WorldCat Identities

Walton, Douglas N.

Works: 110 works in 749 publications in 5 languages and 29,849 library holdings
Genres: Case studies 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Classifications: BC177, 168
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Douglas N Walton
Ad hominem arguments by Douglas N Walton( )

13 editions published between 1998 and 2009 in English and Russian and held by 2,147 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In the media, in the courtroom, and in everyday confrontation, ad hominem arguments are easy to put forward as accusations, are difficult to refute, and often have an extremely powerful effect on persuading an audience. Although ad hominem arguments have been around for a long time, now more than ever, the problem of how to deal with them in a critically balanced way is a matter of concern for public discourse in a democracy." "Douglas Walton presents a clear account of the structure of the ad hominem argument and how that structure can be used to evaluate specific cases of this type of argumentation as fallacious or not." "An important feature of the book is the use of case studies illustrating familiar arguments in everyday conversation for which the charge of fallaciousness is at issue. The numerous case studies show in concrete terms many practical techniques for using textual evidence to identify and analyze fallacies and to evaluate argumentation as fallacious or not in particular cases. Walton gives a clear, user-friendly method for analyzing and evaluating cases of ad hominem arguments found in everyday argumentation."--BOOK JACKET
Appeal to pity : Argumentum ad misericordiam by Douglas N Walton( )

12 editions published between 1997 and 2016 in English and held by 1,726 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A pragmatic theory of fallacy by Douglas N Walton( )

11 editions published between 1995 and 2004 in English and held by 1,689 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Although many individual fallacies have now been studied and analyzed in the growing literature on argumentation, the concept of fallacy itself has lacked a sufficiently clear meaning to make it as useful as it could be for evaluating arguments. Walton looks at how an argument is used in the context of conversation. He defines a fallacy as a conversational move, or sequence of moves, that is supposed to be an argument that contributes to the purpose of the conversation but in reality interferes with it. The view is a pragmatic one, based on the assumption that when people argue, they do so in a context of dialogue, a conventionalized normative framework that is goal-directed. Such a contextual framework is shown to be crucial in determining whether an argument has been used correctly. Three problems are those of fallacy identification, fallacy analysis, and fallacy evaluation. Walton presents solutions for all three problems by developing new pragmatic structures to display the form of an argument (the so-called argumentation scheme). The fallacy is revealed when it is shown, in a given case, how its form fits into an enveloping normative structure of dialogue. In this book Walton shows how the 25 or so major informal fallacies standardly treated in textbooks are basically reasonable presumptive types of arguments that have been used inappropriately in such a normative model. Another key feature of the book is its demonstration that a fallacy is typically an argument that seems correct when it is not. Walton shows that such an argument is used in a way that disguises a covert, illicit shift from one type of dialogue to another. This novel approach to solving the analysis problem provides a pragmatic way of analyzing a fallacy as a deceptive type of argumentation with an appearance of correctness. Walton suggests that different contexts of dialogue are involved and that fallacies are often associated with a partially concealed illicit shift from one type of dialogue to another
The new dialectic : conversational contexts of argument by Douglas N Walton( )

15 editions published between 1998 and 2008 in English and held by 1,469 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this book Douglas Walton proposes a new and practical approach to argument analysis based on his theory that different standards for argument must apply in the case of different types of dialogue. By refining and extending the existing formal classifications of dialogue, Walton shows that each dialogue type, be it inquiry, negotiation, or critical discussion, has its own set of goals. He goes on to demonstrate that an argument can best be evaluated in terms of its contribution, positive or negative, to the goals of the particular dialogue it is meant to further. In this way he illustrates how argument can be brought into the service of many types of dialogue, and thus has valuable uses that go well beyond the mere settling of disputes and differences
Dialog theory for critical argumentation by Douglas N Walton( )

16 editions published in 2007 in English and Dutch and held by 1,370 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Because of the need to devise systems for electronic communication on the internet, multi-agent computing is moving to a model of communication as a structured conversation between rational agents. For example, in multi-agent systems, an electronic agent searches around the internet, and collects certain kinds of information by asking questions to other agents. Such agents also reason with each other when they engage in negotiation and persuasion. It is shown in this book that critical argumentation is best represented in this framework by the model of reasoned argument called a dialog, in whi
Informal fallacies : towards a theory of argument criticisms by Douglas N Walton( )

