. Counseling mediated the relationship between training performance and distal training outcomes such as retraining time and student elimination. Appendices present sample interview questions, an Air Force policy document on student measurement (with reporting forms), and tables of input statistics and path analysis results. (Lpg)
Automatic information processing and high performance skills : application to training( Book )

3 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report documents a laboratory research effort to investigate the application of automatic processing theory to analogs of complex command and control (C2) operator tasks. Six experiments were performed to investigate complex skill acquisition and transfer of training. The results indicate that elements of automatic processing theory can be applied to training complex task analogs, and suggest that transfer of this training is relatively unaffected by certain changes in the presentation format of investigation
Training decisions system : development of the resource cost subsystem by Frederick H Rueter( Book )

1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report summarizes the research and development activities undertaken to develop and implement the Resource Cost Subsystem (RCS) of the Training Decisions system (TDS). The TDS is a computer-assisted decision aid to be used in planning the what (training content), the where (technical school, Field Training Detachment (FTD), on-the-job training (OJT)), and the when (at which point in an airman's career) of Air Force training. The TDS incorporates optimization strategies to allow training managers to ask 'what if' questions related to current and possible future policy changes within the air Force training environment. The report provides a brief conceptual overview of the interrelationships between the RCS and the three other major subsystems which compose the present TDS. The report highlights the novel approach undertaken and explicates the econometric and mathematical assumptions underlying the development of the model within this subsystem, including the cost analysis and capacity estimation capabilities which have been built into the RCS. These capabilities include methods for identifying training resource requirements, highlighting constraints that impede the provision of training at representative Air force sites, and calculating variable costs for the provision of training for various training settings at representative sites. This report also summarizes data sources identified and the data collection activities performed and provides sample data collection instruments developed to obtain information for the RCS
Field-of-view variations and stripe-texturing effects on assault landing performance in the C-130 weapon system trainer by Robert S Kellogg( Book )

5 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Two experiments were conducted using the C-130 Weapon System Trainer (WST) located at Little Rock AFB, Arkansas. These experiments were the first of a series of research and development efforts designed to provide input to specification of the visual requirements for the C-17 flight simulator. Both studies assessed the effect of an experimental manipulation upon pilot performance of an assault landing. The basic experimental design for each was randomized block repeated measures. For each study, ten experienced C-130 pilots served as subjects. The first study investigated the effect of limiting the field o view (FOV) of the WST by reducing the five-channel, six-window visual system to two channels and two windows. The second study investigated the effect of data base texturing upon pilot performance. No strongly significant FOV effects were obtained in the first study. However, the results of the second study indicated that data base texturing improved the pilots' ability to fly at lower altitudes and place the aircraft closer to the center line during landing and touchdown
Training tactical decision-making skills : an emerging technology by Fritz H Brecke( Book )

2 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Training in decision-making skills directly contributes to the combat readiness of Battle Staff Officers assigned to Tactical Command and Control positions. More affordable, accessible and effective training technologies are required to supplement the command Post Exercises currently in use. This is the final report for a 3-year research and development (R & D) effort aimed toward the development of such technologies. The R & D problem was viewed from the perspective of Instructional Systems Development (ISD) as one of defining instructional content and strategy. The analysis, design, and development phases of an ISD process were completed for a specific, representative decision-making task performed by Fighter Duty Officers of an Air Support Operations Center (ASOC). The project resulted in the definition of a generic instructional strategy for practice of a class of decision-making tasks, and two computer- based systems called KEATS and SuperKEATS. KEATS was developed in Smalltalk and runs on PC/AT compatibles. SuperKEATS was developed in KEE and runs on a Sun 3/ 60 workstation. KEATS' primary function is to support the acquisition of decision task knowledge which is used as instructional content. SuperKEATS provides a practice environment for decision-making skills, with a full range of natural and artificial feedback. Only limited evaluations were performed, but the results were generally positive. Further evaluations and continued development are recommended
Simulation of synthetic aperture radar III : evaluation of prototype digital feature analysis data by Peter M Crane( Book )

