WorldCat Identities

U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Overview
Works: 1,558 works in 2,548 publications in 1 language and 71,353 library holdings
Genres: Periodicals  Bibliography  Bibliographies  Abstracts 
Roles: Originator, Other, Funder
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Most widely held works about U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences
 
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Most widely held works by U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences
Distance learning : the soldier's perspective by Robert A Wisher( )

5 editions published between 2002 and 2004 in English and held by 341 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The primary purpose of this report is to examine distance learning (DL) from the perspective of the soldier. A summary of the history of DL describes its applications in the Army and plans for additional uses. Findings from research and comments from surveys are examined to reveal how well soldiers accept DL as an effective teaching method within different types of training courses (e.g., small unit training versus individual professional development). The strengths and weaknesses of DL are discussed, leading to a list of recommendations to help trainers produce effective DL courses."--DTIC
Senior leadership : an annotated bibliography of the military and nonmilitary literature by Melvin J Kimmel( )

5 editions published in 1981 in English and held by 327 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cooperative learning : effects of task, reward, and group size on individual achievement by Joseph D Hagman( )

3 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 327 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Training lessons learned from peak performance episodes by James L Fobes( )

4 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 326 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An examination of episodes of peak performance indicates that three cognitive components enable these episodes: psychological readiness (activating optimal arousal and emotion appropriate for the task), information processing (attending to and interpreting key stimuli), and endurance management (controlling fatigue and pain for sustained performance). There is also evidence suggesting that endorphins underlie these three processes. Accordingly, performance can be enhanced through two strategies; one technique is teaching self-regulation of endorphins levels. The other more immediately available solution is to use contemporary sports psychology training techniques to optimize cognitive processes underlying superior performance. With either strategy, optimal performance will result from an enhanced ability to cope specifically and continuously tailored to meet the conditions and demands of a particular activity
Implementation monitoring : a role for evaluators in helping new programs succeed by Wayne D Gray( )

4 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 325 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper presents a framework for monitoring implementation which defines a process for implementing new programs into organizations. The process requires a team of monitors who examine the adequacy of implementation plans and look at the effect of plan execution upon the organization, individual, and new program. Immediate feedback is provided to adjust the implementation effort to better help the new program succeed. The framework defines questions to ask during the period when implementation is occurring. It shows why these questions are important, how they interrelate, and how they can be used to increase the implementation of innovations as well as to further the study of implementation processes. An optimal use of the framework would be to improve the use of new programs by implementation monitoring. The framework may be used to raise the awareness in organizations, and among evaluators, of the issues involved in implementing new programs. (Dwh)
The impact of soldier quality on performance in the Army by David K Horne( )

4 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 325 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Army has been successful in improving its manpower quality over the last several years. Recruits are scoring higher on the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) and are more likely to have high school diplomas than in any year since the inception of the All-Volunteer Force. Recruiting such personnel is expensive, however, as the Army faces increased competition from the civilian labor market, educational institutions, and the other services for a shrinking youth population. In order to justify its manpower quality requirements, the Army must be able to demonstrate an empirical link between AFQT scores and soldier performance. This study presents evidence on that relationship using data from several sources. The first data from several sources. The first data set contains written and hands-on tests on several weapons systems from the Army's training schools. The second data set utilizes the Skill Qualification Tests administered by the Army. The results demonstrate that a statistically significant and positive relationship exists between AFQT scores and performance measures. These findings are consistent across a wide range of Military Occupational Specialties
Smart technology for training : promise and current status by Wayne D Gray( )

5 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 323 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Smart Technology represents the application of cognitive and computer science to Army training. A major component of this technology is intelligent tutors. The authors discuss differences between intelligent and conventional CAI and emphasize the current status of intelligent tutors. Also discussed is ARI's effort to produce Smart Technology for CAI developers. The authors contend that most conventional CAI is undersophisticated and that this problem can be corrected by producing Smart Technology aids for CAI developers. A project for the Army Engineer School, which is applying research on problem-solving to engineer training, is discussed
Military leadership job and skill requirements : an annotated bibliography by Melvin J Kimmel( )

5 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 323 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A literature search was performed to compile and organize military leadership job and skill requirements references. Eighty-seven references were annotated and organized alphabetically within two sections: (1) 'Job/Skill Requirements References' containing research-based literature, and (2) 'General References' which annotates references that provided an overview of the field. The 'Job/Skills Requirements' section was classified further according to subject matter (job and/or skill requirements) and the grade level of the target population. The 'General References' were categorized according to the nature of the report (methodological contributions, conceptual pieces, and/or review reports) in addition to classification by subject matter
Evaluation of the HARDMAN (hardware vs. manpower) comparability methodology by W Zimmerman( )

4 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 323 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Towards an understanding of Army enlistment motivation patterns by Rebecca M Pliske( )

