WorldCat Identities

Charlesworth, Brian

Overview
Works: 37 works in 124 publications in 5 languages and 2,275 library holdings
Genres: Popular works  Field guides  Educational films  Nonfiction films  Academic theses 
Roles: Author, Production personnel, tra, Editor, Translator
Classifications: QH455, 575.1
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about Brian Charlesworth
 
Most widely held works by Brian Charlesworth
Evolution : a very short introduction by Brian Charlesworth( Book )

33 editions published between 2003 and 2018 in 4 languages and held by 1,052 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In less than 500 years science has completely transformed our view of our origins and relationship with the universe. This incisive and though-provoking book introduces some of the most important findings and concepts of evolutionary biology, such as the formation and divergence of species, adaptation, mutation, and natural selection. Brian and Deborah Charlesworth trace the progress of evolutionary thought from the first publications of Darwin and Wallace over 140 years ago, to recent evidence provided by studying evolution at the molecular level. The book ends by showing how evolutionary ideas illuminate some of the hardest questions in modern biology, such as why ageing happens and why some animals behave altruistically
Evolution in age-structured populations by Brian Charlesworth( Book )

17 editions published between 1980 and 1994 in English and Undetermined and held by 464 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Evolution in age-structured populations by Brian Charlesworth( Book )

13 editions published between 1994 and 2004 in English and Undetermined and held by 379 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The populations of many species of animals and plants are age-structured, i.e. the individuals present at any one time were born over a range of different times, and their fertility and survival depend on age. The properties of such populations are important for interpreting experiments and observations on the genetics of populations for animal and plant breeding, and for understanding the evolution of features of life-histories such as senescence and time of reproduction. In this new edition Brian Charlesworth provides a comprehensive review of the basic mathematical theory of the demography and genetics of age-structured populations. The mathematical level of the book is such that it will be accessible to anyone with a knowledge of basic calculus and linear algebra
Elements of evolutionary genetics by Brian Charlesworth( Book )

16 editions published between 2010 and 2012 in English and held by 230 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Evolutionary genetics considers the causes of evolutionary change and the nature of variability in evolution. The methods of evolutionary genetics are critically important for the analysis and interpretation of the massive datasets on DNA sequence variation and evolution that are becoming available, as well for our understanding of evolution in general. This book shows readers how models of the genetic processes involved in evolution are made (including natural selection, migration, mutation, and genetic drift in finite populations), and how the models are used to interpret classical and molecular genetic data. The material is intended for advanced level undergraduate courses in genetics and evolutionary biology, graduate students in evolutionary biology and human genetics, and researchers in related fields who wish to learn evolutionary genetics. The topics covered include genetic variation, DNA sequence variability and its measurement, the different types of natural selection and their effects (e.g. the maintenance of variation, directional selection, and adaptation), the interactions between selection and mutation or migration, the description and analysis of variation at multiple sites in the genome, genetic drift, and the effects of spatial structure. The final two chapters demonstrate how the theory illuminates our understanding of the evolution of breeding systems, sex ratios and life histories, and some aspects of genome evolution."--Publisher's website
The new face of drugs( Visual )

2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Provides the latest information on the dangers and deceptions that exist in today's world of drugs. Pictures and describes the signs and effects of prescription drugs, ecstasy, stimulants, hallucinogens, depressants, steroids, inhalants and more
Evolution eine Einführung by Brian Charlesworth( Book )

5 editions published in 2012 in German and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Evolution auf den Punkt gebracht. Eine kurze Einführung in die Prinzipien und Fragen der Entstehung und Entwicklung des Lebens auf unserem Planeten
Evolution : a very short introduction by Brian Charlesworth( Book )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

POPULAR SCIENCE. Less than 450 years ago, all European scholars believed that the Earth was at the centre of a Universe that was at most a few million miles in extent, and that the planets, sun, and stars all rotated around this centre. Less than 250 years ago, they believed that the Universe was created essentially in its present state about 6000 years ago. Even less than 150 years ago, the view that living species were the result of special creation by God was still dominant. The recognition by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace of the mechanism of evolution by natural selection has completely transformed our understanding of the living world, including our own origins. In this Very Short Introduction Brian and Deborah Charlesworth provide a clear and concise summary of the process of evolution by natural selection, and how natural selection gives rise to adaptations and eventually, over many generations, to new species
Fifty years of evolution : essays in honour of John Maynard Smith : papers of a theme issue by Brian Charlesworth( Book )

3 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Population genetics, quantitative genetics, and animal improvement : papers in honor of William (Bill) Hill : papers of a theme issue( Book )

2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Genetics and the causes of evolution : 150 years of progress since Darwin : papers of a Discussion Meeting issue by Royal Society (Great Britain)( Book )

3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cambridge Studies in Mathematical Biology, 1 by Brian Charlesworth( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The genetic structure of populations by Albert Jacquard( Book )

3 editions published between 1970 and 2014 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

