WorldCat Identities

Lewis, Bernard 1916-2018

Works: 725 works in 3,604 publications in 16 languages and 74,807 library holdings
Genres: History  Sources  Terminology  Biographies  Autobiographies  Dictionaries  Interviews  Personal narratives  Anecdotes 
Roles: Author, Editor, Translator, Other, Director, Speaker, Contributor, Honoree, Author of introduction, Publishing director, Creator, Performer, 070, Annotator, Interviewee, Distributor, Redactor
Classifications: BP182, 956
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about Bernard Lewis
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Most widely held works by Bernard Lewis
The Arabs in history by Bernard Lewis( Book )

237 editions published between 1950 and 2017 in 8 languages and held by 5,587 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Now brought completely up to date, this classic study by one of the world's premier historians of the Middle East considers the achievement of the Arab peoples and their place in world history, from pre-Islamic times to the present-day. In a concise and readable account, Lewis examines the awakening that accompanied the advent of Islam and the political, religious, and social developments that transformed the Arab kingdom into an Islamic empire. He brings the edition up-to-the-minute with an account of recent events in the Middle East and analyzes the forces, internal and external, that have shaped the modern Arab world. Lewis shows how Western inventions and institutions have shattered the old structures and the traditional way of life, affecting every Arab, and causing a still unsatisfied demand for social, political, and cultural renewal
What went wrong? : Western impact and Middle Eastern response by Bernard Lewis( Book )

51 editions published between 2000 and 2006 in English and held by 4,503 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"For many centuries, the world of Islam was in the forefront of human achievement - the foremost military and economic power in the world, the leader in the arts and sciences of civilization. Christian Europe, a remote land beyond its northwestern frontier, was seen as an outer darkness of barbarism and unbelief from which there was nothing to learn or to fear. And then everything changed, as the previously despised West won victory after victory, first on the battlefield and in the marketplace, then in almost every aspect of public and even private life." "In this volume, Bernard Lewis examines the anguished reaction of the Islamic world as it tried to understand why things had changed, how they had been overtaken, overshadowed, and to an increasing extent dominated by the West. Lewis provides a fascinating portrait of a culture in turmoil. He shows how the Middle East turned its attention to understanding European weaponry and military tactics, commerce and industry, government and diplomacy, education and culture. He describes how some Middle Easterners fastened blame on a series of scapegoats, both external and internal, while others asked, not "who did this to us?" but rather "where did we go wrong?" and, as a natural consequence, "how do we put it right?" Lewis highlights the striking differences between the Western and Middle Eastern cultures from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries with thought-provoking comparisons of such things as Christianity and Islam, music and the arts, the position of women, secularism and the civil society, the clock and the calendar."--Jacket
The crisis of Islam : holy war and unholy terror by Bernard Lewis( Book )

76 editions published between 2003 and 2013 in English and held by 3,572 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The Crisis of Islam ranges widely through thirteen centuries of history, but in particular it charts the key events of the twentieth century leading up to the violent confrontations of today: the creation of the state of Israel, the Cold War, the Iranian Revolution, the Soviet defeat in Afghanistan, the Gulf War, and the September 11 attacks on the United States." "While hostility toward the West has a long and varied history in the lands of Islam, its current concentration on America is new. So too is the cult of the suicide bomber. Brilliantly disentangling the crosscurrents of Middle Eastern history from the rhetoric of its manipulators, Bernard Lewis helps us understand the reasons for the increasingly dogmatic rejection of modernity by many in the Muslim world in favor of a return to a sacred past. Based on his George Polk Award-winning article for The New Yorker, The Crisis of Islam is essential reading for anyone who wants to know what Usama bin Ladin represents and why his murderous message resonates so widely in the Islamic world."--Jacket
From Babel to dragomans : interpreting the Middle East by Bernard Lewis( )

44 editions published between 2004 and 2017 in 3 languages and held by 3,305 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Over the course of his professional career, Bernard Lewis has proven himself as a scholar learned in a number of languages, who has interpreted Islam, the Ottoman Empire, and the modern Middle East for the West. Now, this respected authority has brought together his reflections on Middle Eastern history and foreign affairs written over six decades. The essays include such topics of pan-Arabism, the Mughal and Ottoman empires, the relationship between Western powers and the Middle East, travel in the region, food and feasts, and the problems and practice of writing Middle Eastern history. The pieces cover great events of twentieth-century history, such as the emergence of modern Israel, the Iranian Revolution, and the Gulf War. And they address urgent and compelling topics such as the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and the significance of Saddam Hussein and Osama bin Laden. The collection ranges from English originals of articles published before only in foreign languages, to previously unpublished writings, to his highly regarded essays from publications such as Foreign Affairs and The New York Review of Books. With more than fifty pieces in all prefaced by a new, personal memoir by Lewis, this is a valuable collection for everyone interested in the Middle East. Here then is a rich repository of wisdom on one of the key areas of the modern world - a wealth of profound reflections on Middle Eastern history, culture, politics, and current events."--Jacket
Islam and the West by Bernard Lewis( Book )

