WorldCat Identities

Pfaff, Donald W. 1939-

Works: 137 works in 603 publications in 4 languages and 20,541 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Handbooks and manuals 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, htt, Contributor
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Donald W Pfaff
Drive : neurobiological and molecular mechanisms of sexual motivation by Donald W Pfaff( )

10 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 2,022 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The altruistic brain : how we are naturally good by Donald W Pfaff( Book )

17 editions published between 2014 and 2015 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,802 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the beginning of recorded history, law and religion have provided "rules" that define good behavior. When we obey such rules, we assign to some external authority the capacity to determine how we should act. Even anarchists recognize the existence of a choice as to whether or not to obey, since no one has seriously doubted that the source of social order resides in our vast ethical systems. Debate has focused only on whose system is best, never for an instant imagining that law, religion, or some philosophical permutation of either was not the basis of prosocial action. The only divergence from this uniform understanding of human society has come from the behavioral sciences, which cite various biological bases for human goodness. Putting aside both ancient and relatively modern ethical systems, neuroscientists, psychologists, and evolutionary biologists have started a revolution more profound than any anarchist ever dreamed of. In essence, these researchers argue that the source of good human behavior - of the benevolence that we associate with the highest religious teachings - emanates from our physical make-up. Our brains, hormones, and genes literally embody our social compasses. In The Altruistic Brain, renowned neuroscientist Donald Pfaff provides the latest, most far-reaching argument in support of this revolution, explaining in exquisite detail how our neuroanatomical structure favors kindness towards others. Unlike any other study in its field, The Altruistic Brain synthesizes all the most important research into how and why - at a purely physical level - humans empathize with one another and respond altruistically. It demonstrates that human beings are "wired" to behave altruistically in the first instance, such that unprompted, spontaneous kindness is our default behavior; such behavior comes naturally, irrespective of religious or cultural determinants. Based on his own research and that of some of the world's most eminent scientists, Dr. Pfaff puts together well-established brain mechanisms into a theory that is at once novel but also easily demonstrable. He further explains how, using psycho-social approaches that are now well understood, we can clear away obstacles to the brain's natural, altruistic inclinations. This is the first book not only to explain why we are naturally good, but to suggest means of making us behave as well as we can. The Altruistic Brain is required reading for anyone who wants to understand the behavioral revolution in science and the promise that it holds for reorienting society towards greater cooperation
Brain arousal and information theory : neural and genetic mechanisms by Donald W Pfaff( )

13 editions published between 2006 and 2009 in English and held by 1,661 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Donald Pfaff argues that, beneath our mental functions and emotional dispositions, a primitive neuronal system governs arousal. Employing the simple but powerful framework of information theory, Pfaff revolutionizes our understanding of arousal systems in the brain. Applying his hypothesis to heightened states of arousal - sex and fear - Pfaff shows us how his theory opens new scientific approaches to understanding the structure of brain arousal. Brain Arousal and Information Theory challenges current thinking about cognition and behavior. Whether you subscribe to Pfaff's theory or not, this book will stimulate debate about the nature of arousal itself."--Jacket
Principles of hormone/behavior relations by Donald W Pfaff( )

26 editions published between 2003 and 2018 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,645 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Introduces underlying principles of the endocrine regulation of behavior in animals and humans. Every chapter begins by stating a principle, followed by specific examples of hormone actions derived from scientific experiments and clinical observations, and concludes with a few challenging unanswered questions. The reference source Hormones, Brain & Behavior identified this field as rapidly expanding within neurobiology and endocrinology
The neuroscience of fair play : why we (usually) follow the Golden rule by Donald W Pfaff( )

11 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in English and held by 1,592 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Many scholars, using anthropology, psychology, and evolution, argue that our ethical and moral life evolved from nature. Distinguished neuroscientist Donald W. Pfaff, Ph. D., takes that proposition a critical step further, right to the basics: brain signals." "In this first book to describe how ethics maybe a hardwired function of the human brain, Pfaff explains how specific brain circuits cause us to consider an action toward another as if it were happening to us, prompting us to treat others as we wish to be treated ourselves. Pfaff presents a rock-solid hypothesis of why humans across time and geography have such similar notions of good and bad, right and wrong."--Jacket
Man and woman : an inside story by Donald W Pfaff( )

