WorldCat Identities

Finocchiaro, Maurice A. 1942-

Works: 54 works in 268 publications in 2 languages and 13,883 library holdings
Genres: History  Trials, litigation, etc  Trial and arbitral proceedings  Sources  Criticism, interpretation, etc  Academic theses  Pictorial works 
Roles: Author, Translator, Editor, Other, Creator, Contributor
Classifications: QB36.G2, 160
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Maurice A Finocchiaro
Retrying Galileo, 1633-1992 by Maurice A Finocchiaro( )

23 editions published between 2005 and 2007 in English and held by 2,809 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In 1633, at the end of one of the most famous trials in history, the Inquisition condemned Galileo for contending that the Earth moves and that the Bible is not a scientific authority. Galileo's condemnation set off a controversy that has acquired a life of its own and that continues to this day. This book is the first to examine the entire span of the Galileo affair from his condemnation to his alleged rehabilitation by the Pope in 1992. Filled with primary sources, many translated into English for the first time, Retrying Galileo will acquaint readers with the historical facts of the trial, its aftermath and repercussions, the variety of reflections on it throughout history, and the main issues it raises."--Jacket
The Galileo affair : a documentary history by Galileo Galilei( )

21 editions published between 1989 and 1991 in English and held by 2,782 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"A classic introduction to Galileo's masterpiece."--William A. Wallace, author of Galileo's Logic of Discovery and Proof."--
Galileo on the world systems : a new abridged translation and guide by Galileo Galilei( )

17 editions published between 1997 and 2000 in English and Italian and held by 2,490 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Galileo's 1632 book, Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems, Ptolemaic and Copernican, comes alive for twentieth-century readers thanks to Maurice Finocchiaro's brilliant new translation and presentation. Condemned by the Inquisition for its heretical proposition that the earth revolves around the sun, Galileo's masterpiece takes the form of a debate, divided into four Days, among three highly articulate gentlemen. Finocchiaro sets the stage with his Introduction, which not only provides the human and historical framework for the Dialogue but also admits the reader gracefully into the basic non-Copernican understanding of the universe that would have been shared by Galileo's original audience. The translation of the Dialogue is abridged in order to highlight its essential content, and Finocchiaro gives titles to the various parts of the debate as a guide to the principal topics. Focusing on those universal, perennial activities of the human mind that make Galileo's book a living document, Finocchiaro elucidates the mental skills of critical reasoning, methodological reflection, and verbal rhetoric. With an appendix devoted to these activities and their place in the Dialogue, he offers the reader a concrete, hands-on introduction to critical thinking. Galileo on the World Systems is a remarkably nuanced interpretation of a classic work and will give readers the tools to understand and evaluate for themselves one of the most influential scientific books in Western civilization. -- from back cover
Beyond right and left : democratic elitism in Mosca and Gramsci by Maurice A Finocchiaro( )

11 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 2,099 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Maurice A. Finocchiaro argues that Gramsci's political theory is a constructive critique of Mosca's and that the key common element is the attempt to combine democracy and elitism in a theoretical system that defines them not as opposite but as compatible and interdependent. Finocchiaro finds that a critical examination of the major works of the two men demonstrates their shared belief in the viability of democratic elitism and undermines the importance of the distinction between right and left
Galileo and the art of reasoning : rhetorical foundations of logic and scientific method by Maurice A Finocchiaro( Book )

23 editions published in 1980 in English and held by 780 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The work of Galileo has long been important not only as a foundation of modern physics but also as a model - and perhaps the paradigmatic model - of scientific method, and therefore as a leading example of scientific rationality. However, as we know, the matter is not so simple. The range of Galileo readings is so varied that one may be led to the conclusion that it is a case of chacun a son Galileo; that here, as with the Bible, or Plato or Kant or Freud or Finnegan's Wake, the texts themselves underdetermine just what moral is to be pointed. But if there is no canonical reading, how can the texts be taken as evidence or example of a canonical view of scientific rationality, as in Galileo? Or is it the case, instead, that we decide a priori what the norms of rationality are and then pick through texts to fmd those which satisfy these norms? Specifically, how and on what grounds are we to accept or reject scientific theories, or scientific reasoning? If we are to do this on the basis of historical analysis of how, in fact, theories came to be accepted or rejected, how shall we distinguish 'is' from 'ought'? What follows (if anything does) from such analysis or reconstruction about how theories ought to be accepted or rejected? Maurice Finocchiaro's study of Galileo brings an important and original approach to the question of scientific rationality by way of a systematic read­
Defending Copernicus and Galileo : critical reasoning in the two affairs by Maurice A Finocchiaro( )

