WorldCat Identities

Air Force Human Resources Laboratory

Works: 783 works in 1,347 publications in 1 language and 29,174 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Handbooks and manuals  Examinations  Bibliography  Periodicals 
Classifications: LB3060.65, 371.261
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Most widely held works about Air Force Human Resources Laboratory
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Most widely held works by Air Force Human Resources Laboratory
Item generation for test development( Book )

2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 223 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This work covers topics such as: the psychometric and cognitive theory of item generation; construct-oriented approaches to item generation; implementation; and applications of item-generative principles
Artificial intelligence in maintenance by J. J Richardson( Book )

2 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 207 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The principal subdisciplines of AI (e.g., expert systems, problem solving, planning, and natural language understanding) are presented as well as the larger systems engineering issues. In a chapter devoted to automated systems for managing hardware failures, the components of the failure cycle (detection, diagnosis, and repair) are described in tandem with machine approaches and applicable AI methodology. In this report, effective improvement in military maintenance is viewed to be dependent not only on automated systems but also on the development of human resources and the organizational context of maintenance. Evidence and information are provided to support the recommendation that it is possible to build more effective and less costly automated diagnostic systems only if these systems exploit human problem-solving capabilities. Four hypothetical examples of advanced systems and a comparison of human vs. machine strengths and weaknesses as problem solvers are outlined. Five research and development recommendations for the use of AI in maintenance conclude that (1) there is a good match between the need for improved maintenance and the emerging science of AI, (2) AI research should be guided by a policy of integrated diagnostics, and (3) field evaluations of AI applications should focus on organizational impact as well as technical issues, (4) programs should be targeted at both fielded systems and systems under development, (5) basic research should investigate cooperative human-machine device diagnosis problem solving and the coordination of the specification- and symptom-based approaches
Automatic information processing and high performance skills : acquisition, transfer, and retention( Book )

4 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 162 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Object-oriented Integrated Maintenance Information System (IMIS) diagnostic module development by Garth Cooke( Book )

2 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 155 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This technical report describes Research and Development efforts to redesign and enhance the Integrated Maintenance Information System Diagnostic Module (MIS-DM). The diagnostic module, redesigned in Smalltalk/V and utilizing information from the Content Data Model (CDM), provides technical support to the maintenance technician by furnishing a wide range of capabilities to assist in the selection of an efficient sequence of maintenance tasks. Object-Oriented (OO) rapid prototyping techniques were used to create a diagnostic module compatible with hierarchical data base concepts employed by the CDM. The enhanced IMIS diagnostic module now provides three modes of assessment (functional, physical, and degraded) whereas the previous version provided only the functional mode. Other IMIS diagnostic module enhancements further expanded diagnostic capabilities with the implementation of algorithms to provide an access group option, 'But Not' data entry, presentation of test results, and a revised critically function
Prioritizing research and development projects of the Air Force Human Resources Laboratory by Herbert J Clark( Book )

3 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 153 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Training Systems For Maintenance (TRANSFORM) system overview by H. B Sorensen( Book )

5 editions published between 1989 and 1990 in English and held by 146 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This document provides a brief description of the Training Systems for Maintenance (TRANSFORM) system. This system overview is directed toward management personnel that use the TRANSFORM software system. TRANSFORM was specifically designed for Air Force applications performed by the 3306 Test and Evaluation Squadron, Edwards AFB, CA. The TRANSFORM system functions are detailed, the hardware and software requirements are tested, and the data/data structures are explained. Keywords: Systems engineering approach, Instructional systems development, Logistics support analysis, Microcomputers. (kr)
Field-of-view assessment of low-level flight and an airdrop in the C-130 Weapon System Trainer (WST)( Book )

