WorldCat Identities

Acton, Jan Paul

Works: 74 works in 313 publications in 2 languages and 6,088 library holdings
Genres: Case studies 
Roles: Author, Honoree
Classifications: AS36, 338.4336362
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Jan Paul Acton
How increased competition from generic drugs has affected prices and returns in the pharmaceutical industry by Anna Cook( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 430 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Projected nationwide energy and capacity savings from peak-load pricing of electricity in the industrial sector by Jan Paul Acton( Book )

21 editions published between 1970 and 1980 in English and held by 335 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This examination of customer responsiveness to peak-load, or time-of-use (TOU), electricity tariffs focuses on responses by individual industrial customers in England and Wales and relies on in-person interviews with representatives of firms. The design of peak-load tariffs depends on the projected extent of customer response, and if peak demands are reduced by TOU pricing, then less aggregate generating and transmission capacity will be needed to meet the load, operating costs will be reduced, and savings to both the customers and the utility system will result. The British experience is suggestive of one pattern of long-run adjustment to TOU pricing. The report examines the likelihood of a similar pattern of response in the United States and other advanced countries
Peak-load pricing : European lessons for U.S. energy policy by Bridger M Mitchell( Book )

11 editions published in 1978 in English and held by 320 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Superfund and transaction costs : the experiences of insurers and very large industrial firms by Jan Paul Acton( Book )

4 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 211 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Congress enacted the Superfund program in 1980 to clean up the nation's worst inactive hazardous-waste sites. Superfund uses a liability-based approach intended to help government tap private-sector resources to finance and conduct cleanups. Based on an examination of the activities and expenditures of two sets of private parties--large industrial firms (the potentially responsible parties, or PRPs) and insurance companies--this report studies empirically the effects of Superfund's liability-based approach on the cost of waste-site cleanup. The analysis focuses on insurer and PRP expenditures and the breakdown of those expenditures into cleanup and transaction costs (incurred in resolving disputes about who is responsible for cleanup). The analysis includes cleanups instigated by state programs and those undertaken privately, as well as those that are in the federal Superfund program. The research suggests that there is considerable variation in transaction-cost shares across sites. More information on the characteristics of the nation's inactive hazardous-waste sites would provide a better prediction of what transaction costs will ultimately be. However, it may only be as time passes and more sites move into the later stages of the cleanup process that we will be able to develop an accurate picture of the transaction costs generated by the liability-based approach of Superfund and similar state laws
Understanding Superfund : a progress report by Jan Paul Acton( Book )

4 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 202 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Superfund program, established by Congress in 1980 and reauthorized in 1986, is intended to handle emergencies arising from the release of hazardous wastes, to provide long-term cleanup for a limited number of sites, and to encourage more responsible disposal of hazardous wastes in the future. This report provides an overview of the Superfund program, its legal basis, and its sources of funds; presents a concise description of incentives and the major administrative steps taken in their application; provides an overview of the major indicators of program effect based on public data available from the Environmental Protection Agency and other selected sources; presents a short interpretation of some of the most interesting or puzzling findings; and outlines statistics and attempts to capture costs and activities for each of the major groups participating in the Superfund process. It also considers the transaction-cost issue, focusing on two of the key players in the cleanup process: very large companies (potentially responsible parties) and insurers that are brought into the hazardous-waste cleanup process by their policy holders' indemnity claims. It describes their experiences with Superfund and Superfund-type sites, and shows the division of their expenses between cleanup and transaction costs
Evaluating time-of-day electricity rates for residential customers by Jan Paul Acton( Book )

10 editions published between 1976 and 1980 in English and Undetermined and held by 169 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Non-monetary factors in the demand for medical services : some empirical evidence by Jan Paul Acton( Book )

10 editions published between 1970 and 1974 in English and held by 143 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The paper considers the effects of travel distance in determining the demand for medical services in New York City. After developing a formal model of the demand for medical services that includes a payment in money and in time for private care, the predictions are tested on a cross sectional survey of about 2600 users of City hospital out-patient departments (OPDs). Although limitations of the data base indicate cautious interpretation, the empirical results lend support to the model's major predictions. Empirical verification of the conjecture that time is important in determining the demand for care raises a number of important policy issues. These include not only the effect on the distribution of services to recipients of care, they also indicate powerful policy instruments for increasing the medical access of target populations
Electricity pricing and load management : foreign experience and California opportunities by Bridger M Mitchell( Book )

9 editions published between 1976 and 1977 in English and German and held by 131 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Regulation, efficiency, and competition in the exchange of electricity : first year results from FERC bulk power market experiment by Jan Paul Acton( Book )

5 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 118 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report presents the results of RAND's analysis of data from the first year of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (FERC) Southwest bulk electric power market experiment. In successive sections, the authors describe current FERC regulation of transactions among electric utilities; develop a simple conceptual model of the economics of bulk power exchanges; discuss the effects of current regulation on the behavior of utilities in this model; describe the six utilities participating in the FERC experiment; and present efficiency and competitive analyses based on a paradigm of a hypothetical competitive and frictionless market consisting of the six participating utilities. The authors report mixed findings with respect to efficiency, and inconclusive results of the analysis of competitiveness. They suggest that refining the analytic technique and analyzing the second year of experimental data will be beneficial.--Publisher's description
Structural reform in electric power : a framework for analysis by Herman Quirmbach( Book )

