WorldCat Identities

Gaukroger, Stephen

Works: 27 works in 317 publications in 3 languages and 17,876 library holdings
Genres: History  Biography  Criticism, interpretation, etc 
Roles: Author, Editor, Contributor, Translator, Other
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Stephen Gaukroger
Descartes : an intellectual biography by Stephen Gaukroger( Book )

42 editions published between 1995 and 2004 in English and held by 1,207 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Rene Descartes (1596-1650) is the father of modern philosophy, and one of the greatest of all thinkers. This is the first intellectual biography of Descartes in English; it offers a fundamental reassessment of all aspects of his life and work. Stephen Gaukroger, a leading authority on Descartes, traces his intellectual development from childhood, showing the connections between his intellectual and personal life and placing these in the cultural context of seventeenth-century Europe
The emergence of a scientific culture : science and the shaping of modernity 1210-1685 by Stephen Gaukroger( Book )

6 editions published between 2006 and 2008 in English and held by 723 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Why did science emerge in the West and how did scientific values come to be regarded as the yardstick for all other forms of knowledge? Stephen Gaukroger shows just how bitterly the cognitive and cultural standing of science was contested in its early development. Rejecting the traditional picture of secularization, he argues that science in the seventeenth century emerged not in opposition to religion but rather was in many respects driven by it. Moreover, science did not present a unified picture of nature but was an unstable field of different, often locally successful but just as often incompatible, programmes. To complicate matters, much depended on attempts to reshape the persona of the natural philosopher, and distinctive new notions of objectivity and impartiality were imported into natural philosophy, changing its character radically by redefining the qualities of its practitioners. The West's sense of itself, its relation to its past, and its sense of its future, have been profoundly altered since the seventeenth century, as cognitive values generally have gradually come to be shaped around scientific ones. Science has not merely brought a new set of such values to the task of understanding the world and our place in it, but rather has completely transformed the task, redefining the goals of enquiry. This distinctive feature of the development of a scientific culture in the West marks it out from other scientifically productive cultures. In The Emergence of a Scientific Culture, Stephen Gaukroger offers a detailed and comprehensive account of the formative stages of this development - and one which challenges the received wisdom that science was seen to be self-evidently the correct path to knowledge and that the benefits of science were immediately obvious to the disinterested observer."--Publisher's description
Descartes : philosophy, mathematics and physics by Stephen Gaukroger( Book )

16 editions published in 1980 in English and Undetermined and held by 598 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Francis Bacon and the transformation of early-modern philosophy by Stephen Gaukroger( Book )

18 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 536 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This book describes how Bacon transformed the values that had underpinned philosophical culture since antiquity by rejecting the traditional idea of a philosopher as someone engaged in contemplation of the cosmos." "The book explores in detail how and why Bacon attempted to transform the largely esoteric discipline of natural philosophy into a public practice through a program in which practical science provided a model that inspired many from the seventeenth to the twentieth centuries. Stephen Gaukroger shows that we shall not understand Bacon unless we understand that a key component of this program for the reform of natural philosophy was the creation of a new philosophical persona: a natural philosopher shaped through submission to the dictates of Baconian method. Thus, we begin to glimpse how the scientific paradigm for cognitive inquiry in our own culture was formed." "This book will be recognised as a major contribution to Baconian scholarship of special interest to historians of early-modern philosophy, science, and ideas."--Jacket
Explanatory structures : a study of concepts of explanation in early physics and philosophy by Stephen Gaukroger( Book )

22 editions published in 1978 in English and Undetermined and held by 534 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Blackwell guide to Descartes' Meditations by Stephen Gaukroger( Book )

18 editions published between 2005 and 2013 in English and held by 527 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Consisting of twelve newly commissioned essays and enhanced by William Molyneux's famous early translation of the Meditations. Situates the Meditations in its philosophical and historical context. Touches on all of the major themes of the Meditations, including the mind-body relation, the nature of the mind, and the existence of the material world
Descartes' system of natural philosophy by Stephen Gaukroger( Book )