28 editions published between 1993 and 2003 in English and held by 3,158 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In Islam and the West, Bernard Lewis brings together in one volume eleven essays that indeed open doors to the innermost domains of Islam. Lewis ranges far and wide in these essays. He includes long pieces, such as his capsule history of the interaction--in war and peace, in commerce and culture--between Europe and its Islamic neighbors, and shorter ones, such as his deft study of the Arabic word watan and what its linguistic history reveals about the introduction of the idea of patriotism from the West. Lewis offers a revealing look at Edward Gibbon's portrait of Muhammad in Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (unlike previous writers, Gibbon saw the rise of Islam not as something separate and isolated, nor as a regrettable aberration from the onward march of the church, but simply as a part of human history); he offers a devastating critique of Edward Said's controversial book, Orientalism; and he gives an account of the impediments totranslating from classic Arabic to other languages (the old dictionaries, for one, are packed with scribal errors, misreadings, false analogies, and etymological deductions that pay little attention to the evolution of the language). And he concludes with an astute commentary on the Islamic world today, examining revivalism, fundamentalism, the role of the Shi'a, and the larger question of religious co-existence between Muslims, Christians, and Jews. - Publisher description
The Middle East : a brief history of the last 2,000 years by Bernard Lewis( Book )

46 editions published between 1995 and 2014 in 3 languages and held by 2,763 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Charts the successive transformations of the Middle East; details the forces that have shaped the history of the region: the Islamic religion and legal system; the traditions of government; the immense variety of trade and the wide range of crops; the elites--military, commercial, religious, intellectual and artistic--and the commonality, including such socially distinct groups as slaves, women, and non-believers
The emergence of modern Turkey by Bernard Lewis( Book )

108 editions published between 1951 and 2009 in 7 languages and held by 2,507 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The subject of this book is the emergence of a new Turkey from the decline and collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Although there have been many books on the Turkish revolution, this is the first in which the development of modern Turkey is examined in detail over a period of two centuries, and with extensive use of Turkish as well as Western sources. In this new edition, the author has made a number of corrections and additions, and has revised the presentation of several topics to take account of new evidence and new research."--Back cover
The Jews of Islam by Bernard Lewis( Book )

73 editions published between 1977 and 2014 in 6 languages and held by 2,166 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Against a vivid background of Jewish and Islamic history, Bernard Lewis portrays the Judaeo-Islamic tradition -- a cultural relationship parallel to the Judaeo-Christian heritage. He traces its origins in the early Middle Ages, its flowering, and its ending, followed by the incorporation of most of the Jews of Islamic countries into the state of Israel. The book examines the relations of Islam and other religions; the formative and classical periods of the Judaeo-Islamic tradition in medieval Islam; the development of the Ottoman Empire; and its eventual demise in the twentieth century. This book was originally published in 1984.-- Publisher description
The Cambridge history of Islam by P. M Holt( Book )

20 editions published between 1970 and 1997 in English and held by 1,967 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This work aims to present to the reader a narrative of the several threads of Islamic history over a period of more than 13 centuries, in an area extending from Spain and Morocco to South East Asia. In view of this enormous perspective and the fact that only two volumes must fulfill the task, the editors are naturally explicit about the book's limitations: it is intended primarily for general readers of history, for students of history, and particularly for students of Oriental disciplines (I, p. ix). While not claiming to present any exhaustive definitive account, the editors have shown a keen awareness of the shortcomings and gaps in much of the secondary material previously recommended to students and general readers, and have tried 'to offer an authoritative guide to the state of knowledge at the present day, and to provide a sound foundation on which to build' (I, p. xviii). -- From (Nov. 25, 2016)
The Muslim discovery of Europe by Bernard Lewis( Book )

80 editions published between 1957 and 2015 in 7 languages and held by 1,726 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Muslim world of the 11th century was a great civilization, a center of art and science stretching from Spain to the Middle East, while Europe lay slumbering in the Dark Ages. The two worlds knew little of one another. Slowly, inevitably, however, Europe and Islam came together through trade and war, crusade and diplomacy. The Muslims began to take note of the Europeans and to write about them, to acquire information on languages, science, government, religion, economics. -- Back cover
Istanbul and the civilization of the Ottoman Empire by Bernard Lewis( Book )

