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Civil Aeromedical Institute

Works: 721 works in 1,424 publications in 1 language and 41,312 library holdings
Genres: Bibliography‡vCatalogs  Video games  Bibliography 
Classifications: RC1054.U5, 629.1366092
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Most widely held works about Civil Aeromedical Institute
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Most widely held works by Civil Aeromedical Institute
Recovery of the FAA air traffic control specialist workforce, 1981-1992( )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 353 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Federal Aviation Administration was confronted in 1981 with the challenge of rebuilding its core, technical, and highly-trained air traffic control specialist (ATCS) workforce following the PATCO strike. From late 1981 through mid-1992, the FAA rebuilt this critical workforce through a large-scale testing, screening and training program. By mid-1992, recovery of the controller workforce was complete, and it was no longer necessary for the FAA to conduct a large-scale hiring program. The six papers presented in this report represent the first major retrospective analysis of the complete data set describing the recovery of the FAA's en route and terminal ATCS workforce following the 1981 controller strike. The first paper describes the personnel processes, focusing on recruitment and hiring programs for the en route and terminal options. The second paper presents a detailed description of the aptitude test battery used to evaluate over 400,000 applicants between 1981 and 1992. The third paper offers a definitive statistical portrait of the FAA Academy Screening programs as predictors of field training outcomes. On-the-job training (OJT) programs in en route and terminal facilities are described in the fourth paper. These four papers, taken together, provide a definitive description of the processes used to recruit, test, screen, and train persons for the ATCS occupation between 1981 and 1992. The fifth paper draws on FAA organizational survey data to describe controller perceptions of the organizational climate in which the workforce recovery occurred. The sixth paper analyzes current controller workforce demographics and technological trends in air traffic control to identify potential areas of future research
Aeromedical aspects of melatonin : an overview by Donald C Sanders( )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 351 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Melatonin, a pineal hormone present in the blood of humans and other species, has a distinct diurnal variation in its biosynthesis and, therefore, in its concentration. This variation has suggested the possibility of a regulatory function in day/night dependent physiological processes, such as sleep, and has led scientists to explore the effects of administered melatonin on the modulation of circadian rhythms. For the self-treatment of sleep disorders and other benefits, melatonin usage has been extolled to the extent that 20 million new consumers were added to the U.S. retail market in 1995. Its principal aeromedical application has been in the experimental treatment of jet lag effects. For aircraft passengers, melatonin administration at destination-bedtime appears to improve sleep quality and to decrease the time required to reestablish normal circadian rhythms. For international aircrews, who travel through multiple time zones without time to adapt to new environments, taking melatonin prior to arriving home may further impair already disturbed circadian rhythms. Its use to adjust to shiftwork changes by air traffic controllers, aircraft maintenance workers, and support personnel is even more controversial. Limited studies suggest that giving this hormone to shift workers should be done only under controlled conditions and that taking it at the wrong time may actually impair job performance. Because of its possible interaction with certain medications and the changes in its concentrations observed in some clinical conditions, the practitioner must exercise caution during the medical certification of airmen. The variations in the concentration of melatonin can be effectively determined by radioimmunoassay, high-performance liquid chromatography, and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy analytical techniques
Planning in air traffic control( )

3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 229 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Flight attendant fatigue by Joy O Banks( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 216 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 2008, Congress directed the Civil Aerospace Medical Institute (CAMI) to conduct follow-on studies of six recommendation areas noted in an integrated report by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and CAMI regarding flight attendant fatigue. The report concluded that some degree of fatigue-related performance affects were likely under current prescriptive rules. Internationally, fatigue risk is managed almost solely through prescriptive rules based on the maximum hours of work and minimum hours of rest. Traditional prescriptive rules, however, have limited applications to round-the-clock operations, often excluding fatigue-contributing factors such as time zone transitions, layover and recovery, time of day, and circadian rhythms (Cabon et al, 2009). Prescriptive rules directly affect crew scheduling and are critical to operator viability; however, due to economic recession, operators are routinely scheduling up to the regulation limits, which could result in an increased likelihood of fatigue and fatigue-related mishaps (Nesthus, Schroeder, Connors, et al., 2007). In the present study, we obtained regulations (n=38) and collective bargaining agreements (CBA) (n=13) regarding flight attendant duty time and rest from International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) member states using several resources: Civil Aviation Authority Web sites, an international cabin safety symposium, Web-based ICAO information exchange, and FAA international field offices and aviation safety inspectors. We analyzed each regulation and CBA to identify duty time and rest rules related to working hour limits, sleep and rest requirements, circadian rhythms, and other factors. When comparing the United States (U.S.) maximum hours of work and minimum hours of rest with other countries, we concluded that U.S. prescriptive rules are among the least restrictive, representing a greater than typical risk for fatigue related incidents
Role of metabolites in aviation forensic toxicology : final report by Arvind K Chaturvedi( )