17 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 427 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Towards the end of his life, Descartes published the first four parts of a projected six-part work, The Principles of Philosophy. This was intended to be the definitive statement of his complete system of philosophy, dealing with everything from cosmology to the nature of human happiness. In this book, Stephen Gaukroger examines the whole system, and reconstructs the last two parts, 'On Living Things' and 'On Man', from Descartes' other writings. He relates the work to the tradition of late Scholastic textbooks which it follows, and also to Descartes' other philosophical writings, and he examines the ways in which Descartes transformed not only the practice of natural philosophy but also our understanding of what it is to be a philosopher. His book is a comprehensive examination of Descartes' complete philosophical system
Cartesian logic : an essay on Descartes's conception of inference by Stephen Gaukroger( Book )

15 editions published between 1989 and 2002 in English and Undetermined and held by 414 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The world and other writings by René Descartes( Book )

17 editions published between 1998 and 2004 in English and held by 407 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Descartes' The World offers the most comprehensive vision of the nature of the world since Aristotle, and is crucial for an understanding of his later writings, in particular the Meditations and Principles of Philosophy. Above all, it provides an insight into how Descartes conceived of natural philosophy before he started to reformulate his doctrines in terms of a skeptically driven epistemology. Of its two parts, The Treatise on Light introduced the first comprehensive, quantitative version of a mechanistic natural philosophy, supplying a theory of matter, physical optics, and a cosmology, and The Treatise on Man provided the first comprehensive mechanist physiology. This volume also includes translations of material important for an understanding of the work: related sections from The Dioptrics and The Meteors, and the first English translation of the complete text of The Description of the Human Body."--Jacket
Objectivity : a very short introduction by Stephen Gaukroger( Book )

12 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 373 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Objectivity is both an essential and elusive philosophical concept. This Very Short Introduction explores the theoretical and practical problems raised by objectivity, and also deals with the way in which particular understandings of objectivity impinge on social research, science, and art"--
The collapse of mechanism and the rise of sensibility : science and the shaping of modernity, 1680-1760 by Stephen Gaukroger( Book )

25 editions published between 2010 and 2012 in English and held by 298 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

How did we come to have a scientific culture - one in which cognitive values are shaped around scientific ones? Stephen Gaukroger presents a rich and fascinating investigation of the development of intellectual culture in early modern Europe, a period in which understandings of the natural realm began to fragment
Descartes' natural philosophy by Stephen Gaukroger( Book )

23 editions published between 2000 and 2011 in English and held by 287 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The most comprehensive collection of essays on Descartes' scientific writings ever published, this volume offers a detailed reassessment of Descartes' scientific work and its bearing on his philosophy. The 35 essays, written by some of the world's leading scholars, cover topics as diverse as optics, cosmology and medicine, and will be of vital interest to all historians of philosophy or science
The soft underbelly of reason : the passions in the seventeenth century( Book )

15 editions published between 1996 and 1998 in English and held by 286 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Each of the essays in this collection, written by the most respected academics in their fields, provides both an insightful and valuable understanding on the different views of the passions in the Seventeenth Century
The Uses of antiquity : the scientific revolution and the classical tradition by Stephen Gaukroger( Book )

12 editions published between 1991 and 2012 in English and held by 223 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The institutionalization of History and Philosophy of Science as a distinct field of scholarly endeavour began comparatively earl- though not always under that name - in the Australasian region. An initial lecturing appointment was made at the University of Melbourne immediately after the Second World War, in 1946, and other appoint ments followed as the subject underwent an expansion during the 1950s and 1960s similar to that which took place in other parts of the world. Today there are major Departments at the University of Melbourne, the University of New South Wales and the University of W ollongong, and smaller groups active in many other parts of Australia and in New Zealand. 'Australasian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science' aims to provide a distinctive pUblication outlet for Australian and New Zealand scholars working in the general area of history, philosophy and social studies of science. Each volume comprises a group of essays on a connected theme, edited by an Australian or a New Zealander with special expertise in that particular area. Papers address general issues, however, rather than local ones; parochial topics are avoided. Further more, though in each volume a majority of the contributors is from Australia or New Zealand, contributions from elsewhere are by no means ruled out. Quite the reverse, in fact - they are actively encouraged wherever appropriate to the balance of the volume in question
The genealogy of knowledge : analytical essays in the history of philosophy and science by Stephen Gaukroger( Book )

9 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 157 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The natural and the human : science and the shaping of modernity, 1739-1841 by Stephen Gaukroger( Book )