41 editions published between 1963 and 2011 in 5 languages and held by 1,723 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Administration, society and intellectual life of the Turkish Empire during the two centuries that followed the capture of Constantinople in 1453
The Assassins: a radical sect in Islam by Bernard Lewis( Book )

79 editions published between 1967 and 2007 in English and Turkish and held by 1,525 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The Assassins is a comprehensive, readable, and authoritative account of history's first terrorists. An offshoot of the Ismaili Shi'ite sect of Islam, the Assassins were the first group to make systematic use of murder as a political weapon. Established in Iran and Syria in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, they aimed to overthrow the existing Sunni order in Islam and replace it with their own. They terrorized their foes with a series of dramatic murders of Islamic leaders, as well as of some of the Crusaders, who brought their name and fame back to Europe. Professor Lewis traces the history of this radical group, studying its teachings and its influence on Muslim thought. Particularly insightful in light of the rise of the terrorist attacks in the U.S. and in Israel, this account of the Assassins--whose name is now synonymous with politically motivated murderers--places recent events in historical perspective and sheds new light on the fanatic mind."--Back cover
Faith and power : religion and politics in the Middle East by Bernard Lewis( )

20 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 1,521 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Bernard Lewis is recognized around the globe as one of the leading authorities on Islam. Hailed as "the world's foremost Islamic scholar" (Wall Street Journal), as "a towering figure among experts on the culture and religion of the Muslim world" (Baltimore Sun), and as "the doyen of Middle Eastern studies" (New York Times), Lewis is nothing less than a national treasure, a trusted voice that politicians, journalists, historians, and the general public have all turned to for insight into the Middle East. Now, Lewis has brought together writings on religion and government in the Middle East, so different than in the Western world. The collection includes previously unpublished writings, English originals of articles published before only in foreign languages, and an introduction to the book by Lewis"--Provided by publisher
Islam : from the Prophet Muhammad to the capture of Constantinople by Bernard Lewis( Book )

52 editions published between 1965 and 2005 in English and held by 1,457 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Islam in history : ideas, people, and events in the Middle East by Bernard Lewis( Book )

56 editions published between 1973 and 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,450 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This collection of essays, written by the foremost Western expert in Islamic studies, gives essential background on present Middle Eastern conflicts with the West, and how this religion, from its first expansion to the exploits of Saddam Hussein, has been fatefully involved with the Western world
Islam and the Arab world : faith, people, culture by Bernard Lewis( Book )

17 editions published in 1976 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,442 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this book thirteen eminent authorities provide a long-overdue and highly rewarding survey of Islamic culture and history, from the days of the Prophet Muhammad to modern times. The names of the contributors and their academic affiliations appear on the back of this book jacket. Their specific subjects cover: the faith of Islam and the people who embraced it; Islamic art and architecture; the growth and culture of urban Islam; the mystic path of the Sufi tradition; Islamic literature; Islamic music--its philosophy theory, and practice; Islamic contributions to the development of science; strategy, tactics, and weapons in Islamic warfare; the golden age of Cordoba and Granada; the flowering of Iranian civilization; the rise and fall of Turkish domination; Muslim India; problems and prospects of the 19th and 20th centuries. The comprehensive text is supplemented with close to 500 illustrations, 160 of them in color."
Cultures in conflict : Christians, Muslims, and Jews in the age of discovery by Bernard Lewis( Book )

46 editions published between 1994 and 2011 in 3 languages and held by 1,417 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

With elegance and erudition, Lewis explores that climactic year of 1492 as a clash of civilizations - a clash not only of the New World and the Old but also of Christendom, Islam, and the Jews. In the same year that Columbus set sail across the Atlantic, he reminds us, the Spanish monarchs captured Granada, the last Muslim stronghold on the peninsula, and also expelled the Jews. Lewis uses these three epochal events to explore the nature of the expansion of Europe, placing the voyages of discovery in a striking new context. He traces Christian Europe's path from primitive backwater on the edges of the vast cosmopolitan Caliphate, through the heightening rivalry of Christianity and Islam, to the triumph of the West, examining the factors behind their changing fortunes. That contest long remained more important in many Christians minds than the New World: as late as 1683, Vienna almost fell to the Ottoman armies. Lewis also reflects on changing qualities in European and Islamic cultures and the place of the Jews in both. The Jews who fled Spain found a receptive environment in Turkey; but the balance of tolerance and openness to innovation steadily shifted west. The voyages of discovery were themselves a part of the Christian-Muslim conflict, he writes, an attempt to outflank the Islamic world. The European explorers sailed into a world they scarcely understood; and yet they imposed their own perceptions of geography on the lands they conquered. Africa, Asia, the Middle and Far East, the Old and New Worlds - as intellectual concepts, all are European creations, Lewis observes; ironically, these same definitions have been accepted by even the most anti-Western activists
Introduction to Islamic theology and law by Ignác Goldziher( Book )