3 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 141 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of this effort was to determine the requirement for the far peripheral windows and associated imagery for low-level navigation and airdrop tasks. Although these windows are available for use by the pilot and copilot, their inclusion was primarily for the navigator position. Currently, the navigator position is not included in the simulator training syllabus. If the imagery currently provided in the peripheral windows could be allocated to the remaining scene, the level of detail in the scene could be considerably enhanced. Previous research has shown that the enhanced scene content resulted in superior pilot performance. A within subjects design was used in which 12 experienced C-130 pilots performed four trials over two different routes under two field-of-view (FOV) conditions. Automated pilot performance measures and eye position data were collected. The pilot performance data showed no strong or consistent effects as a result of the FOV manipulations. However, the eye position data revealed an increased use of the front window and instruments, and a decreased use of the window to the left of the pilot in the limited-FOV condition. The conclusions of the study are that the peripheral windows may not be required for experienced pilots, but that their presence or absence results in different visual behaviors. It is recommended that a full FOV be provided when the training objectives include tasks that require a large amount of peripheral information. Keywords: Aircraft windows; Navigation; Human performance. (kt)
Effects of pyridostigmine bromide on A-10 pilots during execution of a simulated mission : physiology( Book )

2 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 140 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report documents the physiological results of an experiment that was conducted to determine the effects of pyridostigmine bromide (PB) (30 milligrams, three times per day) on pilot performance and physiology. Both sets of data were collected in an A-10 flight simulator with an Advanced Visual Technology System (AVTS). The subjects were 24 A-10 pilots who were trained on the following simulated tasks over three 55-minute sessions: takeoff, patterns, emergency procedure, and landing; air-to-air refueling; conventional low-angle strafing; and low-level ingress/RED FLAG. Next, during two test sessions, 48 hours apart, the pilots were tested using a double-blind procedure on the same tasks in a PB condition and in a placebo condition. In the two test sessions, 12 of the pilots wore the chemical defense ensemble (CDE) and the other 12 pilots wore standard flight gear (SFG). PB dosages led to reports of 27 symptoms among 12 (50%) of the pilots. Under the placebo condition, in contrast, only 5 (20%) of the pilots reported a total of 6 symptoms. Analyses of PB effects on physiological functions and on various biobehavioral measures showed suppression of heart rate and a tendency toward increased skin temperature. Besides increasing skin temperature, the CDE tended to increase heart rate, especially during the start of the session. Performance data will be discussed in a later report. Keywords: Chemical defense; Chemical defense gear; Chemical warfare; Combat simulation; Flight simulators; Pyridostigmine bromide; Preventive medicine; Antidotes
Task evaluation form : development procedures for non-equipment-oriented tasks by Ronnie Warm( Book )

6 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 107 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Air Force Officer Qualifying Test (AFOQT) form P : test manual by Frances R Berger( Book )

4 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 97 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The latest form of the Air Force Officer Qualifying Test (AFOQT) Form P is the first AFOQT to be developed in two parallel forms, Forms P1 and P2. The AFOQT has been part of the selection process for officer commissioning programs and for specific programs such as pilot and navigator training since 1951. Forms P1 and P2 are organized into 16 subtests which form five composites: Pilot, Navigator-Technical, Academic Aptitude, Verbal, and Quantitative. The present report is a test manual for Form P. It describes the development of Form P; its continuity with Form O via common items and characteristics; statistical data for Forms P1 and P2, such as reliability, item difficulty, item discrimination, score characteristics, and norms; test validity derived from studies of other AFOQT forms; and considerations of administration, scoring, and interpretation. Sample questions and pertinent bibliographic references are included
Cost-based value models of Air Force experience( Book )

2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This research and development effort produced three models for potential use by Air Staff manpower and personnel planners in evaluating the cost and benefits of alternative enlisted and officer experience mixes. The models specify the costs of replacing key, trained personnel and valuing the future worth of services expected to be obtained from retaining such individuals in the Air Force. The first model, full investment cost, is cost-based model reflecting expenditures necessary to replace personnel using historically determined career progression patterns and cost data. The other two models, stochastic rewards valuation and expected net present value, are value models reflecting the future worth of individuals to the Air Force. The methodology used in developing each of the models is presented, along with their application to the jet engine mechanic and air traffic controller occupational specialties. Results show the models to be useful in analyzing compensation and force management policy issues. Keywords: Human capital; Human resources accounting; Labor economic models; Personnel force structure
Simulation of synthetic aperature radar I : feature density and accuracy requirements( Book )