2 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 215 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In aviation accident investigations, specimens from fatal aircraft victims are analyzed for drugs. Their presence indicates exposure to drugs and suggests possible associated medical conditions for which they might have been taken. As drugs are mostly present in therapeutic to subtherapeutic levels in aviation forensic toxicology cases, determination of parent drugs and their metabolites in multi specimens is of significance. Although chemically reactive metabolites are difficult to detect, physiologically active and inactive metabolites can be analyzed. Selective and sensitive techniques are available, but unavailability of metabolite reference standards, endogenous substance interference, and low tissue metabolite levels limit the analyses. However, the majority of primary metabolites can be effectively characterized/quantitated. Demonstrating the presence of drug (e.g., terfenadine, cocaine, THC) metabolites provides a compelling evidence for exposure to the parent drug and facilitates interpretation of results, particularly when the metabolites are active. Such analyses are not as helpful if the metabolites are also available as drugs (e.g., diazepam, temazepam, oxazepam)
Use of personality assessment measures in the selection of air traffic control specialists( )

1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 204 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Three studies illustrated the uses of personality assessment methods for selection of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) air traffic control specialists (ATCSs). Study 1, using a select-out approach to the problems of screen, compared the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16 PF) results with NEO Personality Inventory-Revised (NEO PI-R) results from 122 student ATCS participants. Results suggest that the current approach to personality assessment during the initial medical examination focuses primarily on the extent to which the applicant reports symptoms consistent with neurotic, inefficient, and perhaps argumentative characteristics. The remaining two studies consider select-in strategies looking at the psychometric issues of reliability, specificity, and validity. Study 2 examined the NEO PI-R along with the Experiences Questionnaire (EQ) subtests of the Air Traffic-Selection and Training (AT-SAT) battery scores
Index to FAA Office of Aviation Medicine reports by United States( )

in English and held by 199 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

GPS user-interface design problems by Kevin W Williams( Book )

4 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 179 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Index of FAA Office of Aviation Medicine reports by United States( )

in English and held by 169 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The effects of video game experience on computer-based air traffic controller specialist, air traffic scenario test scores by Willie C Young( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 168 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The FAA is currently using the Air Traffic Scenario Test (ATST) as a major portion of its selection process. Because the ATST is a PC based application with a strong resemblance to a video game, concern has been raised that prior video game experience might have a moderating effect on scores. Much of the previous research in this area is associated with topics such as the moderating effects of prior computer experience on scores earned on computerized versions of traditional achievement or power tests, and the effects of practice on video games on individual difference tests for constructs such as spatial ability. The effects of computer or video game experience on work sample scores have not been systematically investigated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incremental validity of prior video game experience over that of general aptitude as a predictor of work sample test scores. The Computer Use Survey was administered to 404 air traffic control students who entered the FAA ATCS Nonradar Screen. The resultant responses from this survey related to video games were summed and averaged to create the predictor (VIDEO). Three criterion measures derived from the ATST, (ATSAFE, ARVDELAY, HNDDELAY) were regressed on the cognitive aptitude measure that serves as the initial selection screening test and the predictor (VIDEO). Self-reported experience on video games was found to be significantly related to ARVDELAY and HNDDELAY, accounting for an additional 3.6% of the variance in ARVDELAY, and accounting for an additional 9% of the variance in HNDDELAY. The results suggested that those persons with video game experience were more efficient at hand-offs and routing aircraft. Future research is recommended to investigate the effect of prior video game experience on learning curves and strategies used in the work sample test
DNA-based detection of ethanol-producing microorganisms in postmortem blood and tissues by polymerase chain reaction( Book )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 167 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Forensic investigation of fatal aircraft accidents usually includes the analysis of biological samples for ethanol to establish if alcohol intoxication is a factor in the accidents. The quantitative aspects of ethanol are often complicated by postmortem putrefactive changes, leading to microbial fermentation-mediated production of alcohol and its subsequent redistribution. Without establishing the ethanol origin (antemortem consumption or postmortem production), a precise interpretation of the alcohol analytical results remains a challenge. Therefore, a DNA-based assay was developed using the polymerase chain reaction and microbial DNA primers designed for identifying 3 commonly encountered ethanol-producing microorganisms- Candialbicans, Proteus vulgaris, and Escherichia coli. The present study focused on examining the applicability of the microbial DNA primers in establishing the existence of postmortem alcohol in samples. The results suggested that species- specific primers could be employed to identify ethanol-producing microorganisms in forensic samples without requiring bacterial cultivation. Continued studies are warranted to define additional primer sequences that are distinctive for ethanol-producing microorganisms
Organizational change : an assessment of trust and cynicism( Book )

