WorldCat Identities

Carroll, Stephen J. 1940-

Overview
Works: 97 works in 310 publications in 1 language and 13,748 library holdings
Roles: Author, Editor
Classifications: AS36, 346.73078
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Stephen J Carroll
The search for equity in school finance by Stephen J Carroll( Book )

17 editions published between 1976 and 1983 in English and held by 615 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Part of a three-volume report on the effects of school finance reform, this volume examines the effects of reform on Michigan school districts' budgets from 1971 to 1976. Econometric models were used. Researchers found a very small "price" effect--an elasticity of -.02. The data provide no evidence that state matching grants stimulate school district expenditures enough to be a useful policy tool. It was also found that state block grants exert a very small influence on school district expenditures. Results imply, however, that expenditures are increased by 32 to 38 percent of the amount of state or federal categorical aid. Researchers found significantly higher expenditures in school districts serving populations that are wealthier, higher income, employed in higher-level positions, more minority, and more urban. Expenditures are significantly lower in school districts serving populations tending to live in owner occupied housing and tending to be in poverty. (Author/JM)
Asbestos litigation by Stephen J Carroll( Book )

18 editions published between 2002 and 2005 in English and held by 479 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Asbestos litigation is the longest-running mass tort litigation in U.S. history. Through 2002, approximately 730,000 individuals have brought claims against some 8,400 business entities, and defendants and insurers have spent a total of $70 billion on litigation. Building on previous RAND briefings, the authors report on what happened to those who have claimed injury from asbestos, what happened to the defendants in those cases, and how lawyers and judges have managed the cases
Punitive damages in financial injury jury verdicts by Erik Moller( Book )

9 editions published in 1997 in English and Undetermined and held by 430 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report provides the technical details of an Institute for Civil Justice analysis of trends and patterns in punitive damage awards in financial injury cases in selected jurisdictions during the period 1985 through 1994. The jurisdictions include all state trial courts of general jurisdiction in the states of California and New York; Cook County, Illinois (Chicago); the St. Louis, Missouri, metropolitan area; and Harris County, Texas (Houston). These data are supplemented by information obtained from the Administrative Office of the Alabama Courts for verdicts reached in that state's trial courts of general jurisdiction during the period 1992 to 1997. The study also estimates what percentage of the financial injury punitive awards in the database would have been affected by caps of various sizes and how the caps would have affected the total amount of punitive damages awarded in such cases
No-fault approaches to compensating people injured in automobile accidents( Book )

3 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 219 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Widespread dissatisfaction with the traditional approach to compensating people for auto accident injuries has revived interest in no-fault approaches. This report estimates the effects of a broad range of no-fault plans, compared with the traditional system. The study is primarily based on data from two sources--closed-claim surveys and a household survey--which were combined to construct a representative sample of people injured in auto accidents. The authors use data on what actually happened to people injured in auto accidents in states that have adopted no-fault systems, to develop statistical models. These models relate injuries, losses, and other factors to whether or not the victims received any compensation from auto insurance and, if so, how much, how quickly, and at what transaction costs. The authors then apply these models to samples of people injured in auto accidents in states that retain the traditional compensation system to estimate what would have been their outcomes under a specified no-fault alternative. Finally, they compare the actual outcomes people experienced under the traditional system with their estimated outcomes under various no-fault alternatives. The findings indicate that no-fault can yield substantial savings over the traditional system, or may increase costs substantially, depending on the no-fault plan's provisions. Regardless of plan provisions, all no-fault plans reduce transaction costs, match compensation more closely with economic loss, reduce the amounts paid in compensation for noneconomic loss to less seriously injured people, and speed up compensation
Assessing the effects of tort reforms by Stephen J Carroll( Book )

3 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 218 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report offers a framework for assessing the effects of tort reforms. It attempts to provide a coherent structure for systematically thinking about how research can contribute to the policy debate over tort reform. It identifies four basic policy issues critical to assessing the effects of tort reforms on the tort system: (1) how soon we can expect to see effects of reforms; (2) whether reforms have affected the outcomes of disputes; (3) who won, who lost, and how much; and (4) whether reforms have affected economic behavior. The author points out that the kinds of data needed to assess the effects of reform are generally not available, and suggests that three types of new data collection systems need to be considered: (1) systematic efforts to obtain data from insurers and self-insured defendants on the aggregate outcomes of liability claims; (2) special surveys of claimants, the bar, and insurers to obtain the detailed individual claim information needed to identify the winners and losers in the reformed system; and (3) systems for collecting information both on the other factors that affect the behavior of participants in the tort system, and on economic outcomes and injuries
The effects of third-party, bad faith doctrine on automobile insurance costs and compensation by Angela Hawken( Book )