3 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 116 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The electric utility industry is attracting attention as a candidate for deregulation. This report identifies the core economic functions that the electric supply industry must fulfill, whether it operates under its current regulatory structure or one that is substantially less regulated. Having identified these core functions, the authors suggest ways to evaluate short-run efficiency and long-run efficiency gains that may occur in both the current environment and under the alternative suggestions for deregulation. They do not attempt to provide detailed evaluations of the alternatives, but rather suggest a framework within which the alternatives can be judged. The report includes a brief review of four recent policy developments that provide some insight and confirmation for the conjectures the authors develop
Response to time-of-day electricity rates by large business customers : initial analysis of data from ten U.S. utilities by Rolla Edward Park( Book )

5 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 114 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study reports an initial analysis of changes in relative peak electricity consumption for almost 4,000 industrial and commercial customers in ten U.S. utilities with time-of-day (TOD) rates now in effect. Relative peak loads declined about one percentage point on average when TOD rates were introduced. A small fraction of customers reduced their peak loads substantially, but most customers (including commercial customers as a whole) have apparently not as yet changed their consumption patterns in response to TOD rates. Average changes in load differ significantly by utility, industry, and year, and those changes are statistically related to the terms of the TOD rates that customers faced. Changes in load, while small in percentage terms, are large enough to justify TOD rates on a benefit/cost evaluation. Welfare gains average over $1,000 per year per customer, against a metering cost of approximately $65 per year when new meters are needed to monitor TOD rates
Time-of-day electricity rates for the United States by Rand Corporation( Book )

4 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 111 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Telephone demand over the Atlantic : evidence from country-pair data by Jan Paul Acton( Book )

4 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 105 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report examines the determinants of international calling, both theoretically and empirically. It centers particularly on the role of prices to and from the United States and explains the volume of calling across the North Atlantic market. This market is important for economic and policy reasons, since the governments play a role in setting prices and terms of access; the net impact of calling affects the balance of payments between country pairs. The study is based on recent data on call use, along with detailed information about pricing structures. The period of analysis was one of rapid expansion in calling, important price changes, and deregulation of services in some countries. Consequently, these recent price estimates may be particularly relevant for contemporary policy deliberations
Response to time-of-day electricity rates by large business customers : reconciling conflicting evidence by Jan Paul Acton( Book )

4 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 103 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report attempts to reconcile the conflicting evidence regarding the effect of time-of-day (TOD) rates on business customers' electricity usage. The authors describe the apparent conflict among different studies of customer response; summarize five of the most important of the structured econometric studies of U.S. customer response; present new findings based on RAND data covering ten U.S. utilities and approximately 4,000 customers on TOD rates; and report new load-shape analysis of U.S. data. The findings suggest that TOD rates do lead to statistically significant changes in electricity use among U.S. commercial and industrial firms, but the degree of change is much more modest than some early studies suggest. The primary reason for overestimation of response is that some studies used samples of firms that are unrepresentative of the business class as a whole. In addition, some analytic methods are unsuited to estimation when the true response is very small
Peak-load pricing in selected European electric utilities : prepared for the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power by Bridger M Mitchell( Book )

7 editions published between 1976 and 1978 in 3 languages and held by 96 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Evaluating public programs to save lives: the case of heart attacks by Jan Paul Acton( Book )

6 editions published between 1973 and 1974 in English and held by 95 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The effect of time-of-use rates : facts vs. opinions by Jan Paul Acton( Book )

5 editions published in 1981 in English and held by 89 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In a recent [Public Utilities Fortnightly] article, Hans Nissel questioned the calculations in an earlier RAND study and contended that time-of-use (TOU) rates will have no effect on electricity consumption. The authors present a correction to their study, but reaffirm that the findings of their research and of ten other studies support the original conclusion that TOU rates change load curves. They then examine Nissel's principal assertions about electricity pricing and argue that his views are not supported by either facts or the personal communications on which he often relies. The authors conclude by considering the challenges that face U.S. utilities as they move into the less familiar territory of introducing and modifying TOU rates
Do time-of-use rates change load curves? by Jan Paul Acton( Book )

6 editions published between 1976 and 1980 in English and held by 87 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Utilities and regulators need to know what, if any, effect time-of-use (TOU) rates will have on electricity loads. The question raises serious methodological challenges because no means of measurement is perfect. The authors explore these difficulties and then apply alternative measures to actual load data drawn from European and United States utility systems. They find wide variability in responsiveness to TOU rates from one industry to another and between utility systems, depending on the method used and the length of time rates have been in effect. They conclude that TOU rates clearly change load shapes but are uncertain whether United States utilities will ever see the degree of response found in European data. Published in [Public] [Utilities Fortnightly], May 22, 1980, following several articles that have taken exception to earlier work by RAND authors on this subject
Quantitative aspects of industrial use of electricity under time-of-use rates in France, England, and Wales by Jan Paul Acton( Book )

5 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 87 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Examines the responses of time-of-use (TOU) electricity rates by large industrial and commercial customers in France, England, and Wales. The report analyzes quantitatively the daily and seasonal patterns of electricity use for a sample of customers who have faced TOU rates for 10 to 20 years. Some of the conclusions drawn are: TOU prices have an effect on customers' loads by almost any measure applied; industry-specific patterns of adjustment appear to be consistent with the industrial processes involved; and firms possessing self-generating capability make added adjustments in their daily loads by reducing peak and shoulder period use and increasing off-period electricity consumption. Two major policy implications for the United States are suggested: First, although on average there is clear evidence of response to TOU rates, considerable variability remains from firm to firm and from industry to industry. Second, offering optional rates allows a firm to select the most advantageous rate for the pattern of consumption the firm is willing to achieve
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Alternative Names
Acton, J. P.

Acton, J. P. (Jan Paul)

Acton, Jan P.

Acton, Jan P. (Jan Paul)

English (121)

German (3)