WorldCat Identities

United States Office of Science and Technology Policy

Overview
Works: 475 works in 821 publications in 1 language and 43,329 library holdings
Genres: Periodicals  Case studies  Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Sponsor, Other, isb
Classifications: Q180.U5, 507.1073
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about United States
 
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Most widely held works by United States
Challenges and choices for crime-fighting technology : federal support of state and local law enforcement by William Schwabe( )

5 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 2,164 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Under the American federal system, most law is cast as state statutes and local ordinances; accordingly, most law enforcement is the responsibility of state and local agencies. Federal law and federal law enforcement come into play only where there is rationale for it, consistent with the Constitution. Within this framework, a clear role has been identified for federal support of state and local agencies. This report provides findings of a study of technology in use or needed by law enforcement agencies at the state and local level, for the purpose of informing federal policymakers as they consider technology-related support for these agencies. In addition, it seeks to characterize the obstacles that exist to technology adoption by law enforcement agencies and to characterize the perceived effects of federal assistance programs intended to facilitate the process. The study findings are based on a nationwide Law Enforcement Technology Survey and a similar Forensics Technology Survey (FTS) conducted in late spring and early summer 2000, interviews conducted throughout the year, focus groups conducted in autumn 2000, and review of an extensive, largely nonacademic literature. Companion reports: Schwabe, William, Needs and Prospects for Crime-Fighting Technology: The Federal Role in Assisting State and Local Law Enforcement, Santa Monica, Calif. : RAND, 1999. Davis, Lois M., William Schwabe, and Ronald Fricker, Challenges and Choices for Crime-Fighting Technology: Results from Two Nationwide Surveys, Santa Monica, Calif. : RAND, 2001
Technology forces at work : profiles of environmental research and development at Dupont, Intel, Monsanto, and Xerox by Susan A Resetar( )

4 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 1,843 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Not too long ago industry almost monolithically viewed environmental considerations as an expense--sometimes as a nuisance. That is beginning to change. Industry leaders now see the advantage of going beyond complying with environmental regulations, as had been their wont, and incorporating the search for environmentally sound business practices into their research and development. This report features case studies of four industry leaders--DuPont, Intel, Monsanto, and Xerox--and discusses how these companies view environmental technology investments. The information is based on a series of interviews with senior R & D managers and environment, health, and safety personnel along with the relevant literature. At the request of the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President, the authors have provided the views of a subset of one of the key stakeholders in environmental policy, industry, which have heretofore not received a lot of emphasis. The case studies and the findings are summarized here
New forces at work : industry views critical technologies by Steven W Popper( )

4 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1,546 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As part of the effort to produce the fourth National Critical Technologies Report, the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President asked a research team from RAND's Critical Technologies Institute, now named Science and Technology Policy Institute, to engage business and industry leaders explicitly in a discussion of the issue of critical technologies by gathering private-sector views on what technologies are appropriate to consider under this rubric--and why. The primary substantive input was elicited through extended, detailed interviews conducted individually, usually with one firm's senior executive per session, on-site in most cases. The report presents and analyzes interviewees' responses to what technologies they consider to be critical to their firm or industry; explores the question of what "critical technology" means; reports interviewees' assessments of the status of U.S. efforts and performance in the areas of technology they deemed critical; considers the respective roles of industry, universities, and government in contributing to and sustaining the U.S. technology base; suggests a process whereby the dialogue between government and industry on the public policy issues relating to technology might be made more integral and informative to the activities of both. The responses of many of the interviewees emphasized the aspect of technology as process over technology as product. In line with this vision, the authors propose a critical-technologies review process that would enable wider, more meaningful, and ongoing communication among industry, government, and universities on technology issues
The cosmos on a shoestring : small spacecraft for space and earth science by Liam Sarsfield( )