26 editions published between 2009 and 2010 in English and held by 527 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Although recent works on Galileo's trial have reached new heights of erudition, documentation, and sophistication, they often exhibit inflated complexities, neglect 400 years of historiography, or make little effort to learn from Galileo. This book strives to avoid such lacunae by judiciously comparing and contrasting the two Galileo affairs, that is, the original controversy over the earth's motion ending with his condemnation by the Inquisition in 1633, and the subsequent controversy over the rightness of that condemnation continuing to our day. The book argues that the Copernican Revolution required that the hypothesis of the earth's motion be not only constructively supported with new reasons and evidence, but also critically defended from numerous old and new objections. This defense in turn required not only the destructive refutation, but also the appreciative understanding of those objections in all their strength. A major Galilean accomplishment was to elaborate such a reasoned, critical, and fair-minded defense of Copernicanism. Galileo's trial can be interpreted as a series of ecclesiastic attempts to stop him from so defending Copernicus. And an essential thread of the subsequent controversy has been the emergence of many arguments claiming that his condemnation was right, as well as defenses of Galileo from such criticisms. The book's particular yet overarching thesis is that today the proper defense of Galileo can and should have the reasoned, critical, and fair-minded character which his own defense of Copernicus had
Gramsci and the history of dialectical thought by Maurice A Finocchiaro( Book )

26 editions published between 1988 and 2002 in English and Undetermined and held by 526 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This is an interpretative and evaluative study of the thought of Antonio Gramsci, the founding father of the Italian Communist Party who died in 1937 after ten years of imprisonment in Fascist jails. It proceeds by a rigorous textual analysis of his Prison Notebooks, the scattered notes he wrote during his incarceration. Professor Finocchiaro explores the nature of Gramsci's dialectical thinking, in order to show in what ways Gramsci was and was not a Marxist, as well as to illustrate correspondences with the work of Hegel, Croce, and Bukharin. The book provides a critical reappraisal of Gramsci as a thinker and of the dialectical approach as a mode of inquiry
History of science as explanation by Maurice A Finocchiaro( Book )

12 editions published in 1973 in English and held by 481 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Arguments about arguments : systematic, critical, and historical essays in logical theory by Maurice A Finocchiaro( Book )

14 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 340 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This book brings together a selection of essays by one of the preeminent scholars of informal logic. Following an approach that is empirical but not psychological, dialectical but not dialogical, and focused on interpretation without neglecting evaluation, Maurice Finocchiaro defines concepts such as reasoning, argument, argument analysis, critical reasoning, methodological reflection, judgment, critical thinking, and informal logic. He defends theses about the rarity of fallacies but the frequency of fallacious reasoning; the asymmetry of positive and negative in argumentation, interpretation, and evaluation; and the role of critical thinking in science, among other topics. And he presents extended critiques of the views of many contemporary scholars, while also integrating into the discussion Arnauld's Port-Royal Logic, Gramsci's theory of intellectuals, and case studies from the history of science, particularly the work of Galileo, Newton, Huygens, and Lavoisier."--Jacket
The essential Galileo by Galileo Galilei( Book )

7 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 325 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This is a collection of Galileo's most important writings, covering his entire career. Here the relevant concept of importance centers on their historical impact, and the history in question includes not only Galileo's life and the 17th century, but also the historical aftermath up to our own day
The Routledge guidebook to Galileo's Dialogue by Maurice A Finocchiaro( Book )

14 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and held by 215 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The publication in 1632 of Galileo?s Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems, Ptolemaic and Copernican marked a crucial moment in the?scientific revolution? and helped Galileo become the?father of modern science?. The Dialogue contains Galileo?s mature synthesis of astronomy, physics, and methodology, and a critical confirmation of Copernicus?s hypothesis of the earth?s motion. However, the book also led Galileo to stand trial with the Inquisition, in what became known as?the greatest scandal in Christendom?
On trial for reason : science, religion, and culture in the Galileo affair by Maurice A Finocchiaro( Book )

8 editions published in 2019 in English and held by 198 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 1633 the Roman Inquisition condemned Galileo as a suspected heretic for defending the astronomical theory that the earth moves, and implicitly assuming the theological principle that Scripture is not scientific authority. This controversial event has sent ripples down the centuries, embodying the struggle between a thinker who came to be regarded as the Father of Modern Science, and an institution that is both one of the world's greatest religions and most ancient organizations. The trial has been cited both as a clear demonstration of the incompatibility between science and religion, and also a stunning exemplar of rationality, scientific method, and critical thinking. Much has been written about Galileo's trial, but most works argue from a particular point of view - that of secular science against the Church, or justifying the religious position. Maurice Finocchiaro aims to provide a balanced historical account that draws out the cultural nuances. Unfolding the intriguing narrative of Galileo's trial, he sets it against its contemporary intellectual and philosophical background. In particular, Finocchiaro focuses on the contemporary arguments and evidence for and against the Earth's motion, which were based on astronomical observation, the physics of motion, philosophical principles about the nature of knowledge, and theological principles about the authority and the interpretation of Scripture. Following both sides of the controversy and its far-reaching philosophical impact, Finocchiaro unravels the complex relationship between science and religion, and demonstrates how Galileo came to be recognized as a model of logical reasoning
The trial of Galileo : essential documents( Book )

