WorldCat Identities

Civil Aeromedical Institute

Works: 649 works in 1,315 publications in 1 language and 36,909 library holdings
Genres: Bibliography‡vCatalogs 
Classifications: RC1054.U5, 629.1366092
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Civil Aeromedical Institute
Anthropometric and mass distribution characteristics of the adult female( Book )

10 editions published between 1983 and 1984 in English and held by 208 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

GPS user-interface design problems by Kevin W Williams( Book )

7 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 184 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper is the second of two of a review of human factors problems associated with the user interface design of a set of Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers, certified for use in aircraft for instrument non-precision approaches. Both papers focus on design problems associated with the interfaces and specific inconsistencies across the set of interfaces that could cause confusion or errors during operation. Some specific problems addressed involve the placement of units in the cockpit; the use and design of moving map displays; and problems associated with changes in course direction indicator sensitivity. Recommendations for solving some of the problems are provided, as well as suggestions to the FAA, GPS manufacturers, and pilots regarding the future development and use of these products
Index to FAA Office of Aviation Medicine reports by United States( )

in English and held by 178 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The effects of video game experience on computer-based air traffic controller specialist, air traffic scenario test scores by Willie C Young( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 153 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The FAA is currently using the Air Traffic Scenario Test (ATST) as a major portion of its selection process. Because the ATST is a PC based application with a strong resemblance to a video game, concern has been raised that prior video game experience might have a moderating effect on scores. Much of the previous research in this area is associated with topics such as the moderating effects of prior computer experience on scores earned on computerized versions of traditional achievement or power tests, and the effects of practice on video games on individual difference tests for constructs such as spatial ability. The effects of computer or video game experience on work sample scores have not been systematically investigated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incremental validity of prior video game experience over that of general aptitude as a predictor of work sample test scores. The Computer Use Survey was administered to 404 air traffic control students who entered the FAA ATCS Nonradar Screen. The resultant responses from this survey related to video games were summed and averaged to create the predictor (VIDEO). Three criterion measures derived from the ATST, (ATSAFE, ARVDELAY, HNDDELAY) were regressed on the cognitive aptitude measure that serves as the initial selection screening test and the predictor (VIDEO). Self-reported experience on video games was found to be significantly related to ARVDELAY and HNDDELAY, accounting for an additional 3.6% of the variance in ARVDELAY, and accounting for an additional 9% of the variance in HNDDELAY. The results suggested that those persons with video game experience were more efficient at hand-offs and routing aircraft. Future research is recommended to investigate the effect of prior video game experience on learning curves and strategies used in the work sample test
The use of task-specific lenses by presbyopic air traffic controllers at the en route radar console by Van B Nakagawara( Book )

