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Air Force Human Resources Laboratory

Overview
Works: 779 works in 1,316 publications in 1 language and 27,415 library holdings
Genres: Conference proceedings  Classification  Handbooks, manuals, etc  Periodicals  Bibliography 
Classifications: LB3060.65, 371.261
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Most widely held works by Air Force Human Resources Laboratory
Item generation for test development ( )
2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 754 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This work covers topics such as: the psychometric and cognitive theory of item generation; construct-oriented approaches to item generation; implementation; and applications of item-generative principles
Artificial intelligence in maintenance ( Book )
2 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 214 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Prioritizing research and development projects of the Air Force Human Resources Laboratory by Herbert J Clark ( Book )
3 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 140 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This study assessed the possibility of obtaining ranking of 12 research and development projects which could be used as reference in allocating resources to those projects. Seven judges ranked the projects on six factors. Interjudge agreement in ranking the projects on an Overall Assessment (OA) factor was sufficiently reliable to indicate that project rankings can be used as a reference in allocating resources. Recommendations include having scientists prepare project descriptions in terms of factors on which the projects are to be ranked; using different rating procedures for new projects than for older projects; ranking projects on an OA factor only; and keeping records of project rankings for several years so that ranking validities can be assessed. Keywords: Air force research, Financial management, Manpower utilization, Resource management, Project management, Allocations. (sdw)
Training Systems For Maintenance (TRANSFORM) system overview by H. Barbara Sorensen ( Book )
5 editions published between 1989 and 1990 in English and held by 134 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This document provides a brief description of the Training Systems for Maintenance (TRANSFORM) system. This system overview is directed toward management personnel that use the TRANSFORM software system. TRANSFORM was specifically designed for Air Force applications performed by the 3306 Test and Evaluation Squadron, Edwards AFB, CA. The TRANSFORM system functions are detailed, the hardware and software requirements are tested, and the data/data structures are explained. Keywords: Systems engineering approach, Instructional systems development, Logistics support analysis, Microcomputers. (kr)
Field-of-view assessment of low-level flight and an airdrop in the C-130 Weapon System Trainer (WST) ( Book )
3 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 133 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The purpose of this effort was to determine the requirement for the far peripheral windows and associated imagery for low-level navigation and airdrop tasks. Although these windows are available for use by the pilot and copilot, their inclusion was primarily for the navigator position. Currently, the navigator position is not included in the simulator training syllabus. If the imagery currently provided in the peripheral windows could be allocated to the remaining scene, the level of detail in the scene could be considerably enhanced. Previous research has shown that the enhanced scene content resulted in superior pilot performance. A within subjects design was used in which 12 experienced C-130 pilots performed four trials over two different routes under two field-of-view (FOV) conditions. Automated pilot performance measures and eye position data were collected. The pilot performance data showed no strong or consistent effects as a result of the FOV manipulations. However, the eye position data revealed an increased use of the front window and instruments, and a decreased use of the window to the left of the pilot in the limited-FOV condition. The conclusions of the study are that the peripheral windows may not be required for experienced pilots, but that their presence or absence results in different visual behaviors. It is recommended that a full FOV be provided when the training objectives include tasks that require a large amount of peripheral information. Keywords: Aircraft windows; Navigation; Human performance. (kt)
Effects of pyridostigmine bromide on A-10 pilots during execution of a simulated mission performance ( Book )
2 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 132 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This report documents the performance results of a study that was conducted to determine the effects of pyridostigmine bromide (PYB) (30 mg 3x/day) on pilot performance. Data was collected in an A-10 flight simulator with an Advanced Visual Technology System (AVTS). The subjects were 24 A-10 pilots who were trained on the following simulated tasks over three 55-min sessions: takeoff, patterns, emergency procedure and landing; air-to-air refueling; conventional low-angle strafing; and low-level ingress to a simulated target and threat area (RED FLAG). Next, during two test sessions, 48 h apart, the pilots were tested using a double-blind procedure on the same tasks in a PYB condition and in a placebo condition. In the two test sessions, 12 of the pilots wore chemical defense ensembles (CDE) and the other 12 wore standard flight gear (SFG). The results indicate that there are no operationally significant effects of pyridostigmine bromide that would preclude an A-10 pilot from accomplishing a tactical mission, including air-to-ground attack, under a chemical warfare threat. Chemical warfare, Flight simulators, PYB, Drugs, Performance measurement, Pyridostigmine bromide. Flight simulation, Pilot performance
