WorldCat Identities

United States Department of Defense Historical Office

Overview
Works: 77 works in 143 publications in 1 language and 11,765 library holdings
Genres: History  Biography  Sources  Military history 
Roles: isb, Publisher
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by United States
History of the Office of the Secretary of Defense by Steven L Rearden( Book )

in English and held by 1,101 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Pentagon 9/11( Book )

3 editions published between 2007 and 2011 in English and held by 876 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The response and subsequent performance of federal, state, and especially local agencies, in particular their coordination and cooperation with each other and with Pentagon authorities, provide lessons for dealing with other large-scale emergencies in the future. Material used in this study was distilled from more than 1,300 interviews, relying on the corroborative testimony of two or more witnesses wherever possible
History of acquisition in the Department of Defense by Elliott Vanveltner Converse( )

in English and held by 537 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Melvin Laird and the foundation of the post-Vietnam military, 1969-1973 by Richard A Hunt( Book )

2 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 530 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"[E]xamines the former Congressman Melvin Laird's efforts to reconstitute the Department of Defense during the last years of the Vietnam war ... Laird acted to mitigate the adverse effects of the Vietnam War on the department and to prepare the nation's armed forces for the future. Foremost was the transition from a conscripted military to an all-volunteer force, a fundamental policy shift that ended an unpopular and inequitable draft system."--Jacket
Harold Brown : offsetting the Soviet military challenge 1977-1981 by Edward C Keefer( )

3 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 525 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Secretary of Defense Harold Brown worked to counter the Soviet Union's growing military strength during the administration of President Jimmy Carter. The Soviet Union of the Carter years came closest to matching the United States in strategic power than at any other point in the Cold War. By most reckonings, the Kremlin surpassed the West in conventional arms and forces in Central Europe, posing a threat to NATO. In response, Brown--a nuclear physicist--advocated more technologically advanced weapon systems but faced Carter's efforts to reign in the defense budget. Backed by the JCS, the national security adviser, and key members of Congress, Brown persuaded Carter to increase the defense budget for the last two years of his term. The secretary championed the development and production of new weapons such as stealth aircraft, precision-guided bombs, and cruise missiles. These and other initiatives laid a solid foundation for the much-acclaimed Ronald Reagan defense revolution that actually began under Carter. The book also highlights Brown's policymaking efforts and his influence on President Carter as the administration responded to international events such as the Middle East peace process, the Iran revolution and hostage crisis, the rise of militant Islam, negotiations with the Soviets over arms limitations, the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, and the creation of a security framework for the Persian Gulf region. Other topics cover policy toward Latin America and Africa. The book is also a history of the Defense Department, including the continual development of the All-Volunteer Force and the organizational changes that saw improved policy formulation and acquisition decisions."--Provided by publisher
McNamara, Clifford, and the burdens of Vietnam, 1965-1969 by Edward J Drea( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 502 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

From the Dust Jacket: McNarmara, Clifford and the Burdens of Vietnam, 1965-1969, volume VI in the newly-named Secretaries of Defense Historical Series, covers the incumbency of Robert S. McNamara, as well as the brief, but significant, tenure of Clark M. Clifford. McNamara's key role in the ever-deepening U.S. involvement in Vietnam between 1965 and 1968 forms the centerpiece of the narrative. During these years, Vietnam touched every aspect of Lyndon B. Johnson's administration, determining budget priorities, provoking domestic unrest, souring relations with NATO, and complicating negotiations with the Soviet Union. McNamara's early miscalculations about Vietnam became the source of deep disappointments. Relations with the Joint Chiefs of Staff, never good, frayed almost to the breaking point as McNamara repeatedly rejected military advice in favor of his civilian experts. McNamara's carefully crafted plans failed, his frustrations grew, and he became estranged from the President. His private attempts to check the war's momentum contradicted his public statements supporting the military effort and tarred McNamara as a hypocrite. McNamara's successor, Clark Clifford, arrived with a reputation as a hawk, but focused most of his effort on extricating the United States from Vietnam. McNamara and Clifford presided over the Department of Defense during momentous and dangerous times. Vietnam was one of a series of wars, emergencies, and interventions involving U.S. interests. Intervention in the Dominican Republic, declining U.S. prestige and power in Europe and NATO, war in the Middle East, heightened tensions on the Korean peninsula, arms control talks with the Soviet Union, and violent protests at home competed for attention. Overseeing the Vietnam War and contending with these complex policy issues taxed even McNamara's enormous energy and brilliant intellect as he struggled to manage DoD programs. His long-cherished cost-cutting programs fell by the wayside; his favored weapons systems were swept aside; his committed efforts to limit strategic arms faltered; and his reputation was permanently tarnished. McNamara, Clifford and the Burdens of Vietnam highlights the interaction of McNamara and Clifford with the White House, Congress, the JCS, the Department of State, and other federal agencies involved in policy formulation. The two secretaries increasingly found that the cost of winning the war became a morally prohibitive as the price of losing
The formative years 1947-1950 by Steven L Rearden( )