5 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in English and held by 150 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The configuration of the radar console to control aircraft traffic has similar features to a visual display terminal (VDT) work station. Task-specific lenses have been found in clinical studies to reduce visual symptoms while working at the VDT. The American Optical Corporation TruVision Technica, a task-specific lens design, was evaluated to see if visual benefits from such a lens could be transferred from the VDT environment to the radar console work environment. Presbyopic Air Traffic Control Specialists (ATCSs) at the Houston Air Route Traffic Control Center were fitted with two prescription spectacles, using their current and Technica lens designs, in similar ophthalmic frames. Each ATCS used both lens designs at the radar console and provided subjective evaluations of their appropriateness in that environment. Thirteen (13) subjects (45.6 plus or minus 5.9 years of age, range 36-55 years) completed the study. Subjects who used larger near viewing area (single vision and executive) lens designs generally preferred their current lens design. The Technica was preferred by mature presbyopes (add power of greater than or equal to 1.25 diopters) and those using smaller near viewing area (FT-25, FT-28 and general progressive addition) lens designs. The primary complaints reported by ATCSs with the Technica were peripheral distortion and limited field of view. Task-specific lens designs are an alternative for presbyopic ATCS who work at a radar console. However, distortion and limited field of view from the lens may require prolonged adaptation times before such designs are acceptable to ATCS on the job, especially for those accustomed to lens designs with larger viewing areas
Performance demonstrations of zinc sulfide and strontium aluminate photoluminescent floor proximity escape path marking systems by Garnet A McLean( Book )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 148 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Transport category aircraft are required by 14 CFR 25.812 to have emergency lighting systems, including floor proximity marking systems. Typical floor proximity marking systems installed on transport category aircraft have been primarily comprised of incandescent luminaries spaced at intervals on the floor, or mounted on the seat assemblies, along the aisle. The requirement for electricity to power these systems has made them vulnerable to a variety of problems, including battery and wiring failures, burned-out light bulbs, and physical disruption caused by vibration, passenger traffic, galley cart strikes, and hull breakage in accidents. Attempts to overcome these problems have led to the proposal that non-electric photoluminescent materials be used in the construction of floor proximity marking systems. To assess the viability of this proposal, performance demonstrations of systems made with such materials were conducted. It was found that strontium aluminate photoluminescent marking systems can be effective in providing the guidance for egress that floor proximity marking systems are intended to achieve; in contrast, zinc sulfide materials were found to be ineffective
DNA-based detection of ethanol-producing microorganisms in postmortem blood and tissues by polymerase chain reaction( Book )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 147 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Forensic investigation of fatal aircraft accidents usually includes the analysis of biological samples for ethanol to establish if alcohol intoxication is a factor in the accidents. The quantitative aspects of ethanol are often complicated by postmortem putrefactive changes, leading to microbial fermentation-mediated production of alcohol and its subsequent redistribution. Without establishing the ethanol origin (antemortem consumption or postmortem production), a precise interpretation of the alcohol analytical results remains a challenge. Therefore, a DNA-based assay was developed using the polymerase chain reaction and microbial DNA primers designed for identifying 3 commonly encountered ethanol-producing microorganisms- Candialbicans, Proteus vulgaris, and Escherichia coli. The present study focused on examining the applicability of the microbial DNA primers in establishing the existence of postmortem alcohol in samples. The results suggested that species- specific primers could be employed to identify ethanol-producing microorganisms in forensic samples without requiring bacterial cultivation. Continued studies are warranted to define additional primer sequences that are distinctive for ethanol-producing microorganisms
Personality characteristics of pre/post-strike air traffic control applicants by David J Schroeder( Book )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 146 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The 16 Personality Factors (16PF) test has been routinely administered to personnel applying for Air Traffic Control Specialist (ATCS) positions within the Federal Aviation Administration for more than 3 decades. This study was designed to assess the relationship between personality characteristics of a group of post-strike applicants (1984) with data gathered in the late 1960s to early 1970s (Karson and O'Dell, 1974). Additionally, the comparisons provide a baseline with which to assess characteristics of the new controllers who will start to enter the workforce as the post-strike workforce begins to retire following the year 2000. Outcomes were consistent with previous findings, in revealing that female and male ATCS applicants are brighter than the average individual. When compared with the general population norms, the applicant groups are less anxious, report higher self-discipline, and are more emotionally stable. They are also more self-reliant and assertive. These characteristics appear to be ideally suited for applicants to an occupation that requires quick decision-making and calm, thoughtful responses during emergencies
A flexible cabin simulator by Jeffrey H Marcus( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 146 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Experimental research on issues related to emergency evacuation of a passenger aircraft cabin have tended to use existing aircraft cabins. While a great deal of useful information has been collected, these facilities have limited capabilities to be configured to investigate new or unusual cabin arrangements. A concept design for a flexible cabin simulator has been completed and is described. The proposed facility can simulate any aircraft cabin from a small, commuter category aircraft through a multi-aisle, multi-deck mega-jumbo transport. The simulator allows full flexibility in terms of exit type and placement, location and design of interior monuments, and the size and layout of the passenger cabin. Experimental control is possible of interior and exterior illumination levels, the presence of vision obscuring smoke, and the door sill height when using evacuation slides. Built from modular sections, it might be used in the future to investigate new and unusual cabin designs, such as the flying wing. The proposed simulator is described to illustrate its versatility. The associated building and project costs are also discussed
Baseline assessment of the National Association of Air Traffic Specialists/Federal Aviation Administration partnership by Richard Thompson( Book )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 146 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA's) Flight Service Station (FSS) management and the leadership of the National Association of Air Traffic Specialists (NAATS) requested a baseline assessment of organizational climate prior to full implementation of NAATS/FAA Partnership (NFP) teams. The stated purpose of the NFP teams is to increase employee empowerment and improve decision-making and coordination within the organization
Organizational change : an assessment of trust and cynicism( Book )

