WorldCat Identities

Richardson, J. David

Works: 45 works in 309 publications in 1 language and 5,676 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Case studies 
Roles: Author, Editor, Compiler, Honoree, Other
Classifications: HF1411, 382.1
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about J. David Richardson
Most widely held works by J. David Richardson
International trade and finance; readings by Robert E Baldwin( Book )

34 editions published between 1973 and 1986 in English and held by 858 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Real-financial linkages among open economies by Sven W Arndt( Book )

15 editions published between 1987 and 1988 in English and held by 457 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper integrates the contributions to a forthcoming volume of the same title by the authors. The volume analyzes and empirically examines linkages between the real and financial variables that themselves link open economies-- "linkage" thus has a double meaning. Two types of linkages are discussed. Structural linkages describe differences across economies and among sectors in market structure (competitive/oligopolistic), productivity growth, and openness to trade. Inter-temporal linkages describe differences across economies and over time or circumstance in saving preferences and capital formation, government budgets, portfolio shares of "inside" and "outside" assets, and openness to mobile financial flows. Structural linkages are important chiefly for explaining sustained divergences in national competitiveness as measured by purchasing-power-parity norms. Inter-temporal linkages also account for them, as well as for sustained divergences in current and capital-account positions, geographical growth rates, and national incomes of residents
Strategic trade policy : a survey of issues and early analysis by Gene M Grossman( Book )

18 editions published between 1984 and 1985 in English and Undetermined and held by 428 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Geography and ownership as bases for economic accounting by Robert E Baldwin( Book )

13 editions published between 1998 and 2007 in English and held by 325 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Geography and Ownership as Bases for Economic Accounting provides a forum for leading specialists in trade and international economics to explore whether changes in the world economy have increased the usefulness of economic accounts drawn up on the basis of ownership rather than of geography. The papers in this volume suggest that ownership-based accounts are helpful in understanding trade and financial transactions among globalized enterprises
Sizing up U.S. export disincentives by J. David Richardson( Book )

11 editions published between 1993 and 1996 in English and Undetermined and held by 295 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Competition policies for the global economy by Edward M Graham( Book )

8 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 190 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Empirical research on trade liberalisation with imperfect competition : a survey by J. David Richardson( Book )

27 editions published between 1988 and 1990 in English and held by 189 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper attempts a synthetic census of the calibration/counterfactual style of empirical research on the benefits of trade liberalization with imperfect competition and scale economies. Computable-general-equilibrium studies are surveyed, as are a large number of partial-equilibrium studies in the same style. Microeconomic foundations common to almost all of the studies are discussed algebraically, and the corresponding general-equilibrium structure is discussed graphically. The first typical conclusion from the studies surveyed is that calculated gains in national purchasing power are usually two to three times the size of those estimated in traditional frameworks with perfect competition. Only occasionally are welfare losses calculated from trade liberalization, although such losses are quite possible in theory, as a large recent literature has shown. The second typical conclusion is that calculated adjustment pressures from trade liberalization are considerably higher than implied in most commentary, and higher also than estimates from traditional models. Adjustment pressures describe stimuli for workers to shift activities, for firms to grow or die, for industries to expand or contract, and for trading-partner shares to be altered
Why global commitment really matters! by Howard Lewis( Book )

9 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 178 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Examines the impact of international trade and investment on American firms, workers, and communities. Discusses research showing "the underappreciated gains from global commitment". Does not include the preface, acknowledgements, references, and index contained in the print publication
Trade flows and wage premiums : does who or what matter? by Mary E Lovely( Book )

11 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper we investigate relationships between trade, wages, and the rewards to skill for U.S. workers during the period 1981 - 92. We measure U.S. trade flows with three groups of trading partners -- industrial countries, newly industrial countries, and primary producers -- and we estimate the correlation of these trade flows with several types of wage premiums, using conditioning methods that separate pure wage premiums from the return to education industry by industry. We find that greater U.S. trade with newly industrializing countries is associated with increased rewards to skill and reduced rewards to pure labor, consistent with heightened wage inequality and distributional conflict. The opposite is usually true of greater trade with traditional industrial countries. Our interpretation of these results rests on two models. One is a model of North-North intraindustry trade in differentiated, skill-intensive intermediate goods (horizontal' exchange) and North-South intraindustry trade in intermediates for finished manufactures (vertical' exchange). The second is a simple model of industry wage premiums that are rewards for loyalty, firm-specific knowledge, or (dis)amenities, in which we posit different premiums for skilled and less-skilled workers whose labor markets are segmented from one another
Why exports matter : more! by J. David Richardson( Book )