5 editions published between 1989 and 1993 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Simulations of ground mapping radar are generated from Defense Mapping Agency Digital Feature Analysis Data (DFAD) products which were developed to support real beam ground mapping radar. Criteria for inclusion of an object within a given level of DFAD are radar significance, height, and size. In general, Level 1 includes objects 100m and larger and Level 2 includes objects 30m and larger. A prototype DFAD incorporating features as small as 10m (Level X) was developed to support the higher resolution Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR); however, the minimum data base requirements for simulating SAR have not been determined. The present report describes three studies conducted to determine these requirements. In the first study, B-1B and F-15E radar operators rated SAR simulations produced from Level 2 DFAD (30m) and Level X (10m), plus two experimental data bases with 15m and 20m capture criteria. Eighty-two percent of SAR-experienced subjects found the 15m data acceptable. Simulations produced from Level 2 depicted areas of high reflector density as a single feature with uniform brightness and were acceptable to only 18% of the subjects. A study of the Radar Scope Interpretation (RSI) cues used by B-1B Offensive Systems Officers (OSOs) found that roads and rivers were critical cues, whereas individual structures were used only in the immediate vicinity of the aimpoint
Interview testing as a work sample measure of job proficiency by Jerry W Hedge( Book )

1 edition published in 1990 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The development of criteria to measure individual proficiency is a necessary prerequisite for most personnel decisions. As part of the Air Force's Job Performance Measurement project, performance measures were developed and administered to more than 1400 enlisted airmen across eight Air Force specialties (AFSs). Included in these measures were two work sample tests (i.e., hands-on, interview), four rating forms of varying specificity, and job knowledge tests. The current research effort centers on Interview Testing as an alternative to the more costly and time-consuming Hands-on Testing. Data analyses revealed that correlations between the two work sample tests ranged from moderate (.46) to high (.84) across the eight AFSs. Also, the patterns of relationships between each work sample test and the series of related measures were quite similar. These results suggest that the interview approach of this approach for performance measurement, validation of selection/classification procedures. evaluating training programs, and identifying training deficiencies. (Author) (emk)
Pilot decision-making training by Thomas J Connolly( Book )

3 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The effectiveness of a simulator-based approach to training pilot skills in risk assessment and decision making was evaluated in a sample fo pilots enrolled in a university aviation science program. Experimental group subjects received 4 hours of classroom instruction designed to enhance pilot judgement skills, followed by 4 hours of simulated cross-country flights during which several critical in-flight events occurred. Subjects in the control group received classroom instruction in basic instrument flying, followed by simulator sessions emphasizing instrument flight. Measures of pilot judgement were obtained on all subjects before and after the training, and subjects in the experimental judgement-trained group performed significantly better on the post-training simulation than did control group subjects. The findings suggest that significant gains in pilot decision-making skill can be obtained through the use of the judgement training materials along with simulator practice. The implications of these findings for Air Force undergraduate pilot training are discussed. Included as an appendix to this document is a prototype manual for pilot decision making. This manual is designed for use by Air Force student pilots as part of their regular training program. A specific plan for implementation is proposed. At a later date, similar advanced training materials may be developed for both simulator and in-flight use. Aircraft simulation, Instrument flight, Pilot decision making, Pilot training. (eg)
Display characteristics of example light-valve projectors : final technical paper for period March 1987 - February 1989 by Celeste M Howard( Book )

