WorldCat Identities

United States Office of Science and Technology Policy

Overview
Works: 410 works in 678 publications in 1 language and 37,554 library holdings
Genres: Periodicals  Case studies  Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Other
Classifications: Q180.U5, 500.973
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Most widely held works about United States
 
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Most widely held works by United States
Science and technology : a report to the Congress by United States( Book )

4 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 500 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Science and technology : a report to the Congress by United States( )

in English and held by 316 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Report of the FCCSET Committee on Education and Human Resources by FCCSET Committee on Education and Human Resources( )

in English and held by 282 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Climbing the academic ladder : doctoral women scientists in academe : a report to the Office of Science and Technology Policy from the Committee on the Education and Employment of Women in Science and Engineering, Commission on Human Resources, National Research Council by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

3 editions published in 1979 in English and held by 276 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The status of women scientists in academic institutions is examined as well as women's current situation in postdoctoral training and their role on national science advisory boards. Obstacles that women must overcome to become professional scientists are discussed in Chapter I, focusing on cultural and structural factors. Characteristics, educational patterns, and supply of women doctorates in the sciences are examined in Chapter ii. Men and women were found to be similar in quality, length of time spent to earn a degree, and in proportions that are trained at highly rated institutions. Chapter iii examines sex differences in postdoctoral training patterns. Recent developments in the academic employment of men and women scientists are discussed in Chapter iv. Changes in numbers, rank, tenure, and salary are investigated. It is noted that the increase in women Ph.D.'s that began in the 1960's has been followed by an increase in their presence among science faculties. Participation of women in three major groups within the national science advisory system is reviewed in Chapter V. Figures from the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineers, and the Institute of Medicine indicate an increase in the rate of election of women. An overview of the current prospects of women scientists in academe is presented in Chapter vi as well as recommendations for improving these prospects. It is suggested that the status of women Ph.D.'s in academic science has improved, but that further gains are necessary to ensure equal opportunities. (Sf)
Climate change : state of knowledge( Book )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 273 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The global positioning system : assessing national policies by Scott Pace( Book )

4 editions published between 1995 and 1996 in English and held by 270 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a military space system operated by the U.S. Air Force that continuously broadcasts precise time signals. These signals can be used worldwide to aid position location, navigation, and timing. GPS is an information resource that supports a wide range of civil, scientific, and commercial functions as well as U.S. forces. National policy toward GPS has not, however, kept pace with the system's rapidly expanding international uses. This study identifies major opportunities and vulnerabilities created by GPS for U.S. defense, commercial, and foreign policy interests, and makes recommendations for U.S. policy toward GPS, including future governance and funding. If the United States promotes GPS as a global standard, it should address the dual-use nature of the technology through international agreements. If the United States becomes an unreliable steward for GPS, it risks losing the economic and diplomatic benefits from past investments in this technology
Science in the national interest by Bill Clinton( Book )

3 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 269 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A major concern today is the need to ensure that future generations will be equipped with the knowledge and skills they need to prepare for high-technology jobs, to become leaders in scientific research, and to exercise the responsibilities of citizenship in the 21st century. This document, carrying on the cover and title page the names of the President and Vice-President, respectively, is based on a forum held at the National Academy of Sciences under the auspices of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, to begin shaping the Administration's goals and strategies for science. The first two chapters summarize the need and importance of educating Americans in the area of science, and provide insight on how science education is interconnected with other strategic goals set by the Administration. Chapter 3, "Setting Our National Goals," describes various specific goals that will require the resources of government and the creative participation of industry and academia. Chapter 4, "Reaching Our Goals," presents a plan for reaching the five goals listed in chapter 3, and describes several projects that are already underway that will enhance science learning and research. The final chapter, "a Shared Commitment," reiterates the need for a broad program for advancing science in the national interest and the need for all Americans to work to reach the prescribed goals. (Zwh)
Challenges and choices for crime-fighting technology : federal support of state and local law enforcement by William Schwabe( Book )

4 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 252 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Under the American federal system, most law is cast as state statutes and local ordinances; accordingly, most law enforcement is the responsibility of state and local agencies. Federal law and federal law enforcement come into play only where there is rationale for it, consistent with the Constitution. Within this framework, a clear role has been identified for federal support of state and local agencies. This report provides findings of a study of technology in use or needed by law enforcement agencies at the state and local level, for the purpose of informing federal policymakers as they consider technology-related support for these agencies. In addition, it seeks to characterize the obstacles that exist to technology adoption by law enforcement agencies and to characterize the perceived effects of federal assistance programs intended to facilitate the process. The study findings are based on a nationwide Law Enforcement Technology Survey and a similar Forensics Technology Survey (FTS) conducted in late spring and early summer 2000, interviews conducted throughout the year, focus groups conducted in autumn 2000, and review of an extensive, largely nonacademic literature. Companion reports: Schwabe, William, Needs and Prospects for Crime-Fighting Technology: The Federal Role in Assisting State and Local Law Enforcement, Santa Monica, Calif. : RAND, 1999. Davis, Lois M., William Schwabe, and Ronald Fricker, Challenges and Choices for Crime-Fighting Technology: Results from Two Nationwide Surveys, Santa Monica, Calif. : RAND, 2001
New forces at work : industry views critical technologies by Steven W Popper( Book )

