WorldCat Identities

McCosh, James 1811-1894

Works: 313 works in 1,479 publications in 3 languages and 15,774 library holdings
Genres: History  Biography  Criticism, interpretation, etc 
Roles: Author, Contributor
Classifications: B1401, 917.3
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about James McCosh
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Most widely held works by James McCosh
The Scottish philosophy, biographical, expository, critical, from Hutcheson to Hamilton by James McCosh( Book )

77 editions published between 1874 and 2015 in 3 languages and held by 729 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

James McCosh (1811-94), the Scottish philosopher, graduated from the University of Glasgow, spent some time as a minister in the Church of Scotland but then returned to philosophy and spent most of his career at Princeton University. The eighteenth-century Scottish Enlightenment had many influential philosophers at its core. In this book, first published in 1875, McCosh outlines the theories of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century philosophers and identifies Scottish philosophy as a distinct school of thought. He summarises both the merits and the possible criticisms of each philosopher's work and also gives detailed biographical information. Among the philosophers discussed are the influential David Hume, Thomas Reid and Adam Smith. The final chapter focuses on Sir William Hamilton, a philosopher who greatly influenced McCosh (whose other works, The Religious Aspect of Evolution and The Method of the Divine Government are also reissued in this series)
Christianity and positivism : a series of lectures to the times on natural theology and apologetics by James McCosh( Book )

49 editions published between 1871 and 2012 in English and held by 568 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Like many religious thinkers of his time, the author sought to reconcile Christianity and evolution. As expressed in this 1871 collection, his argument--that evolution glorifies the divine designer--was popular among Presbyterian clergy. Divided into three sections "Christianity and Physical Science," "Christianity and Mental Science," and "Christianity and Historical Investigation" this volume is quite open-minded for its era
The method of the divine government physical and moral by James McCosh( Book )

106 editions published between 1850 and 2012 in English and held by 537 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This 1850 edition of The Method of The Divine Government is the Scottish philosopher and clergyman James McCosh's influential account of how God's providence, which in his opinion is an unquestionable fact, governs the world in both a physical (external) and in a moral (internal) sense. The latter is particularly connected to the many layers that make up man's conscience. This second edition, which consists of four parts ('books') and an appendix, differs from the original version as McCosh pays far more attention to first principles than to fundamental ones. He seeks to pinpoint God's character and probes the depths of man's conscience (First Book) and in the following he delves into the physical aspects of God's government, paying particular attention to Comte's Positivism. McCosh devotes part three to a detailed analysis of the human mind and moral nature and finally in the fourth part he reconciles God and man
The religious aspect of evolution by James McCosh( Book )

35 editions published between 1888 and 2010 in English and held by 441 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Scottish scholar James McCosh (1811-94) was a champion of the Free church, a successful and much-published philosophy professor at Belfast for 16 years, and an energetic and innovative President of Princeton University from 1868 to 1888. The Religious Aspect of Evolution was published in 1888, and this second edition from 1890 took account of A. R. Wallace's latest work, Darwinism (1889, also reissued in this series). McCosh, who already in Ireland had developed a 'theory of the universe conditioned by Christian revelation' was one of very few clergymen in America who defended evolutionary theory. He impressed upon his students that while there seemed to be great truth in Darwin's theory, the work of the coming age must be to separate that truth from the error springing up around it. This would enable scholars to follow and even embrace science while also retaining their faith in the Bible
An examination of Mr. J.S. Mill's philosophy ; being a defence of fundamental truth by James McCosh( Book )

53 editions published between 1866 and 2015 in English and held by 391 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"I introduce my readers to one of the skirmishes of the great warfare. In May, 1865, Mr. Mill published an Examination of Sir William Hamilton's Philosophy, in which he unfolds principles fitted, as I think, to undermine fundamental truth. In the beginning of the following year, I published this work as a reply. In the third edition of his work, published in 1867, Mr. Mill replied to his critics, including myself. I place in Appendix II. to this edition my answer to Mr. Mill's strictures. The combatants are now brought to very close quarters. We now see clearly what are the questions at issue. The Appendix may be regarded as forming a sort of resum{acute}e of the whole controversy, not so far as it relates to Hamilton, but as it bears on what is far more important--the fundamental truth which Mr. Mill has assailed"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
Typical forms and special ends in creation by James McCosh( Book )