4 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 1,519 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Small spacecraft have become popular for a number of reasons, most prominently the needs to reduce overall cost, be built more quickly, and spread mission risks. NASA has been challenged with crafting a program that continues to produce meaningful science within the constraints of the available budget. Still, pound for pound, small spacecraft are not precisely inexpensive, given the effects of complexity, launch costs, and a greater degree of risk. Historically, science spacecraft have demonstrated increasing reliability, but this trend might not continue, given the shift to managed risk. There is generally less money available to smaller programs to test spacecraft functions and operational procedures prior to launch. Small spacecraft are also generally less robust. Efforts to reduce failure potentials through the application of more reliable components, better testing, and advanced design techniques should receive greater attention. Despite the risks, however, small spacecraft fulfill important roles in earth science, astrophysics, space physics, and planetary science. NASA's current generation of small spacecraft is capable of impressive levels of performance
Monitoring and controlling the international transfer of technology by Critical Technologies Institute (Rand Corporation)( )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1,299 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States is a net exporter of technology and technical knowledge. Despite fears that this outflow of technology is costly to U.S. taxpayers, it would be impractical to institute a government-wide system for monitoring and restricting overseas technology transfers. First, a review of the economic effects of technology transfer showed that it is not possible to estimate accurately the financial effect on the United States of the international transfer of government-sponsored technology. Moreover, the methods of transfer that might be monitored or restricted are also sources of the valuable, high domestic societal return to government investments in research and development. Finally, government agencies do not see international technology transfer issues as central to their missions and are likely to see new requirements as constraints on their ability to carry out their missions. The authors thus recommend no major policy shifts but do suggest some changes in existing policy that would enhance the U.S. government's ability to trace and to capture the benefits of certain technical innovations
National aeronautical R & D goals : technology for America's future( )

4 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 491 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Science and technology : a report to the Congress( Book )

1 edition published in 1992 in English and held by 440 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Science and technology : a report to the Congress by United States( )

in English and held by 320 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

U.S. national space policy( )

4 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 317 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This policy supersedes Presidential Decision Directive/NSC-49/NSTC-8, National Space Policy, dated September 14, 1996"--Introduction
A strategy for American innovation( )

2 editions published between 2009 and 2011 in English and held by 306 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

American competitiveness initiative : leading the world in innovation by Domestic Policy Council (U.S.)( )

3 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 293 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Keeping our competitive edge in the world economy requires focused policies that lay the groundwork for continued leadership in innovation, exploration, and ingenuity. America's economic strength and global leadership depend in large measure on our Nation's ability to generate and harness the latest in scientific and technological developments and to apply these developments to real world applications. These applications are fueled by: scientific research, which produces new ideas and new tools that can become the foundation for tomorrow's products, services, and ways of doing business; a strong education system that equips our workforce with the skills necessary to transform those ideas into goods and services that improve our lives and provide our Nation with the researchers of the future; and an environment that encourages entrepreneurship, risk taking, and innovative thinking. By giving citizens the tools necessary to realize their greatest potential, the "American Competitiveness Initiative" (ACI) will help ensure future generations have an even brighter future. The ACI commits $5.9 billion in FY 2007 to increase investments in research and development, strengthen education, and encourage entrepreneurship. Specifically, the ACI: (1) doubles, over 10 years, funding for innovation-enabling research at key Federal agencies that support high-leverage fields of physical science and engineering: the National Science Foundation, the Department of Energy's Office of Science, and the National Institute for Standards and Technology within the Department of Commerce; (2) modernizes the Research and Experimentation tax credit by making it permanent and working with Congress to update its provisions to encourage additional private sector investment in innovation; (3) strengthens K-12 math and science education by enhancing our understanding of how students learn and applying that knowledge to train highly qualified teachers, develop effective curricular materials, and improve student learning; (4) reforms the workforce training system to offer training opportunities to some 800,000 workers annually, more than tripling the number trained under the current system; and (5) increases our ability to compete for and retain the best and brightest high-skilled workers from around the world by supporting comprehensive immigration reform that meets the needs of a growing economy, allows honest workers to provide for their families while respecting the law, and enhances homeland security by relieving pressure on the borders. (Contains 3 charts and 1 table.)
Climate change : state of knowledge( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 291 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Science in the national interest by Bill Clinton( Book )