4 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 145 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The role of memory in air traffic control by Scott D Gronlund( Book )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 145 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We tested air traffic controllers currently serving as instructors and tried to manipulate their memory for various aircraft flight data. In Experiment 1, the amount of control exercised (the number of control actions or communications) had little effect on memory for flight data, although we did find excellent memory for the position of aircraft on the radar display. We argued that this was the basis for the mental representation of the aircraft in the sector and may serve as the foundation for situation awareness. In Experiment 2, neither the type of control exercised nor the importance of the aircraft in the scenario consistently affected memory. We considered several reasons why we were unable to manipulate memory for flight data, including how important memory is to successful task performance and whether we tapped the relevant characteristics of the situation. Resolution of these issues will contribute to improved techniques that assess situation awareness from memory performance
Inflight medical care : an update by Charles A DeJohn( Book )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 145 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A major concern in aviation medicine is the cabin inflight emergency that may result in the diversion of a flight. At the present time there is no convenient way to monitor the incidence of inflight medical emergencies because airline companies are not regularly required to report medical emergencies or resulting diversions. A survey of one major US airline revealed that one out of every one million passengers may be deplaned by an unscheduled landing because of a life-threatening medical emergency. During a two-year FAA survey of US domestic flights there were 2,322 inflight medical emergencies, averaging approximately three per day, which resulted in an annual diversion rate of approximately 9%. In a 1989 study, inflight emergencies among arriving passengers at the Los Angeles International airport were analyzed. During the six-month period of the investigation 0.003% of 8.5 million passengers developed symptoms in flight that required follow-up assistance on the ground, and 10% of these passengers required hospitalization. A survey of the status of inflight medical care aboard domestic US air carriers was undertaken to determine the impact of current changes in the airline industry. Information for the years 1990 to 1993 was obtained from two airlines and two inflight medical care delivery companies, representing a total of nine major US Part 121 air carriers. This sample accounted for approximately 65% of US domestic air carrier activity for the period 1990 to 1993. The information was reviewed to determine which category of inflight medical emergency occurred most frequently and which category accounted for the greatest number of diversions. The trend in the frequency of diversions for medical reasons was also assessed. The impact of inflight medical advice was then evaluated by comparing the number of diversions that resulted in hospitalizations to the numb
Recovery of the FAA air traffic control specialist workforce, 1981-1992( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 131 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Federal Aviation Administration was confronted in 1981 with the challenge of rebuilding its core, technical, and highly-trained air traffic control specialist (ATCS) workforce following the PATCO strike. From late 1981 through mid-1992, the FAA rebuilt this critical workforce through a large-scale testing, screening and training program. By mid-1992, recovery of the controller workforce was complete, and it was no longer necessary for the FAA to conduct a large-scale hiring program. The six papers presented in this report represent the first major retrospective analysis of the complete data set describing the recovery of the FAA's en route and terminal ATCS workforce following the 1981 controller strike. The first paper describes the personnel processes, focusing on recruitment and hiring programs for the en route and terminal options. The second paper presents a detailed description of the aptitude test battery used to evaluate over 400,000 applicants between 1981 and 1992. The third paper offers a definitive statistical portrait of the FAA Academy Screening programs as predictors of field training outcomes. On-the-job training (OJT) programs in en route and terminal facilities are described in the fourth paper. These four papers, taken together, provide a definitive description of the processes used to recruit, test, screen, and train persons for the ATCS occupation between 1981 and 1992. The fifth paper draws on FAA organizational survey data to describe controller perceptions of the organizational climate in which the workforce recovery occurred. The sixth paper analyzes current controller workforce demographics and technological trends in air traffic control to identify potential areas of future research
Aeromedical aspects of melatonin : an overview by Donald C Sanders( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 118 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Melatonin, a pineal hormone present in the blood of humans and other species, has a distinct diurnal variation in its biosynthesis and, therefore, in its concentration. This variation has suggested the possibility of a regulatory function in day/night dependent physiological processes, such as sleep, and has led scientists to explore the effects of administered melatonin on the modulation of circadian rhythms. For the self-treatment of sleep disorders and other benefits, melatonin usage has been extolled to the extent that 20 million new consumers were added to the U.S. retail market in 1995. Its principal aeromedical application has been in the experimental treatment of jet lag effects. For aircraft passengers, melatonin administration at destination-bedtime appears to improve sleep quality and to decrease the time required to reestablish normal circadian rhythms. For international aircrews, who travel through multiple time zones without time to adapt to new environments, taking melatonin prior to arriving home may further impair already disturbed circadian rhythms. Its use to adjust to shiftwork changes by air traffic controllers, aircraft maintenance workers, and support personnel is even more controversial. Limited studies suggest that giving this hormone to shift workers should be done only under controlled conditions and that taking it at the wrong time may actually impair job performance. Because of its possible interaction with certain medications and the changes in its concentrations observed in some clinical conditions, the practitioner must exercise caution during the medical certification of airmen. The variations in the concentration of melatonin can be effectively determined by radioimmunoassay, high-performance liquid chromatography, and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy analytical techniques
Planning in air traffic control( Book )