51 editions published between 1856 and 2012 in English and Undetermined and held by 382 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The principles now folly explained and illustrated in this work were first brought before the public in an article on Typical Forms by Dr. McCosh in the "North British Review" for August, 1851. The article in the "North British" on Typical Forms is a vigorous contribution to this middle department of theology, which, like a central area left unbuilt in a street after the completion of the erections on both sides, seems so necessary to the union of the contiguous fabrics, and to the design of the whole; and all that its perusal leaves us to regret is, that its accomplished author, in whom the reader will, we believe, recognize a most original thinker-a man already well known in the ethical field, both in our own country and America-should not have expanded it into a volume. But in the special field which he has chosen he need not greatly fear a competitor. The subject is one, too, on which thought ripens slowly; for, like the agricultural produce of a new colony, it has all to be raised from the seed; and the deeply interesting, but comparatively brief article of the reviewer, will, we can not doubt, be yet expanded into a separate treatise, which will prove none the less fresh, and all the more solid, from the circumstance that it should have appeared as an article first"--Book. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
The supernatural in relation to the natural by James McCosh( Book )

24 editions published between 1862 and 2012 in English and held by 356 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The supernatural was an intellectual preoccupation for Scottish philosopher, theologian and later President of Princeton University James McCosh (1811-94), who attacked John Stuart Mill's 1843 System of Logic (also reissued in this series) for not addressing the issue of the supernatural. In this work, published in 1862, McCosh gives his full attention to the question, saying his aim was to 'disentangle the confusion' about the relationship between the natural and supernatural. He defines the supernatural as anything acting outside the sphere of nature. The first part of the book examines the natural world's relationship to the supernatural through a discussion of the laws and principles that are thought to govern nature. The second part takes the opposite approach, considering the relationship of the supernatural to the natural by examining instances within Christian literature, such as prophecy and miracles, which are difficult to explain
Realistic philosophy defended in a philosophic series by James McCosh( Book )

36 editions published between 1887 and 2016 in English and held by 332 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Psychology: the cognitive powers by James McCosh( Book )

50 editions published between 1886 and 2012 in English and held by 320 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Explores cognitive functions in psychology. The book is divided into 3 sections, each examining a different cognitive process. The first section examines simple cognitive or presentative powers. It is argued that these are so called because they give knowledge in its simplest form (in the singular and concrete) and because the objects are now present and presented. Sense perception and self consciousness are discussed. The second section refers to the reproductive or representative powers, which include retention, fantasy, association of ideas, recognitive power, the power of composition, and the symbolic power. The last section involves comparative powers, defined as the mental power which notices the relations of objects and binds them in apprehension. Relations are classified (relation of identity and difference, whole and parts, resemblance, space, time, quantity, active power, and cause and effect), and discursive operations and intuition in the discovery of relations are discussed"--Publisher. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved)
First and fundamental truths: being a treatise on metaphysics by James McCosh( Book )

24 editions published between 1889 and 2015 in English and held by 276 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Psychology: the motive powers, emotions, conscience, will by James McCosh( Book )

37 editions published between 1886 and 2012 in English and Undetermined and held by 249 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this volume, I unfold the characteristics of the motive powers, as they are called the orective, the appetent, the impulsive powers; the feelings, the sentiments, the affections, the heart, as distinguished from the Gnostic, the cognitive, the intellect, the understanding, the reason, the head. These motive powers fall under three heads: the emotions, the conscience, the will. It is not to be understood that these are unconnected with each other, or with the cognitive; emotions contain an idea which is cognitive. The conscience may be regarded as combining characteristics of each of the two grand classes; being cognitive as discerning good and evil, and motive as leading to action; the will has to use the other powers as going on to action. Emotion occupies more room than the other two in this treatise, inasmuch as its operations are more varied, and as the account usually given of it (so it appears to me) is more defective"--Introduction. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
The laws of discursive thought, being a text-book of formal logic by James McCosh( Book )

50 editions published between 1870 and 2010 in English and held by 223 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The emotions by James McCosh( Book )

