WorldCat Identities

Meggers, Betty Jane

Overview
Works: 119 works in 406 publications in 3 languages and 6,371 library holdings
Genres: History  Conference papers and proceedings  Poetry 
Roles: Author, Editor, Contributor, Composer, Other, Honoree
Classifications: GN1, 918.6603
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Betty Jane Meggers
Ecuador by Betty Jane Meggers( Book )

23 editions published between 1966 and 1996 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,049 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

From the Blurb: Bordered by the Pacific Ocean, crossed by numerous rivers, and easily accessible through the mountain passes of Colombia and Peru, Ecuador was the meeting place of many cultures throughout Latin America's prehistory. Yet relatively little is known of its earliest civilizations. In this first detailed synthesis of Ecuadorian archaeology in more than a half-century, Betty Meggers attempts to define the country's role in New World prehistory. Basing her study on her own extensive fieldwork and on the absolute chronology afforded by Carbon-14 dating, she explores cultural developments from the time of the earliest pottery-making, about 3000 B.C., to the end of the prehistoric era, as marked by Topa Inca's conquest of highlands near Quito, some 4,500 years later. With reference to geographic, cultural and environmental factors, and to parallel developments in the other cultures of Central and South America, the author examines the major periods of Ecuador's past and the distinct local 'phases' of each. In addition to her work in the re-dating of previously accepted highlands time sequences, the author participated in a major archaeological event of our times, the discovery of prehistoric Japanese-like pottery in Ecuadorian coastal soil. This find could indicate that voyagers from Japan reached the New World some 5 millenniums ago-4,500 years before Columbus' first crossing. Even so, far more than the discovery of the Americas is in question. The presence of this pottery points to a direct interaction between East and West much earlier in the course of their cultural development than had previously been supposed, and suggest rational explanations for the many parallels in their antique civilizations. Generously illustrated with plates of important findings, maps, and charts, this book provides an instructive and stimulating introduction to a land only now beginning to yield up the secrets of its past
Prehistoric America by Betty Jane Meggers( Book )

32 editions published between 1972 and 2010 in 3 languages and held by 1,021 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"During the past 30 years, the relationship between humans and the environment has changed more drastically than during any previous period in human history. Local sustainable exploitation of natural resources has been overridden by global interests indifferent to the detrimental impact of their activities on local environments and their inhabitants. Increasingly efficient technology has reduced the need for human labor, but improved medical treatment favors reproduction and survival, creating a growing imbalance between population density and food supply. Rapid transportation is introducing alien species to distant terrestrial and aquatic environments, where they displace critical elements in the local food chain. This succinct and profusely illustrated volume applies evolutionary and cultural theory to the interpretation of prehistoric cultural development in the western hemisphere. After reviewing cultural development in Mesoamerica and the central Andes, Meggers examines adaptation in North and South American regions with similar environments to evaluate the influence of adaptive constraints on cultural content. What made the human species dominant on the planet is the substitution of cultural behavior for biological behavior. Prehistoric Americans applied this ability to develop sustainable relationships with their environments. Many succeeded and others did not. Paleoclimatic reconstructions can be compared with archeological sequences and ethnographic descriptions to identify cultural behavior responsible for the difference. Comparison of the responses of Amazonians and Mayans to episodes of severe drought provides useful insights into what we are doing wrong."--Book cover
Early formative period of coastal Ecuador: the Valdivia and Machalilla phases [by] Betty J. Meggers [et al.] by Betty Jane Meggers( Book )

26 editions published between 1965 and 1973 in English and Undetermined and held by 707 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

El período formativo del litoral ecuatoriano; los fases valdiva y machalilla
Archeological investigations on the Rio Napo, eastern Ecuador by Clifford Evans( Book )

17 editions published between 1968 and 1973 in English and held by 660 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Investigaciones archealógicas en el Rio Napo, Ecuador
Tropical forest ecosystems in Africa and South America; a comparative review by Betty Jane Meggers( Book )

10 editions published in 1973 in English and held by 605 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Postdrifting mesozoic. Africa, the "Odd man out". Floristic relationships between tropical Africa and tropical America. Angiosperm evolution and the relationship of the floras of Africa and America. Palms in the tropical forest ecosystems of Africa and South America. Problems related to the transoceanic transport of insects, especially between the Amazon and Congo Areas. Limnology of the Congo and Amazon Rivers. Ecology of fishes in the Amazon and Congo Basis. Birds of the Congo and Amazon Forests: a comparison. Some problems of cultural adaptation in Amazonia, with emphasis on the Pre-European Period. Recent human activities in the Brazilian Amazon Region and their ecological effects. Temperature zone influence on tropical forest land use: a plea for sanity
Archeological investigations in British Guiana by Clifford Evans( Book )