4 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 251 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As part of the effort to produce the fourth National Critical Technologies Report, the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President asked a research team from RAND's Critical Technologies Institute, now named Science and Technology Policy Institute, to engage business and industry leaders explicitly in a discussion of the issue of critical technologies by gathering private-sector views on what technologies are appropriate to consider under this rubric--and why. The primary substantive input was elicited through extended, detailed interviews conducted individually, usually with one firm's senior executive per session, on-site in most cases. The report presents and analyzes interviewees' responses to what technologies they consider to be critical to their firm or industry; explores the question of what "critical technology" means; reports interviewees' assessments of the status of U.S. efforts and performance in the areas of technology they deemed critical; considers the respective roles of industry, universities, and government in contributing to and sustaining the U.S. technology base; suggests a process whereby the dialogue between government and industry on the public policy issues relating to technology might be made more integral and informative to the activities of both. The responses of many of the interviewees emphasized the aspect of technology as process over technology as product. In line with this vision, the authors propose a critical-technologies review process that would enable wider, more meaningful, and ongoing communication among industry, government, and universities on technology issues
The cosmos on a shoestring : small spacecraft for space and earth science by Liam Sarsfield( Book )

4 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 212 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Small spacecraft have become popular for a number of reasons, most prominently the needs to reduce overall cost, be built more quickly, and spread mission risks. NASA has been challenged with crafting a program that continues to produce meaningful science within the constraints of the available budget. Still, pound for pound, small spacecraft are not precisely inexpensive, given the effects of complexity, launch costs, and a greater degree of risk. Historically, science spacecraft have demonstrated increasing reliability, but this trend might not continue, given the shift to managed risk. There is generally less money available to smaller programs to test spacecraft functions and operational procedures prior to launch. Small spacecraft are also generally less robust. Efforts to reduce failure potentials through the application of more reliable components, better testing, and advanced design techniques should receive greater attention. Despite the risks, however, small spacecraft fulfill important roles in earth science, astrophysics, space physics, and planetary science. NASA's current generation of small spacecraft is capable of impressive levels of performance
National aeronautical R & D goals : technology for America's future( Book )

2 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 193 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Monitoring and controlling the international transfer of technology by Critical Technologies Institute (Rand Corporation)( Book )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 169 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States is a net exporter of technology and technical knowledge. Despite fears that this outflow of technology is costly to U.S. taxpayers, it would be impractical to institute a government-wide system for monitoring and restricting overseas technology transfers. First, a review of the economic effects of technology transfer showed that it is not possible to estimate accurately the financial effect on the United States of the international transfer of government-sponsored technology. Moreover, the methods of transfer that might be monitored or restricted are also sources of the valuable, high domestic societal return to government investments in research and development. Finally, government agencies do not see international technology transfer issues as central to their missions and are likely to see new requirements as constraints on their ability to carry out their missions. The authors thus recommend no major policy shifts but do suggest some changes in existing policy that would enhance the U.S. government's ability to trace and to capture the benefits of certain technical innovations
Technology forces at work : profiles of environmental research and development at Dupont, Intel, Monsanto, and Xerox : executive summary by Susan A Resetar( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 113 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Not too long ago industry almost monolithically viewed environmental considerations as an expense--sometimes as a nuisance. That is beginning to change. Industry leaders now see the advantage of going beyond complying with environmental regulations, as had been their wont, and incorporating the search for environmentally sound business practices into their research and development. This report features case studies of four industry leaders--DuPont, Intel, Monsanto, and Xerox--and discusses how these companies view environmental technology investments. The information is based on a series of interviews with senior R & D managers and environment, health, and safety personnel along with the relevant literature. At the request of the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President, the authors have provided the views of a subset of one of the key stakeholders in environmental policy, industry, which have heretofore not received a lot of emphasis. The case studies and the findings are summarized here
American competitiveness initiative : leading the world in innovation( Book )

2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

U.S. national space policy( Book )

2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This policy supersedes Presidential Decision Directive/NSC-49/NSTC-8, National Space Policy, dated September 14, 1996"--Introduction
Proceedings of the Workshop and Conference on Grand Challenge Applications and Software Technology 1993 by Workshop and Conference on Grand Challenge Applications and Software Technology( )

1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A strategy for American innovation : securing our economic growth and prosperity( )

2 editions published between 2009 and 2011 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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The global positioning system : assessing national policies
Alternative Names
Amerika Gasshukoku Daitoryofu Kagaku Gijutsu Seisakukyoku

États-Unis Executive office of the President Office of science and technology policy

O.S.T.P.

Office of Science and Technology Policy

Office of science and technology policy États-Unis

Office of Science and Technology Policy (U.S.)

Office of Science and Technology Policy United States

OSTP

United States Executive Office of the President Office of Science and Technology Policy

United States Office of Science and Technology Policy

United States Science and Technology Policy, Office of

USA President Executive Office Office of Science and Technology Policy

White House Office of science and technology policy

アメリカ ガッシュウコク ダイトウリョウフ カガク ギジュツ セイサクキョク

Languages
English (124)

Covers
Challenges and choices for crime-fighting technology : federal support of state and local law enforcementNew forces at work : industry views critical technologiesThe cosmos on a shoestring : small spacecraft for space and earth scienceMonitoring and controlling the international transfer of technologyTechnology forces at work : profiles of environmental research and development at Dupont, Intel, Monsanto, and Xerox : executive summary