18 editions published between 1880 and 2009 in English and held by 192 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this work the author treats the emotions as psychical acts, but does not overlook their physiological concomitants and effects. The author states that there are four elements involved in emotions. First, there is the affection, or what the author prefer calling the motive principle, or the appetence. Secondly, there is an idea of something, of some object or occurrence, as fitted to gratify or disappoint a motive principle or appetence. Thirdly, there is the conscious feeling. Fourthly, there is an organic affection. He who can unfold these four elements and allot to them their relative place and connection will clear up a subject which is only imperfectly understood at present, and show what emotion is in itself, and what its place in the human constitution. Each of these aspects has been noticed in works written both in ancient and modern times. But so far as is known to the author, the four elements have not been exhibited in their combination and their mutual relation by any one. In the first part of this book, the author devotes a chapter to each of the elements of emotion. In the second part of the book, the author classifies and describes the emotions. In the third part of the book, the author discusses complex emotions"--Résumé de l'éditeur. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved)
Wood's Bible animals : a description of the habits, structure, and uses of every living creature mentioned in the Scriptures ... by J. G Wood( Book )

27 editions published between 1870 and 1984 in English and held by 158 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The tests of the various kinds of truth being a treatise of applied logic by James McCosh( Book )

9 editions published between 1889 and 1976 in English and held by 144 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Our moral nature, being a brief system of ethics by James McCosh( Book )

12 editions published between 1892 and 2015 in English and held by 131 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The development of hypothesis: is it sufficient? by James McCosh( Book )

9 editions published between 1876 and 1976 in English and held by 127 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The laws of discursive thought, being a text-book for formal logic by James McCosh( Book )

18 editions published between 1873 and 2015 in English and Undetermined and held by 65 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The main feature of this logical treatise is to be found in the more thorough investigation of the nature of the notion, in regard to which the views of the school of Locke and Whately are very defective, and the views of the school of Kant and Hamilton altogether erroneous. The Port Royal Logic complains that the part of logic which comprehends the rules of reasoning is regarded as the most important; and maintains that the greater part of the errors of men arises from their reasoning on wrong principles, rather than from their reasoning wrongly from their principles. It is as true of this age as of the seventeenth century, that the attention of logicians has been confined almost entirely to reasoning. I believe that it is the notion which requires at this time to be specially examined. I believe that errors spring far more frequently from obscure, inadequate, indistinct, and confused notions, and from not placing the notions in their proper relation in judgment, than from ratiocination. Even in reasoning, most mistakes proceed from confusion lurking in the apprehensions of the mind. We are in more need, at present, of a new analysis of the notion and the judgment, than of the reasoning process. I have found that in the more thorough evolution of the nature of the notion, especially in the thorough-going separation of the abstract notion from the singular and universal, we have the means of settling the curious questions which have been started in regard to judgment and reasoning in the new analytic. In this treatise, the notion (with the term, and the relation of thought to language) will be found to occupy a larger relative place than in any logical work written since the time of the famous Art of Thinking"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
The prevailing types of philosophy; can they logically reach reality? by James McCosh( Book )

11 editions published between 1890 and 2011 in English and held by 54 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This little work is, to some extent, negative and undermining; it points out a chasm in modern philosophy. I would not give it to the public were it not that I have previously presented the positive and constructive side in my larger work on "First and Fundamental Truth." I wish the two works to go together, as constituting what I have been able to do for fundamental philosophy. Agnosticism is upheld and propagated in the present day by several influential men, such as Mr. Herbert Spencer and Professor Huxley. It is in the air, and our young men have to breathe it and suffer the consequences. It is evidently exercising a relaxing influence on the faith and doctrinal convictions of the rising generation. It is in my view the grand office, at present, of the higher philosophy, to meet and expose this doubting spirit. The question is, are the philosophies of the day fitted to do this? With our eyes open, we are apt to look on the scene at some distance, rather than on things that are pressingly near and supposed to be known. So it is with modern metaphysicians (it was different with the ancient Greeks); they direct their attention to more remote objects rather than those which are close to us, such as Reality"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
Inauguration of James McCosh ... as president of the College of New Jersey, Princeton. October 27, 1868 by James McCosh( Book )

3 editions published between 1868 and 1869 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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The religious aspect of evolution
Alternative Names
James McCosh britisch-amerikanischer Geistlicher und Philosoph

James McCosh British philosopher

James McCosh filósofo británico

James McCosh philosophe britannique

Mac Cosh James

MacCosh James

MacCosh, James 1811-1894

Mc Cosh James

Mc'Cosch, James 1811-1894

McCosh, James

McCosh, James 1811-1894

M'Cosh, James 1811-1894

ג'יימס מקקוש פילוסוף בריטי



English (764)

Dutch (5)

German (2)

The method of the divine government physical and moralThe religious aspect of evolutionThe supernatural in relation to the naturalThe laws of discursive thought, being a text-book for formal logic