WorldCat Identities

Rest, James R.

Overview
Works: 39 works in 109 publications in 4 languages and 4,099 library holdings
Genres: Handbooks and manuals  Records and correspondence  Examinations  Sources 
Roles: Author, Other, Editor
Publication Timeline
.
Most widely held works by James R Rest
Postconventional moral thinking : a Neo-Kohlbergian approach by James R Rest( )

16 editions published between 1999 and 2009 in English and held by 1,532 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Although Lawrence Kohlberg provided major ideas for psychological research on morality for decades, today some critics regard his work as outmoded, beyond repair, and too faulty for anybody to take seriously. These critics suggest that research on moral development would advance more profitably by taking a different approach. Postconventional Moral Thinking proposes a "Neo-Kohlbergian" reformulation that provides a coherent theoretical overview for hundreds of studies that have used the Defining Issues Test (DIT), a methodology first employed within the standard Kohlbergian model. The book includes analysis of criticisms of the Kohlbergian approach, a rationale for DIT research, and new theoretical ideas and research
Moral development in the professions : psychology and applied ethics by James R Rest( )

13 editions published between 1994 and 1995 in English and French and held by 921 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Every year in this country, some 10,000 college and university courses are taught in applied ethics. And many professional organizations now have their own codes of ethics. Yet social science has had little impact upon applied ethics. This book promises t
Development in judging moral issues by James R Rest( Book )

18 editions published between 1977 and 1994 in English and held by 912 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Six papers, originally presented in different form at the 1977 Convention of the Society for Research in Child Development, highlight approximately 100 studies that have used the Defining Issues Test (DIT) of moral judgment. The DIT's standardized format and objective scoring makes comparisons possible among studies, and this body of research comprises the most substantial data base yet accumulated on a single measure of moral judgment. The purpose of this report is to present outstanding examples of several types of DIT studies, to summarize the findings of similar studies, and to discuss the theoretical implications regarding the nature of moral judgment and cognitive-developmental theory. The papers include: Charting the course of development through cross-sectional and longitudinal studies (James R. Rest); Cognitive and political attitude correlates of the DIT (James L. Carroll); Moral judgment intervention studies using the DIT (Jeanette A. Lawrence); The DIT related to behavior in an experimental setting: promise keeping in the prisoner's dilemma game (M. Kathryn Jacobs); Social cognition related to behavior in a naturalistic setting: a comparison of delinquents, predelinquents and nondelinquents (Edgar B. McColgan); and Indexing moral development (Mark L. Davison and Stephen Robbins). (Author/MV)
Moral development : advances in research and theory by James R Rest( Book )

10 editions published between 1986 and 2004 in English and Chinese and held by 599 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dao de fa zhan : yan jiu yu li lun zhi jin zhan by Lei si te( Book )

3 editions published between 1983 and 2004 in English and Chinese and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Hierarchies of comprehension and preference in a developmental-stage model of moral thinking by James R Rest( )

5 editions published between 1969 and 1982 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Revised manual for the defining issues test : an objective test for moral judgment development by James R Rest( Book )

4 editions published in 1979 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The hierarchial nature of moral judgment : a study of patterns of comprehension and preference of moral stages by James R Rest( Book )

2 editions published between 1972 and 1973 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

DIT : defining issues test : (cuestionario de problemas sociomorales) : manual by James R Rest( Book )

2 editions published between 1996 and 2014 in Spanish and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

DIT manual : manual for the Defining Issues Test by James R Rest( Book )

2 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Defining issues test (DIT) by James R Rest( Book )

in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

New Options in Assessing Moral Judgment and Criteria for Evaluating Validity by James R Rest( Book )

2 editions published in 1975 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper describes the rationale for the Defining Issues Test (dit), an objective test of moral judgment which attempts to improve upon three aspects of Kohlberg's research: data collection, categorization of moral judgments (the scoring system), and method of indexing a subject's progress in a developmental sequence. In each case, the way in which the dit overcomes problems in the Kohlberg system is described and explained. In the dit, the subject is given a moral dilemma and asked to classify his own thoughts. Results of the dit show subjects to be more advanced and to display more principled thinking than would be expected from Kohlberg's data. This discrepancy is explained in terms of differences between the dit task and Kohlberg's task. It is thought that the latter may seriously underestimate people's recognition and discrimination of principled thinking. In addition, it is argued that an accurate system for indexing an individual's development must go beyond stage typing (the categorization of the individual in terms of one developmental stage). A theory of decalage is called for, to describe the interplay of variables related to uneven acquisition of characteristics associated with a given stage. For the present, it is suggested that moral judgment data be preserved for later reanalysis, and that various indices be examined for best fit with the empirical properties expected of the construct moral judgment. Appended are two tables: (1) the dit format, and (2) major validity questions and comparison of findings with Kohlberg's Test and dit. (Go)
Development in judging moral issues : a summary of research using the defining issues test( Book )