4 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 166 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Controlled flight into terrain : a study of pilot perspectives in Alaska by Larry L Bailey( Book )

4 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 165 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report presents the results of a survey designed to identify pilot and organizational risk factors of having a controlled flight into terrain (CFIT) accident in Alaska. The population consisted of commercial (passenger and freight) Alaskan pilots who operated under Parts 135, 133, 125 and/or 121 Federal Aviation Regulations (FARs). A 103-item questionnaire was developed covering the following domains: 1. organizational influences, 2. unsafe supervision, 3. preconditions for unsafe pilot acts, and 4. unsafe pilot acts. Pilots were pre-coded into one of two groups based on whether their current employer had experienced a CFIT accident within a five-year period (1992-1997). Response rates across both groups were 20% and although lower than desired, it was not unusual for surveys of this nature. Survey results revealed that having to fly in marginal weather conditions was a common experience for all respondents. However, pilots who worked for companies who had a CFIT accident rated their company's safety climate and practices significantly lower than pilots who worked for CFIT accident free companies. Based on the survey results and considering the findings of the Aviation Safety in Alaska report (National Transportation Safety Board, 1995) the following recommendations were developed to reduce the number of CFIT accidents in Alaska: 1. increase pilot awareness of CFIT safety-related issues, 2. improve company safety culture, 3. improve pilot training in the environment in which they commonly fly, 4. improve weather briefings, and 5. eliminate pressure to complete a flight
Age and attitudes in the air traffic control specialist workforce : an initial assessment by Richard Thompson( Book )

3 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 165 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The present study examines the relationships between air traffic control specialist age, after covarying job tenure, with perceptions of job satisfaction, quality of work life, organizational commitment, and supervisory fairness. The presence of a relationship and the shape of the relationship are examined for four categories of controllers based on air traffic option or work setting (i.e., working in an enroute, flight service stations, Level 1 to 3 or level 4 or 5 terminal (towers and tracons)). The results suggest that there is a small linear relationship between age and attitudes. Similar patterns have been found in age research in other work settings. There are some differences in the shape of the age function based on air traffic option; these differences account for minimal variance. It may be fruitful to develop a more focused study where age is measured as a continuous variable instead of using age categories, which may have masked some differences found in past research. In addition, future research may consider examining the age and attitudes relationships using international controllers to determine if there are cultural differences in the relationships found
The use of task-specific lenses by presbyopic air traffic controllers at the en route radar console by Van B Nakagawara( Book )

6 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in English and held by 164 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The configuration of the radar console to control aircraft traffic has similar features to a visual display terminal (VDT) work station. Task-specific lenses have been found in clinical studies to reduce visual symptoms while working at the VDT. The American Optical Corporation TruVision Technica, a task-specific lens design, was evaluated to see if visual benefits from such a lens could be transferred from the VDT environment to the radar console work environment. Presbyopic Air Traffic Control Specialists (ATCSs) at the Houston Air Route Traffic Control Center were fitted with two prescription spectacles, using their current and Technica lens designs, in similar ophthalmic frames. Each ATCS used both lens designs at the radar console and provided subjective evaluations of their appropriateness in that environment. Thirteen (13) subjects (45.6 plus or minus 5.9 years of age, range 36-55 years) completed the study. Subjects who used larger near viewing area (single vision and executive) lens designs generally preferred their current lens design. The Technica was preferred by mature presbyopes (add power of greater than or equal to 1.25 diopters) and those using smaller near viewing area (FT-25, FT-28 and general progressive addition) lens designs. The primary complaints reported by ATCSs with the Technica were peripheral distortion and limited field of view. Task-specific lens designs are an alternative for presbyopic ATCS who work at a radar console. However, distortion and limited field of view from the lens may require prolonged adaptation times before such designs are acceptable to ATCS on the job, especially for those accustomed to lens designs with larger viewing areas
Impact of aviation highway-in-the-sky displays on pilot situation awareness by Kevin W Williams( Book )

3 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 163 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Thirty-six pilots were tested in a flight simulator on their ability to intercept a pathway depicted on a highway-in-the-sky (HITS) display. While intercepting and flying the pathway, pilots were required to watch for traffic outside the cockpit. Additionally, pilots were tested on their awareness of speed, altitude, and heading during the flight. Results indicated strong practice effects for a pilot's ability to intercept the pathway and that the presence of a flight guidance cue significantly improved performance. The ability to spot traffic was more affected by task difficulty than by display appeal. New display concepts are needed for supporting secondary flight information present on the HITS display. Recommendations for training and use of HITS displays are given, along with recommendations for display enhancements to support situation awareness
A unique contact lens-related airline aircraft accident by Van B Nakagawara( Book )

