WorldCat Identities

Becker, Abraham S. (Abraham Samuel) 1927-2003

Works: 82 works in 342 publications in 2 languages and 5,728 library holdings
Roles: Author, Editor
Classifications: AS36, 330.95604
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Abraham S Becker
The economics and politics of the Middle East by Abraham S Becker( Book )

26 editions published between 1975 and 1989 in English and Undetermined and held by 668 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Soviet national income, 1958-1964; national accounts of the USSR in the seven year plan period by Abraham S Becker( Book )

20 editions published in 1969 in English and held by 561 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An examination of the pattern of Soviet national income and output during the years 1958-1964, based on Abram Bergson's Soviet National Income and Product system, and investigation of the policy implications of the Seven Year Plan (SYP), 1959-1965 is presented. (Author)
Military expenditure limitation for arms control : problems and prospects : with a documentary history of recent proposals by Abraham S Becker( Book )

11 editions published in 1977 in English and held by 476 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Economic relations with the USSR : issues for the Western Alliance( Book )

11 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 328 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Sitting on bayonets : the Soviet defense burden and the slowdown of Soviet defense spending by Abraham S Becker( Book )

9 editions published between 1985 and 1986 in English and held by 182 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The burden of Soviet defense : a political-economic essay by Abraham S Becker( Book )

8 editions published between 1981 and 1983 in English and held by 158 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Two questions are posed: How can we explain the monotonic growth of the Soviet military budget over two decades when overall economic growth was slowing down? Can changes in this pattern be expected? Section II defines and analyzes the concept of the Soviet defense burden, then surveys empirical measures of the burden. Section III is skeptical about the extent to which the Soviet buildup is a response to external threats to security. The persistent buildup is seen instead to reflect the leadership's perception of national priorities and to be supported by a decisionmaking apparatus that maintains them. In the near future, external challenges (particularly the U.S. buildup) and opportunities will create pressures to maintain the pace of military spending, but worsening economic prospects will make it increasingly burdensome. Neither Brezhnev nor his successors are likely to have new options for dealing with this dilemma, and considerations that have induced the Politburo to try to 'middle through' will probably continue to dominate. U.S. policy has a significant capacity to influence Soviet policy in this direction
The 27th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union : a report from the Airlie House conference by Abraham Becker( Book )

2 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 153 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The 27th Soviet Party Congress convened in Moscow on February 25, 1986. It was awaited with particular anticipation both inside and outside the Soviet Union because it would indicate the directions that Mikhail Gorbachev and his new team would attempt to set for the Soviet Union in the years ahead. To identify and assess the principal developments at the Congress, and to consider the potential implications of Gorbachev's first year in power, the RAND/UCLA Center for the Study of Soviet International Behavior and Columbia University's W. Averell Harriman Institute for the Advanced Study of the Soviet Union sponsored an international conference, held at Airlie House in Virginia from April 11-13, 1986. This Joint Note from the RAND/UCLA Center for the Study of Soviet International Behavior transmits the results of that conference, which discussed the Soviet domestic social-political situation, and Soviet economics, security issues, and foreign policy."--Rand abstracts
Soviet central decisionmaking and economic growth : a summing up by Abraham S Becker( Book )

6 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 143 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This report summarizes important characteristics of Soviet economic decisionmaking, examines Soviet prospects for economic growth under Gorbachev, and draws some policy implications for the United States. The author suggests that military development pressure is the most reliable U.S. bargaining tool, but cautions that its validity depends on continuation of Soviet economic stringencies and a Soviet belief that the U.S. threat can be rendered manageable. Therefore, U.S. military pressure should be balanced by a readiness to define conditions of strategic parity and to reach workable agreements translating such criteria into reality."--Rand Abstracts
Economic leverage on the Soviet Union in the 1980's by Abraham S Becker( Book )