Flight simulator : field of view utilized in performing tactical maneuvers by Linda A Wiekhorst ( Book )
5 editions published between 1986 and 1988 in English and held by 93 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper documents the field of view (FOV) utilized by experienced fighter pilots when performing specified portions of air-to-air and air-to-ground maneuvers. The FOV measurements were taken in the Simulator for Air-to-Air Combat (SAAC) and the Advanced Simulator for Pilot Training (ASPT). During the air-to-ground data collection, measurements were also taken while subjects performed the same tasks with a limited field of view (LFOV). Results of the data collected indicate that the FOV utilized varied widely between air-to-air and air-to-ground maneuvers. In nearly all cases, the FOV utilized for air-to-air maneuvers was symmetrical and that for air-to-ground maneuvers was skewed to one side. When air-to-ground tasks were performed in an LFOV, significantly poorer bomb scores and significantly higher release altitudes were found when compared to wide-FOV performance. A noticeable performance change in the LFOV condition was a tendency of the pilots to turn tighter into the target. The true effect of this change in flight path still needs to be investigated. Specifying one optimal LFOV for all maneuvers to be performed or trained in an operational flight simulator would be difficult if both cost and performance were to be considered. The variability of the FOV leads to the conclusion that placement of LFOV will be an important decision when considering what tasks will be performed. Full training implications cannot be determined until further transfer-of-training experiments are completed
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) by John R Welsh ( Book )
5 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 88 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The purpose of this review was to integrate validity evidence relevant to the primary use of the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) as a selection and classification tool for military manpower, personnel, and training systems. The review covers the period from the first use of ASVAB in 1966 in the DOD Student Testing Program to the latest reports of the validity for ASVAB Forms 11, 12, 13, and 14. The review presents the evidence for the construct, content, and criterion-related validity of the ASVAB. One hundred seventy-two studies from the military and civilian sectors and from the professional literature were reviewed and summarized to show averaged validity for military occupations. Reviewed studies established the validity of the ASVAB as a predictor of success in military technical training schools, and its validity for other criteria such as first-term attrition and job performance. Implications of the review for the military selection and classification systems are discussed. Keywords: Air force personnel; Attrition; Aptitude tests; Validation
Simulation of synthetic aperature radar I : feature density and accuracy requirements ( Book )
5 editions published between 1989 and 1993 in English and held by 81 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Simulations of ground mapping radar are generated from Defense Mapping Agency Digital Feature Analysis Data (DFAD) products which were developed to support real beam ground mapping radar. Criteria for inclusion of an object within a given level of DFAD are radar significance, height, and size. In general, Level 1 includes objects 100m and larger and Level 2 includes objects 30m and larger. A prototype DFAD incorporating features as small as 10m (Level X) was developed to support the higher resolution Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR); however, the minimum data base requirements for simulating SAR have not been determined. The present report describes three studies conducted to determine these requirements. In the first study, B-1B and F-15E radar operators rated SAR simulations produced from Level 2 DFAD (30m) and Level X (10m), plus two experimental data bases with 15m and 20m capture criteria. Eighty-two percent of SAR-experienced subjects found the 15m data acceptable. Simulations produced from Level 2 depicted areas of high reflector density as a single feature with uniform brightness and were acceptable to only 18% of the subjects. A study of the Radar Scope Interpretation (RSI) cues used by B-1B Offensive Systems Officers (OSOs) found that roads and rivers were critical cues, whereas individual structures were used only in the immediate vicinity of the aimpoint
Basic Attributes Test (BAT) : a preliminary comparison between Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) and Officer Training School (OTS pilot candidates by Thomas R Carretta ( Book )
4 editions published between 1990 and 1991 in English and held by 79 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The Basic Attributes Test (BAT) battery is a set of computer- administered personnel tests designed to assess a broad range of attributes believed to be related to flying training performance. The original battery consisted of 15 tests that measured psychomotor coordination, cognitive and perceptual abilities, and personality and attitudinal characteristics. This report focuses on the development of interim score profiles for eight of the BAT tests for Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) and Officer Training School (OTS) pilot candidates. Comparisons between the two groups indicate that although the OTS group consistently scored higher on the Air Force Officer Qualifying Test (AFOQT) than did the ROTC group, the two groups scored very similarly on the BAT battery. A factor analysis was performed to provide insight into the ability domains assessed by the BAT battery. The six factors that emerged suggest that the eight tests are fairly independent. Finally, research regarding the utility of the BAT battery for pilot selection and classification is reviewed briefly and suggestions are made regarding future development of the test battery. Keywords: Aptitude tests; Basic Attributes Test(BAT); Cognitive test; Computer-administered testing; Factor analysis; Personnel test