3 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 323 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report summarizes information from the ARI New Recruit Surveys for 1982 and 1983 related to enlistment motivations of new Army recruits. In addition to presenting cross-tabulated responses for survey questions, principal component analyses (PCA) were completed on recruits' responses to questions on their reasons for enlistment. The PCA indicated that recruits enlist for a variety of economic and psychological reasons, such as self improvement, economic advancement, military service, time out, travel, and education money
The development of a unit morale measure for Army battalions by Melvin J Kimmel( )

4 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 322 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Effects of practice on the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery by Bruce K McCormick( )

4 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 320 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An investigation of alternatives for setting second-to-third tour reenlistment standards by Frances C Grafton( )

4 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 319 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Leadership development : a review of industry best practices by David V Day( )

4 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 319 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"A review of leadership development best practices in for-profit organizations was conducted. Practices discussed in this report include formal development programs, 360-degree feedback, executive coaching, job assignments, mentoring, networks, reflection, action learning and outdoor challenges. Additionally, five organizations that are popularly recognized for their leadership development practices are highlighted in this report. Highlights include information regarding the organizational philosophy, values, and mission as well as information on how various leadership development practices are implemented and integrated. Best practice principles are drawn from this research and implications for their use within the U.S. Army are discussed."--DTIC
A microdata model of delayed entry program (DEP) behavior by Chester E Phillips( )

4 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 319 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Manpower and Personnel Policy Research Group of the U.S. Army Research Institute examines personnel issues of particular importance to the Army. Personnel losses from the Delayed Entry Program (DEP) is one such issue. In this paper a model is developed to predict DEP loss. The model will provide an increased understanding of the DEP loss problem along with valuable information concerning identification of individuals most likely to become losses. Two DEP loss models are created: one including high school graduates and nongraduates and a separate model for high school seniors. Maximum likelihood logistic regression (logit) estimates are make from individual data for the first half of FY82 and FY83. Both individual characteristics and policy variables are used in the analysis. These include age, gender, race, AFQT score, education, contracted DEP length, training MOS, region of the country, and enlistment and incentive options. Scenarios are staged to measure the effect of different combinations of relevant variables
A theory-based approach to reading assessment in the Army by Rebecca L Oxford( )

4 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 319 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report addresses practical Army problems in reading assessment from a theory base that reflects the most recent and most sound research on reading comprehension. Six major conclusions are drawn from both theory and practice. First, reading is important in military and civilian work life. Second, reading assessment is a highly visible and important issue in the Army. Third, reading theories--especially the new-interactive-inferential theory--can positively influence reading measurement practices in the Army. Fourth, reading tests are not all alike; they differ widely in terms of psychometric characteristics and overall quality as evaluated using theory-based standards. Fifth, high correlations exist between the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) and various reading tests, although caution needs to be exercised in using any part of the ASVB as a reading-test surrogate. Sixth, alternatives to grade equivalent scores are available and should be considered for Army use
Design of battle simulations for command and staff training by Robert E Solick( )

4 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 318 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Development of officer selection battery forms 3 and 4 by M. A Fischl( )

4 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 318 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A methodology for estimating relative cost-benefits of alternative pretesting procedures by Jack H Hiller( )

4 editions published in 1980 in English and held by 318 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of the research reported here was to develop a methodology for measuring the relative benefits of alternative pretesting procedures so that an optimal procedure may be selected. The research was accomplished as follows: Alternative pretest procedures were formulated. Variables that affect the amount of time saved or lost by employing pretests were identified and defined. Algebraic models which take into account measurement accuracy, pretesting time, and training time were constructed so that the amount of time saved (or lost) by pretesting could be estimated. A limited sample of empirical data was gathered and analyzed by applying these cost-benefit models. It was shown how these cost-benefit models can be employed to identify the best procedure in a specified set of competing procedures. (Author)
Evaluating the benefits and costs of the Enlisted Personnel Allocation System (EPAS) by Edward J Schmitz( )

4 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 317 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Army Research Institute, with the assistance of the General Research Corporation, is undertaking a project to modernize and improve the way the Army determines the Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) for which an individual should be trained. This project is called the Development of the Enlisted Personnel Allocation System (EPAS). A key task in the EPAS development is the performance of a benefit-cost analysis of the prototype system that will provides important information on the potential benefits of improving accession management and training seat allocation. To support the benefit-cost analysis, a series of simulations were run which demonstrated the capability of EPAS to operate feasibly under realistic scenarios. Further, EPAS is likely to produce substantial improvements over present soldier allocation procedures
 
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Alternative Names

controlled identityU.S. Army Research Laboratory. Human Research and Engineering Directorate

controlled identityUnited States. Army

A.R.I.

A.R.I. (Army Research Institute)

Alexandria (Va.) U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

ARI

ARI (Army Research Institute)

Army Research Institute

Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

U.S. Army Research Institute

U.S.Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

United States Army Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

United States Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

United States Army U.S.Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

United States Army US Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

United States Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

United States U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Languages
English (125)