1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This experiment evaluated the suitability of the Defense Mapping Agency (DMA) prototype Level 3c Digital Feature Analysis Data (DFAD) for the simulation of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). The suitability of Prototype Level 3c DFAD was evaluated by comparing simulations generated from samples of Level 3c and from samples of DFAD previously demonstrated to be adequate for SAR simulation; these products, however, were unsuitable for production in the quantities required to meet Air Force needs. B-1B Offensive Systems Officers performed a navigation update task using simulated and actual SAR images. Crosshair placement accuracy, operator confidence in the placement, and ratings of acceptability for use in a Weapon System Trainer were recorded using both simulated and actual SAR images. The results indicated that SAR simulation can be supported as well by Level 3c DFAD as by the other products. Keywords: Digital feature analysis data; Digital radar landmass simulator; Radar mapping; Simulators; Synthetic aperture radar
Methodology for Generating Efficiency and Effectiveness Measures (MGEEM) : a guide for the development and aggregation of mission effectiveness charts by Charles N Weaver( Book )

2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper discusses the development and use of mission effectiveness charts as the primary performance feedback tool in the Methodology for Generating Efficiency and Effectiveness Measures (MGEEM). Development of performance indicators, and the mission effectiveness charts for each indicator which link levels of performance to effectiveness, is presented in detail. Examples are provided as guides for the MGEEM organizational facilitator. The computation and use of an aggregation correction factor to correct for unequal importance of organizational units are discussed, as is the procedure for aggregating across work centers and higher organizational levels. Aggregation allows managers to derive a single index of performance at any organizational level. Exercises are presented, with suggested solutions as aids to the MGEEM measurement facilitator. Keywords: TQM(Total Quality Management); Productivity; Total quality management. (kr)
Basic Attributes Test (BAT) : a preliminary comparison between Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) and Officer Training School (OTS pilot candidates by Thomas R Carretta( Book )

3 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) by John R Welsh( Book )

2 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Air Force Officer Qualifying Test (AFOQT) form P : test construction( Book )

1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since 1951, the Air Force Officer Qualifying Test (AFOQT) has been part of the selection process for officer commissioning programs and pilot and navigator training. The latest of 15 successive forms of the AFOQT, Form O, contains 380 items organized into 16 subtests which form five composites: Pilot, Navigator Technical, Academic Aptitude, Verbal, and Quantitative. The anticipated need for future forms of the AFOQT prompted the development of a large pool of experimental items. Approximately 4,800 items were developed and administered (along with Form O items) to basic airmen and officer cadets attending military training programs. The immediate goal was to construct a follow-on AFOQT Form P in two parallel forms. Item analyses of the experimental test results provided item difficulty and discrimination data that helped to guide the selection of new and Form O items for Form P. Resemblance to Form O in psychometric properties, content, and style was the criterion for Form P item selection. Preliminary analyses of the newly constructed forms (P1 and P2) indicated that they were highly similar to each other as well as being comparable to Form O in content, item difficulty, and item discriminative power. Follow-on research with additional military samples is recommended to assess more fully the parallelism among the three forms. Keywords; aptitude tests, mental abilities testing officer selection, officer classification, test construction. (sdw)
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) : validity of ASVAB form 14 for the prediction of high school course grades by Benjamin A Fairbank( Book )

1 edition published in 1990 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) scores and final course grades from over 8,000 high school students of 50 schools were gathered to determine the validity of ASVAB Form 14 for the prediction of high school course grades. Grades were collected for sources taken during the academic year in which students were tested on the ASVAB (1984-85) and for the following year. Eleven ASVAB high school composites were used as predictors of final course grades. The 10 ASVAB subtests were also taken together to predict final course grades using multiple regression techniques. Samples of sufficient size for analysis were available in 21 different academic areas. Overall, 112 course-by- year combinations were examined for evidence of validity. Several of the ASVAB high school composites were effective in predicting high school course grades. The three best composites were Business and Clerical, Mathematics, and the Armed Forces Qualification Test. Prediction was generally better in academic courses than in vocational courses, although there were exceptions. Validity coefficients relating predictor composite scores of final course grades ranged from insignificant values to approximately .67. The median value of the coefficient associated with the most effective predictor in each analysis was approximately 40. (EMK)
 
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Item generation for test development
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Alternative Names

controlled identityArmstrong Laboratory (U.S.). Human Resources Directorate

AFHRL

AFHRL (Air Force Human Resources Laboratory)

Brooks Air Force Base (Tex.) Air Force Human Resources Laboratory

United States. Air Force. Air Force Human Resources Laboratory

United States Air Force Human Resources Laboratory

United States. Air Force. Systems Command. Air Force Human Resources Laboratory

United States. Air Force. Systems Command. Human Resources Laboratory

United States Human Resources Laboratory

United States Human Resources Laboratory Brooks Air Force Base, Tex

USA Air Force Human Resources Laboratory

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English (89)