12 editions published between 1980 and 1981 in English and held by 1,333 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ignaz Goldziher was a pre-eminent scholar of Islam during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This book encapsulates his own lifetime of work and provides something of an historical commentary on his epoch in the Western academic study of Islam. One of its strengths is that Goldziher's investigation of historical development probes into underlying religious motivations and allied theological issues. The book quickly became a classic of its day. It remains a classic that, in our day, is well worth re-visiting as it can still inform our understanding of contemporary Islam, whose roots lie in all that Goldziher covers
The Middle East and the West by Bernard Lewis( Book )

64 editions published between 1963 and 1978 in 5 languages and held by 1,333 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The political language of Islam by Bernard Lewis( Book )

37 editions published between 1988 and 2017 in 5 languages and held by 1,312 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Arabic has an entirely different political vocabulary from that shared by most Western languages. The political language of Islam is rooted in Islamic scriptures and classics and shaped by Islamic political experiences. It uses metaphors and symbols that sometimes coincide with and sometimes differ from those of the Western world, and it operates within a frame of reference and allusion often unlike that to which we in the West are accustomed. Here, historian Bernard Lewis traces the growth and development of Islamic political language from the advent of the Prophet and the promulgation of the Qur'an in the seventh century through the transformation of political thought, institutions, and discourse in modern times. Through historical analysis of the formation and transformation of the technical terms used in the literature of statecraft, in the theories of political philosophers, and in the actual conduct of government, he clarifies the perception, discussion, and practice of politics in the Islamic world.--From publisher description
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What went wrong? : Western impact and Middle Eastern response
What went wrong? : Western impact and Middle Eastern responseThe crisis of Islam : holy war and unholy terrorFrom Babel to dragomans : interpreting the Middle EastIslam and the WestThe Middle East : a brief history of the last 2,000 yearsThe emergence of modern TurkeyThe Jews of IslamThe Cambridge history of Islam
Alternative Names
Bernard Lewis Amerikalı tarihçi

Bernard Lewis brit-amerikai történész

Bernard Lewis britischer Islamwissenschaftler

Bernard Lewis British-American historian

Bernard Lewis britisk historikar

Bernard Lewis britisk historiker

Bernard Lewis Brits historicus

Bernard Lewis brittisk historiker

Bernard Lewis brytyjsko-amerykański historyk

Bernard Lewis historiador y orientalista británico

Bernard Lewis historien britannique

Bernard Lewis storico e orientalista britannico

Bernard Lewis történész

Bernard Luis

Bonade Luyisi

Lewis, B.

Lewis, B. 1916-

Lewis, B. 1916-2018

Lewis, Bernard

Lewis, Bernard 1916-

Lewis, Bernhard 1916-2018

Lewisas Bernardas

Liwīs, Birnārd, 1916-2018

Luis, Bernārd.

Luʼis, Bernard 1916-

Luʾis, Bernard 1916-2018

Luvīs, Birnārd

Luwīs, Birnārd 1916-

Luwīs, Birnārd, 1916-2018

Бърнард Луис

Луис Бернард

Льюис, Бернард

Льюис, Бернард 1916-

Льюис, Бернард британский и американский историк, востоковед

ברנרד לואיס

ברנרד לואיס מזרחן, היסטוריון וסופר יהודי בריטי-אמריקאי

לואיס, ברנארד

לואיס, ברנרד‪‪‪‪‪‪‪‪

לואיס, ברנרד 1916-

לואיס, ברנרד 1916-2018

برنارد لويس

برنارد لويس، 1916-

برنارد لويس مؤرخ بريطاني أمريكي

برنارد لوئیس

برنارد لوئیس تاریخ‌نگار بریتانیایی

برنارد لوییس

بيرنارد لويس

لويس، برنار، 1916-

لويس، برنارد

لويس، برنارد, 1916-

لويس, برنارد, 1916-2018

لوئىس، برنارد, 1916-

루이스, B. 1916-2018

루이스, 버나드 1916-2018

버나드 루이스


ルイス, B

ルイス, バ-ナ-ド 1916-2018

ルイス, バーナード


伯纳德 . 路易斯