4 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 141 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report presents a reevaluation of the use of leverage on Soviet behavior by means of the instruments of East-West economic relations. A conceptual framework is presented in Sections II and III, centering on the ideas of leverage and denial as policy tools and on the opportunities and constrains offered by Soviet economic dependence and vulnerabilities. Sections IV through VI analyze the actual use of the major export instruments--grain, credit, and gas pipeline technology--during the early 1980s. Section VII takes up the issue of consensus in the Western alliance as a condition of successful East-West trade policy. The author concludes that the only possibility for effective denial over the long term is to aim at selective impedance of the Soviet military effort
Managing U.S.-Soviet relations in the 1990s by Abraham S Becker( Book )

8 editions published in 1989 in English and Russian and held by 138 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report considers the effects of the changes initiated by General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev on the Soviet Union's probable future internal development and external behavior, and the appropriate U.S. strategy toward the Soviet Union under these conditions. The authors conclude that there are grounds for hope for considerable improvement in East-West relations, but the uncertainties are substantial enough to warrant some reservation. After identifying several alternative Western strategies for dealing with the Soviet Union, they opt for one of step-by-step engagement. The United States should engage the Soviets in a two-level dialogue. On the first level, the United States should explore the kinds of fundamental changes in the Soviet Union that would make it possible to move beyond containment and deterrence to a better balanced, more cooperative East-West relationship; to consider what would constitute evidence that such changes were taking place; and to determine how to reciprocate Soviet self-restraint and cooperation. On the second level, the United States should continue the discussions on the current U.S.-Soviet agenda--arms control, regional and bilateral issues, human rights--to which the issue of East European instability should be added, in order to help delimit and defuse the superpower competition
Oil and the Persian Gulf in Soviet policy in the 1970s by Abraham S Becker( Book )

11 editions published between 1969 and 1972 in English and held by 136 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The paper attempts to develop some of the relevant considerations affecting Soviet policy in the Gulf. A first and major one is Soviet economic interest in Middle Eastern oil, an issue that generally neglects tradeoffs with natural gas. The second section examines the implications of a probable change in the USSR's oil trade position in the context of the evolving oil politics of the Middle East. It concludes with consideration of inter-state conflict in which Soviet policy will have to operate
The Soviet Union and the third world : the economic dimension by Abraham S Becker( Book )

7 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 123 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper is a revised version of one prepared for a conference on "The Soviet Union and the Third World: The Last Three Decades," sponsored by the RAND-UCLA Center for the Study of Soviet International Behavior, Bellagio, Italy, November 11-15, 1985. The paper surveys some of the outstanding economic issues and developments of Soviet involvement in the non-Communist Third World. The author suggests that the scale of Soviet economic involvement in the Third World has grown markedly over the past three decades, but has also been held back by Soviet resource stringency. Soviet arms sales will remain a significant factor in international relations and in the Soviet balance of payments, and trade with the developing countries will grow in both nominal and real terms. However, limited resources will continue to retard Soviet efforts in the Third World unless Soviet economic prospects brighten much more than now seems likely
International limitation of military expenditure : issues and problems : a report by Abraham S Becker( Book )

7 editions published between 1975 and 1976 in English and held by 121 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ogarkov's complaint and Gorbachev's dilemma : the Soviet defense budget and party-military conflict by Abraham S Becker( Book )

7 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 117 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This report attempts to illuminate the conflict within the Soviet Union between the Communist Party and the military high command over resource allocation in the early 1980s. It examines the measures of resource growth that the two sides could have used in the debate. It also considers Gorbachev's approach to the same problem in the last half of the 1980s and the connections between the two episodes. The author suggests that, in the future, Gorbachev's ability to maneuver may be limited by the growing harshness of military-Party relations. Furthermore, his failure to make good on his promises could aggravate the military-Party conflict. Keywords: USSR; Communist; Military Forces (Foreign); Economics. (SDW)."--DTIC
Soviet policy in the Middle East by Abraham S Becker( Book )

