WorldCat Identities

Ottaway, Marina

Works: 134 works in 340 publications in 3 languages and 8,494 library holdings
Genres: History  Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Classifications: HX438.5, 335.43096
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Marina Ottaway
Afrocommunism by David Ottaway( Book )

23 editions published between 1980 and 1986 in 3 languages and held by 865 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

South Africa : the struggle for a new order by Marina Ottaway( Book )

8 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 759 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The unbanning of the African National Congress and the release of Nelson Mandela in February 1990 cleared the way for negotiations toward a new, post-apartheid political order in South Africa. But three years later, the main parties have made little progress toward a compromise, while violence escalates in the townships. In this revealing study, Marina Ottaway examines the new conflicts emerging in South Africa, the factors influencing them, and the probable outcome. She shows that the black-on-white conflict that has made the country a pariah in the past has evolved into a much more complex state of affairs and explains that the transition is likely to take an unprecedented form. Beginning with a brief history of the events since Mandela's release, Ottaway provides a vivid account of the evolving conflict over apartheid. She discusses the complexity of conflict resolution in a country where internal and external currents work against each other, and where the struggle for power transcends any strides toward peace. Ottaway thoroughly addresses the issues involved in South Africa's transition from apartheid. She explains that the abolition of the pervasive system has more far-reaching implications than originally thought. South Africa explores the effects that the international climate of the 1990s has had on the country's transition. Ottaway contends that the international community rejects apartheid but is unsympathetic to black demands for redistribution, and has condemned the white government's vision of separate development but accepts ethnic nationalism as inevitable. She describes the dramatic effects the new world order has had on South Africa and assesses what those changes will mean to the country's difficult transition
Algeria; the politics of a socialist revolution by David Ottaway( Book )

14 editions published in 1970 in English and Undetermined and held by 758 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ethiopia : empire in revolution by Marina Ottaway( Book )

10 editions published in 1978 in English and Undetermined and held by 516 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Ethiopian revolution is considered the first great revolution to take place in black Africa. The momentum for social and political change, which had been steadily increasing in the last years of Haile Selassie's rule, gathered unexpected speed as a series of military protests broke out in early 1974 and suddenly erupted into a national groundswell of revolt. Joined by students, workers, bureaucrats, teachers and other discontented forces in Addis Ababa, the capital city, the military forced the government to concede to demand after another. Though cabinets were changed, salaries raised and political reforms promised (though never really delivered), the aged and now feeble emperor proved unable to respond effectively to the situation. He was deposed in September, and the ancien regime collapsed. Marina and David Ottaway, correspondents for the Washington Post, lived through the revolutionary events in Ethiopia until their expulsion by the Provisional Military Government in mid-1977. Their contacts with government and military circles in Addis and their travels throughout the countryside to investigate provincial conditions gave them an unusual and particularly valuable vantage point from which to observe these developments. They carefully chronicle the unfolding of events, both among discontented troops and the urban citizenry in Addis. They trace the evolution of the government's socialist ideology, the harsh application of nationalization decrees and sweeping social and economic reforms, and the resistance the government encountered from obstinate minority and corporate groups. As the revolution continued, revolts erupted on the right, among feudal remnants, and on the left, among political idealists. As the empire was rocked by ideological concerns, the country's major ethnic groups - Gallas, Somalis, Afars, Tigreans and not the least, Eritreans, whose war of liberation began in 1962 - strengthened their separatist drives against the government in Addis Ababa. Social tensions in the countryside, where secondary and university students were sent to instruct the peasantry in the ways of socialism, and in the cities, where political organizations of bewildering ideological strains engaged in bitter factional disputes and assissinations, persuaded many observers to believe the revolution would consume itself. The Ottoways provide rich details on these fascinating events and give clues to the survival of the first "great revolution" in black Africa. -- from dust cover
Uncharted journey : promoting democracy in the Middle East by Thomas Carothers( Book )

9 editions published in 2005 in English and Undetermined and held by 502 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States faces no greater challenge today than successfully fulfilling its new ambition of helping bring about a democratic transformation of the Middle East. Uncharted Journey contributes a wealth of concise, illuminating insights on this subject, drawing on the contributors' deep knowledge of Arab politics and their substantial experience with democracy-building in other parts of the world. The essays in part one vividly dissect the state of Arab politics today, including an up-to-date examination of the political shock wave in the region produced by the invasion of Iraq. Part two and three set out a provocative exploration of the possible elements of a democracy promotion strategy for the region. The contributors identify potential false steps as well as a productive way forward, avoiding the twin shoals of either reflexive pessimism in the face of the daunting obstacles to Arab democratization or an unrealistic optimism that fails to take into account the region's political complexities. Contributors include Eva Bellin (Hunter College), Daniel Brumberg (Carnegie Endowment), Thomas Carothers (Carnegie Endowment), Michele Dunne (Georgetown University), Graham Fuller, Amy Hawthorne (Carnegie Endowment), Marina Ottaway (Carnegie Endowment), and Richard Youngs (Foreign Policy Centre)
Democracy challenged : the rise of semi-authoritarianism by Marina Ottaway( Book )