3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 31 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Flight attendant fatigue by Joy O Banks( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 2008, Congress directed the Civil Aerospace Medical Institute (CAMI) to conduct follow-on studies of six recommendation areas noted in an integrated report by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and CAMI regarding flight attendant fatigue. The report concluded that some degree of fatigue-related performance affects were likely under current prescriptive rules. Internationally, fatigue risk is managed almost solely through prescriptive rules based on the maximum hours of work and minimum hours of rest. Traditional prescriptive rules, however, have limited applications to round-the-clock operations, often excluding fatigue-contributing factors such as time zone transitions, layover and recovery, time of day, and circadian rhythms (Cabon et al, 2009). Prescriptive rules directly affect crew scheduling and are critical to operator viability; however, due to economic recession, operators are routinely scheduling up to the regulation limits, which could result in an increased likelihood of fatigue and fatigue-related mishaps (Nesthus, Schroeder, Connors, et al., 2007). In the present study, we obtained regulations (n=38) and collective bargaining agreements (CBA) (n=13) regarding flight attendant duty time and rest from International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) member states using several resources: Civil Aviation Authority Web sites, an international cabin safety symposium, Web-based ICAO information exchange, and FAA international field offices and aviation safety inspectors. We analyzed each regulation and CBA to identify duty time and rest rules related to working hour limits, sleep and rest requirements, circadian rhythms, and other factors. When comparing the United States (U.S.) maximum hours of work and minimum hours of rest with other countries, we concluded that U.S. prescriptive rules are among the least restrictive, representing a greater than typical risk for fatigue related incidents
Use of personality assessment measures in the selection of air traffic control specialists( )

1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Three studies illustrated the uses of personality assessment methods for selection of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) air traffic control specialists (ATCSs). Study 1, using a select-out approach to the problems of screen, compared the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16 PF) results with NEO Personality Inventory-Revised (NEO PI-R) results from 122 student ATCS participants. Results suggest that the current approach to personality assessment during the initial medical examination focuses primarily on the extent to which the applicant reports symptoms consistent with neurotic, inefficient, and perhaps argumentative characteristics. The remaining two studies consider select-in strategies looking at the psychometric issues of reliability, specificity, and validity. Study 2 examined the NEO PI-R along with the Experiences Questionnaire (EQ) subtests of the Air Traffic-Selection and Training (AT-SAT) battery scores
Role of metabolites in aviation forensic toxicology : final report by Arvind K Chaturvedi( )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In aviation accident investigations, specimens from fatal aircraft victims are analyzed for drugs. Their presence indicates exposure to drugs and suggests possible associated medical conditions for which they might have been taken. As drugs are mostly present in therapeutic to subtherapeutic levels in aviation forensic toxicology cases, determination of parent drugs and their metabolites in multi specimens is of significance. Although chemically reactive metabolites are difficult to detect, physiologically active and inactive metabolites can be analyzed. Selective and sensitive techniques are available, but unavailability of metabolite reference standards, endogenous substance interference, and low tissue metabolite levels limit the analyses. However, the majority of primary metabolites can be effectively characterized/quantitated. Demonstrating the presence of drug (e.g., terfenadine, cocaine, THC) metabolites provides a compelling evidence for exposure to the parent drug and facilitates interpretation of results, particularly when the metabolites are active. Such analyses are not as helpful if the metabolites are also available as drugs (e.g., diazepam, temazepam, oxazepam)
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Alternative Names

controlled identityCivil Aeromedical Research Institute (U.S.)

controlled identityCivil Aerospace Medical Institute

controlled identityUnited States. Federal Aviation Administration


CAMI (Civil Aeromedical Institute)


FAA Civil Aeromedical Institute

Spojené státy americké Civil Aeromedical Institute

Spojené státy americké. Federal Aviation Administration. Civil Aeromedical Institute

United States Civil Aeromedical Institute

United States. Federal Aviation Administration. Civil Aeromedical Institute

English (70)