7 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 186 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

....The present book contains English translations of the most important documents that are essential for an educated person to form an intelligent opinion on the trial of Galileo."--P. [x]
The Galileo affair : a documentary history by Maurice A Finocchiaro( )

2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 1633 the Roman Inquisition concluded the trial of Galileo Galilei with a condemnation for heresy. The trial was itself the climax of a series of events which began two decades earlier (in 1613) and included another series of Inquisition proceedings in 1615-1616. Besides marking the end of the controversy that defines the original episode, the condemnation of 1633 also marks the beginning of another classic controversy-about the Galileo affair, its causes, its implications, and its lessons; about whether, for example, John Milton was right when in the Areopagitica he commented on his visit to Galileo in Florence by saying: ";There it was that I found and visited the famous Galileo, grown old a prisoner to the Inquisition, for thinking in astronomy otherwise than the Franciscan and Dominican licensers thought."; I happen to be extremely interested in this second story and second controversy, and a critical interpretation of the affair remains one of my ultimate goals. But that is not the subject of the present work, which is rather concerned with something more fundamental, namely with the documentation of the original episode. To be more exact, the aim of this book is to provide a documentary history of the series of developments which began in 1613 and culminated in 1633 with the trial and condemnation of Galileo. That is, it aims to provide a collection of the essential texts and documents containing information about both the key events and the key issues. The documents have been translated into English from the original languages, primarily Italian and partly Latin; they have been selected, are arranged, annotated, introduced, and otherwise edited with the following guiding principles in mind: to make the book as self-contained as possible and to minimize contentious interpretation and evaluation. The Galileo affair is such a controversial and important topic that one needs a sourcebook from which to learn firsthand about the events and the issues; since no adequate volume of the kind exists, this work attempts to fill the lacuna. The originals of the documents translated and collected here can all be found in printed sources. In fact, with one exception they are all contained in the twenty volumes of the National Edition of Galileo's works, edited by Antonio Favaro and first published in 1890-1909. The exception is the recently discovered ";Anonymous Complaint About The Assayer,"; whose original was discovered and first published in 1983 by Pietro Redondi; this document is also contained in the critical edition of the Inquisition proceedings edited by Sergio M. Pagano and published in 1984 by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. My selection was affected partly by the criterion of importance insofar as I chose documents that I felt to be (more or less) essential. Since I was also influenced by the double focus of this documentary history on events and issues, I therefore included two types of documents: the first consists of relatively short documents which are mostly either Inquisition proceedings (Chapters V and IX) or letters (Chapters I, VII, and VIII) and which primarily (though not exclusively) record various occurrences; the second type consists of longer essays by Galileo (Chapters II, Ill, IV, and VI) which discuss many of the central scientific and philosophical issues and have intrinsic importance independent of the affair. Finally, my goal of maximizing the autonomy of this volume suggested another reason for including some of these longer informative essays on the scientific issues (Chapters IV and VI)
Meta-argumentation : an approach to logic and argumentation theory by Maurice A Finocchiaro( Book )

7 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 26 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Gramsci critico e la critica by Maurice A Finocchiaro( Book )

4 editions published between 1988 and 2017 in Italian and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The problem of explanation in historiography of science by Maurice A Finocchiaro( Book )

4 editions published in 1969 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Da Galileo alle stelle by F Bertola( Book )

2 editions published in 1992 in Italian and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Beyond Right and Left: Democratic Elitism in Mosca and Gramsci (Italian literature and thought series) by Maurice A Finocchiaro( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Defending copernicus and galileo by Maurice A Finocchiaro( Book )

2 editions published between 2009 and 2012 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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Retrying Galileo, 1633-1992
The Galileo affair : a documentary historyGalileo on the world systems : a new abridged translation and guideBeyond right and left : democratic elitism in Mosca and GramsciGalileo and the art of reasoning : rhetorical foundations of logic and scientific methodDefending Copernicus and Galileo : critical reasoning in the two affairsGramsci and the history of dialectical thoughtArguments about arguments : systematic, critical, and historical essays in logical theoryThe essential Galileo
Alternative Names
Finocchiaro, Maurice Anthony 1942-

English (224)

Italian (7)