WorldCat Identities

Rummel, R. J. (Rudolph J.) 1932-2014

Works: 156 works in 500 publications in 5 languages and 6,927 library holdings
Genres: History  Handbooks and manuals 
Roles: Author
Classifications: JX1291, 364.1510904
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by R. J Rummel
Death by government by Rudolph J Rummel( Book )

46 editions published between 1992 and 2018 in 3 languages and held by 999 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This is R.J. Rummel's fourth book in a series devoted to genocide and government mass murder, or what he calls "democide." He presents the primary results in tables and figures as well as a historical sketch of the major cases of democide, those in which 1 million or more people were killed by a regime. In Death by Government, Rummel does not aim to describe democide itself, but to determine its nature and scope in order to test the theory that democracies are inherently nonviolent. Rummel discusses genocide in China, Nazi Germany, Japan, Cambodia, Turkey, Yugoslavia, Poland, the Soviet Union, and Pakistan. He also writes about areas of suspected genocide: North Korea, Mexico, and feudal Russia. His results clearly and decisively show that democracies commit less democide than other regimes. The underlying principle is that the less freedom people have, the greater the violence; the more freedom, the less the violence. Thus, as Rummel says, "The problem is power. The solution is democracy. The course of action is to foster freedom." Death by Government is a compelling look at the horrors that occur in nondemocratic societies. It depicts how democide has been very much a part of human history, including the massacre of Europeans during the Thirty Years' War, the relatively unknown genocide of the French Revolution, the slaughtering of American Indians by colonists in the New World, among many other examples. This riveting account is an essential tool for historians, political scientists, and scholars interested in the study of genocide
Applied factor analysis by R. J Rummel( Book )

30 editions published between 1970 and 1988 in 3 languages and held by 684 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Lethal politics : Soviet genocide and mass murder since 1917 by R. J Rummel( Book )

19 editions published between 1990 and 2017 in English and held by 619 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

While there are estimates of the number of people killed by Soviet authorities during particular episodes or campaigns, until now, no one has tried to calculate the complete human toll of Soviet genocides and mass murders since the revolution of 1917. Here, R.J. Rummel lists and analyzes hundreds of published estimates, presenting them in the historical context in which they occurred. His shocking conclusion is that, conservatively calculated, 61,911,000 people were systematically killed by the Communist regime from 1917 to 1987. Rummel divides the published estimates on which he bases his conclusions into eight historical periods, such as the Civil War, collectivization, and World War II. The estimates are further divided into agents of death, such as terrorism, deportations, and famine. Using statistical principles developed from more than 25 years of quantitative research on nations, he analyzes the estimates. In the collectivization period, for example, about 11,440,000 people were murdered. During World War II, while the Soviet Union had lost almost 20,000,000 in the war, the Communist party was killing even more of its citizens and foreigners - probably an additional 13,053,000. For each period, Rummel defines, counts, and totals the sources of death. Rummel goes well beyond the bare bones of statistical analysis and tries to provide understanding of this incredible toll of human lives
Understanding conflict and war by R. J Rummel( Book )

20 editions published in 1975 in English and held by 604 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Peace endangered : the reality of détente by R. J Rummel( Book )

11 editions published between 1976 and 1977 in English and Undetermined and held by 490 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

China's bloody century : genocide and mass murder since 1900 by R. J Rummel( Book )

