WorldCat Identities

Spiro, Melford E.

Overview
Works: 100 works in 550 publications in 6 languages and 13,120 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  Conference papers and proceedings  Cross-cultural studies 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Honoree, Contributor
Classifications: HX765.P3, 294.39109591
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about Melford E Spiro
 
Most widely held works by Melford E Spiro
Kibbutz: venture in Utopia by Melford E Spiro( Book )

75 editions published between 1956 and 1981 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,924 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"SB63." Bibliography: p. [255]-256
Children of the kibbutz by Melford E Spiro( Book )

76 editions published between 1958 and 1999 in English and German and held by 1,593 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cover-title: Children of the kibbutz; a study in child training and personality
Buddhism and society; a great tradition and its Burmese vicissitudes by Melford E Spiro( Book )

44 editions published between 1970 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,329 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Gender and culture : kibbutz women revisited by Melford E Spiro( Book )

33 editions published between 1979 and 2017 in English and held by 1,012 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Based on a study of the Israeli kibbutz movement, Gender and Culture discusses the differences in male and female orientations to marriage, the family, and work. Spiro describes the counterrevolution in the kibbutz movement as it evolved over a quarter century period. The kibbutz Spiro first studied, Kiryat Yedidim, was thirty years old at the time, and he returned there twenty-five years later. Spiro initially found that the pioneers of the kibbutz movement, in their attempt to implement their vision of a society based on sexual equality, had created a revolution in the character of marriage, the structure of the family, patterns of child rearing, and the sexual division of labor."--BOOK JACKET. "The counterrevolution he found twenty-five years later was no less fascinating: a return to certain important features of the prerevolutionary forms of these social institutions. This return to tradition has been the work primarily of the young women who, born and raised in the kibbutz, had been inculcated with the revolutionary ideology of the kibbutz pioneers. Studying the same community after a twenty-five-year interval enables readers to observe the children of the first study as adults in the follow-up study. This longitudinal dimension provides the most important basis for the interpretations offered in Gender and Culture. A new introduction discusses additional, even more radical changes that have occurred since the book's original publication in 1979, situating the kibbutz experience in the context of contemporary gender studies and feminist thought. The book will be of continuing importance for sociologists, anthropologists, psychologists, and women's studies scholars."--Jacket
Context and meaning in cultural anthropology by Melford E Spiro( Book )

20 editions published in 1965 in English and held by 897 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In honour of A. Irving Hallowell
Burmese supernaturalism; a study in the explanation and reduction of suffering by Melford E Spiro( Book )

14 editions published in 1967 in English and held by 626 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Oedipus in the Trobriands by Melford E Spiro( Book )

28 editions published between 1982 and 2017 in English and Japanese and held by 593 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Spiro challenges the argument of Bronislaw Malinowski that the matrilineal society of the Trobriand Islands produced a psychological constellation -- a matrilineal complex -- different from Freud's Oedipus complex and the generalization regarding the restrictive provenance of the Oepidus complex to which it gave rise. Spiro undertakes a reanalysis of Malinowski's data and shows that there is enough to suggest the presence of a strong Oedipus complex. Melford E. Spiro is professor emeritus of anthropology at the University of California, San Diego, where he founded the Anthropology Department in 1968. His other works include Gender and Culture, Oedipus in the Trobriands, and Culture and Human Nature."--Provided by publisher
Gender ideology and psychological reality : an essay on cultural reproduction by Melford E Spiro( Book )

11 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 586 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Why do members of a society espouse culturally constituted beliefs that are at odds with their personal interests and experiences? In this book Melford Spiro, a psychological anthropologist, answers this question by investigating ideologies of gender and sex relations in Burma, according to which men are superior and women are morally and sexually dangerous - despite the reality that women enjoy high economic, legal, and social status. Spiro argues that these sexist ideologies - prevalent in most of the human world - are an expression of male anxieties and insecurities." "Spiro propose a theory of cultural reproduction that is an alternative to the enculturation model of radical cultural determinism. He postulates that cultural systems are reproduced only insofar as they are internalized by members of society and that this occurs if these systems resonate with members' conscious and unconscious beliefs and desires or are employed by them as a resource for the construction of defense mechanisms. He compares his firsthand observations of a Burmese village to extensive data from a wide array of other societies (including our own) and argues that this explanation applies to all societies."--Jacket
Culture and human nature : theoretical papers of Melford E. Spiro by Melford E Spiro( Book )