7 editions published in 1970 in English and held by 115 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

National income accounting in the USSR by Abraham S Becker( Book )

14 editions published between 1969 and 1971 in English and held by 111 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The paper is concerned with the concepts, procedures and numerical estimates of national income and product, adopted and performed by the Central Statistical Administration of the Soviet Union. It deals with current accounting practices, published data, some problem areas. (Author)
Israel and the Palestinian occupied territories: military-political issues in the debate by Abraham S Becker( Book )

8 editions published between 1971 and 1973 in English and Undetermined and held by 110 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A study of Israeli views on the disposition of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Relatively dormant since the conclusion of Israel's War of Independence in 1948-1949, the Palestinian problem as an issue of Israeli policy was revived by the addition in 1967 of one million Arabs to the 400,000 already in Israel. Sharp internal debate produced a wide range of ideas for disposition of the conquered Palestinian territories, from annexation to the return of all areas except Jerusalem to their previous Arab rulers--including creation of a Palestinian state. Due to the lack of a consensus, the government took no official position. The debate concentrated primarily on the extent to which the territories would improve Israel's security, their significance in Jewish history, and their large, nationally conscious Arab population. Opinions were not divided according to political party, socioeconomic background, or age, due to a general agreement on certain basic tenets
The significance of divergent U.S.-USSR military expenditure by Arthur J Alexander( Book )

6 editions published in 1979 in English and held by 102 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Due to steady increases in Soviet military expenditure over 15 years, plus sharp decreases in U.S. outlays in the first part of the 1970s, the size of Soviet military programs has exceeded that of U.S. programs for several years. The margin has been widening and is forecast to persist. The disparity in many mission outlay areas is impressively large: a three-to-one advantage to the Soviet Union in Strategic Forces; about 75 percent more than U.S. for General Purpose Forces; and near parity with the U.S. in Support Forces. In military investment the Soviet margin has been 50 to 80 percent above the U.S. These disparities constitute an additional indicator that the U.S. needs military effort. However, the so-called 'defense spending gap' cannot indicate the U.S. effort required. The latter depends on the mix of military capabilities necessary to meet peacetime, crisis and long-term competition criteria. (Author)
Strategic breakout as a Soviet policy option by Abraham S Becker( Book )

7 editions published between 1976 and 1977 in English and Undetermined and held by 97 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The author examines the assumption that the Soviet Union is unlikely to violate the SALT agreements because any incentive to do so would be overriden by the military and political costs of breaching the agreements and the far greater benefits of compliance. He suggests that there are Soviet incentives for covert and overt buildup within or without treaty constraints. His analysis of strategic breakout (which he defines as large-scale violation of the SALT treaty) is concerned with objectives and motivations for such an action, and the conditions fostering a change in direction. An important factor is an understanding of Soviet military decisionmaking. He notes that, even without a formal treaty, breakout may be defined as a form of military buildup 'breaking away' from an informal strategic accommodation with the U.S
Russia and Caspian oil : Moscow loses control by Abraham S Becker( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 92 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper examines Russian policy and behavior in recent years regarding the exploitation of Caspian Sea oil, in terms of three broad issues: ownership of the seabed resources; participation in the international development consortia formed to exploit these resources; and the routes, construction and ownership of the pipelines linking the Caspian to world markets. The paper identifies major factors helping to explain Moscow's failure to secure control over the Caspian basin, of which the decisive one is Russian economic and military weakness in a new and unfavorable geopolitical environment
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Alternative Names
Becker, A. S.

Becker, A. S. 1927-

Becker, A. S. (Abraham Samuel), 1927-

Becker, A. S. (Abraham Samuel), 1927-2003

Becker, Abraham C.

Becker, Abraham S.

Becker, Abraham S. 1927-

Becker, Abraham Samuel

Becker, Abraham Samuel 1927-

English (178)

Russian (1)