4 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 212 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The question of whether an automobile accident victim should be allowed to bring a claim for punitive damages for unfair settlement practices against another person's liability insurer -- a so-called third-party, bad faith suit -- has become an important policy concern. This book examines the compensation that automobile insurers paid to accident victims in California during a period, 1979 to 1988, when such punitive damages claims were permitted. This book looks at the effects of the adoption and subsequent rejection of the Royal Globe doctrine, which allowed third-party bad-faith suits, on compensation and costs of bodily injury claims. The authors find that the adoption of Royal Globe triggered sharp increases in both the average bodily compensation payment and the relative frequency of bodily injury claims in California relative to the other tort states. In contrast, the elimination of Royal Globe dramatically reversed these trends."--Rand abstracts
Distribution of losses from large terrorist attacks under the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act( Book )

8 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 200 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The pending expiration of the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act (TRIA) of 2002 is the impetus for this assessment of how TRIA redistributes terrorism losses. The authors find that the role of taxpayers is expected to be minimal in all but very rare cases and that, even with TRIA in place, a high fraction of losses would go uninsured in each of the attack scenarios examined
No-fault automobile insurance : a policy perspective by Stephen J Carroll( Book )

2 editions published in 1991 in Undetermined and English and held by 198 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The effects of a choice automobile insurance plan on insurance cost and compensation : an updated analysis by Stephen J Carroll( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 196 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report updates an earlier study in which the authors estimated the effects of a choice automobile insurance plan on the costs of compensating auto accident victims in which the no-fault option was absolute no-fault (ANF). The authors assumed that 50 percent of the consumers who would have purchased auto insurance under their state's current system would switch to ANF under the choice plan. That study, requested by the Joint Economic Committee of the U.S. Senate and using data from 1987, estimated how a variant of that plan would affect the cost of private passenger auto insurance if all currently insured drivers elected the no-fault option. The present report uses recently obtained data for a representative sample of people who were compensated for auto accident injuries in 1992. With these data, the authors have replicated their analyses for 46 states. They find that the choice plan could substantially reduce the costs of compensating people injured in auto accidents
California's K-12 public schools : how are they doing?( Book )

6 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 192 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

California's public schools, once considered to be among the nation's best, are now being questioned as to their condition, performance, and ability to meet the needs of the state's diverse student population. This report describes the condition and performance of California's K-12 public schools. It describes the schools' student population, the resources provided to the schools (finances, teachers, and facilities), and the schools' outcomes. In looking at the outcomes, it first focuses on student academic achievement, as measured by standardized tests, and then turns to outcomes that schools may influence and that are inadequately captured in test scores. These include both educational attainment measures (high school graduation and continuation on to college) and nonacademic measures (teenage pregnancy, substance abuse, and delinquency). The report analyzes trends within the state and compares California to other states and to the nation as a whole
The effects of a choice auto insurance plan on insurance costs by Allan F Abrahamse( Book )

3 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 184 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Choice auto insurance would let drivers choose between traditional auto insurance and a no-fault plan. This report estimates how choice auto insurance would affect auto insurance costs in each state. The authors analyze the cost effects of a choice between tort and absolute no-fault in each of the states that now relies on the traditional tort system. (Absolute no-fault means that motorists neither recover nor are liable for noneconomic loss for any auto accident injury). For states that already have some form of no-fault auto insurance, the authors consider a plan offering a choice between the state's current no-fault plan and absolute no-fault. Key findings are that if insurance premiums are proportional to compensation costs, drivers who choose absolute no-fault should save about 60 percent on their premiums for personal injury coverage. The plan will have little effect on drivers who opt for coverage under their state's current system
The costs of excess medical claims for automobile personal injuries by Stephen J Carroll( Book )

5 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 180 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Over the past decade and a half, automobile insurance premiums for personal injury coverage have grown rapidly. Many fear that excess claims for medical care may be a major factor in the increase. This study analyzes the pattern of excess medical claiming across the states to estimate how much excess medical claiming exists and how much it costs consumers. The study concludes that 35-42 percent of claimed medical costs for automobile injuries are excess. In 1993, this excess claiming consumed approximately $4 billion of health care resources, cost insurers $9-$13 billion in compensation for noneconomic losses and other costs, and may have cost consumers $13-$18 billion in auto insurance premiums
The benefits to taxpayers from increases in students' educational attainment by Stephen J Carroll( Book )