2 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 467 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The McNamara ascendancy, 1961-1965 by Lawrence S Kaplan( )

2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 453 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The McNamara Ascendancy deals with the tenure of Robert S. McNamara and his sometimes turbulent early years of his secretaryship under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. It traces the efforts of McNamara to cut costs and centralize the Pentagon's functions and operations against the backdrop of successive international crises and in the broad context of national security decisionmaking involving the White House, State Department, NSC, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the intelligence agencies. Even as the secretary and the administration were able to put Berlin and Cuba behind them, the problem of how to defend South Vietnam from communist aggression threatened to overshadow McNamara's accomplishments and unravel his unfinished institutional agenda. The deepening commitment in Vietnam dominates the last year of the book, but not before demonstrating McNamara's seminal first four years had fundamentally transformed roles and methods and redefined relationships in the ongoing evolution of the Cold War national security establishment
The test of war, 1950-1953 by Doris M Condit( )

2 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 453 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Department of Defense : documents on establishment and organization, 1944-1978 by United States( Book )

5 editions published between 1978 and 1979 in English and held by 431 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume, the first of a series, is a collection of documents with a single theme-the establishment and development of the organization of the Department of Defense. This reference collection contains source materials that will be useful to scholars, officials of government, reporters of current affairs, and others. It may also afford insights into the evolution of a large and complex department of government. Topics summarized and/or documented include: The National Security Act of 1947; The Amendment of 1949; Reorganization Plan No. 6 of 1953; Defense Reorganization Act of 1958; Administrative and Legislative Modifications -- 1958-1978; and Functions of the Armed Services and the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Into the missile age, 1956-1960 by Robert J Watson( )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 430 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A community of interests : NATO and the military assistance program, 1948-1951 by Lawrence S Kaplan( Book )

3 editions published in 1980 in English and held by 412 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Strategy, money, and the New Look, 1953-1956 by Richard M Leighton( )

3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 390 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Forging a total force : the evolution of the Guard and Reserve by Forrest L Marion( Book )