12 editions published between 2002 and 2004 in English and held by 493 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

During the 1990s, international democracy promotion efforts led to the establishment of numerous regimes that cannot be easily classified as either authoritarian or democratic. They display characteristics of each, in short they are semi-authoritarian regimes. These regimes pose a considerable challenge to U.S. policymakers because the superficial stability of many semi-authoritarian regimes usually masks severe problems that need to be solved lest they lead to a future crisis. Additionally, these regimes call into question some of the ideas about democratic transitions that underpin the democracy promotion strategies of the United States and other Western countries. Despite their growing importance, semi-authoritarian regimes have not received systematic attention. Marina Ottaway examines five countries (Egypt, Azerbaijan, Venezuela, Croatia, and Senegal) which highlight the distinctive features of semi-authoritarianism and the special challenge each poses to policymakers. She explains why the dominant approach to democracy promotion isn't effective in these countries and concludes by suggesting alternative policies. Marina Ottaway is senior associate and codirector of the Democracy and Rule of Law Project at the Carnegie Endowment
Funding virtue : civil society aid and democracy promotion( Book )

11 editions published between 2000 and 2005 in English and held by 449 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In recent years the United States and many other international donors have embraced civil society aid as a key tool of democracy promotion. They support thousands of NGOs around the world in the name of civil society development, investing in these organizations high hopes for fostering democratic participation and values. Funding Virtue: Civil Society Aid and Democracy Promotion critically examines this burgeoning field. A diverse, distinguished collection of democracy experts and civil society practitioners from both donor and recipient countries analyze civil society aid in five regions, including country case studies of South Africa, the Philippines, Peru, Egypt, and Romania. The authors focus on crucial issues and dilemmas, such as the relationship between donor conceptions of civil society and local realities, the effects of civil society programs, and how aid can be improved. The book's broad geographic reach, practical focus, and analytic rigor make it an invaluable guide to this vital new area of international affairs
Soviet and American influence in the horn of Africa by Marina Ottaway( Book )

7 editions published in 1982 in English and held by 384 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Beyond the fac̦ade : political reform in the Arab world( Book )

11 editions published in 2008 in English and Arabic and held by 382 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Reform is a politically charged issue in the Middle East. Governments admit change is necessary, but do not want to surrender power. Opposition groups want democracy, but cannot generate sufficient momentum. The Bush administration's "freedom agenda" has brought issue into focus but blurred distinction between democracy promotion and forceful regime change. Some governments have taken steps toward political reform. Are these meaningful changes, or empty attempts to pacify domestic and international public opinion? How do we distinguish reforms that alter character of the political system from those that are only window dressing? This book evaluates changes that are taking place in the region and explores the potential for further reform. The essays provide detailed examinations of ten countries, highlighting diversity of processes and problems. They force us to recognize the reality of conflicting interests and the limitations of external actors to bring about political reform, while drawing lessons on how to make international democracy promotion more effective
Democracy in Africa : the hard road ahead( Book )

9 editions published between 1977 and 1997 in English and held by 349 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the transition from authoritarianism, five years of elections and democratization in Africa have yielded uncertain results. This work challenges assumptions, and points to the issues that need to be addressed by political parties, before democracy can become a reality
Africa's new leaders : democracy or state reconstruction? by Marina Ottaway( Book )

9 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 335 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

What positive role can the international community play in countries where trends are so contradictory? This question will confront the United States - and not only in Africa - with increasing frequency. Africa's New Leaders: Democracy or State Reconstruction? is an important resource for policy makers and others forced to deal with countries where democratic change is both complex and protracted
The Political economy of Ethiopia( Book )

7 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 301 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Getting to pluralism : political actors in the Arab world by Marina Ottaway( Book )

14 editions published between 2009 and 2012 in 3 languages and held by 205 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Pluralism in the Arab world has not yet matured into functional democratic politics. While ruling establishments, Islamist movements, and secular parties have introduced a much greater degree of pluralism into Arab societies, the imbalance of power and interdependence among these actors limits both the degree of political diversity and its effectiveness at bringing about reforms. The Arab world is likely to grapple with political apathy, low voter turnout, dwindling membership in registered parties, and shrinking constituencies for the foreseeable future. Even the Islamists, who demonstrated great ability to organize and gain followers in the past, have begun showing signs of decreasing popularity. This volume explores the balance of power between the disparate political forces of the Arab world. The essays examine the characteristics of the major political actors in great detail and assess the weaknesses of the secular parties. They also illustrate the complexities of Islamist participation in the political processes of several Arab countries, pointing out both similarities and differences. Finally, the authors evaluate how incumbent Arab regimes have been able to maintain their grip on power in spite of their claims that they support political and social reform
Yemen on the brink by Christopher Boucek( Book )