32 editions published between 1960 and 1969 in English and Undetermined and held by 545 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Archeological investigations at the mouth of the Amazon by Betty Jane Meggers( Book )

28 editions published between 1954 and 1969 in English and held by 526 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Aboriginal cultural development in Latin America : an interpretative review by Betty Jane Meggers( Book )

25 editions published between 1963 and 1981 in English and held by 367 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Guia para prospecção arqueológica no Brasil by Clifford Evans( Book )

14 editions published in 1965 in 3 languages and held by 70 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Equipamento básico para trabalho de campo. Catálogo de campo. Trabalho de campo. Problemas especiais na coleta. Preparação das coleções de campo
Prehistoria sudamericana : nuevas perspectivas : ponencias presentadas al Segundo Simposio conmemorando el Quinto Centenario, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., 1-4, de octubre de 1988 by Simposio del Quinto Centenario de la Conquista de los Europeos a América( Book )

5 editions published in 1992 in Spanish and held by 63 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Jambelí culture of south coastal Ecuador by Emilio Estrada( Book )

3 editions published in 1964 in English and held by 49 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Aymara Kingdoms : SF50( )

in English and held by 39 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The period of the Aymara kingdoms follows the collapse of the Huari and Tiwanaku states to the Spanish conquest (900 BP- 530 BP). Aymara is a surviving Andean language. The geographic distribution is around Lake Titicaca and Tiwanaku valley in the Andes. The kingdoms were agricultural city-states with large communities and powerful rulers. The file consists of 10 documents. The two documents by Albarracin-Jordan (one is in Spanish, with a short abstract in English) provide an overview of the sites in the Tiwanaku Valley, and examine settlement and subsistence patterns. Lumbreras describes the lake cultures. Bermann examines a site at Lukurmata, Bolivia. Bouysse-Cassagne explores the concepts behind two Aymaran terms to understand the Aymaran world view and how it was changed by the Inkan and Spanish conquests. Hyslop uses early Spanish chronicles to formulate hypotheses about the Lupaca kingdom and tests against the data from his survey near Lake Titicaca. Kolata examines the emergence of the Aymara kingdoms following the collapse of the Tiwanaku empire. Murra describes the political and territorial organization of the Aymara kingdom, Lupaca, based on a 1567 administrative report by a Spanish crown inspector, Garica Diez. Stanish's work is based on a site survey and excavation of tombs and household dwellings in the Otora valley
Estudios arqueológicos : Antillas y tierras bajas de Sudamérica, Ecuador by Betty Jane Meggers( Book )

5 editions published in 1977 in Spanish and held by 39 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cultura Valdivia by Clifford Evans( Book )

4 editions published in 1959 in Spanish and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Personalidades y dilemas en la arqueología ecuatoriana by Betty Jane Meggers( Book )

4 editions published in 1996 in Spanish and held by 32 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The civilizational process by Darcy Ribeiro( Book )

5 editions published between 1968 and 1971 in English and held by 32 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Enfoques teóricos para la investigación arqueológica by Betty Jane Meggers( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in Spanish and held by 31 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Uma interpretação das culturas da Ilha de Marajó : com um mapa e dez estampas by Betty Jane Meggers( Book )

4 editions published in 1954 in Portuguese and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Formativo sudamericano : una revaluación : ponencias presentadas en el Simposio Internacional de Arqueología Sudamericana, Cuenca, Ecuador, 13-17 de enero de 1992 : homenaje a Alberto Rex González y Betty J. Meggers by Simposio Internacional de Arqueología Sudamericana( Book )

5 editions published between 1999 and 2002 in Spanish and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

New interpretations of aboriginal American culture history by D.C.) Anthropological Society of Washington (Washington( Book )

3 editions published between 1955 and 1971 in English and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A collection of papers presented to the Anthropological Society of Washington's 75th anniversary conference in 1954 explores various aspects of ancient aboriginal culture in North and South America
 
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Prehistoric America
Alternative Names
Betty Meggers Archaeologist

Betty Meggers US-amerikanische Archäologin und Anthropologin

Megāzu, Beti J.

Meggers, Betty.

Meggers, Betty J.

Meggers, Betty J. (Betty Jane), 1921-

Meggers Y., Betty J.

Meggers Y., Betty J., 1921-2012

Meggers Y., Betty J. (Betty Jane), 1921-

Meggers Y, Betty Jane

貝蒂·梅格爾斯

Languages
English (197)

Spanish (31)

Portuguese (19)

Covers