3 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 163 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The use of contact lenses to satisfy the distant visual acuity requirements for obtaining a civil airman medical certificate has been permitted since 1976. According to the Federal Aviation Administration's "Guide for Aviation Medical Examiners," the use of monovision contact lenses is not considered acceptable for aviation duties. An aviation accident involving the use of monovision contact lenses will be reviewed. A case report is presented utilizing information from a National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) aircraft accident report (NTSB/AAR-97/03) of a nonfatal scheduled airline accident. Past studies that examined the use of contact lenses in the aviation environment are reviewed. On October 19, 1996, a McDonnell Douglas MD-88 aircraft, Delta Airlines Flight 554, was substantially damaged in an undershoot approach while landing at LaGuardia Airport, Flushing, NY. Weather observations indicated a broken cloud layer at 800 feet, visibility between 1/2 and 1 mile in heavy rain and fog or mist, and easterly winds at 12 to 14 knots. The approach was over water to Runway 13 and the flight crew transitioned to visual references just above the decision height. As the airplane continued to descend, it struck an approach light structure and the end of the runway deck, shearing off the main landing gear and slid 2,700 feet down the runway. During an emergency evacuation, 3 passengers received minor injuries. The NTSB determined that the probable cause of this accident was the inability of the pilot to overcome his misperception of the airplane's position relative to the runway, due to the use of monovision contact lenses. The adverse effects of wearing contact lenses in the aviation environment are discussed. Research is recommended to better understand the effects of environmental conditions on monovision to validate the current policy on such corrections
Air traffic control specialist age and cognitive test performance by Michael C Heil( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 163 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Researchers have explored the issue of air traffic control specialist (ATCS) age and performance many times over the past few decades. These researchers have consistently found a negative relationship between the age of Air ATCSs and both training success and ratings of job performance. A recent study (Heil, 1999) found a curvilinear relationship between ATCS age and performance on a computerized simulation of air traffic situations, with performance decreasing for people in their mid 40s. Some researchers (Heil, 1999; Schroeder, Broach, & Farmer, 1997) have speculated that these relationships maybe due to a decline in cognitive ability with age. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the relationship between age and performance on tests of cognitive ability for incumbent ATCSs. As part of a concurrent validation study, 1083 incumbent ATCSs from 12 enroute centers took a newly developed air traffic control selection test. The tests included in the 6 hour battery were developed to measure the knowledge, skills, abilities, and other characteristics (KSAOs) relevant to the ATCS job. Some of the KSAOs measured by the battery include: ability to prioritize, situational awareness, planning, execution, thinking ahead, short-term memory, reasoning, decisiveness, concentration, perceptual speed and accuracy, mathematical reasoning, and ability to deal with dynamic visual movement. The relationship between current age and performance on these cognitive tests was compared using regression analysis and analysis of variance procedures. The results of these analyses suggest some age-related decline in those cognitive abilities that are most important to successful job performance
A flexible cabin simulator by Jeffrey H Marcus( Book )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 162 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Experimental research on issues related to emergency evacuation of a passenger aircraft cabin have tended to use existing aircraft cabins. While a great deal of useful information has been collected, these facilities have limited capabilities to be configured to investigate new or unusual cabin arrangements. A concept design for a flexible cabin simulator has been completed and is described. The proposed facility can simulate any aircraft cabin from a small, commuter category aircraft through a multi-aisle, multi-deck mega-jumbo transport. The simulator allows full flexibility in terms of exit type and placement, location and design of interior monuments, and the size and layout of the passenger cabin. Experimental control is possible of interior and exterior illumination levels, the presence of vision obscuring smoke, and the door sill height when using evacuation slides. Built from modular sections, it might be used in the future to investigate new and unusual cabin designs, such as the flying wing. The proposed simulator is described to illustrate its versatility. The associated building and project costs are also discussed
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Alternative Names

controlled identityCivil Aeromedical Research Institute (U.S.)

controlled identityCivil Aerospace Medical Institute

controlled identityUnited States. Federal Aviation Administration


CAMI (Civil Aeromedical Institute)


FAA Civil Aeromedical Institute

Spojené státy americké Civil Aeromedical Institute

Spojené státy americké. Federal Aviation Administration. Civil Aeromedical Institute

United States Civil Aeromedical Institute

United States. Federal Aviation Administration. Civil Aeromedical Institute

English (65)