5 editions published between 1989 and 1993 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report provides quantitative data on performance characteristics of light valve projectors in simulator displays as well as in optimal laboratory conditions. Two types of light valve projectors are discussed: a single light- valve projector (also called Talaria) and a multiple light-valve projector. The data show that (a) these projectors do not achieve brightnesses above the mesopic level in large-screen simulator displays, (b) color output includes a 'dark-field haze' which must be dealt with like ambient illumination, and (c) light/dark ratios (L/D) above 5:1 are obtainable only when the light region is white or yellow-green. Keywords: Chromaticity; Contrast; Display systems; Flight simulation; Light modulators; Light-valve projector; Luminance; Mesopic vision; Modulation transfer function; Resolution; Optical properties
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) : item, overlength and operational length development of forms 18 and 19 by John R Welsh( Book )

4 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) is a multiple aptitude test battery composed of 10 subtests that is used by each of the armed services to select and classify enlisted personnel. The purpose of this effort was to develop four new ASVAB forms for administration in the high schools as part of the Student Testing Program (STP). The STP serves to provide test results that can be used to identify individuals who are interested in the military and who meet enlistment qualification standards and serves as a counseling tool to aid students in pursuing careers. Keywords: Armed services vocational aptitude battery; Equipercentile equating; Parallel test; Test development
Instructional Support System (ISS) : upgrading the Vax prototype and development of the Zenith-248 micro-based ISS by Barbara J Eaton( Book )

2 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Training decisions system : development of the resource cost subsystem by Frederick H Rueter( Book )

1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report summarizes the research and development activities undertaken to develop and implement the Resource Cost Subsystem (RCS) of the Training Decisions system (TDS). The TDS is a computer-assisted decision aid to be used in planning the what (training content), the where (technical school, Field Training Detachment (FTD), on-the-job training (OJT)), and the when (at which point in an airman's career) of Air Force training. The TDS incorporates optimization strategies to allow training managers to ask 'what if' questions related to current and possible future policy changes within the air Force training environment. The report provides a brief conceptual overview of the interrelationships between the RCS and the three other major subsystems which compose the present TDS. The report highlights the novel approach undertaken and explicates the econometric and mathematical assumptions underlying the development of the model within this subsystem, including the cost analysis and capacity estimation capabilities which have been built into the RCS. These capabilities include methods for identifying training resource requirements, highlighting constraints that impede the provision of training at representative Air force sites, and calculating variable costs for the provision of training for various training settings at representative sites. This report also summarizes data sources identified and the data collection activities performed and provides sample data collection instruments developed to obtain information for the RCS
Simulation of synthetic aperture radar III : evaluation of prototype digital feature analysis data by Peter M Crane( Book )

2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 82 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This experiment evaluated the suitability of the Defense Mapping Agency (DMA) prototype Level 3c Digital Feature Analysis Data (DFAD) for the simulation of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). The suitability of Prototype Level 3c DFAD was evaluated by comparing simulations generated from samples of Level 3c and from samples of DFAD previously demonstrated to be adequate for SAR simulation; these products, however, were unsuitable for production in the quantities required to meet Air Force needs. B-1B Offensive Systems Officers performed a navigation update task using simulated and actual SAR images. Crosshair placement accuracy, operator confidence in the placement, and ratings of acceptability for use in a Weapon System Trainer were recorded using both simulated and actual SAR images. The results indicated that SAR simulation can be supported as well by Level 3c DFAD as by the other products. Keywords: Digital feature analysis data; Digital radar landmass simulator; Radar mapping; Simulators; Synthetic aperture radar
Performance measurement requirements for tactical aircrew training by Wayne L Waag( Book )

3 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 82 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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Item generation for test development
Alternative Names

controlled identityArmstrong Laboratory (U.S.). Human Resources Directorate


AFHRL (Air Force Human Resources Laboratory)

Brooks Air Force Base (Tex.) Air Force Human Resources Laboratory

United States. Air Force. Air Force Human Resources Laboratory

United States Air Force Human Resources Laboratory

United States. Air Force. Systems Command. Air Force Human Resources Laboratory

United States. Air Force. Systems Command. Human Resources Laboratory

United States Human Resources Laboratory

United States Human Resources Laboratory Brooks Air Force Base, Tex

USA Air Force Human Resources Laboratory

English (98)