Maintainer's associate training instructional environment : its demonstration (MATIE II) ( Book )
3 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 78 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The purpose of this effort is the development of an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) to teach skills used in electronic troubleshooting and maintenance. This system, the Maintainer's Associate Training Instructional Environment (MATIE), is based on a previously developed Intelligent Maintainer's Associate (IMA), a job-aiding expert system for maintenance of the F-111 6883 Avionics Test station. The IMA expert system had been found to be inarticulate and not adaptable for use in an ITS. Thus, a new, simulation-based expert module was developed that allows the student freedom to choose any testpoint. This simulation-based system has the capability to work with any system that can be represented as an acyclic directed graph
Interview testing as a work sample measure of job proficiency by Jerry W Hedge ( Book )
1 edition published in 1990 in English and held by 77 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The development of criteria to measure individual proficiency is a necessary prerequisite for most personnel decisions. As part of the Air Force's Job Performance Measurement project, performance measures were developed and administered to more than 1400 enlisted airmen across eight Air Force specialties (AFSs). Included in these measures were two work sample tests (i.e., hands-on, interview), four rating forms of varying specificity, and job knowledge tests. The current research effort centers on Interview Testing as an alternative to the more costly and time-consuming Hands-on Testing. Data analyses revealed that correlations between the two work sample tests ranged from moderate (.46) to high (.84) across the eight AFSs. Also, the patterns of relationships between each work sample test and the series of related measures were quite similar. These results suggest that the interview approach of this approach for performance measurement, validation of selection/classification procedures. evaluating training programs, and identifying training deficiencies. (Author) (emk)
Pilot decision-making training by Thomas J Connolly ( Book )
3 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 77 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Instructional Support System (ISS) upgrading the Vax prototype and development of the Zenith-248 micro-based ISS by Barbara J Eaton ( Book )
2 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 77 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This report describes several efforts that led to the development of the Instructional Support System (ISS) from prototype research and development (R & D) software toward a production computer-based training (CBT) system that supports both computer-assisted instruction (CAI) and computer-managed instruction (CMI). These efforts include the operational test and evaluation of the software, rehosting the software to a validated Ada complier, development of MicroCMI and interactive videodisc capabilities, development of critical user and system documentation, and design and development of a micro-based version of the software to run on IBM-compatible hardware. ISS is a Government-owned product, written in Ada in modular format, enabling it to run on machines ranging from micros to mainframes, and is available through the National Technical Information Service (NTIS). (Author) (kr)
Training decisions system development of the resource cost subsystem by Frederick H Rueter ( Book )
1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 77 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This report summarizes the research and development activities undertaken to develop and implement the Resource Cost Subsystem (RCS) of the Training Decisions system (TDS). The TDS is a computer-assisted decision aid to be used in planning the what (training content), the where (technical school, Field Training Detachment (FTD), on-the-job training (OJT)), and the when (at which point in an airman's career) of Air Force training. The TDS incorporates optimization strategies to allow training managers to ask 'what if' questions related to current and possible future policy changes within the air Force training environment. The report provides a brief conceptual overview of the interrelationships between the RCS and the three other major subsystems which compose the present TDS. The report highlights the novel approach undertaken and explicates the econometric and mathematical assumptions underlying the development of the model within this subsystem, including the cost analysis and capacity estimation capabilities which have been built into the RCS. These capabilities include methods for identifying training resource requirements, highlighting constraints that impede the provision of training at representative Air force sites, and calculating variable costs for the provision of training for various training settings at representative sites. This report also summarizes data sources identified and the data collection activities performed and provides sample data collection instruments developed to obtain information for the RCS
Air Force Officer Qualifying Test (AFOQT) form P : test manual ( Book )