3 editions published between 1977 and 1981 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Manual for the defining issues test : an objective test of moral judgment development by James R Rest( Book )

2 editions published in 1974 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Impact of Higher Education on Moral Judgment Development. Project Report 1 by James R Rest( Book )

1 edition published in 1979 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The document discusses the nature of moral judgment, reviews previous studies which link higher education to moral judgment, and presents results of a longitudinal study comparing college and non-college subjects. This project report from the Higher Education and Cognitive-Social Development Project at the University of Minnesota is presented in three sections. In Section I the motivational and cognitive theories of moral education are discussed. In the motivational theory, the goal of moral education is to change the individual's motives from selfish, impulsive, and unsocial to altruistic, disciplined, and social. The cognitive theory portrays the goal of education as developing the individual's understanding about how people interact with each other. Lawrence Kohlberg's six stages of moral development and a review of research on cognitive development are presented. Section ii summarizes research on the impact of higher education on moral judgment as measured by the Defining Issues Test (dit), which constitutes the largest data base on a single measure of moral judgment. Results indicate that changes in moral development occur over long periods of time and apparently not through the teaching of specific doctrines. Section iii reports results of a longitudinal study by the author to determine if college students show greater gains in moral judgment development than non-college students. The 59 subjects were tested during high school, two years after, then four years after the initial test. Thirty-eight subjects had gone to college, 18 had not (for three subjects the classification was ambiguous). Participants in the third testing completed the dit, the Comprehension of Moral Concepts Test, Law and Order Political Attitudes, and a "life history." Results indicate that higher education fosters development in moral judgment, particularly at the four year mark. (Author/KC)
Moral Judgment: An Interesting Variable for Higher Education Research. Ashe Annual Meeting Paper by James R Rest( Book )

2 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Findings from research studies that use the Defining Issues Test (dit), a test of moral judgment development, are described. These findings are relevant to three major questions in higher education research: (1) the question of student outcomes (I.E., what does college experience do for and to people?); (2) the question of the relevance and usefulness of test scores in college in predicting behavior in the "real world" outside the classroom; and (3) the question of admissions criteria--what student characteristics should be used for admissions decisions. Of concern is the diversity of studies and their claims. Findings related to student outcomes are considered that concern: changes during college, attributing change to the college experience, and factors in the college environment responsible for the change. Also considered are what a dit score predicts beyond itself, and the use of dit for admissions. Included are five references. (Sw)
Moral Dilemmas of Young Adults by James R Rest( Book )

1 edition published in 1980 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study describes moral dilemmas that young adults (ages 18-24) formulate spontaneously and examines the relationship between these dilemmas and the subjects' environment and scores on a standardized test. Fifty-two subjects were tested both in 1976 and 1978, creating 104 subject-oriented dilemmas. Thirty-two were in college, 17 were not, and three were in college at the first testing but had dropped out by the last testing. Participants completed a Defining Issues Test (dit), Comprehension of Moral Attitudes Test, Law and Order Test of Political Attitudes, a written moral dilemma test, and a short personal questionnaire. At the end of the tests, students were asked to describe their own moral dilemmas. The most important findings of the study were that the moral dilemmas that young adults write about are extremely diverse and changeable over time. Subjects described their dilemmas from three perspectives: social issues such as abortion, gay rights, the arms race; personal problems; and general causes of human conflict such as greedy people and corrupt governments. Subjects with more education tended to relate slightly more social dilemmas. Females gave proportionally more personal and social dilemmas; males recorded proportionally more general cause dilemmas. A comparison with the dit scores did not show that any of the dilemma types were developmentally more advanced. (Author/KC)
Lisa Kuhmerker papers by Lisa Kuhmerker( )

in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Lisa Kuhmerker papers consists primarily of print materials covering a wide array of topics in the field. There is professional correspondence with other authors, researchers, and organizations pertaining to the field of Moral Psychology and Education. The bulk of the collection consists of materials authored by others in the field; some of the more prominently represented authors include Lawrence Kohlberg, Carol Gilligan, James R. Rest, Thomas Lickona, Mark May, Robert L. Selman, and Lawrence J. Walker. In addition to the printed material there are filmstrips, audio cassettes, records, and slides, as well as three posters announcing talks by Kuhmerker in Germany
The validity of tests of moral judgment by James R Rest( Book )

1 edition published in 1975 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Moral development in the professions:Psycology and applied ethics( Book )

1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

 
moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Audience Level
0
Audience Level
1
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.27 (from 0.17 for Postconven ... to 0.97 for Moral deve ...)

Postconventional moral thinking : a Neo-Kohlbergian approach
Covers
Moral development in the professions : psychology and applied ethicsMoral development in the professions:Psycology and applied ethics
Alternative Names
Rest, James.

Rest, James (James R.)

Rest, James R.

레스트, 제임스

레스트, 제임스 R

Languages