15 editions published between 2010 and 2011 in English and held by 1,571 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The saga of sex differences in brain and behavior begins with a tiny sperm swimming toward a huge egg, to contribute its tiny Y chromosome plus its copies of the other chromosomes. Genetic, anatomic and physiologic alterations in the male ensue, making his brain and behavior different in specific respects from his sister. Brain-wise, specific cell groups develop differently in males compared to females, in some cases right after birth and in other cases at puberty. But genetics and neuroanatomy do not dominate the scene. Prenatal stress, postnatal stress and lousy treatment at puberty all can affect males and females in different ways. The upshot of all these genetic and environmental factors produces small sex differences in certain abilities and huge sex differences in feelings, in pain and in suffering. Put this all together and the reader will see that biological and cultural influences on gender roles operate at so many different levels to influence behavioral mechanisms that gender role choices are flexible, reversible and non-dichotomous, especially in modern societies."--Jacket
Handbook of neuroendocrinology by George Fink( )

19 editions published between 2011 and 2014 in English and held by 1,253 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The most comprehensive up-to-date source covering basic principles, neural regulation, hormone/brain function and behavior, and neuroendocrine pathology Outstanding scholarship, with chapters written by a truly international cast of experts in the field "How do we know?" callout sections highlight core concepts Heavily illustrated with over 350 figures, 4-color throughout
Hormones, brain, and behavior by Donald W Pfaff( )

39 editions published between 2002 and 2017 in English and held by 895 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Hormones and social behavior by Donald W Pfaff( )

20 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 606 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The evolutionary approach presented in this book provides clues to the relevance of social interactions as part of the natural selection process, for the survival of species, including ours. Proceeding further, as science often does, from the simple to the complex, and taking advantage of the wide pluridisciplinary range of the participants a coming from fields as diverse as molecular neuroscience, anthropology and psychology a a final question was raised as to whether biological substrates of complex social behaviors may also be relevant to moral issues characteristic of humans beings (Hauser and Young 2008): for instance, information aiming at decision making is not processed by the brain in the same way, whether or not a given situation is perceived as involving moral dilemmas. In fact, it could be argued that human social behavior mechanisms do not constitute a simple extension of other central nervous system regulatory functions but instead represent and require a different level of analysis. Understanding how social patterns are controlled by the brain may yield new insights into the nature of consciousness: human conscious experience depends upon a person being embedded in a complex social environment. According to this view, rational, moral behavior is a natural product of the human mind operating in social contexts and having been selected for during the process of human evolution
Neuroscience in the 21st century : from basic to clinical by Donald W Pfaff( )

20 editions published between 2012 and 2016 in English and German and held by 497 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Edited and authored by a wealth of international experts in neuroscience and related disciplines, this key new resource aims to offer medical students and graduate researchers around the world a comprehensive introduction and overview of modern neuroscience. Neuroscience research is certain to prove a vital element in combating mental illness in its various incarnations, a strategic battleground in the future of medicine, as the prevalence of mental disorders is becoming better understood each year. Hundreds of millions of people worldwide are affected by mental, behavioral, neurological and substance use disorders. The World Health Organization estimated in 2002 that 154 million people globally suffer from depression and 25 million people from schizophrenia; 91 million people are affected by alcohol use disorders and 15 million by drug use disorders. A more recent WHO report shows that 50 million people suffer from epilepsy and 24 million from Alzheimer’s and other dementias. Because neuroscience takes the etiology of disease—the complex interplay between biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors—as its object of inquiry, it is increasingly valuable in understanding an array of medical conditions. A recent report by the United States’ Surgeon General cites several such diseases: schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, early-onset depression, autism, attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder, anorexia nervosa, and panic disorder, among many others. Not only is this volume a boon to those wishing to understand the future of neuroscience, it also aims to encourage the initiation of neuroscience programs in developing countries, featuring as it does an appendix full of advice on how to develop such programs. With broad coverage of both basic science and clinical issues, comprising around 150 chapters from a diversity of international authors and including complementary video components, Neuroscience in the 21st Century in its second edition serves as a comprehensive resource to students and researchers alike
The Physiological mechanisms of motivation by Donald W Pfaff( Book )