14 editions published between 1991 and 2017 in English and held by 476 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Except for Soviet citizens, no people in this century have endured so much mass killing as have the Chinese. They have been murdered by rebels conniving with their own rulers, and then, after the defeat in war of the imperial dynasty, by soldiers of other lands. They have been killed by warlords who ruled one part of China or another. They have been executed by Nationalists or Communists because they had the wrong beliefs or attitudes or were simply in the wrong place at the wrong time. In China's Bloody Century, R.J. Rummel's careful estimate of the total number of killings exceeds 5 million. How do we explain such killings, crossing ideological bounds and political conditions? According to Rummel, the one constant factor in all the Chinese mass murder, as it was in the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany, is arbitrary power. It was the factor that united warlords, Nationalists, Communists, and foreign armies. The author argues that whenever such undisciplined power is centralized and unchecked, the possibility exists that it will be used at the whim of dictators to kill for their own ends, whether the aim is ethnic-racial purity, national unity, development, or utopia. The book presents successive periods in modern Chinese history, with each chapter divided into three parts. Rummel first relates the history of the period within which the nature and the amount of killings are presented. He then provides a detailed statistical table giving the basic estimates with their sources and qualifications. The final part offers an appendix that explains and elaborates the statistical computations and estimates. While estimates are available in the literature on the number of Chinese killed in Communist land reform, or in Tibet, or by the Nationalists in one military campaign or another, until this book no one has tried to systematically accumulate, organize, add up, and analyze these diverse killings for all of China's governments in this century. For"--Provided by publisher
Power kills : democracy as a method of nonviolence by R. J Rummel( Book )

12 editions published between 1997 and 2017 in English and held by 415 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Rummel observes that well-established democracies do not make war on and rarely commit lesser violence against each other. The more democratic two nations are, the less likely is war or smaller-scale violence between them. The more democratic a nation is, the less severe its overall foreign violence, the less likely it will have domestic collective violence, and the less its democide. Rummel argues that the evidence supports overwhelmingly the most important fact of our time: democracy is a method of nonviolence
The dimensions of nations by R. J Rummel( Book )

7 editions published in 1972 in English and held by 362 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Democide : Nazi genocide and mass murder by Rudolph J Rummel( Book )

6 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 309 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This volume is part of Rummel's comprehensive effort to understand and place in historical perspective the entire subject of genocide and mass murder--what is herein called Democide. It is the third in a series of volumes published by Transaction, in which Rummel offers a comprehensive analysis of the over 150,000 killed in this century by governments." "Curiously, while we have a considerable body of literature on the Nazi Holocaust, we do not have a total accounting--at least not until now with the issuance of Democide. In addition to the quantitative lacunae, there remains a paucity of theoretical information distinguishing the historical descriptive and the anecdotal accounts. This study of Nazi killings in cold blood is a path-finding effort in political psychology." "While Rummel does not claim to give a definitive accounting, his explanation for the numbers reached--and they are high--is compelling. In addition, we now have a correlation of information on the murder of diverse groups: Jews, Gypsies, Poles, Ukranians, and even Germans themselves. It is now possible to fathom the Nazi genocidal policies--which were collective and which were selective." "Rummel's volume is a clear guide to a murky past. It offers the first systematic effort to ascertain the nature and the extent of the Nazi genocide from the point of view of the perpetrator's aims rather than the victim's consequences. This is not a pretty picture, but it is not a partisan one either. The materials are presented in a clinical as well as a systemic fashion." "Rummel has a deep sense of the life-saving instinct of individuals and the life-taking propensities of impersonal state machinery. It is thus, a humanistic effort, one that plumbs the effects of the Nazi war machine on innocents in order to better understand present conditions. Professionals ranging from social scientists to demographers will find this a quintessential effort at political reconstruction."--Jacket
Statistics of democide : genocide and mass murder since 1900 by Rudolph J Rummel( Book )

12 editions published between 1997 and 1999 in English and German and held by 267 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

And conclusions -- Pre-twentieth century democide -- 1. The megamurderers. Japan's savage military ; The Khmer Rouge Hell State ; Turkey's ethnic purges ; The Vietnamese War state ; Poland's ethnic cleansing ; The Pakistani cutthroat state ; Tito's slaughterhouse ; Orwellian North Korea ; Barbarous Mexico ; Feudal Russia -- 2. The centi-kilo and lesser murderers. Death by American bombing ; The horde of centi-kilo murderers ; The crown of lesser murderers -- 3. Statistics of democide, power, and social field. The social field of democide ; Democracy, power, and democide ; Social diversity, power, and democide ; Culture and democide ; The socio-economic and geographic context of democide ; War, rebellion, and democide ; The social field and democide ; Democide through the years
National attributes and behavior by Rudolph J Rummel( Book )

9 editions published in 1979 in English and held by 231 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Field theory evolving by Rudolph Joseph Rummel( Book )