20 editions published between 1987 and 2003 in English and Chinese and held by 548 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ben shu shou ji le mei guo sheng die ge jia zhou da xue ren lei xue xi quan wei jiao shou, zhu ming de ren lei xue jiaM. E. si pi luo de 12 pian li lun wen zhang, ji zhong le you guan wen hua yu ren xing, gong neng fen xi yu zong jiao deng fang mian de li lun
Kinship and marriage in Burma : a cultural and psychodynamic analysis by Melford E Spiro( Book )

15 editions published between 1977 and 1986 in English and held by 546 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Personality and the cultural construction of society : papers in honor of Melford E. Spiro by David K Jordan( Book )

14 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 473 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Pyschological anthropology is a vital area of contemporary social science, and one of the field's most important and innovative thinkers is Melford E. Spiro. This volume brings together sixteen essays that review Spiro's theoretical insights and extend them into new areas. The essays center on several general problems: In what ways is it meaningful to speak of a social act as having ""functions""? What elements and processes of human personality are universal, and why? What is the relationship between religion and personality? Why? What are the pyschological underpinnings of social man
An atoll culture; ethnography of Ifaluk in the central Carolines by Edwin G Burrows( Book )

23 editions published between 1953 and 1990 in English and Undetermined and held by 419 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Burmese supernaturalism by Melford E Spiro( Book )

22 editions published between 1974 and 2017 in English and Undetermined and held by 415 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Though the people of Burma, now called Myanmar, are formally Buddhist, their folk religion a type of animism or supernaturalism is so unlike classical Buddhism that it seems contradictory. For years scholars of religion and anthropology have debated the questions: Do these folk beliefs make up a separate religious system? Or is there a subtle merging of supernaturalism and Buddhism, a kind of syncretism? In either case, how exactly does folk religion fit into the overall religious pattern? Melford Spiro's Burmese Supernaturalism has been one of the major works in this debate, both for its position on the "two religions" question and for its arguments concerning the psychological basis of religion. The book begins with an introduction to the study of supernaturalism. The next section of the work covers various types of supernaturalism, including witches, ghost, and demons. Other areas of discussion include supernaturally caused illness and its treatment, the shaman, the exorcist, and the relationship between supernaturalism and Buddhism. In the introduction to this expanded edition Spiro further develops the underlying logic of his argument and evaluates the most recent contributions to the field of the anthropology of religion. Burmese Supernaturalism is an intriguing study and will provide insightful reading for anthropologists, sociologists, theologians, as well as those interested in supernaturalism in Burma (Myanmar) and other cultures."--Provided by publisher
Anthropological other or Burmese brother? : studies in cultural analysis by Melford E Spiro( Book )

7 editions published between 1991 and 1992 in English and held by 259 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On symbols in anthropology : essays in honor of Harry Hoijer, 1980 by James W Fernandez( Book )

9 editions published in 1982 in English and held by 196 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Trobriands : OL06( )

in English and held by 101 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Trobriand Islanders are indigenous people living on four islands in the northeastern part of Papua New Guinea in Milne Bay Province: Kiriwina, Kaileuna, Kitava, and Vakuta. There are 56 documents in this collection with two time foci, ca. 1915 when the islands, especially Kiriwina, were studied by Bronislaw Malinowski and ca. 1970-1990 when Kiriwina was studied by Annette Weiner. Data on the other islands and works by other authors are also included
Culture et nature humaine by Melford E Spiro( Book )

3 editions published in 1995 in French and held by 72 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Polémica sobre el origen y la universalidad de la familia by Claude Lévi-Strauss( Book )

9 editions published between 1974 and 1995 in Spanish and held by 48 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Symposium on new approaches to the study of religion by American Ethnological Society( Book )

14 editions published between 1964 and 1971 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Fo jiao yu she hui : yi ge da chuan tong bing qi zai Mian dian de bian qian by Si Pi Luo( Book )

1 edition published in 2006 in Chinese and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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Buddhism and society; a great tradition and its Burmese vicissitudes
Alternative Names
Melford Spiro Amerikaans antropoloog (1920-2014)

Melford Spiro Amerykański antropolog kulturowy

Melford Spiro antropologo e storico delle religioni statunitense

Melford Spiro US-amerikanischer Kulturanthropologe

Spiro, Melford.

Spiro, Melford Elliot

Spiro, Melford Elliot 1920-

Spiro, Melford Elliott.

スパイロ, メルフォード・E

メルフォード・スパイロ

史拜羅麥爾福 1920-

麥爾福.史拜羅 1920-

Languages
Covers
Buddhism and society; a great tradition and its Burmese vicissitudesGender and culture : kibbutz women revisitedOedipus in the TrobriandsGender ideology and psychological reality : an essay on cultural reproductionPersonality and the cultural construction of society : papers in honor of Melford E. Spiro