13 editions published between 1982 and 2012 in English and held by 484 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

To scientists engaged in research on the cellular mechanisms in the mammalian brain, concepts of "motivation" seem to be a logical necesƯ sity, even if they are not fashionable. Immersed in the detailed, timeƯ consuming research required to deal with mammalian nerve cells, we usually pay scant attention to the more global brain -behavior questions that have arisen from decades of biological and psychological studies. We felt it was time to confront these issues-namely, how far has neuroƯ biological investigation come in uncovering mechanisms by which motiƯ vational signals influence behavior? At Rockefeller University, we have recently held a course on this subject. We restricted our treatment to those motivational systems most tractable to physiological approaches, and invited scientists skilled in both behavioral issues and physiological techniques to participate. This volume results from that course. The deans and administration at Rockefeller University provided much help in planning the course, and the staff of Springer-Verlag assisted in planning the book. Gabriele Zummer helped organize both the course and the processing of book chapters. They all deserve our thanks. December 1981 Donald W. Pfaff Professor of Neurobiology and Behavior Rockefeller University Contents Part One: Concepts. ... ... ... ... ... ... 1 Chapter 1 Donald W. Pfaff Motivational Concepts: Definitions and Distinctions ... ... 3 Motivation: A Brief Review of Concepts. ... ... ... ... . 5 Drive ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 10 Reinforcement, Reward ... ... ... ... ... ... ... . 13 Incentive ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 16 Arousal ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... . 17 Emotion ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... . 18 Motivation Is a Unitary Behavioral Concept with Multiple Neurophysiological Mechanisms. ... ... ... ... ... . . 20 References ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... . 22 Chapter 2 Alan N
Ethical questions in brain and behavior : problems and opportunities by Donald W Pfaff( Book )

12 editions published in 1983 in English and German and held by 467 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Estrogens and brain function : neural analysis of a hormone-controlled mammalian reproductive behavior by Donald W Pfaff( Book )

17 editions published between 1979 and 2011 in 3 languages and held by 419 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book brings together some of the results and ideas produced by a large number of people-colleagues and students with whom I am privileged to work in the laboratory at Rockefeller University. In terms of my personal history I see it as a confluence of creative forces­ persons from whom I have learned. I was instructed in neuroanatomy by Walle J. H. Nauta at M. I. T. , and later in a course at Harvard Medical School under the direction of Richard Sidman. At Harvard Medical School, where M. I. T. graduate students were allowed to cross register, the superb neurophysiology course was under the guiding spirit of Stephen Kuffler. Later, I benefited greatly from participating in his summer course in electrophysiological techniques at Woods Hole. Eric Kandel and his colleagues have provided us with the most exciting contemporary approach to the conceptualization and study of cellular mechanisms for behavior. Here at Rockefeller, Carl Pfaffmann and Neal Miller have been leaders in every sense of the word. Not only did they provide me with opportunities to grow to scientific maturity; they also set an example of clear thinking about mechanisms for mammalian behavior patterns. I wrote this book to show how the systematic use of increasingly detailed electrophysiological, neuroanatomical, and neuroendocrine tech­ niques can explain the mechanism for a mammalian behavioral response. The behavior in question happens to be sensitive to steroid hormones and plays a central role in reproduction
Stem Cells in Neuroendocrinology by Donald W Pfaff( )