17 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 1,277 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Lists types of informal fallacies and provides examples of each, compiled by Charles Ess. Details fallacies of relevance and presumption. Links to other critical thinking resources
Abductive reasoning by Douglas N Walton( )

17 editions published between 2004 and 2014 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,262 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This book examines three areas in which abductive reasoning is especially important: medicine, science, and law. Douglas Walton introduces the foundations of abduction and shows how it has evolved historically into the framework of conventional wisdom in logic." "Discussions draw upon recent techniques used in artificial intelligence, particularly in the areas of multi-agent systems and plan recognition, to develop a dialogue model of explanation. Cases of causal explanations in law are analyzed using abductive reasoning, and all the components are finally brought together to build a new account of abductive reasoning."--Jacket
Topical relevance in argumentation by Douglas N Walton( )

15 editions published in 1982 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,245 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Informal logic : a pragmatic approach by Douglas N Walton( Book )

18 editions published between 2008 and 2012 in English and held by 965 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Informal Logic is an introductory guidebook to the basic principles of constructing sound arguments and criticizing bad ones. Non-technical in approach, it is based on 186 examples, which Douglas Walton, a leading authority in the field of informal logic, discusses and evaluates in clear, illustrative detail. Walton explains how errors, fallacies, and other key failures of argument occur. He shows how correct uses of argument are based on sound strategies for reasoned persuasion and critical responses. Among the many subjects covered are: forms of valid argument, defeasible arguments, relevance, appeals to emotion, personal attack, straw man argument, jumping to a conclusion, uses and abuses of expert opinion, problems in drawing conclusions from polls and statistics, loaded terms, equivocation, arguments from analogy, and techniques of posing, replying to, and criticizing questions."--Jacket
Ethics of withdrawal of life-support systems : case studies on decision-making in intensive care by Douglas N Walton( Book )

18 editions published between 1983 and 1987 in English and held by 903 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Informal logic : a handbook for critical argumentation by Douglas N Walton( Book )

30 editions published between 1989 and 2005 in English and Spanish and held by 806 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Relevance in argumentation by Douglas N Walton( )

14 editions published between 2003 and 2013 in English and held by 792 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This volume is intended for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in field using argumentation theory - law (in particular, evidence law), artificial intelligence (especially multi-agent computing), linguistics, cognitive science, and speech communication, in addition to philosophy. The work also has practical use, as it applies theory directly to familiar examples of argumentation in daily and professional life. With a clear and comprehensive method for determining relevance and irrelevance, it can be convincingly applied to practical problems about relevance, including those in legal and political argumentation."--Jacket
Argumentation methods for artificial intelligence in law by Douglas N Walton( )

17 editions published in 2005 in English and German and held by 702 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Use of argumentation methods applied to legal reasoning is a relatively new field of study. Many vitally important problems of legal reasoning can be profitably studied in light of these new methods, even if they cannot all be solved in any single monograph. This book provides a survey of the leading problems, and outlines how future research using argumentation-based methods show great promise of leading to useful solutions. The problems studied include not only those of argument evaluation and argument invention, but also analysis of specific kinds of evidence commonly used in law, like witness testimony, circumstantial evidence, forensic evidence and character evidence. New tools for analyzing these kinds of evidence are introduced, like argument diagramming, abductive reasoning, an analysis of conditional relevance and a new dialectical model of explanation."--Jacket
Witness testimony evidence : argumentation, artificial intelligence, and law by Douglas N Walton( )

17 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in English and held by 651 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Recent work in artificial intelligence has increasingly turned to argumentation as a rich, interdisciplinary area of research that can provide new methods related to evidence and reasoning in the area of law. Douglas Walton provides an introduction to basic concepts, tools and methods in argumentation theory and artificial intelligence as applied to the analysis and evaluation of witness testimony. He shows how witness testimony is by its nature inherently fallible and sometimes subject to disastrous failures. At the same time such testimony can provide evidence that is not only necessary but inherently reasonable for logically guiding legal experts to accept or reject a claim. Walton shows how to overcome the traditional disdain for witness testimony as a type of evidence shown by logical positivists, and the views of trial sceptics who doubt that trial rules deal with witness testimony in a way that yields a rational decision-making process."--Publisher's website
Argumentation schemes by Douglas N Walton( Book )