3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 178 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Meeting the educational demands of the future will be expensive; however, in most states, public schools from kindergarten through the university level already experience budgetary challenges. Policymakers face the challenge of motivating taxpayers to provide the funds needed to meet mounting education needs. In this volume, Carroll and Erkut examine the financial benefits that taxpayers - regardless of whether they have children in school - realize from increases in educational attainment. First, investments in education benefit taxpayers because the investments produce more highly educated individuals, who tend to earn more income than those with lower levels of education and pay more in taxes, thus contributing more to programs such as Social Security. Second, more highly educated individuals are less likely to draw on social support programs, such as Medicare. And finally, more highly educated individuals are less likely to commit crimes, so increases in educational attainment reduce public spending on incarceration. Carroll and Erkut estimate the monetary value of these benefits over an individual's lifetime and how they vary as a result of education level
The effects of a choice automobile insurance plan on insurance costs and compensation : an analysis based on 1997 data by Stephen J Carroll( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 176 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study uses data on insurance claims closed in 1997 to estimate how a choice auto insurance plan, which gives drivers the option of selecting a somewhat modified version of their state's current auto insurance plan or a no-fault plan, would affect auto insurance costs
Jury awards and prejudgment interest in tort cases by Stephen J Carroll( Book )

3 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 174 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The U.S. experience with no-fault automobile insurance : a retrospective by James M Anderson( Book )

7 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 169 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"No-fault automobile-insurance regimes were the culmination of decades of dissatisfaction with the use of the traditional tort system for compensating victims of automobile accidents. They promised quicker, fairer, less-contentious, and, it was hoped, less-expensive resolution of automobile-accident injuries. This monograph considers how these plans have fared. After reviewing the intellectual and political history of no-fault auto insurance, the monograph concludes that no-fault lost political popularity because of the perception that it did not deliver the promised consumer premium cost reductions. Analysis of data from a variety of sources confirms this view, demonstrating that premiums and claim costs have become substantially larger in no-fault states than in other states over time. These cost increases can be traced to a variety of factors, including growth in excess claiming in no-fault states and convergence between no-fault and tort states in litigation patterns and noneconomic-damage payments. However, the primary driver of no-fault's cost growth has been high medical costs. The extent to which these additional costs represent augmented utilization of medical services rather than cost shifting from the medical insurance system to the automobile insurance system remains unclear."--Back cover
Identifying fraud, abuse, and error in personal bankruptcy filings by Noreen Clancy( Book )

5 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 167 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The U.S. Trustee Program (USTP), part of the U.S. Department of Justice, identifies and measures fraud, abuse, and error in personal bankruptcy filings. USTP asked the RAND Corporation to assist it in thinking about how to do this better. The authors conclude that a data-enabled case filing system, incorporating lessons from the IRS and GSA as well as the private sector, may be the direction for the future of the bankruptcy court system
Tracking K-12 education spending in California by Cathy S Krop( Book )

3 editions published in 1995 in English and Undetermined and held by 163 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

What is the cost of educating a child? Where is that money spent? Do most of the dollars go to the classroom or is an inordinate amount "wasted" on administration--as some critics claim? This study used data from California to begin addressing these key questions of the education reform debate. The authors detail the educational expenditures made by the California Department of Education, the county offices of education, the district offices of education, and the schools themselves in support of K-12 education in California for the 1992-93 school year. A major finding is that, on average across the state, 62 percent of school district general-fund spending goes to the classroom. In contrast, district operations account for 8 percent of school district general-fund spending, which amounts to 6 percent of K-12 spending. Besides the average expenditure patterns of all school districts in California, the study also looked at differences in these expenditure patterns for different types of school districts for special-needs populations
The Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 : evaluation of the effects of using IRS expense standards to calculate a debtor's monthly disposable income( Book )

3 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 157 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 (BAPCPA) requires that debtors filing for bankruptcy whose monthly income exceeds the median income for their household size in their state use the IRS expense standards rather than their current expenses to calculate their monthly disposable income (MDI). This report assesses this new requirement's effects on debtors and the courts
The effects of the changes in Chapter 7 debtors' lien-avoidance rights under the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005( Book )

4 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 152 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 (BAPCPA) limited the types and quantities of exempt household goods on which debtors could avoid certain liens. Part of the motivation for these changes was a perception that debtors were using household goods as collateral to obtain loans that they never intended to repay. This study found no changes in debtor or creditor behavior due to the new definition of household goods
 
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Asbestos litigation
Alternative Names
Carroll, S. J. 1940-

Carroll, S. J. (Stephen J.), 1940-

Carroll, S. J. (Steven J.), 1940-

Carroll, Stephen

Carroll, Stephen 1940-

Carroll, Stephen J.

Carroll, Steven J. 1940-

Languages
English (109)

Covers
Punitive damages in financial injury jury verdictsThe effects of third-party, bad faith doctrine on automobile insurance costs and compensationDistribution of losses from large terrorist attacks under the Terrorism Risk Insurance ActNo-fault automobile insurance : a policy perspectiveThe effects of a choice automobile insurance plan on insurance cost and compensation : an updated analysisCalifornia's K-12 public schools : how are they doing?The effects of a choice auto insurance plan on insurance costsThe costs of excess medical claims for automobile personal injuries