12 editions published between 2016 and 2018 in English and held by 146 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Stephen Gaukroger presents an original account of the development of empirical science and the understanding of human behavior from the mid-eighteenth century. Since the seventeenth century, science in the west has undergone a unique form of cumulative development in which it has been consolidated through integration into and shaping of a culture. But in the eighteenth century, science was cut loose from the legitimating culture in which it had found a public rationale as a fruitful and worthwhile form of inquiry. What kept it afloat between the middle of the eighteenth and middle of the nineteenth centuries, when its legitimacy began to hinge on an intimate link with technology? The answer lies in large part in an abrupt but fundamental shift in how the tasks of scientific inquiry were conceived, from the natural realm to the human realm. At the core of this development lies the naturalization of the human, that is, attempts to understand human behavior and motivations no longer in theological and metaphysical terms, but in empirical terms. one of the most striking features of this development is the variety of forms it took, and the book explores anthropological medicine, philosophical anthropology, the "natural history of man," and social arithmetic. Each of these disciplines re-formulated basic questions so that empirical investigation could be drawn upon in answering them, but the empirical dimension was conceived very differently in each case, with the result that the naturalization of the human took the form of competing, and in some respects mutually exclusive, projects.--
Descartes and Cartesianism : essays in honour of Desmond Clarke by Stephen Gaukroger( Book )

10 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 113 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume is a collection of original essays dealing with Cartesian themes and problems, especially as these arise in connection with Cartesian natural science and the theory of perception, agency, mentality, divinity, and the passions. It focuses in particular on Desmond Clarke's important contributions to these aspects of Descartes's writings. Stephen Gaukroger and Catherine Wilson split the volume into four distinct parts; Cartesian Science, Mind and Perception, Actions and Passions, and Cartesian Woman. The contributors are internationally known and respected scholars of 17th century philosophy writing on a number of their favourite Cartesian topics
Le Monde en images : voir, représenter, savoir, de Descartes à Leibniz by Frédérique Aït-Touati( Book )

6 editions published in 2015 in French and held by 61 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dans les débats classiques des XVIe et XVIIe siècles, la représentation est considérée avant tout comme une question rhétorique et psychologique, mais à la fin du XVIIe siècle, elle devient une question épistémologique. Cet ouvrage explore le contexte de cette transformation et ses sources
Descartes' Treatise on man and its reception by Delphine Kolesnik-Antoine( Book )

11 editions published between 2016 and 2017 in English and German and held by 37 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This edited volume features 20 essays written by leading scholars that provide a detailed examination of L'Homme by René Descartes. It explores the way in which this work developed themes not just on questions such as the circulation of the blood, but also on central questions of perception and our knowledge of the world. Coverage first offers a critical discussion on the different versions of L'Homme, including the Latin, French, and English translations and the 1664 editions. Next, the authors examine the early reception of the work, from the connection of L'Homme to early-modern Dutch Cartesianism to Nicolas Steno's criticism of the work and how Descartes' clock analogy is used to defend two different conceptions of the articulation between anatomical observations and functional hypotheses. The book then goes on to explore L'Homme and early-modern anthropology as well as the how the work has been understood and incorporated into the works of scientists, physicians, and philosophers over the last 150 years. Overall, readers will discover how the trend over the last few decades to understand human cognition in neuro-physiological terms can be seen to be not something unprecedented, but rather a revival of a way of dealing with these fundamental questions that was pioneered by Descartes
The Philosopher in Early Modern Europe : the Nature of a Contested Identity. Ideas in Context, Volume 77( )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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Descartes : an intellectual biography
Alternative Names
Gaukroger Stephen

Gaukroger, Stephen W. 1950-

Stephen Gaukroger British philosopher and intellectual historian

English (295)

French (6)

German (1)

The emergence of a scientific culture : science and the shaping of modernity 1210-1685Francis Bacon and the transformation of early-modern philosophyThe Blackwell guide to Descartes' MeditationsDescartes' system of natural philosophyCartesian logic : an essay on Descartes's conception of inferenceThe world and other writingsThe collapse of mechanism and the rise of sensibility : science and the shaping of modernity, 1680-1760Descartes' natural philosophy