6 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Why exports really matter! by J. David Richardson( Book )

4 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Current U.S. trade policy : analysis, agenda, and administration by Robert E Baldwin( Book )

5 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Revealing comparative advantage : chaotic or coherent patterns across time and sector and U.S. trading partner? by J. David Richardson( Book )

14 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 62 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We map United States comparative advantage between 1980 and 1995, by trading partner and region, using Balassa's export-based index of Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA). We find: temporally stable and ubiquitous US comparative advantage in differentiated producer goods (except disadvantage in Japan); somewhat less stable and less sweeping US disadvantage in standardized producer goods; chaotic and diverse patterns of US RCA in consumer goods (especially in the Chinese market). Our most significant findings are surprisingly sharp geographical differences in patterns of US RCA and surprisingly small differences across sub-sectors of 1, 2, and 3-digit SITC classifications - regional, but not sectoral, niche' specialization. The high overall variability across regions in RCA indexes seems unrelated to obvious explanations such as proximity or lingual/historical ties to the US. In producer goods, RCA variability across regions correlates somewhat better with accounts of trade diversion and of regional preferences for and discrimination against US exports. We find only scant evidence of high or increasing variability across disaggregated commodity sub-groups in US RCA indexes. Such variability is often the prediction of theories of comparative advantage that are based on vertical specialization, product differentiation, or scale and agglomeration economies
Sectoral growth across U.S. states : factor content, linkages, and trade by J. David Richardson( Book )

15 editions published in 1995 in English and Undetermined and held by 60 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Employing a 'factor-content' model that relates sectoral growth to regional factor endowments, we find that 1) U.S. state factor endowments are reasonably strong correlates of cross-state sectoral growth in value-added, with patterns that accord well with intuition; 2) that inter-sectoral differences in productivity change are marked -- estimates range from negative to annual rates over 10 percent; 3) little evidence of unusual growth linkages either from sector to sector or state to state, such as might be expected from recent discussions of externalities ... 4) ... nor of correlation between unusually strong sectoral growth and unusual levels of export dependence, another putative channel of externalities. Our principle data set is a 1987-89 panel of: sector-by-sector, state-by-state value added and international exports, as well as state endowments of patents, structural capital, and as many as six types of labor. 'Unusual' growth and exports are defined as the residual growth and international exports left unexplained by endowments
The impact of multilateral trade liberalization on U.S. Labor : a report by J. David Richardson( Book )

5 editions published in 1979 in English and Undetermined and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Empirical evidence for collusion in the U.S. auto market? by Val Eugene Lambson( Book )

12 editions published in 1992 in English and Undetermined and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A supergame theoretic price-setting model of collusion is calibrated to data from the North American passenger car market before, during, and after the voluntary restraint arrangements (VRAs) with Japan. Conclusions about whether the model is consistent with the bans from the various regimes depend on assumptions about market structure, demand elasticities, and discount factors. If one believes that the price elasticity of auto demand is about one, for example, then the calibrations suggest that in, the pre-VRA and VRA regimes, only General Motors and Ford could conceivably have colluded, and even this limited potential broke down in the post-VRA regime
New trade theory and policy a decade old : assessment in a Pacific context by J. David Richardson( Book )

13 editions published between 1992 and 1993 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper characterizes and evaluates what has been called variously the new, new-view, strategic or industrial organization approach to international trade and trade policy. This approach analyzes trade in strategic environments, ' those in which small numbers of large, self-consciously independent agents interact, and in which their activities themselves are interdependently (strategically) linked. The new view's perspectives have been controversial but often because they have been misunderstood. Many of its subtler strengths have remained hidden. The misunderstandings and subtler strengths of the approach are the main themes of the paper. Its secondary emphasis is on applied and empirical work in the new tradition and its policy implications, with special regard to Pacific trade and investment
U.S. trade policy in the 1980s : turns -- and roads not taken by J. David Richardson( Book )