20 editions published between 2008 and 2013 in English and held by 603 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book provides a systematic analysis of many common argumentation schemes and a compendium of ninety-six schemes. The study of these schemes, or forms of argument that capture stereotypical patterns of human reasoning, is at the core of argumentation research. Surveying all aspects of argumentation schemes from the ground up, the book takes the reader from the elementary exposition in the first chapter to the current state of the art in the research efforts to formalize and classify the schemes, outlined in the last three chapters. It provides a systematic and comprehensive account, with notation suitable for computational applications that increasingly make use of argumentation schemes
Fundamentals of critical argumentation by Douglas N Walton( )

18 editions published between 2005 and 2013 in English and held by 582 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Fundamentals of Critical Argumentation presents the basic tools for the identification, analysis, and evaluation of common arguments for beginners. The book teaches by using examples of arguments in dialogues, both in the text itself and in the exercises. Examples of controversial legal, political, and ethical arguments are analyzed. Illustrating the most common kinds of arguments, the book also explains how to evaluate each kind by critical questioning."--Jacket
Slippery slope arguments by Douglas N Walton( Book )

15 editions published between 1992 and 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 538 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A 'slippery slope argument' is a kind of argument which warns you that, if you take a first step, you will find yourself caught up in a sequence of consequences from which you will be unable to extricate yourself, and that eventually you will end up speeding ever faster towards some disastrous outcome. Many textbooks on informal logic and critical thinking treat the slippery slope argument as a fallacy. Douglas Walton argues that slippery slope arguments can be used correctly in some cases as a reasonable type of argument to shift a burden of proof in a critical discussion, while in other cases they are used incorrectly. In the four central chapters he identifies and analyses four types of slippery slope argument. In each chapter he presents guidelines that show how each type of slippery slope argument can be used correctly or incorrectly, using over fifty case studies of argumentation on controversial issues. These include abortion, medical research on human embryos, euthanasia, the decriminalization of marijuana, pornography and censorship, and whether or not the burning of the American flag should be banned
The Power of God : readings on omnipotence and evil( Book )

6 editions published between 1978 and 1987 in English and held by 512 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Brain death : ethical considerations by Douglas N Walton( Book )

9 editions published between 1980 and 1981 in English and held by 506 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Character evidence : an abductive theory by Douglas N Walton( )

21 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and Undetermined and held by 492 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This book is on evidence for character judgments, answering questions about how such judgments are and should be supported or refuted by verifiable evidence. For example, if I claim that some particular person has integrity, or does not, what kind of justification should properly be used to support or refute the claim? This book answers the question using a model of abductive reasoning, commonly called inference to the best explanation. The methodology of the book derives from recent work on models of reasoning in argumentation theory and artificial intelligence. The aim is not just to show how character judgments are made, but to show how they should be properly be made based on sound reasoning, in order to avoid errors and superficial judgments of a kind that are common. Character evidence in law is on a razor's edge. It is generally inadmissible, for it might tend to prejudice a jury, but it is a kind of evidence often needed in trials, for example, to cross-examine a witness. This book shows that we are not as good at judging character as we think, and often make serious mistakes. But it is shown how character judgments can, in some instances, be based on good reasoning supported by factual evidence in a case."--BOOK JACKET
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Dialog theory for critical argumentation
Appeal to pity : Argumentum ad misericordiamA pragmatic theory of fallacyThe new dialectic : conversational contexts of argumentDialog theory for critical argumentationAbductive reasoningInformal logic : a pragmatic approachEthics of withdrawal of life-support systems : case studies on decision-making in intensive careInformal logic : a handbook for critical argumentation
Alternative Names
Doug Walton Canadees filosoof

Doug Walton filosof, argumentationsteoretiker

Doug Walton filósofo canadiense

Douglas Walton

Douglas Walton Argumentationstheoretiker

Walton, Doug.

Walton, Douglas.

Walton Douglas 1942-....

Walton, Douglas (Douglas N.)

Walton, Douglas N.

Walton, Douglas N. 1942-

Walton, Douglas Neil.

Walton, Douglas Neil 1942-

Дуглас Уолтон

월튼, 더글러스

English (314)

German (1)

Russian (1)

Spanish (1)

Dutch (1)