3 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 290 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A major concern today is the need to ensure that future generations will be equipped with the knowledge and skills they need to prepare for high-technology jobs, to become leaders in scientific research, and to exercise the responsibilities of citizenship in the 21st century. This document, carrying on the cover and title page the names of the President and Vice-President, respectively, is based on a forum held at the National Academy of Sciences under the auspices of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, to begin shaping the Administration's goals and strategies for science. The first two chapters summarize the need and importance of educating Americans in the area of science, and provide insight on how science education is interconnected with other strategic goals set by the Administration. Chapter 3, "Setting Our National Goals," describes various specific goals that will require the resources of government and the creative participation of industry and academia. Chapter 4, "Reaching Our Goals," presents a plan for reaching the five goals listed in chapter 3, and describes several projects that are already underway that will enhance science learning and research. The final chapter, "a Shared Commitment," reiterates the need for a broad program for advancing science in the national interest and the need for all Americans to work to reach the prescribed goals. (Zwh)
Report of the FCCSET Committee on Education and Human Resources by FCCSET Committee on Education and Human Resources( )

in English and held by 287 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Proceedings of the Workshop and Conference on Grand Challenge Applications and Software Technology 1993 by Workshop and Conference on Grand Challenge Applications and Software Technology( )

1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 286 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A strategy for American innovation : driving towards sustainable growth and quality jobs( )

2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 286 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Achieving and sustaining earth observations : a preliminary plan based on a strategic assessment by the U.S. Group on Earth Observations by United States Group on Earth Observations( )

2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 281 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The global positioning system : assessing national policies by Scott Pace( Book )

4 editions published between 1995 and 1996 in English and held by 281 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a military space system operated by the U.S. Air Force that continuously broadcasts precise time signals. These signals can be used worldwide to aid position location, navigation, and timing. GPS is an information resource that supports a wide range of civil, scientific, and commercial functions as well as U.S. forces. National policy toward GPS has not, however, kept pace with the system's rapidly expanding international uses. This study identifies major opportunities and vulnerabilities created by GPS for U.S. defense, commercial, and foreign policy interests, and makes recommendations for U.S. policy toward GPS, including future governance and funding. If the United States promotes GPS as a global standard, it should address the dual-use nature of the technology through international agreements. If the United States becomes an unreliable steward for GPS, it risks losing the economic and diplomatic benefits from past investments in this technology
 
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Challenges and choices for crime-fighting technology : federal support of state and local law enforcement
Covers
Technology forces at work : profiles of environmental research and development at Dupont, Intel, Monsanto, and XeroxNew forces at work : industry views critical technologiesThe cosmos on a shoestring : small spacecraft for space and earth scienceMonitoring and controlling the international transfer of technologyThe global positioning system : assessing national policies
Alternative Names
Amerika Gasshukoku Daitoryofu Kagaku Gijutsu Seisakukyoku

États-Unis Executive office of the President Office of science and technology policy

O.S.T.P.

Office of Science and Technology Policy

Office of science and technology policy États-Unis

Office of Science and Technology Policy U.S.

Office of Science and Technology Policy United States

Oficina de Política de Ciencia y Tecnología de los Estados Unidos

OSTP

United States Executive Office of the President Office of Science and Technology Policy

United States Office of Science and Technology Policy

United States Science and Technology Policy, Office of

USA President Executive Office Office of Science and Technology Policy

White House Office of science and technology policy

دفتر سیاست علم و فناوری

과학기술정책실

アメリカ ガッシュウコク ダイトウリョウフ カガク ギジュツ セイサクキョク

ホワイトハウス科学技術政策局

國家科學和技術政策辦公室

科学和技术政策办公室

Languages
English (152)