9 editions published in 1991 in English and Undetermined and held by 39 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper is an assessment of three tilts in U.S. trade policy during the 1980s: minilateralism, managed trade, and Congressional activism. It describes their economic and political causes, and whether or not alternative policy directions might have been possible. Taking as given the unfavorable macroeconomic environment for trade policy, a few alternatives do seem possible, but only a few. Sectoral minilateralism might have been a feasible replacement for the more aggressive managed trade experiments, e.g., in semiconductors, and earlier Executive Branch initiative in drafting trade legislation of the late 1980s might have blunted some of the sharper edges of the Congressional arsenal in the 1988 act. Minilateralism is forecast to have mildly liberalizing effects in the near term. The prognosis for the effects of managed trade and Congressional activism is decidedly more mixed
Exchange rates and U.S. auto competitiveness by J. David Richardson( Book )

7 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 30 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper develops unique disaggregated data for three U.S. automakers and three Japanese to assess how changes in exchange rates, factor costs, and voluntary export restraints have affected recent price competitiveness in the U.S. passenger car market. We find support for several familiar relationships. The support provided by the experience of the late 1970s is straightforward. The dollar's foreign- exchange value fell below its historical trend, in both nominal and cost- adjusted (real) terms, relative to the major suppliers of U.S. auto imports. U.S. price competitiveness tracked U.S. cost competitiveness quite closely, as average prices of U.S. automakers rose more slowly than those of their principal rival firms (all Japanese). "Misalignment" of the dollar toward weakness by historical norms was reflected in competitive relative pricing by U.S. auto firms, again with respect to a historical norm. The support provided by the experience of the years 1980-1985 is more complex and interesting. Strong offsetting forces appear to have been at work. Relative to major auto suppliers, the effective nominal dollar rose gradually toward its level of the mid-1970s, but the effective real "auto dollar" rose much faster, increasing to a level well above its historical norm by early 1985. U.S. cost competitiveness deteriorated not so much because of exchange rates, but because unit labor costs in manufacturing rose in the U.S. relative to those in major auto suppliers. U.S. auto price competitiveness began to deteriorate correspondingly, but soon stopped, and instead improved gradually between 1982 and 1985, ending up at about the same level in 1985 as in 1980. The Voluntary Restraint Arrangements (VRAs) with Japan, which began in 1981, seem to be the explanation for why the negative effects of exchange rates and costs on U.S. auto price competitiveness were offset. The VRAs are also a reason why average prices of U.S. automakers rose faster than other U.S. prices as measured by the consumer price ind
International coordination of trade policy by J. David Richardson( Book )

8 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) is a coordination compact. Tariff bindings illustrate a mechanism for making commitments credible. Reciprocity illustrates a means for redistributing cooperative gains. The Most-Favored-Nation (MFN) principle illustrates an attempt to keep coordination "virtuous" (cooperative) rather than "vicious" (collusive). Yet international trade policy coordination has clearly become more difficult. The postwar hegemonic environment has evolved into a more general strategic environment with several influential governments and blocs. Such coalitions are a natural evolutionary development, yet one that inexorably undermines MFN. Economic developments make a country's comparative advantage increasingly sensitive to sectoral predation by others, especially through subsidies and performance requirements aimed at mobile multinational firms, which are themselves internationally coordinated. Immobile workers and others correspondingly bear the burdens of sharper adjustments, and look to government to turn its trade policy narrowly inward in order to ease their load. Such "domestication" of trade policy is the antithesis of international coordination, and runs the risk of creating a strategic paralysis of recurring unproductivity. What changes might restore the liberalizing impetus of trade policy coordination? Several are considered in the paper. One is extension of the "Codes" approach to multilateral negotiations under the GATT, especially to Subsidies and Safeguards . Many reflections in the paper are framed in categories from recent economic thinking about policy coordination in "strategic" environments -- those with small numbers of self-consciously interdependent agents. The paper argues that these are the appropriate environments in which to analyze international coordination of trade policy
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Geography and ownership as bases for economic accounting
Alternative Names

Geoff Richardson Brits gitarist

Geoff Richardson britský hudebník

Geoffrey Richardson musicien britannique

Geoffrey Richardson músico británico

Richardson, David

Richardson, David (J. David)

Richardson, J. D.

Richardson, J. David

Richardson, John David

جفری ریچاردسون گیتاریست بریتانیایی

English (237)

Competition policies for the global economyWhy global commitment really matters!Why exports matter : more!