6 editions published in 1977 in English and held by 210 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dimensions of conflict behavior within and between nations, 1955-1960 by R. J Rummel( Book )

18 editions published between 1960 and 2000 in 3 languages and held by 114 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

These data focus on the dimensions of domestic and foreign conflict behavior of nations in the period 1955-1960. The product of two separate studies conducted by Rudolph J. Rummel and Raymond Tanter utilizing identical variables for the time periods 1955-1957 and 1958-1960, respectively, this dataset gauges domestic conflict behavior with measures such as number of assassinations, general strikes, major government crises, purges, riots, anti-government demonstrations, revolutions, domestic violence deaths, and the presence or absence of guerilla warfare. Other variables such as the number of anti-foreign demonstrations, negative sanctions, protests, countries with which diplomatic relations were severed, expulsion or recall of ambassadors, threats, mobilizations, accusations, troop movements, deaths in foreign violence, presence or absence of military action, and war measure foreign conflict behavior
The conflict helix : principles and practices of interpersonal, social, and international conflict and cooperation by R. J Rummel( Book )

7 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 103 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Attributes of nations and behavior of nation dyads, 1950-1965 by Dimensionality of Nations Project( Book )

3 editions published in 1976 in English and held by 55 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Understanding conflict and war by Rudolph J Rummel( Book )

13 editions published in 1979 in English and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Analyzing population policy and demographic change by R. J Rummel( Book )

3 editions published in 1981 in English and held by 37 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dimensionality of Nations Project: Attributes of Nations and Behavior of Nation Dyads, 1950-1965 by R. J Rummel( )

8 editions published between 1976 and 1984 in 3 languages and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study contains data on the economic, diplomatic, military, and social dyadic interactions among a selected sample of 182 nation-dyads in the years 1950, 1955, 1960, 1963, and 1965. Originally collected by the Dimensionality of Nations (DON) Project at the University of Hawaii, these data provide information on the behavioral dimensions of the interactions between the nations in the dyads. The dyads represent all of the paired relationships for 14 nations. Variables such as economic aid, official visits, treaties, co-participation in international conferences, exports, tourist visits, intergovernmental organizations, common membership in nongovernmental organizations, common blocs membership, and military alliances measure positive interactions or cooperative behavior between the nations. Other variables such as military actions, negative behavior, severance of diplomatic relations, expulsion or recall of diplomats and lesser officials, boycott or embargo, aid to subversive groups or enemies, accusations, protests, attacks on embassy, and lost territory from one nation to the other measure conflictual interactions. The variables are arranged by year and within year by dyad number
Understanding conflict and war by Rudolf Joseph Rummel( Book )

10 editions published in 1976 in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Der gefährdete Frieden : d. militär. Überlegenheit d. UdSSR by Rudolph J Rummel( Book )

7 editions published in 1977 in German and held by 32 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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Death by government
Lethal politics : Soviet genocide and mass murder since 1917Understanding conflict and warChina's bloody century : genocide and mass murder since 1900Power kills : democracy as a method of nonviolenceDemocide : Nazi genocide and mass murderStatistics of democide : genocide and mass murder since 1900
Alternative Names
R.J. Rummel


Rudolph J. Rummel

Rudolph Joseph Rummel politologo statunitense

Rudolph Joseph Rummel US-amerikanischer Politikwissenschaftler

Rudolph Rummel acadèmic estatunidenc

Rudolph Rummel Amerikaans politicoloog (1932-2014)

Rummel, R. J.

Rummel, R.J. 1932-

Rummel, R. J. 1932-2014

Rummel, R. J. (Rudolph J.), 1932-

Rummel, Rudolf J.

Rummel , Rudolph J.

Rummel, Rudolph J. 1932-

Rummel, Rudolph J. 1932-2014

Rummel, Rudolph Joseph 1932-

Rummel, Rudolph Joseph 1932-2014

Rummel, Rudoplh J.

Рудольф Руммель

Руммель, Рудольф

רודולף ראמל

러멜, R. J. 1932-

러멜, 루돌프 J. 1932-



English (238)

German (12)

Italian (2)

Spanish (1)

Korean (1)