9 editions published between 2016 and 2018 in English and held by 416 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume starts with an elementary introduction covering stem cell methodologies used to produce specific types of neurons, possibilities for their therapeutic use, and warnings of technical problems. In addition the authors report successes in achieving the derivation of a specific type of neuron. The dopamine neuron offers an important example and is discussed in more detail. Additional chapters cover problems obviously approachable with cells derived from stem cells, including their need in surgeries for pituitary cancers. The last chapter provides an overview of this particular field of research and presents a vision for its future directions
Multiple origins of sex differences in brain : neuroendocrine functions and their pathologies by Donald W Pfaff( )

11 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 368 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In theoretical terms, sex differences in brain and behavior offer the possibility of fascinating scientific studies on a range of molecular phenomena such as DNA methylation, chromatin protein modification, non-coding DNA, resulting in important neuroanatomical and neurochemical effects. However, this general subject has been treated with much hyperbole. Historically, sex differences were assumed to be present where they did not really exist, e.g. with respect to mathematics, executive leadership, etc. etc. Under what circumstances do we really care about sex differences in brain and behavior? These circumstances concern human maladies whose diagnoses are much different between boys and girls, or between women and men. Prominent examples to be discussed today will include autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorders and congenital adrenal hyperplasia. The meeting will end with a consideration of effects of estrogenic hormones on the injured brain, and their roles as protective agents
Reproduction by Norman T Adler( Book )

7 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 320 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Genetic influences on neural and behavioral functions( Book )

11 editions published between 1999 and 2000 in English and held by 251 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Sleep, clinical and experimental aspects by D Ganten( Book )

8 editions published in 1982 in 3 languages and held by 226 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

There is no doubt that a major problem of present day research workers, especially in the life sciences, is the plethora of publications of all kinds, abstracts, short communications, full papers in journals of varying quality, reviews and proceedings of symposia with, in addition, an unprecedented duplication of publications. Even for experts working in the field, it is almost impossible to keep an up-to-date view of all current research articles. The Western grant and career system encourages scientists to publish as much as possible. The editors and publishers of our new series are convinced that the format of Current Topics in Neuroendocrinology leads a way out of this confusion. Each volume is conceived as a concise up-to-date textbook on one well-defined and currently exciting subject. Different from classic textbooks, however, the speed of publication compares favorably with that of many journals; this ensures an immediacy which is im­ possible in textbooks. On the other hand, topics to be included in this series are also sufficiently reliable, with enough work being done to treat them from several aspects. Each volume will supply four to six chapfers treating such a broad topic as neuroendocrinology from several points of view, for example, anatomic, electrophysiologic, endocrine and behavioral views. Wh~re clinical data are immediately available, they will be included. No other 36Iles treating the nervous or endocrine systems provides such a coordinated set of chapters on an interesting topic in each volume
Taste, olfaction, and the central nervous system : a festschrift in honor of Carl Pfaffmann( Book )

9 editions published between 1984 and 1985 in English and held by 225 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Actions of progesterone on the brain( Book )

5 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 155 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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Drive : neurobiological and molecular mechanisms of sexual motivation
Brain arousal and information theory : neural and genetic mechanismsPrinciples of hormone/behavior relationsThe neuroscience of fair play : why we (usually) follow the Golden ruleMan and woman : an inside storyHandbook of neuroendocrinologyHormones, brain, and behaviorHormones and social behaviorGenetic influences on neural and behavioral functionsTaste, olfaction, and the central nervous system : a festschrift in honor of Carl Pfaffmann
Alternative Names
Donald Pfaff Amerikaans bioloog

Donald Pfaff biólogu estauxunidense

Pfaff, D.

Pfaff, D. 1939-

Pfaff, D. (Donald)

Pfaff, D. (Donald), 1939-

Pfaff, D. W.

Pfaff, D. W. 1939-

Pfaff, D. W. (Donald W.)

Pfaff, D. W. (Donald W.), 1939-

Pfaff, Donald.

Pfaff Donald 1939-....

Pfaff, Donald W.

Pfaff, Donald Wells 1939-

パフ, D. W