It is part of the ideology of science that it is an international enterprise, carried out by a community that knows no barriers of nation or culture. But the reality is somewhat different. Despite the best intentions of scientists to form a single community, unseparated by differences of national and political viewpoint, they are, in fact, separated by language. Scientific literature in German is not generally assimilated by French workers, nor that appearing in French by those whose native language is English. The problem appears to have become more severe since the last war, because the ascendance of the United States as the preeminent economic power led, in a time of big and expensive science, to a pre dominance of American scientific production and a growing tendency (at least among English-speakers) to regard English as the international language of science. International congresses and journals of world circulation have come more and more to take English as their standard or official language. As a result, students and scientific workers in the English speaking world have become more linguistically parochial than ever before and have been cut off from a considerable scientific literature. Population genetics has been no exception to the rule. The elegant and extremely innovative theoreticaI work of Malecot, for example, is only now being properly assimilated by population biologists outside France. It was therefore with some sense of frustration that I read Prof
Evolution : Brian and Deborah Charlesworth by Brian Charlesworth( Book )

1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book is about the crucial role of evolutionary biology in transforming our view of human origins and relation to the universe, and the impact of this idea on traditional philosophy and religion. It explains the most important basic findings and procedures in the area
The evolutionary biology of sex : biology of sex special by Brian Charlesworth( )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Tractatus de materia medica, sive, De medicamentorum simplicium : historia, virtute, delectu, & usu by Etienne-François Geoffroy( Book )

1 edition published in 1741 in Latin and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Jo. Mariae Lancisii ... Opera quae hactenus prodierunt omnia by Giovanni Maria Lancisi( Book )

1 edition published in 1718 in Latin and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

X chromosome evolution in Drosophila by Beatriz Vicoso( )

1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Although the X chromosome is usually similar to the autosomes in size, gene density and cytogenetic appearance, theoretical models predict that its hemizygosity in males may cause unusual patterns of evolution. The sequencing of several genomes has indeed revealed differences between the X chromosome and the autosomes in the rates of gene divergence, patterns of gene expression and rates of gene movement between chromosomes. In this thesis, I have attempted to investigate some of these patterns and their possible causes. The first two chapters consist of theoretical and empirical work intended to analyse the rates of evolution of coding sequences of X-linked and autosomal loci, with particular emphasis on faster-X evolution, the theory that more effective selection on the X can lead to higher rates of adaptive evolution on this chromosome. By analyzing X-linked and autosomal coding sequence in several species of Drosophila, we found some evidence for more effective selection on the X, particularly evident in the higher levels of codon usage bias detected at X-linked loci. We argue that this could be due to higher levels of recombination on the X chromosome increasing its effective population size (NeX) relative to the autosomal effective population size (NeA). To further investigate this hypothesis, we have modeled the effect of increased NeX/NeA on rates of evolution and confirmed that this can contribute to faster-X evolution. The last two chapters deal with the evolution of sex-biased genes and the possible causes for their differential accumulation on the X. We used EST data to create expression profiles for D. melanogaster male-, female- and unbiased genes. Our results suggest that the expression levels of sex-biased genes are incompatible with the accepted iii model of sex-biased gene evolution. We also show that the deficit of testis-expressed genes that is observed in Drosophila seems to be stronger for highly expressed genes. In fact, for very lowly expressed genes, we observe a small excess of testis-expressed genes on the X. We attempt to discuss this pattern in view of what is currently known about the evolution of sex-biased gene expression
Jin hua : a very short introduction = Evolution by Brian Charlesworth( Book )

1 edition published in 2015 in Chinese and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Ben shu jie shao le jin hua sheng wu xue zhong mou xie zui wei zhong yao de fa xian he guan nian,Ru wu zhong de xing cheng he fen hua,Shi ying,Tu bian,Zi ran xuan ze
Molecular evolution under low recombination by Vera B Kaiser( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Analyzing regions in the genome with low levels of recombination helps understand the prevalence of sexual reproduction. Here, I show that variability in regions of reduced recombination in Drosophila can be explained by interference among strongly deleterious mutations; selection becomes progressively less effective in influencing the behaviour of neighbouring sites as the number of closely linked sites on a chromosome increases. I also show that the accumulation of loss-of-function mutations on the neo-Y chromosome of Drosophila miranda is compatible with a model of selection against such mutations alone, without the need to invoke the action of selective sweeps. I describe the discovery of two new sex-linked genes in the plant Silene latifolia, SlCyt and SlX9/SlY9. SlCyt has been recently translocated from an autosome to the X and shows signs of a selective sweep. Its possible role in having caused recombination arrest between the evolving X and Y chromosome is discussed. SlX9 still has an intact Y-linked copy that is presumably functional. Nucleotide diversity at SlY9 is very low, whereas SlX9 has an unusually high diversity and shows signs of introgression from S. dioica into S. latifolia, but the effect of this seems very localized
New genes sweep clean by Brian Charlesworth( Book )

1 edition published in 1992 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

 
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Evolution : a very short introduction Evolution : Brian and Deborah Charlesworth
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Evolution in age-structured populationsEvolution in age-structured populationsElements of evolutionary geneticsEvolution : Brian and Deborah Charlesworth
Alternative Names
Brian Charlesworth ahli biologi asal Britania Raya

Brian Charlesworth biólogo británico

Brian Charlesworth biologo britannico

Brian Charlesworth biólogu británicu

Brian Charlesworth britischer Evolutionsbiologe

Brian Charlesworth British biologist

Brian Charlesworth Brits bioloog

Charlesworth, B.

Charlesworth, Brian

برایان چالرزوورت زیست‌شناس بریتانیایی

بريان تشارلزورث أحيائي من المملكة المتحدة

チャールズワース, ブライアン

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