2 editions published in 2018 in English and held by 356 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Forging a Total Force traces the evolution of the Guard and reserve from the Revolutionary War-era militias to today's operational reserve, an integral part of the nation's total force. In the early republic, the ideal of a citizen-solider, capable of taking the field with little or no training, predominated. The realities of modern combat slowly made it clear that a more professional force was required, but policy changes failed to keep up with that changing necessity. The nation struggled to provide adequate training and equipment to the reserve component throughout the Cold War until the idea of a Total Force, which integrated regular and reserve components, emerged and was achieved. It wasn't until the defense buildup of the 1980s that the ideal of a combat-ready reserve became reality. The core of this book focuses on what came next, from 1990 to 2011, with particular emphasis on the decade after 9/11. The Persian Gulf War demonstrated both the effectiveness of the reserve and the challenges it continued to face. The post-Cold War drawdown during the 1990s made the smaller active component more dependent on the reserves than it had been since the nation's founding. The reserve component proved itself yet again in the wars following 9/11, but also became strained as it became clear just how much the nation depended on its Guard and reserve. Finally, the authors detail the policy changes made midstream in an attempt to address issues with the overextended force, such as balancing training and deployment with civilian lives and careers, providing health care to reservists, and integrating the active and reserve components. The authors conclude by detailing the issues policymakers will face as they forge ahead with citizen-soldiers serving as an operational force."--Provided by publisher
Rearming at the dawn of the Cold War : Louis Johnson, George Marshall, and Robert Lovett, 1949-1952 by Jeffrey Arthur Larsen( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 281 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Examines the last four years of the Truman administration and a succession of Secretaries of Defense who served during the Korean War: Louis Johnson, George Marshall, and Robert Lovett. These three Secretaries took divergent approaches to meeting their mandate from President Truman in an era of increasing foreign policy and national security challenges
Evolution of the Secretary of Defense in the era of massive retaliation : Charles Wilson, Neil McElroy, and Thomas Gates, 1953-1961( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 278 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The study presented here concentrates on the three secretaries who served under President Dwight D. Eisenhower: Charles Wilson, Neil McElroy, and Thomas Gates. The first of these secretaries were primarily caretakers and administrators, leaving much of the lead role in American foreign policy to Secretary of State John Foster Dulles in this era of increasing foreign policy and national security challenges. But Thomas Gates reinvigorated the role of the office in the last year of the Eisenhower presidency, providing a springboard for Robert McNamara, his successor in the John F. Kennedy administration, to increase the power of the position to unprecedented levels"--Foreword
Melvin Laird and Nixon's quest for a post-Vietnam foreign policy 1969-1973 by Richard A Hunt( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 277 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Expanding the Secretary's role in foreign affairs : Robert McNamara and Clark Clifford 1963-1968 by Joel C Christenson( )

2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 275 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Creating the alter ego : Deputy Secretaries of Defense in the Truman Administration, 1949-1953 by Shannon E Mohan( )

3 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 272 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Throughout the history of the Department of Defense -- through wars, budgetary battles, reorganizations, and a terrorist attack -- the Deputy Secretaries have been vital in administering shaping, and helping to carry out military and national security policy. However, the histories, identities, and influence of the 32 officeholders have received little scholarly attention. This is the first ... that examines the Deputies' roles in departmental operations and the policymaking process"--Foreword
The Department of Defense, 1947-1997 : organization and leaders by Roger R Trask( )

1 edition published in 1997 in English and held by 265 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The National Security Act of 1947 established the Department of Defense (named the National Military Establishment between 1947 and 1949) as part of a new national security structure for the United States. Exactly a half century after James V Forrestal took the oath of office as the first secretary of defense, the Department of Defense marked its 50th anniversary on 17 September 1997. This book presents a 50-year history of the evolution of DoD organization and the top leadership of the department. The higher organization of the department has evolved from the small office of the secretary of defense and three special assistants established in 1947 to a formal Office of the Secretary of Defense, now including more than 2,000 persons. As this study shows, developing an effective department-wide organization concerned Forrestal and most of his successors. Major reorganizations took place in 1949, 1953, 1958, and 1986, with important Incremental changes occurring over the years This hook discusses specific organizational issues, such as civil-military relations, the roles and missions of the armed forces, the positions of the service secretaries, and the organization and duties of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, especially its chairman
 
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History of the Office of the Secretary of Defense The McNamara ascendancy, 1961-1965
Covers
Pentagon 9/11The McNamara ascendancy, 1961-1965Strategy, money, and the New Look, 1953-1956
Alternative Names

controlled identityUnited States. Department of Defense. Office of the Secretary of Defense

United States. Department of Defense. Office of Historian

United States. Department of Defense. Office of the Secretary of Defense. Historical Office

United States. Dept. of Defense. Historical Office

United States. Dept. of Defense. Office of Historian

United States. Historical Office

United States. Office of the Secretary of Defense. Historical Office

Languages
English (52)