3 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 77 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The latest form of the Air Force Officer Qualifying Test (AFOQT) Form P is the first AFOQT to be developed in two parallel forms, Forms P1 and P2. The AFOQT has been part of the selection process for officer commissioning programs and for specific programs such as pilot and navigator training since 1951. Forms P1 and P2 are organized into 16 subtests which form five composites: Pilot, Navigator-Technical, Academic Aptitude, Verbal, and Quantitative. The present report is a test manual for Form P. It describes the development of Form P; its continuity with Form O via common items and characteristics; statistical data for Forms P1 and P2, such as reliability, item difficulty, item discrimination, score characteristics, and norms; test validity derived from studies of other AFOQT forms; and considerations of administration, scoring, and interpretation. Sample questions and pertinent bibliographic references are included
Aircrew training devices utility and utilization of advanced instructional features (phase IV-summary report) by Donald J Polzella ( Book )
2 editions published between 1987 and 1989 in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
An aircrew training device is not merely a flight simulator. It is also equipped with sophisticated hardware and software capabilities, known as advanced instructional features, that permit a simulator instructor to control, monitor, and create simulator training missions. This report summarizes a three-phase project designed to determine the utility and utilization of AIFs based on a survey of simulator instructors from the Air Force Major Commands. Phase I surveyed 134 instructor pilots and weapon director instructors assigned to principal Tactical Air Command (TAC) ATD training sites. Phase II surveyed 273 instructor pilots, flight engineers, and radar/navigators from Air Training Command (ATC), Military Airlift Command (MAC), and Strategic Air Command (SAC). Phase III extended the survey to 155 electronic warfare and aerial gunnery instructors from ATC, SAC, and TAC training facilities. The results indicated that the level of AIF use was affected somewhat by hardware and software unreliability, implementation time, functional limitations, and design deficiencies. However, the perceived training value of a feature was the most important determinant of its use. In addition, it was recommended that the training of simulator instructors be improved. Training should include not only how to use AIFs but how to use them effectively. Guidelines need to be specified for the effective use of AIFs. It is not sufficient to know how to use a feature; when to use it must also be known. Also, AIFs need to be made more reliable and user-friendly
Automatic information processing and high performance skills : application to training by F. Thomas Eggemeier ( Book )
3 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This report documents a laboratory research effort to investigate the application of automatic processing theory to analogs of complex command and control (C2) operator tasks. Six experiments were performed to investigate complex skill acquisition and transfer of training. The results indicate that elements of automatic processing theory can be applied to training complex task analogs, and suggest that transfer of this training is relatively unaffected by certain changes in the presentation format of investigation
Job performance measurement system trainer's manual by Sheryl A Bierstedt ( Book )
1 edition published in 1987 in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
When assessing the job proficiency of individuals, it is essential that evaluators receive training to increase the accuracy of their ratings. A job performance measurement system trainer's manual was developed for use in training Walk-Through Performance Testing test administrators and raters (supervisors, peers, and job incumbents). This manual provides a step-by-step how to procedure for training performance appraisers. Although some of the materials are specific to jet engine mechanics (AFS 426X2), the manual is to be used as a prototype for application of the training program to future Air Force specialties
Methodology for Generating Efficiency and Effectiveness Measures (MGEEM) a guide for the development and aggregation of mission effectiveness charts by Charles N Weaver ( Book )
2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 75 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper discusses the development and use of mission effectiveness charts as the primary performance feedback tool in the Methodology for Generating Efficiency and Effectiveness Measures (MGEEM). Development of performance indicators, and the mission effectiveness charts for each indicator which link levels of performance to effectiveness, is presented in detail. Examples are provided as guides for the MGEEM organizational facilitator. The computation and use of an aggregation correction factor to correct for unequal importance of organizational units are discussed, as is the procedure for aggregating across work centers and higher organizational levels. Aggregation allows managers to derive a single index of performance at any organizational level. Exercises are presented, with suggested solutions as aids to the MGEEM measurement facilitator. Keywords: TQM(Total Quality Management); Productivity; Total quality management. (kr)
 
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Alternative Names

controlled identity Armstrong Laboratory (U.S.). Human Resources Directorate

AFHRL
AFHRL Abkuerzung
Brooks Air Force Base (Tex.). Air Force Human Resources Laboratory
United States. Air Force. Air Force Human Resources Laboratory
United States. Air Force. Human Resources Laboratory
United States. Air Force. Systems Command. Air Force Human Resources Laboratory
United States. Air Force. Systems Command. Human Resources Laboratory
United States Human Resources Laboratory
United States Human Resources Laboratory Brooks Air Force Base, Tex
USA Air Force Human Resources Laboratory
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English (94)
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