11 editions published in 2010 in English and Undetermined and held by 190 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Yemen is a nation in crisis. A civil war in the North, a secessionist movement in the South, and a resurgent al-Qaeda organization are active against a background of economic collapse, lack of state capacity, and governance and corruption issues. Without addressing Yemen's immediate security challenges, the country's long-term economic and governance issues cannot be resolved. Yemen on the Brink brings together analyses of the critical problems that have brought Yemen close to state failure. The volume offers assessments by leading experts of Yemen's major security challenges, and broadens the discussion of the tools available to the international community to pull the country back from the brink. Separate chapters examine the resurgence of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula; the complex relationship between al-Qaeda and the tribes; the Southern secessionist movement; and the civil war in Saada".--Résumé de l'éditeur
Democratization and ethnic nationalism : African and Eastern European experiences by Marina Ottaway( Book )

6 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 134 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

From bullets to ballots : electoral assistance to postconflict societies by Krishna Kumar( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 37 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Women's rights and democracy in the Arab world by Marina Ottaway( Book )

6 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Reviews the political and educational rights of Arab women, family law, and the impact of women's rights and democracy in the Middle East
Morocco : from top-down reform to democratic transition? by Marina Ottaway( Book )

6 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Political reform in the Arab world is a top priority in U.S. foreign policy and Morocco is often held up as an example of a country successfully moving toward democracy under the guidance of an enlightened monarch. For over a decade, the Moroccan monarchy has embraced a reformist agenda. As impressive as some of the reforms undoubtedly are, the missing piece -- political reform -- consistently ensures that there is no threat to the ultimate power of the king. This paper discusses the necessary steps toward creating a truly democratic political system. In the case of "reform from the top," the authors argue that the Morocco example shows the limitations of monarchial reform. Despite significant improvements in free speech, women's rights, and economic reform, true democratization cannot exist without formal restrictions on the king's power. Political reform, independent branches of government, and elected institutions are vital components of a democratic society. Morocco's main Islamist party, the PJD, may hold the key to democracy in the country. Expected to obtain the largest number of votes in the 2007 parliamentary elections, the party will become a major player in the new government. The threat to a democratic transition is not that the party is too radical, but that it may allow itself to be co-opted by the monarch as all other parties have done. In a region where Islamists often threaten political reform, Morocco's main Islamist party could be, paradoxically, its best chance for legitimate democracy
al-Sharq al-Awsaṭ al-jadīd by Muḥammad ʻAṭwī( Book )

5 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Confrontational U.S. policy that tried to create a "New Middle East", but ignored the realities of the region has instead exacerbated existing conflicts and created new problems, argues a new report from the Carnegie Endowment. To restore its credibility and promote positive transformation, the United States needs to abandon the illusion that it can reshape the region to suit its interests. In The New Middle East, Carnegie Middle East experts examine the new realities of the region by focusing on three critical clusters of countries: Iran-Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, and Palestine-Israel, and on the three most pressing issues-- nuclear proliferation, sectarianism, and the challenge of political reform-- to provide a new direction for U.S. policy that engages all regional actors patiently and consistently on major conflicts to develop compromise solutions
Islamist movements and the democratic process in the Arab world : exploring the gray zones by Nathan J Brown( Book )

5 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In a new Carnegie Paper, Carnegie Endowment experts Brown, Hamzawy, and Ottaway discuss the continuing ambiguity amongst Islamists on fundamental democracy and human rights issues. Islamist Movements and the Democratic Process in the Arab World: Exploring Gray Zones seeks to move beyond stark views of the Islamist challenge as either a democratizing force or an extreme threat to democracy and to present a nuanced view of the position of Islamist parties. The authors consider mainstream movements in Morocco, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, and Bahrain, analyzing not only where the movements stand but also where they have yet to develop clear positions. In view of the recent victory by Hamas in Palestine and the electoral success of the Muslim Brotherhood in the Egyptian elections, understanding the thinking of Islamist movements is more important than ever."--Carnegie Endowment web site
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South Africa : the struggle for a new order
Alternative Names
Ūtāwī, Mārīnā

أوتاوى، مارينا

مارينا أوتاوي، 1943-

English (171)

Arabic (2)

Chinese (2)

Uncharted journey : promoting democracy in the Middle EastDemocracy challenged : the rise of semi-authoritarianismFunding virtue : civil society aid and democracy promotionBeyond the fac̦ade : political reform in the Arab worldDemocracy in Africa : the hard road aheadAfrica's new leaders : democracy or state reconstruction?The Political economy of EthiopiaGetting to pluralism : political actors in the Arab worldYemen on the brink